Bible: Ezekiel 1-19
A Vision of God’s Glory
1:1 In the thirtieth year, 1 on the fifth day of the fourth month, while I was among the exiles 2 at the Kebar River, 3 the heavens opened 4 and I saw a divine vision. 5 1:2 (On the fifth day of the month – it was the fifth year of King Jehoiachin’s exile – 1:3 the word of the
1:4 As I watched, I noticed 10 a windstorm 11 coming from the north – an enormous cloud, with lightning flashing, 12 such that bright light 13 rimmed it and came from 14 it like glowing amber 15 from the middle of a fire. 1:5 In the fire 16 were what looked like 17 four living beings. 18 In their appearance they had human form, 19 1:6 but each had four faces and four wings. 1:7 Their legs were straight, but the soles of their feet were like calves’ feet. They gleamed 20 like polished bronze. 1:8 They had human hands 21 under their wings on their four sides. As for the faces and wings of the four of them, 1:9 their wings touched each other; they did not turn as they moved, but went straight ahead. 22
1:10 Their faces had this appearance: Each of the four had the face of a man, with the face of a lion on the right, the face of an ox on the left and also the face of an eagle. 23 1:11 Their wings were spread out above them; each had two wings touching the wings of one of the other beings on either side and two wings covering their bodies. 1:12 Each moved straight ahead 24 – wherever the spirit 25 would go, they would go, without turning as they went. 1:13 In the middle 26 of the living beings was something like 27 burning coals of fire 28 or like torches. It moved back and forth among the living beings. It was bright, and lightning was flashing out of the fire. 1:14 The living beings moved backward and forward as quickly as flashes of lightning. 29
1:15 Then I looked, 30 and I saw one wheel 31 on the ground 32 beside each of the four beings. 1:16 The appearance of the wheels and their construction 33 was like gleaming jasper, 34 and all four wheels looked alike. Their structure was like a wheel within a wheel. 35 1:17 When they moved they would go in any of the four directions they faced without turning as they moved. 1:18 Their rims were high and awesome, 36 and the rims of all four wheels were full of eyes all around.
1:19 When the living beings moved, the wheels beside them moved; when the living beings rose up from the ground, the wheels rose up too. 1:20 Wherever the spirit 37 would go, they would go, 38 and the wheels would rise up beside them because the spirit 39 of the living being was in the wheel. 1:21 When the living beings moved, the wheels moved, and when they stopped moving, the wheels stopped. 40 When they rose up from the ground, the wheels rose up from the ground; the wheels rose up beside them because the spirit of the living being was in the wheel.
1:22 Over the heads of the living beings was something like a platform, 41 glittering awesomely like ice, 42 stretched out over their heads. 1:23 Under the platform their wings were stretched out, each toward the other. Each of the beings also had two wings covering 43 its body. 1:24 When they moved, I heard the sound of their wings – it was like the sound of rushing waters, or the voice of the Almighty, 44 or the tumult 45 of an army. When they stood still, they lowered their wings.
1:25 Then there was a voice from above the platform over their heads when they stood still. 46 1:26 Above the platform over their heads was something like a sapphire shaped like a throne. High above on the throne was a form that appeared to be a man. 1:27 I saw an amber glow 47 like a fire enclosed all around 48 from his waist up. From his waist down I saw something that looked like fire. There was a brilliant light around it, 1:28 like the appearance of a rainbow in the clouds after the rain. 49 This was the appearance of the surrounding brilliant light; it looked like the glory of the
2:3 He said to me, “Son of man, I am sending you to the house 54 of Israel, to rebellious nations 55 who have rebelled against me; both they and their fathers have revolted 56 against me to this very day. 2:4 The people 57 to whom I am sending you are obstinate and hard-hearted, 58 and you must say to them, ‘This is what the sovereign
2:9 Then I looked and realized a hand was stretched out to me, and in it was a written scroll. 2:10 He unrolled it before me, and it had writing on the front 67 and back; 68 written on it were laments, mourning, and woe.
3:1 He said to me, “Son of man, eat what you see in front of you 69 – eat this scroll – and then go and speak to the house of Israel.” 3:2 So I opened my mouth and he fed me the scroll.
