Bible: Exodus 7-12

7:1 So the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God 1  to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 2  7:2 You are to speak 3  everything I command you, 4  and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh that he must release 5  the Israelites from his land. 7:3 But I will harden 6  Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 7  my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt, 7:4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. 8  I will reach into 9  Egypt and bring out my regiments, 10  my people the Israelites, from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 7:5 Then 11  the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I extend my hand 12  over Egypt and bring the Israelites out from among them.

7:6 And Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7:7 Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.

7:8 The Lord said 13  to Moses and Aaron, 14  7:9 When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Do 15  a miracle,’ and you say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down 16  before Pharaoh,’ it will become 17  a snake.” 7:10 When 18  Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, they did so, just as the Lord had commanded them – Aaron threw 19  down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants and it became a snake. 20  7:11 Then Pharaoh also summoned wise men and sorcerers, 21  and the magicians 22  of Egypt by their secret arts 23  did the same thing. 7:12 Each man 24  threw down his staff, and the staffs became snakes. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 7:13 Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard, 25  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.

7:14

The First Blow: Water to Blood

26 

The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 27  he refuses to release 28  the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 29  he goes out to the water. Position yourself 30  to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 31  and take 32  in your hand the staff 33  that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 34 Release my people, that they may serve me 35  in the desert!” But until now 36  you have not listened. 37  7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 38  the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 39  7:18 Fish 40  in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 41  to drink water from the Nile.”’ 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 42  over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 43 so that it becomes 44  blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 45  the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 46  just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 47  the staff 48  and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 49  of Pharaoh and his servants, 50  and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 51  7:21 When the fish 52  that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 53  to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 54  everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 55  by their secret arts, and so 56  Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 57  and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 58 just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 59  7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 60  because they could not drink the water of the Nile.

7:25

The Second Blow: Frogs

61 

Seven full days passed 62  after the Lord struck 63  the Nile. 8:1 64  Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 65  all your territory with frogs. 66  8:3 The Nile will swarm 67  with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 68  8:4 Frogs 69  will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’ 70 

8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 71  over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’ 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 72  came up and covered the land of Egypt.

8:7 The magicians did the same 73  with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 74 

8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 75  Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 76  to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 77  from me and my people, and I will release 78  the people that they may sacrifice 79  to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 80  – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 81  from you and your houses, so that 82  they will be left 83  only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 84 It will be 85  as you say, 86  so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”

8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 87  to the Lord because of 88  the frogs that he had brought on 89  Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 90  – the 91  frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 92  piled them in countless heaps, 93  and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 94  he hardened 95  his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 96 

8:16

The Third Blow: Gnats

97 

The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 98  gnats 99  throughout all the land of Egypt.’ 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 100  and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 101  the magicians attempted 102  to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 103  to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 104  of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 105  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.

8:20

The Fourth Blow: Flies

106 

The Lord 107  said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 108  my people, then I am going to send 109  swarms of flies 110  on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 111  8:22 But on that day I will mark off 112  the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 113  so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 114  8:23 I will put a division 115  between my people and your people. This sign will take place 116  tomorrow.”’ 8:24 The Lord did so; a 117  thick 118  swarm of flies came into 119  Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 120  of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 121  because of the swarms of flies.

8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 122  8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 123  for the sacrifices we make 124  to the Lord our God would be an abomination 125  to the Egyptians. 126  If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 127  will they not stone us? 128  8:27 We must go 129  on a three-day journey 130  into the desert and sacrifice 131  to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 132 

8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 133  so that you may sacrifice 134  to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 135  Do 136  pray for me.”

8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 137  from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 138  by not releasing 139  the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 140  – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 141  his heart this time also and did not release the people.

9:1

The Fifth Blow: Disease

142 

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Release my people that they may serve me! 9:2 For if you refuse to release them 143  and continue holding them, 144  9:3 then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 145  a very terrible plague 146  on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 147  the herds, and the flocks. 9:4 But the Lord will distinguish 148  between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing 149  will die of all that the Israelites have.”’ 150 

9:5 The Lord set 151  an appointed time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this 152  in the land.” 9:6 And the Lord did this 153  on the next day; 154  all 155  the livestock of the Egyptians 156  died, but of the Israeliteslivestock not one died. 9:7 Pharaoh sent representatives to investigate, 157  and indeed, not even one of the livestock of Israel had died. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 158  and he did not release the people.

