Bible: Ezra 4

Opposition to the Building Efforts

4:1 When the enemies of Judah and Benjamin learned that the former exiles 1  were building a temple for the Lord God of Israel, 4:2 they came to Zerubbabel and the leaders 2  and said to them, “Let us help you build, 3  for like you we seek your God and we have been sacrificing to him 4  from the time 5  of King Esarhaddon 6  of Assyria, who brought us here.” 7  4:3 But Zerubbabel, Jeshua, and the rest of the leaders of Israel said to them, “You have no right 8  to help us build the temple of our God. We will build it by ourselves for the Lord God of Israel, just as King Cyrus, the king of Persia, has commanded us.” 4:4 Then the local people 9  began to discourage 10  the people of Judah and to dishearten them from building. 4:5 They were hiring advisers to oppose them, so as to frustrate their plans, throughout the time 11  of King Cyrus of Persia until the reign of King Darius 12  of Persia. 13 


Official Complaints Are Lodged Against the Jews


At the beginning of the reign of Ahasuerus 15  they filed an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. 16  4:7 And during the reign 17  of Artaxerxes, Bishlam, 18  Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their colleagues 19  wrote to King Artaxerxes 20  of Persia. This letter 21  was first written in Aramaic but then translated.

[Aramaic:] 22 

4:8 Rehum the commander 23  and Shimshai the scribe 24  wrote a letter concerning 25  Jerusalem to King Artaxerxes as follows: 4:9 From 26  Rehum the commander, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their colleagues – the judges, the rulers, the officials, the secretaries, the Erechites, the Babylonians, the people of Susa (that is, 27  the Elamites), 4:10 and the rest of nations whom the great and noble Ashurbanipal 28  deported and settled in the cities 29  of Samaria and other places in Trans-Euphrates. 30  4:11 (This is a copy of the letter they sent to him:)

“To King Artaxerxes, 31  from your servants in 32  Trans-Euphrates: 4:12 Now 33  let the king be aware that the Jews who came up to us from you have gone to Jerusalem. They are rebuilding that rebellious and odious city. 34  They are completing its walls and repairing its foundations. 4:13 Let the king also be aware that if this city is built and its walls are completed, no more tax, custom, or toll will be paid, and the royal treasury 35  will suffer loss. 4:14 In light of the fact that we are loyal to the king, 36  and since it does not seem appropriate to us that the king should sustain damage, 37  we are sending the king this information 38  4:15 so that he may initiate a search of the records 39  of his predecessors 40  and discover in those records 41  that this city is rebellious 42  and injurious to both kings and provinces, producing internal revolts 43  from long ago. 44  It is for this very reason that this city was destroyed. 4:16 We therefore are informing the king that if this city is rebuilt and its walls are completed, you will not retain control 45  of this portion of Trans-Euphrates.”

4:17 The king sent the following response:

“To Rehum the commander, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their colleagues who live in Samaria and other parts of Trans-Euphrates: Greetings! 46  4:18 The letter you sent to us has been translated and read in my presence. 4:19 So I gave orders, 47  and it was determined 48  that this city from long ago has been engaging in insurrection against kings. It has continually engaged in 49  rebellion and revolt. 4:20 Powerful kings have been over Jerusalem who ruled throughout the entire Trans-Euphrates 50  and who were the beneficiaries of 51  tribute, custom, and toll. 4:21 Now give orders that these men cease their work and that this city not be rebuilt until such time as I so instruct. 52  4:22 Exercise appropriate caution so that there is no negligence in this matter. Why should danger increase to the point that kings sustain damage?

4:23 Then, as soon as the copy of the letter from King Artaxerxes was read in the presence of Rehum, Shimshai the scribe, and their colleagues, they proceeded promptly to the Jews in Jerusalem 53  and stopped them with threat of armed force. 54 

4:24 So the work on the temple of God in Jerusalem came to a halt. It remained halted until the second year of the reign of King Darius of Persia. 55 

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