3:3 He said to me, “Son of man, feed your stomach and fill your belly with this scroll I am giving to you.” So I ate it, 70 and it was sweet like honey in my mouth.
3:4 He said to me, “Son of man, go to the house of Israel and speak my words to them. 3:5 For you are not being sent to a people of unintelligible speech 71 and difficult language, 72 but 73 to the house of Israel – 3:6 not to many peoples of unintelligible speech and difficult language, whose words you cannot understand 74 – surely if 75 I had sent you to them, they would listen to you! 3:7 But the house of Israel is unwilling to listen to you, 76 because they are not willing to listen to me, 77 for the whole house of Israel is hard-headed and hard-hearted. 78
3:8 “I have made your face adamant 79 to match their faces, and your forehead hard to match their foreheads. 3:9 I have made your forehead harder than flint – like diamond! 80 Do not fear them or be terrified of the looks they give you, 81 for they are a rebellious house.”
3:10 And he said to me, “Son of man, take all my words that I speak to you to heart and listen carefully. 3:11 Go to the exiles, to your fellow countrymen, 82 and speak to them – say to them, ‘This is what the sovereign
Ezekiel Before the Exiles
3:12 Then a wind lifted me up 83 and I heard a great rumbling sound behind me as the glory of the
3:16 At the end of seven days the word of the
3:20 “When a righteous person turns from his righteousness and commits iniquity, and I set an obstacle 96 before him, he will die. If you have not warned him, he will die for his sin. The righteous deeds he performed will not be considered, but I will hold you accountable for his death. 3:21 However, if you warn the righteous person not to sin, and he 97 does not sin, he will certainly live because he was warned, and you will have saved your own life.”
Isolated and Silenced
3:22 The hand 98 of the
3:24 Then a wind 101 came into me and stood me on my feet. The
Ominous Object Lessons
4:1 “And you, son of man, take a brick 106 and set it in front of you. Inscribe 107 a city on it – Jerusalem. 4:2 Lay siege to it! Build siege works against it. Erect a siege ramp 108 against it! Post soldiers outside it 109 and station battering rams around it. 4:3 Then for your part take an iron frying pan 110 and set it up as an iron wall between you and the city. Set your face toward it. It is to be under siege; you are to besiege it. This is a sign 111 for the house of Israel.
4:4 “Also for your part lie on your left side and place the iniquity 112 of the house of Israel on it. For the number of days you lie on your side you will bear their iniquity. 4:5 I have determined that the number of the years of their iniquity are to be the number of days 113 for you – 390 days. 114 So bear the iniquity of the house of Israel. 115
4:6 “When you have completed these days, then lie down a second time, but on your right side, and bear the iniquity of the house of Judah 40 days 116 – I have assigned one day for each year. 4:7 You must turn your face toward the siege of Jerusalem with your arm bared and prophesy against it. 4:8 Look here, I will tie you up with ropes, so you cannot turn from one side to the other until you complete the days of your siege. 117
4:9 “As for you, take wheat, barley, beans, lentils, millet, and spelt, 118 put them in a single container, and make food 119 from them for yourself. For the same number of days that you lie on your side – 390 days 120 – you will eat it. 4:10 The food you eat will be eight ounces 121 a day by weight; you must eat it at fixed 122 times. 4:11 And you must drink water by measure, a pint and a half; 123 you must drink it at fixed times. 4:12 And you must eat the food like you would a barley cake. You must bake it in front of them over a fire made with dried human excrement.” 124 4:13 And the
4:14 And I said, “Ah, sovereign
4:15 So he said to me, “All right then, I will substitute cow’s manure instead of human excrement. You will cook your food over it.”