9:8

The Sixth Blow: Boils

159 

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot 160  from a furnace, and have Moses throw it 161  into the air while Pharaoh is watching. 162  9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt and will cause boils to break out and fester 163  on both people and animals in all the land of Egypt.” 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh, Moses threw it into the air, and it caused festering boils to break out on both people and animals.

9:11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians. 9:12 But the Lord hardened 164  Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted to Moses.

9:13

The Seventh Blow: Hail

165 

The Lord said 166  to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, stand 167  before Pharaoh, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: “Release my people so that they may serve me! 9:14 For this time I will send all my plagues 168  on your very self 169  and on your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 9:15 For by now I could have stretched out 170  my hand and struck you and your people with plague, and you would have been destroyed 171  from the earth. 9:16 But 172  for this purpose I have caused you to stand: 173  to show you 174  my strength, and so that my name may be declared 175  in all the earth. 9:17 You are still exalting 176  yourself against my people by 177  not releasing them. 9:18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down 178  about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred 179  in Egypt from the day it was founded 180  until now. 9:19 So now, send instructions 181  to gather 182  your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person 183  or animal caught 184  in the field and not brought into the house – the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’

9:20 Those 185  of Pharaoh’s servants who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their 186  servants and livestock into the houses, 9:21 but those 187  who did not take 188  the word of the Lord seriously left their servants and their cattle 189  in the field.

9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sky 190  that there may be 191  hail in all the land of Egypt, on people and on animals, 192  and on everything that grows 193  in the field in the land of Egypt.” 9:23 When Moses extended 194  his staff toward the sky, the Lord 195  sent thunder 196  and hail, and fire fell to the earth; 197  so the Lord caused hail to rain down on the land of Egypt. 9:24 Hail fell 198  and fire mingled 199  with the hail; the hail was so severe 200  that there had not been any like it 201  in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 9:25 The hail struck everything in the open fields, both 202  people and animals, throughout all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that grows 203  in the field, and it broke all the trees of the field to pieces. 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was there no hail.

9:27 So Pharaoh sent and summoned Moses and Aaron and said to them, “I have sinned this time! 204  The Lord is righteous, and I and my people are guilty. 205  9:28 Pray to the Lord, for the mighty 206  thunderings and hail are too much! 207  I will release you and you will stay no longer.” 208 

9:29 Moses said to him, “When I leave the city 209  I will spread my hands to the Lord, the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that the earth belongs to the Lord. 210  9:30 But as for you 211  and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear 212  the Lord God.”

9:31 (Now the 213  flax and the barley were struck 214  by the hail, 215  for the barley had ripened 216  and the flax 217  was in bud. 9:32 But the wheat and the spelt 218  were not struck, for they are later crops.) 219 

9:33 So Moses left Pharaoh, went out of the city, and spread out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain stopped pouring on the earth. 9:34 When Pharaoh saw 220  that the rain and hail and thunder ceased, he sinned again: 221  both he and his servants hardened 222  their hearts. 9:35 So Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 223  and he did not release the Israelites, as the Lord had predicted through Moses.

10:1

The Eighth Blow: Locusts

224 

The Lord said 225  to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 226  these signs of mine before him, 227  10:2 and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 228  how I made fools 229  of the Egyptians 230  and about 231  my signs that I displayed 232  among them, so that you may know 233  that I am the Lord.”

10:3 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and told him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: ‘How long do you refuse 234  to humble yourself before me? 235  Release my people so that they may serve me! 10:4 But if you refuse to release my people, I am going to bring 236  locusts 237  into your territory 238  tomorrow. 10:5 They will cover 239  the surface 240  of the earth, so that you 241  will be unable to see the ground. They will eat the remainder of what escaped 242 what is left over 243  for you – from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you from the field. 10:6 They will fill your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses of Egypt, such as 244  neither 245  your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen since they have been 246  in the land until this day!’” Then Moses 247  turned and went out from Pharaoh.

10:7 Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long 248  will this man be a menace 249  to us? Release the people so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not know 250  that Egypt is destroyed?

10:8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Exactly who is going with you? 251  10:9 Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our sheep and our cattle we will go, because we are to hold 252  a pilgrim feast for the Lord.”

10:10 He said to them, “The Lord will need to be with you 253  if I release you and your dependents! 254  Watch out! 255  Trouble is right in front of you! 256  10:11 No! 257  Go, you men 258  only, and serve the Lord, for that 259  is what you want.” 260  Then Moses and Aaron 261  were driven 262  out of Pharaoh’s presence.

