Bible: Galatians 1-2


1:1 From Paul, 1  an apostle (not from men, nor by human agency, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised him from the dead) 1:2 and all the brothers with me, to the churches of Galatia. 1:3 Grace and peace to you 2  from God the Father and our 3  Lord Jesus Christ, 1:4 who gave himself for our sins to rescue us from this present evil age according to the will of our God and Father, 1:5 to whom be glory forever and ever! Amen.

Occasion of the Letter

1:6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one 4  who called you by the grace of Christ 5  and are following 6  a different 7  gospel 1:7 not that there really is another gospel, 8  but 9  there are some who are disturbing you and wanting 10  to distort the gospel of Christ. 1:8 But even if we (or an angel from heaven) should preach 11  a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, 12  let him be condemned to hell! 13  1:9 As we have said before, and now I say again, if any one is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, let him be condemned to hell! 14  1:10 Am I now trying to gain the approval of people, 15  or of God? Or am I trying to please people? 16  If I were still trying to please 17  people, 18  I would not be a slave 19  of Christ!

Paul’s Vindication of His Apostleship

1:11 Now 20  I want you to know, brothers and sisters, 21  that the gospel I preached is not of human origin. 22  1:12 For I did not receive it or learn it from any human source; 23  instead I received it 24  by a revelation of Jesus Christ. 25 

1:13 For you have heard of my former way of life 26  in Judaism, how I was savagely persecuting the church of God and trying to destroy it. 1:14 I 27  was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries in my nation, 28  and was 29  extremely zealous for the traditions of my ancestors. 30  1:15 But when the one 31  who set me apart from birth 32  and called me by his grace was pleased 1:16 to reveal his Son in 33  me so that I could preach him 34  among the Gentiles, I did not go to ask advice from 35  any human being, 36  1:17 nor did I go up to Jerusalem 37  to see those who were apostles before me, but right away I departed to Arabia, 38  and then returned to Damascus.

1:18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem 39  to visit Cephas 40  and get information from him, 41  and I stayed with him fifteen days. 1:19 But I saw none of the other apostles 42  except James the Lord’s brother. 1:20 I assure you 43  that, before God, I am not lying about what I am writing to you! 44  1:21 Afterward I went to the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 1:22 But I was personally 45  unknown to the churches of Judea that are in Christ. 1:23 They were only hearing, “The one who once persecuted us is now proclaiming the good news 46  of the faith he once tried to destroy.” 1:24 So 47  they glorified God because of me. 48 

Confirmation from the Jerusalem Apostles

2:1 Then after fourteen years I went up to Jerusalem 49  again with Barnabas, taking Titus along too. 2:2 I went there 50  because of 51  a revelation and presented 52  to them the gospel that I preach among the Gentiles. But I did so 53  only in a private meeting with the influential people, 54  to make sure that I was not running – or had not run 55 in vain. 2:3 Yet 56  not even Titus, who was with me, was compelled to be circumcised, although he was a Greek. 2:4 Now this matter arose 57  because of the false brothers with false pretenses 58  who slipped in unnoticed to spy on 59  our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, to make us slaves. 60  2:5 But 61  we did not surrender to them 62  even for a moment, 63  in order that the truth of the gospel would remain with you. 64 

2:6 But from those who were influential 65  (whatever they were makes no difference to me; God shows no favoritism between people 66 ) – those influential leaders 67  added 68  nothing to my message. 69  2:7 On the contrary, when they saw 70  that I was entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised 71  just as Peter was to the circumcised 72  2:8 (for he who empowered 73  Peter for his apostleship 74  to the circumcised 75  also empowered me for my apostleship to the Gentiles) 76  2:9 and when James, Cephas, 77  and John, who had a reputation as 78  pillars, 79  recognized 80  the grace that had been given to me, they gave to Barnabas and me 81  the right hand of fellowship, agreeing 82  that we would go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised. 83  2:10 They requested 84  only that we remember the poor, the very thing I also was eager to do.

Paul Rebukes Peter

2:11 But when Cephas 85  came to Antioch, 86  I opposed him to his face, because he had clearly done wrong. 87  2:12 Until 88  certain people came from James, he had been eating with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he stopped doing this 89  and separated himself 90  because he was afraid of those who were pro-circumcision. 91  2:13 And the rest of the Jews also joined with him in this hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was led astray with them 92  by their hypocrisy. 2:14 But when I saw that they were not behaving consistently with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas 93  in front of them all, “If you, although you are a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you try to force 94  the Gentiles to live like Jews?

Jews and Gentiles are Justified by Faith

2:15 We are Jews by birth 95  and not Gentile sinners, 96  2:16 yet we know 97  that no one 98  is justified by the works of the law 99  but by the faithfulness of Jesus Christ. 100  And 101  we have come to believe in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by the faithfulness of Christ 102  and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no one 103  will be justified. 2:17 But if while seeking to be justified in Christ we ourselves have also been found to be sinners, is Christ then one who encourages 104  sin? Absolutely not! 2:18 But if I build up again those things I once destroyed, 105  I demonstrate that I am one who breaks God’s law. 106  2:19 For through the law I died to the law so that I may live to God. 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ, 107  and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me. So 108  the life I now live in the body, 109  I live because of the faithfulness of the Son of God, 110  who loved me and gave himself for me. 2:21 I do not set aside 111  God’s grace, because if righteousness 112  could come through the law, then Christ died for nothing! 113 

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