4:16 Then he said to me, “Son of man, I am about to remove the bread supply 127 in Jerusalem. 128 They will eat their bread ration anxiously, and they will drink their water ration in terror 4:17 because they will lack bread and water. Each one will be terrified, and they will rot for their iniquity. 129
5:1 “As for you, son of man, take a sharp sword and use it as a barber’s razor. 130 Shave off some of the hair from your head and your beard. 131 Then take scales and divide up the hair you cut off. 5:2 Burn a third of it in the fire inside the city when the days of your siege are completed. Take a third and slash it with a sword all around the city. Scatter a third to the wind, and I will unleash a sword behind them. 5:3 But take a few strands of hair 132 from those and tie them in the ends of your garment. 133 5:4 Again, take more of them and throw them into the fire, 134 and burn them up. From there a fire will spread to all the house of Israel.
5:5 “This is what the sovereign
5:7 “Therefore this is what the sovereign
5:8 “Therefore this is what the sovereign
5:11 “Therefore, as surely as I live, says the sovereign
5:14 “I will make you desolate and an object of scorn among the nations around you, in the sight of everyone who passes by. 5:15 You will be 153 an object of scorn and taunting, 154 a prime example of destruction 155 among the nations around you when I execute judgments against you in anger and raging fury. 156 I, the
Judgment on the Mountains of Israel
6:1 The word of the
6:8 “‘But I will spare some of you. Some will escape the sword when you are scattered in foreign lands. 173 6:9 Then your survivors will remember me among the nations where they are exiled. They will realize 174 how I was crushed by their unfaithful 175 heart which turned from me and by their eyes which lusted after their idols. They will loathe themselves 176 because of the evil they have done and because of all their abominable practices. 6:10 They will know that I am the
6:11 “‘This is what the sovereign
The End Arrives
7:1 The word of the
7:5 “This is what the sovereign
7:10 “Look, the day! Look, it is coming! Doom has gone out! The staff has budded, pride has blossomed! 7:11 Violence 203 has grown into a staff that supports wickedness. Not one of them will be left 204 – not from their crowd, not from their wealth, not from their prominence. 205 7:12 The time has come; the day has struck! The customer should not rejoice, nor the seller mourn; for divine wrath 206 comes against their whole crowd. 7:13 The customer will no longer pay the seller 207 while both parties are alive, for the vision against their whole crowd 208 will not be revoked. Each person, for his iniquity, 209 will fail to preserve his life.
7:14 “They have blown the trumpet and everyone is ready, but no one goes to battle, because my anger is against their whole crowd. 210 7:15 The sword is outside; pestilence and famine are inside the house. Whoever is in the open field will die by the sword, and famine and pestilence will consume everyone in the city. 7:16 Their survivors will escape to the mountains and become like doves of the valleys; all of them will moan – each one for his iniquity. 7:17 All of their hands will hang limp; their knees will be wet with urine. 211 7:18 They will wear sackcloth, terror will cover them; shame will be on all their faces, and all of their heads will be shaved bald. 212 7:19 They will discard their silver in the streets, and their gold will be treated like filth. 213 Their silver and gold will not be able to deliver them on the day of the
A Desecrated Temple
8:1 In the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth of the month, 225 as I was sitting in my house with the elders of Judah sitting in front of me, the hand 226 of the sovereign
8:5 He said to me, “Son of man, look up toward 237 the north.” So I looked up toward the north, and I noticed to the north of the altar gate was this statue of jealousy at the entrance.
8:6 He said to me, “Son of man, do you see what they are doing – the great abominations that the people 238 of Israel are practicing here, to drive me far from my sanctuary? But you will see greater abominations than these!”
8:7 He brought me to the entrance of the court, and as I watched, I noticed a hole in the wall. 8:8 He said to me, “Son of man, dig into the wall.” So I dug into the wall and discovered a doorway.
8:9 He said to me, “Go in and see the evil abominations they are practicing here.” 8:10 So I went in and looked. I noticed every figure 239 of creeping thing and beast – detestable images 240 – and every idol of the house of Israel, engraved on the wall all around. 241 8:11 Seventy men from the elders of the house of Israel 242 (with Jaazaniah son of Shaphan standing among them) were standing in front of them, each with a censer in his hand, and fragrant 243 vapors from a cloud of incense were swirling upward.
