The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 2 gnats 3 throughout all the land of Egypt.’” 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 4 and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 5 the magicians attempted 6 to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 7 to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 8 of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 9 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.