Bible: Galatians 1-2
1:1 From Paul, 1 an apostle (not from men, nor by human agency, but by Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised him from the dead) 1:2 and all the brothers with me, to the churches of Galatia. 1:3 Grace and peace to you 2 from God the Father and our 3 Lord Jesus Christ, 1:4 who gave himself for our sins to rescue us from this present evil age according to the will of our God and Father, 1:5 to whom be glory forever and ever! Amen.
Occasion of the Letter
1:6 I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting the one 4 who called you by the grace of Christ 5 and are following 6 a different 7 gospel – 1:7 not that there really is another gospel, 8 but 9 there are some who are disturbing you and wanting 10 to distort the gospel of Christ. 1:8 But even if we (or an angel from heaven) should preach 11 a gospel contrary to the one we preached to you, 12 let him be condemned to hell! 13 1:9 As we have said before, and now I say again, if any one is preaching to you a gospel contrary to what you received, let him be condemned to hell! 14 1:10 Am I now trying to gain the approval of people, 15 or of God? Or am I trying to please people? 16 If I were still trying to please 17 people, 18 I would not be a slave 19 of Christ!
Paul’s Vindication of His Apostleship
1:11 Now 20 I want you to know, brothers and sisters, 21 that the gospel I preached is not of human origin. 22 1:12 For I did not receive it or learn it from any human source; 23 instead I received it 24 by a revelation of Jesus Christ. 25
1:13 For you have heard of my former way of life 26 in Judaism, how I was savagely persecuting the church of God and trying to destroy it. 1:14 I 27 was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries in my nation, 28 and was 29 extremely zealous for the traditions of my ancestors. 30 1:15 But when the one 31 who set me apart from birth 32 and called me by his grace was pleased 1:16 to reveal his Son in 33 me so that I could preach him 34 among the Gentiles, I did not go to ask advice from 35 any human being, 36 1:17 nor did I go up to Jerusalem 37 to see those who were apostles before me, but right away I departed to Arabia, 38 and then returned to Damascus.
1:18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem 39 to visit Cephas 40 and get information from him, 41 and I stayed with him fifteen days. 1:19 But I saw none of the other apostles 42 except James the Lord’s brother. 1:20 I assure you 43 that, before God, I am not lying about what I am writing to you! 44 1:21 Afterward I went to the regions of Syria and Cilicia. 1:22 But I was personally 45 unknown to the churches of Judea that are in Christ. 1:23 They were only hearing, “The one who once persecuted us is now proclaiming the good news 46 of the faith he once tried to destroy.” 1:24 So 47 they glorified God because of me. 48
Confirmation from the Jerusalem Apostles
2:1 Then after fourteen years I went up to Jerusalem 49 again with Barnabas, taking Titus along too. 2:2 I went there 50 because of 51 a revelation and presented 52 to them the gospel that I preach among the Gentiles. But I did so 53 only in a private meeting with the influential people, 54 to make sure that I was not running – or had not run 55 – in vain. 2:3 Yet 56 not even Titus, who was with me, was compelled to be circumcised, although he was a Greek. 2:4 Now this matter arose 57 because of the false brothers with false pretenses 58 who slipped in unnoticed to spy on 59 our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, to make us slaves. 60 2:5 But 61 we did not surrender to them 62 even for a moment, 63 in order that the truth of the gospel would remain with you. 64
2:6 But from those who were influential 65 (whatever they were makes no difference to me; God shows no favoritism between people 66 ) – those influential leaders 67 added 68 nothing to my message. 69 2:7 On the contrary, when they saw 70 that I was entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised 71 just as Peter was to the circumcised 72 2:8 (for he who empowered 73 Peter for his apostleship 74 to the circumcised 75 also empowered me for my apostleship to the Gentiles) 76 2:9 and when James, Cephas, 77 and John, who had a reputation as 78 pillars, 79 recognized 80 the grace that had been given to me, they gave to Barnabas and me 81 the right hand of fellowship, agreeing 82 that we would go to the Gentiles and they to the circumcised. 83 2:10 They requested 84 only that we remember the poor, the very thing I also was eager to do.
Paul Rebukes Peter
2:11 But when Cephas 85 came to Antioch, 86 I opposed him to his face, because he had clearly done wrong. 87 2:12 Until 88 certain people came from James, he had been eating with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he stopped doing this 89 and separated himself 90 because he was afraid of those who were pro-circumcision. 91 2:13 And the rest of the Jews also joined with him in this hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was led astray with them 92 by their hypocrisy. 2:14 But when I saw that they were not behaving consistently with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas 93 in front of them all, “If you, although you are a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you try to force 94 the Gentiles to live like Jews?”
Jews and Gentiles are Justified by Faith
2:15 We are Jews by birth 95 and not Gentile sinners, 96 2:16 yet we know 97 that no one 98 is justified by the works of the law 99 but by the faithfulness of Jesus Christ. 100 And 101 we have come to believe in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by the faithfulness of Christ 102 and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no one 103 will be justified. 2:17 But if while seeking to be justified in Christ we ourselves have also been found to be sinners, is Christ then one who encourages 104 sin? Absolutely not! 2:18 But if I build up again those things I once destroyed, 105 I demonstrate that I am one who breaks God’s law. 106 2:19 For through the law I died to the law so that I may live to God. 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ, 107 and it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me. So 108 the life I now live in the body, 109 I live because of the faithfulness of the Son of God, 110 who loved me and gave himself for me. 2:21 I do not set aside 111 God’s grace, because if righteousness 112 could come through the law, then Christ died for nothing! 113