8:12 He said to me, “Do you see, son of man, what the elders of the house of Israel are doing in the dark, each in the chamber of his idolatrous images? 244 For they think, ‘The
8:14 Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the
8:16 Then he brought me to the inner court of the
8:17 He said to me, “Do you see, son of man? Is it a trivial thing that the house of Judah commits these abominations they are practicing here? For they have filled the land with violence and provoked me to anger still further. Look, they are putting the branch to their nose! 252 8:18 Therefore I will act with fury! My eye will not pity them nor will I spare 253 them. When they have shouted in my ears, I will not listen to them.”
The Execution of Idolaters
9:1 Then he shouted in my ears, “Approach, 254 you who are to visit destruction on the city, each with his destructive weapon in his hand!” 9:2 Next, I noticed 255 six men 256 coming from the direction of the upper gate 257 which faces north, each with his war club in his hand. Among them was a man dressed in linen with a writing kit 258 at his side. They came and stood beside the bronze altar.
9:3 Then the glory of the God of Israel went up from the cherub where it had rested to the threshold of the temple. 259 He called to the man dressed in linen who had the writing kit at his side. 9:4 The
9:5 While I listened, he said to the others, 262 “Go through the city after him and strike people down; do no let your eye pity nor spare 263 anyone! 9:6 Old men, young men, young women, little children, and women – wipe them out! But do not touch anyone who has the mark. Begin at my sanctuary!” So they began with the elders who were at the front of the temple.
9:7 He said to them, “Defile the temple and fill the courtyards with corpses. Go!” So they went out and struck people down throughout the city. 9:8 While they were striking them down, I was left alone, and I threw myself face down and cried out, “Ah, sovereign
9:9 He said to me, “The sin of the house of Israel and Judah is extremely great; the land is full of murder, and the city is full of corruption, 264 for they say, ‘The
9:11 Next I noticed the man dressed in linen with the writing kit at his side bringing back word: “I have done just as you commanded me.”
God’s Glory Leaves the Temple
10:1 As I watched, I saw 268 on the platform 269 above the top of the cherubim something like a sapphire, resembling the shape of a throne, appearing above them. 10:2 The
10:3 (The cherubim were standing on the south side 273 of the temple when the man went in, and a cloud filled the inner court.) 10:4 Then the glory of the
10:6 When the
10:9 As I watched, I noticed 281 four wheels by the cherubim, one wheel beside each cherub; 282 the wheels gleamed like jasper. 283 10:10 As for their appearance, all four of them looked the same, something like a wheel within a wheel. 284 10:11 When they 285 moved, they would go in any of the four directions they faced without turning as they moved; in the direction the head would turn they would follow 286 without turning as they moved, 10:12 along with their entire bodies, 287 their backs, their hands, and their wings. The wheels of the four of them were full of eyes all around. 10:13 As for their wheels, they were called “the wheelwork” 288 as I listened. 10:14 Each of the cherubim 289 had four faces: The first was the face of a cherub, 290 the second that of a man, the third that of a lion, and the fourth that of an eagle.
10:15 The cherubim rose up; these were the living beings 291 I saw at the Kebar River. 10:16 When the cherubim moved, the wheels moved beside them; when the cherubim spread 292 their wings to rise from the ground, the wheels did not move from their side. 10:17 When the cherubim 293 stood still, the wheels 294 stood still, and when they rose up, the wheels 295 rose up with them, for the spirit 296 of the living beings 297 was in the wheels. 298
10:18 Then the glory of the
10:20 These were the living creatures 301 which I saw at the Kebar River underneath the God of Israel; I knew that they were cherubim. 10:21 Each had four faces; each had four wings and the form of human hands under the wings. 10:22 As for the form of their faces, they were the faces whose appearance I had seen at the Kebar River. Each one moved straight ahead.