10:12 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for 263  the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows 264  in the ground, everything that the hail has left.” 10:13 So Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord 265  brought 266  an east wind on the land all that day and all night. 267  The morning came, 268  and the east wind had brought up 269  the locusts! 10:14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory 270  of Egypt. It was very severe; 271  there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again. 272  10:15 They covered 273  the surface 274  of all the ground, so that the ground became dark with them, 275  and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout the whole land of Egypt.

10:16 276 

Then Pharaoh quickly 277  summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned 278  against the Lord your God and against you! 10:17 So now, forgive my sin this time only, and pray to the Lord your God that he would only 279  take this death 280  away from me.” 10:18 Moses 281  went out 282  from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 10:19 and the Lord turned a very strong west wind, 283  and it picked up the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. 284  Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites.

10:21

The Ninth Blow: Darkness

285 

The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward heaven 286  so that there may be 287  darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness so thick it can be felt.” 288 

10:22 So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness 289  throughout the land of Egypt for three days. 290  10:23 No one 291  could see 292  another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

10:24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lordonly your flocks and herds will be detained. Even your families 293  may go with you.”

10:25 But Moses said, “Will you also 294  provide us 295  with sacrifices and burnt offerings that we may present them 296  to the Lord our God? 10:26 Our livestock must 297  also go with us! Not a hoof is to be left behind! For we must take 298  these animals 299  to serve the Lord our God. Until we arrive there, we do not know what we must use to serve the Lord.” 300 

10:27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to release them. 10:28 Pharaoh said to him, “Go from me! 301  Watch out for yourself! Do not appear before me again, 302  for when 303  you see my face you will die! 10:29 Moses said, “As you wish! 304  I will not see your face again.” 305 

11:1

The Tenth Blow: Death

306 

The Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will release you from this place. When he releases you, 307  he will drive you out completely 308  from this place. 11:2 Instruct 309  the people that each man and each woman is to request 310  from his or her neighbor 311  items of silver and gold.” 312 

11:3 (Now the Lord granted the people favor with 313  the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, respected by Pharaoh’s servants and by the Egyptian people.) 314 

11:4 Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight 315  I will go throughout Egypt, 316  11:5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh 317  who sits on his throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 11:6 There will be a great cry throughout the whole land of Egypt, such as there has never been, 318  nor ever will be again. 319  11:7 But against any of the Israelites not even a dog will bark 320  against either people or animals, 321  so that you may know that the Lord distinguishes 322  between Egypt and Israel.’ 11:8 All these your servants will come down to me and bow down 323  to me, saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow 324  you,’ and after that I will go out.” Then Moses 325  went out from Pharaoh in great anger.

11:9 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders 326  may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”

11:10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites from his land.

12:1

The Institution of the Passover

327 

The Lord said 328  to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 329  12:2 This month is to be your beginning of months; it will be your first month of the year. 330  12:3 Tell the whole community of Israel, ‘In the tenth day of this month they each 331  must take a lamb 332  for themselves according to their families 333 a lamb for each household. 334  12:4 If any household is too small 335  for a lamb, 336  the man 337  and his next-door neighbor 338  are to take 339  a lamb according to the number of people – you will make your count for the lamb according to how much each one can eat. 340  12:5 Your lamb must be 341  perfect, 342  a male, one year old; 343  you may take 344  it from the sheep or from the goats. 12:6 You must care for it 345  until the fourteenth day of this month, and then the whole community 346  of Israel will kill it around sundown. 347  12:7 They will take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and top of the doorframe of the houses where they will eat it. 12:8 They will eat the meat the same night; 348  they will eat it roasted over the fire with bread made without yeast 349  and with bitter herbs. 12:9 Do not eat it raw 350  or boiled in water, but roast it over the fire with its head, its legs, and its entrails. 12:10 You must leave nothing until morning, but you must burn with fire whatever remains of it until morning. 12:11 This is how you are to eat it – dressed to travel, 351  your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You are to eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 352 

12:12 I will pass through 353  the land of Egypt in the same 354  night, and I will attack 355  all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both of humans and of animals, 356  and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. 357  I am the Lord. 12:13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, so that when I see 358  the blood I will pass over you, 359  and this plague 360  will not fall on you to destroy you 361  when I attack 362  the land of Egypt. 363 

12:14 This day will become 364  a memorial 365  for you, and you will celebrate it as a festival 366  to the Lordyou will celebrate it perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 367  12:15 For seven days 368  you must eat 369  bread made without yeast. 370  Surely 371  on the first day you must put away yeast from your houses because anyone who eats bread made with yeast 372  from the first day to the seventh day will be cut off 373  from Israel.