The Fall of Jerusalem
11:1 A wind 302 lifted me up and brought me to the east gate of the Lord’s temple that faces the east. There, at the entrance of the gate, I noticed twenty-five men. Among them I saw Jaazaniah son of Azzur and Pelatiah son of Benaiah, officials of the people. 303 11:2 The
11:5 Then the Spirit of the
11:13 Now, while I was prophesying, Pelatiah son of Benaiah died. Then I threw myself face down and cried out with a loud voice, “Alas, sovereign
11:14 Then the word of the
11:16 “Therefore say: ‘This is what the sovereign
11:17 “Therefore say: ‘This is what the sovereign
11:18 “When they return to it, they will remove from it all its detestable things and all its abominations. 11:19 I will give them one heart and I will put a new spirit within them; 324 I will remove the hearts of stone from their bodies 325 and I will give them tender hearts, 326 11:20 so that they may follow my statutes and observe my regulations and carry them out. Then they will be my people, and I will be their God. 327 11:21 But those whose hearts are devoted to detestable things and abominations, I hereby repay them for what they have done, 328 says the sovereign
11:22 Then the cherubim spread 329 their wings with their wheels alongside them while the glory of the God of Israel hovered above them. 11:23 The glory of the
Then the vision I had seen went up from me. 11:25 So I told the exiles everything 333 the
Previewing the Exile
12:1 The word of the
12:3 “Therefore, son of man, pack up your belongings as if for exile. During the day, while they are watching, pretend to go into exile. Go from where you live to another place. Perhaps they will understand, 336 although they are a rebellious house. 12:4 Bring out your belongings packed for exile during the day while they are watching. And go out at evening, while they are watching, as if for exile. 12:5 While they are watching, dig a hole in the wall and carry your belongings out through it. 12:6 While they are watching, raise your baggage onto your shoulder and carry it out in the dark. 337 You must cover your face so that you cannot see the ground 338 because I have made you an object lesson 339 to the house of Israel.”
12:7 So I did just as I was commanded. I carried out my belongings packed for exile during the day, and at evening I dug myself a hole through the wall with my hands. I went out in the darkness, carrying my baggage 340 on my shoulder while they watched.
12:8 The word of the
12:12 “The prince 343 who is among them will raise his belongings 344 onto his shoulder in darkness, and will go out. He 345 will dig a hole in the wall to leave through. He will cover his face so that he cannot see the land with his eyes. 12:13 But I will throw my net over him, and he will be caught in my snare. I will bring him to Babylon, the land of the Chaldeans 346 (but he will not see it), 347 and there he will die. 348 12:14 All his retinue – his attendants and his troops – I will scatter to every wind; I will unleash a sword behind them.
12:15 “Then they will know that I am the
12:17 The word of the
12:21 The word of the
12:26 The word of the
False Prophets Denounced
13:1 Then the word of the
13:8 “‘Therefore, this is what the sovereign
13:10 “‘This is because they have led my people astray saying, “All is well,” 359 when things are not well. When anyone builds a wall without mortar, 360 they coat it with whitewash. 13:11 Tell the ones who coat it with whitewash that it will fall. When there is a deluge of rain, hailstones 361 will fall and a violent wind will break out. 362 13:12 When the wall has collapsed, people will ask you, “Where is the whitewash you coated it with?”
13:13 “‘Therefore this is what the sovereign
13:17 “As for you, son of man, turn toward 365 the daughters of your people who are prophesying from their imagination. 366 Prophesy against them 13:18 and say ‘This is what the sovereign
13:20 “‘Therefore, this is what the sovereign
14:1 Then some men from Israel’s elders came to me and sat down in front of me. 14:2 The word of the
14:6 “Therefore say to the house of Israel, ‘This is what the sovereign
14:9 “‘As for the prophet, if he is made a fool by being deceived into speaking a prophetic word – I, the
14:12 The word of the
14:15 “Suppose I were to send wild animals through the land and kill its children, leaving it desolate, without travelers due to the wild animals. 14:16 Even if these three men were in it, as surely as I live, declares the sovereign
14:17 “Or suppose I were to bring a sword against that land and say, ‘Let a sword pass through the land,’ and I were to kill both people and animals. 14:18 Even if these three men were in it, as surely as I live, declares the sovereign
14:19 “Or suppose I were to send a plague into that land, and pour out my rage on it with bloodshed, killing both people and animals. 14:20 Even if Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as surely as I live, declares the sovereign
14:21 “For this is what the sovereign
Burning a Useless Vine
15:1 The word of the
15:6 “Therefore, this is what the sovereign
God’s Unfaithful Bride
16:1 The word of the
16:6 “‘I passed by you and saw you kicking around helplessly in your blood. I said to you as you lay there in your blood, “Live!” I said to you as you lay there in your blood, “Live!” 399 16:7 I made you plentiful like sprouts in a field; you grew tall and came of age so that you could wear jewelry. Your breasts had formed and your hair had grown, but you were still naked and bare.
16:8 “‘Then I passed by you and watched you, noticing 400 that you had reached the age for love. 401 I spread my cloak 402 over you and covered your nakedness. I swore a solemn oath to you and entered into a marriage covenant with you, declares the sovereign
16:9 “‘Then I bathed you in water, washed the blood off you, and anointed you with fragrant oil. 16:10 I dressed you in embroidered clothing and put fine leather sandals on your feet. I wrapped you with fine linen and covered you with silk. 16:11 I adorned you with jewelry. I put bracelets on your hands and a necklace around your neck. 16:12 I put a ring in your nose, earrings on your ears, and a beautiful crown on your head. 16:13 You were adorned with gold and silver, while your clothing was of fine linen, silk, and embroidery. You ate the finest flour, honey, and olive oil. You became extremely beautiful and attained the position of royalty. 16:14 Your fame 403 spread among the nations because of your beauty; your beauty was perfect because of the splendor which I bestowed on you, declares the sovereign
16:15 “‘But you trusted in your beauty and capitalized on your fame by becoming a prostitute. You offered your sexual favors to every man who passed by so that your beauty 405 became his. 16:16 You took some of your clothing and made for yourself decorated high places; you engaged in prostitution on them. You went to him to become his. 406 16:17 You also took your beautiful jewelry, made of my gold and my silver I had given to you, and made for yourself male images and engaged in prostitution 407 with them. 16:18 You took your embroidered clothing and used it to cover them; you offered my olive oil and my incense to them. 16:19 As for my food that I gave you – the fine flour, olive oil, and honey I fed you – you placed it before them as a soothing aroma. That is exactly what happened, declares the sovereign
16:20 “‘You took your sons and your daughters whom you bore to me and you sacrificed them 408 as food for the idols to eat. As if your prostitution not enough, 16:21 you slaughtered my children and sacrificed them to the idols. 409 16:22 And with all your abominable practices and prostitution you did not remember the days of your youth when you were naked and bare, kicking around in your blood.
16:23 “‘After all of your evil – “Woe! Woe to you!” declares the sovereign
16:30 “‘How sick is your heart, declares the sovereign
16:32 “‘Adulterous wife, who prefers strangers instead of her own husband! 16:33 All prostitutes receive payment, 417 but instead you give gifts to every one of your lovers. You bribe them to come to you from all around for your sexual favors! 16:34 You were different from other prostitutes 418 because no one solicited you. When you gave payment and no payment was given to you, you became the opposite!
16:35 “‘Therefore O prostitute, hear the word of the
16:43 “‘Because you did not remember the days of your youth and have enraged me with all these deeds, I hereby repay you for what you have done, 424 declares the sovereign
16:44 “‘Observe – everyone who quotes proverbs will quote this proverb about you: “Like mother, like daughter.” 16:45 You are the daughter of your mother, who detested her husband and her sons, and you are the sister of your sisters who detested their husbands and their sons. Your mother was a Hittite and your father an Amorite. 16:46 Your older sister was Samaria, who lived north 425 of you with her daughters, and your younger sister, who lived south 426 of you, was Sodom 427 with her daughters. 16:47 Have you not copied their behavior 428 and practiced their abominable deeds? In a short time 429 you became even more depraved in all your conduct than they were! 16:48 As surely as I live, declares the sovereign
16:49 “‘See here – this was the iniquity 430 of your sister Sodom: She and her daughters had majesty, abundance of food, and enjoyed carefree ease, but they did not help 431 the poor and needy. 16:50 They were haughty and practiced abominable deeds before me. Therefore when I saw it I removed them. 16:51 Samaria has not committed half the sins you have; you have done more abominable deeds than they did. 432 You have made your sisters appear righteous with all the abominable things you have done. 16:52 So now, bear your disgrace, because you have given your sisters reason to justify their behavior. 433 Because the sins you have committed were more abominable than those of your sisters; they have become more righteous than you. So now, be ashamed and bear the disgrace of making your sisters appear righteous.