12:16 On the first day there will be a holy convocation, 374  and on the seventh day there will be a holy convocation for you. You must do no work of any kind 375  on them, only what every person will eat – that alone may be prepared for you. 12:17 So you will keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because on this very 376  day I brought your regiments 377  out from the land of Egypt, and so you must keep this day perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 378  12:18 In the first month, 379  from the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you will eat bread made without yeast until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening. 12:19 For seven days 380  yeast must not be found in your houses, for whoever eats what is made with yeast – that person 381  will be cut off from the community of Israel, whether a foreigner 382  or one born in the land. 12:20 You will not eat anything made with yeast; in all the places where you live you must eat bread made without yeast.’

12:21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel, and told them, “Go and select 383  for yourselves a lamb or young goat 384  for your families, and kill the Passover animals. 385  12:22 Take a branch of hyssop, 386  dip it in the blood that is in the basin, 387  and apply to the top of the doorframe and the two side posts some of the blood that is in the basin. Not one of you is to go out 388  the door of his house until morning. 12:23 For the Lord will pass through to strike Egypt, and when he sees 389  the blood on the top of the doorframe and the two side posts, then the Lord will pass over the door, and he will not permit the destroyer 390  to enter your houses to strike you. 391  12:24 You must observe this event as an ordinance for you and for your children forever. 12:25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give to you, just as he said, you must observe 392  this ceremony. 12:26 When your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 393  12:27 then you will say, ‘It is the sacrifice 394  of the Lord’s Passover, when he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he struck 395  Egypt and delivered our households.’” The people bowed down low 396  to the ground, 12:28 and the Israelites went away and did exactly as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 397 

12:29

The Deliverance from Egypt

398 

It happened 399  at midnight – the Lord attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 12:30 Pharaoh got up 400  in the night, 401  along with all his servants and all Egypt, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no house 402  in which there was not someone dead. 12:31 Pharaoh 403  summoned Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Get up, get out 404  from among my people, both you and the Israelites! Go, serve the Lord as you have requested! 405  12:32 Also, take your flocks and your herds, just as you have requested, and leave. But bless me also.” 406 

12:33 The Egyptians were urging 407  the people on, in order to send them out of the land quickly, 408  for they were saying, “We are all dead! 12:34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, 409  with their kneading troughs bound up in their clothing on their shoulders. 12:35 Now the Israelites had done 410  as Moses told them – they had requested from the Egyptians 411  silver and gold items and clothing. 12:36 The Lord 412  gave the people favor 413  in the sight of the Egyptians, and they gave them whatever they wanted, 414  and so they plundered Egypt. 415 

12:37 The Israelites journeyed 416  from Rameses 417  to Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 men 418  on foot, plus their dependants. 419  12:38 A mixed multitude 420  also went up with them, and flocks and herds – a very large number of cattle. 421  12:39 They baked cakes of bread without yeast using the dough they had brought from Egypt, for it was made without yeast – because they were thrust out 422  of Egypt and were not able to delay, they 423  could not prepare 424  food for themselves either.

12:40 Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 425  12:41 At the end of the 430 years, on the very day, all the regiments 426  of the Lord went out of the land of Egypt. 12:42 It was a night of vigil for the Lord to bring them out from the land of Egypt, 427  and so 428  on this night all Israel is to keep the vigil 429  to the Lord for generations to come.

12:43

Participation in the Passover

430 

The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may 431  share in eating it. 432  12:44 But everyone’s servant who is bought for money, after you have circumcised him, may eat it. 12:45 A foreigner and a hired worker must not eat it. 12:46 It must be eaten in one house; you must not bring any of the meat outside the house, and you must not break a bone of it. 12:47 The whole community of Israel must observe it.

12:48When a foreigner lives 433  with you and wants to observe the Passover to the Lord, all his males must be circumcised, 434  and then he may approach and observe it, and he will be like one who is born in the land 435 but no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 12:49 The same law will apply 436  to the person who is native-born and to the foreigner who lives among you.”

12:50 So all the Israelites did exactly as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 437  12:51 And on this very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.

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