16:53 “‘I will restore their fortunes, the fortunes of Sodom and her daughters, and the fortunes of Samaria and her daughters (along with your fortunes among them), 16:54 so that you may bear your disgrace and be ashamed of all you have done in consoling them. 16:55 As for your sisters, Sodom and her daughters will be restored to their former status, Samaria and her daughters will be restored to their former status, and you and your daughters will be restored to your former status. 16:56 In your days of majesty, 434 was not Sodom your sister a byword in your mouth, 16:57 before your evil was exposed? Now you have become an object of scorn to the daughters of Aram 435 and all those around her and to the daughters of the Philistines – those all around you who despise you. 16:58 You must bear your punishment for your obscene conduct and your abominable practices, declares the
16:59 “‘For this is what the sovereign
A Parable of Two Eagles and a Vine
with full plumage which was multi-hued, 443
came to Lebanon 444 and took the top of the cedar.
17:4 He plucked off its topmost shoot;
he brought it to a land of merchants
and planted it in a city of traders.
17:5 He took one of the seedlings 445 of the land,
placed it in a cultivated plot; 446
a shoot by abundant water,
like a willow he planted it.
17:6 It sprouted and became a vine,
spreading low to the ground; 447
So it became a vine; it produced shoots and sent out branches.
17:7 “‘There was another great eagle 450
with broad wings and thick plumage.
Now this vine twisted its roots toward him
and sent its branches toward him
to be watered from the soil where it was planted.
17:8 In a good field, by abundant waters, it was planted
to grow branches, bear fruit, and become a beautiful vine.
17:9 “‘Say to them: This is what the sovereign
“‘Will it prosper?
Will he not rip out its roots
and cause its fruit to rot 451 and wither?
All its foliage 452 will wither.
No strong arm or large army
will be needed to pull it out by its roots. 453
17:10 Consider! It is planted, but will it prosper?
Will it not wither completely when the east wind blows on it?
Will it not wither in the soil where it sprouted?’”
17:11 Then the word of the
17:16 “‘As surely as I live, declares the sovereign
17:19 “‘Therefore this is what the sovereign
17:22 “‘This is what the sovereign
I will pluck from the top one of its tender twigs;
I myself will plant it on a high and lofty mountain.
17:23 I will plant it on a high mountain of Israel,
and it will raise branches and produce fruit and become a beautiful cedar.
Every bird will live under it;
Every winged creature will live in the shade of its branches.
17:24 All the trees of the field will know that I am the
I make the high tree low; I raise up the low tree.
I make the green tree wither, and I make the dry tree sprout.
18:1 The word of the
“‘The fathers eat sour grapes
And the children’s teeth become numb?’ 470
18:3 “As surely as I live, declares the sovereign
18:5 “Suppose a man is righteous. He practices what is just and right, 18:6 does not eat pagan sacrifices on the mountains 473 or pray to the idols 474 of the house of Israel, does not defile his neighbor’s wife, does not have sexual relations with a 475 woman during her period, 18:7 does not oppress anyone, but gives the debtor back whatever was given in pledge, 476 does not commit robbery, 477 but gives his bread to the hungry and clothes the naked, 18:8 does not engage in usury or charge interest, 478 but refrains 479 from wrongdoing, promotes true justice 480 between men, 18:9 and follows my statutes and observes my regulations by carrying them out. 481 That man 482 is righteous; he will certainly live, 483 declares the sovereign
18:10 “Suppose such a man has 484 a violent son who sheds blood and does any of these things 485 mentioned previously 18:11 (though the father did not do any of them). 486 He eats pagan sacrifices on the mountains, 487 defiles his neighbor’s wife, 18:12 oppresses the poor and the needy, 488 commits robbery, does not give back what was given in pledge, prays to 489 idols, performs abominable acts, 18:13 engages in usury and charges interest. Will he live? He will not! Because he has done all these abominable deeds he will certainly die. 490 He will bear the responsibility for his own death. 491
18:14 “But suppose he in turn has a son who notices all the sins his father commits, considers them, and does not follow his father’s example. 492 18:15 He does not eat pagan sacrifices on the mountains, does not pray to the idols of the house of Israel, does not defile his neighbor’s wife, 18:16 does not oppress anyone or keep what has been given in pledge, does not commit robbery, gives his food to the hungry, and clothes the naked, 18:17 refrains from wrongdoing, 493 does not engage in usury or charge interest, carries out my regulations and follows my statutes. He will not die for his father’s iniquity; 494 he will surely live. 18:18 As for his father, because he practices extortion, robs his brother, and does what is not good among his people, he will die for his iniquity.
18:19 “Yet you say, ‘Why should the son not suffer 495 for his father’s iniquity?’ When the son does what is just and right, and observes all my statutes and carries them out, he will surely live. 18:20 The person who sins is the one who will die. A son will not suffer 496 for his father’s iniquity, and a father will not suffer 497 for his son’s iniquity; the righteous person will be judged according to his righteousness, and the wicked person according to his wickedness. 498
18:21 “But if the wicked person turns from all the sin he has committed and observes all my statutes and does what is just and right, he will surely live; he will not die. 18:22 None of the sins he has committed will be held 499 against him; because of the righteousness he has done, he will live. 18:23 Do I actually delight in the death of the wicked, declares the sovereign
18:24 “But if a righteous man turns away from his righteousness and practices wrongdoing according to all the abominable practices the wicked carry out, will he live? All his righteous acts will not be remembered; because of the unfaithful acts he has done and the sin he has committed, he will die. 500
18:25 “Yet you say, ‘The Lord’s conduct 501 is unjust!’ Hear, O house of Israel: Is my conduct unjust? Is it not your conduct that is unjust? 18:26 When a righteous person turns back from his righteousness and practices wrongdoing, he will die for it; 502 because of the wrongdoing he has done, he will die. 18:27 When a wicked person turns from the wickedness he has committed and does what is just and right, he will preserve his life. 18:28 Because he considered 503 and turned from all the sins he had done, he will surely live; he will not die. 18:29 Yet the house of Israel says, ‘The Lord’s conduct is unjust!’ Is my conduct unjust, O house of Israel? Is it not your conduct that is unjust?
18:30 “Therefore I will judge each person according to his conduct, 504 O house of Israel, declares the sovereign
Lament for the Princes of Israel
19:1 “And you, sing 509 a lament for the princes of Israel, 19:2 and say:
“‘What a lioness was your mother among the lions!
She lay among young lions; 510 she reared her cubs.
19:3 She reared one of her cubs; he became a young lion.
He learned to tear prey; he devoured people. 511
19:4 The nations heard about him; he was trapped in their pit.
They brought him with hooks to the land of Egypt. 512
19:5 “‘When she realized that she waited in vain, her hope was lost.
She took another of her cubs 513 and made him a young lion.
19:6 He walked about among the lions; he became a young lion.
He learned to tear prey; he devoured people.
The land and everything in it was frightened at the sound of his roaring.
19:8 The nations – the surrounding regions – attacked him.
They threw their net over him; he was caught in their pit.
19:9 They put him in a collar with hooks; 516
they brought him to the king of Babylon;
they brought him to prison 517
so that his voice would not be heard
any longer on the mountains of Israel.
19:10 “‘Your mother was like a vine in your vineyard, 518 planted by water.
It was fruitful and full of branches because it was well-watered.
19:11 Its boughs were strong, fit 519 for rulers’ scepters; it reached up into the clouds.
It stood out because of its height and its many branches. 520
19:12 But it was plucked up in anger; it was thrown down to the ground.
The east wind 521 dried up its fruit;
its strong branches broke off and withered –
a fire consumed them.
19:13 Now it is planted in the wilderness,
in a dry and thirsty land. 522
19:14 A fire has gone out from its branch; it has consumed its shoot and its fruit. 523
No strong branch was left in it, nor a scepter to rule.’
This is a lament song, and has become a lament song.”