Bible: Exodus 7:14-11:10

7:14

The First Blow: Water to Blood

1 

The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 2  he refuses to release 3  the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 4  he goes out to the water. Position yourself 5  to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 6  and take 7  in your hand the staff 8  that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 9 Release my people, that they may serve me 10  in the desert!” But until now 11  you have not listened. 12  7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 13  the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 14  7:18 Fish 15  in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 16  to drink water from the Nile.”’ 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 17  over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 18 so that it becomes 19  blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 20  the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 21  just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 22  the staff 23  and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 24  of Pharaoh and his servants, 25  and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 26  7:21 When the fish 27  that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 28  to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 29  everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 30  by their secret arts, and so 31  Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 32  and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 33 just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 34  7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 35  because they could not drink the water of the Nile.

7:25

The Second Blow: Frogs

36 

Seven full days passed 37  after the Lord struck 38  the Nile. 8:1 39  Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 40  all your territory with frogs. 41  8:3 The Nile will swarm 42  with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 43  8:4 Frogs 44  will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’ 45 

8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 46  over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’ 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 47  came up and covered the land of Egypt.

8:7 The magicians did the same 48  with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 49 

8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 50  Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 51  to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 52  from me and my people, and I will release 53  the people that they may sacrifice 54  to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 55  – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 56  from you and your houses, so that 57  they will be left 58  only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 59 It will be 60  as you say, 61  so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”

8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 62  to the Lord because of 63  the frogs that he had brought on 64  Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 65  – the 66  frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 67  piled them in countless heaps, 68  and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 69  he hardened 70  his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 71 

8:16

The Third Blow: Gnats

72 

The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 73  gnats 74  throughout all the land of Egypt.’ 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 75  and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 76  the magicians attempted 77  to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 78  to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 79  of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 80  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.

8:20

The Fourth Blow: Flies

81 

The Lord 82  said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 83  my people, then I am going to send 84  swarms of flies 85  on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 86  8:22 But on that day I will mark off 87  the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 88  so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 89  8:23 I will put a division 90  between my people and your people. This sign will take place 91  tomorrow.”’ 8:24 The Lord did so; a 92  thick 93  swarm of flies came into 94  Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 95  of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 96  because of the swarms of flies.

8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 97  8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 98  for the sacrifices we make 99  to the Lord our God would be an abomination 100  to the Egyptians. 101  If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 102  will they not stone us? 103  8:27 We must go 104  on a three-day journey 105  into the desert and sacrifice 106  to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 107 

8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 108  so that you may sacrifice 109  to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 110  Do 111  pray for me.”

8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 112  from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 113  by not releasing 114  the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 115  – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 116  his heart this time also and did not release the people.

9:1

The Fifth Blow: Disease

117 

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Release my people that they may serve me! 9:2 For if you refuse to release them 118  and continue holding them, 119  9:3 then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 120  a very terrible plague 121  on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 122  the herds, and the flocks. 9:4 But the Lord will distinguish 123  between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing 124  will die of all that the Israelites have.”’ 125 

9:5 The Lord set 126  an appointed time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this 127  in the land.” 9:6 And the Lord did this 128  on the next day; 129  all 130  the livestock of the Egyptians 131  died, but of the Israeliteslivestock not one died. 9:7 Pharaoh sent representatives to investigate, 132  and indeed, not even one of the livestock of Israel had died. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 133  and he did not release the people.

9:8

The Sixth Blow: Boils

134 

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot 135  from a furnace, and have Moses throw it 136  into the air while Pharaoh is watching. 137  9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt and will cause boils to break out and fester 138  on both people and animals in all the land of Egypt.” 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh, Moses threw it into the air, and it caused festering boils to break out on both people and animals.

9:11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians. 9:12 But the Lord hardened 139  Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted to Moses.

9:13

The Seventh Blow: Hail

140 

The Lord said 141  to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, stand 142  before Pharaoh, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: “Release my people so that they may serve me! 9:14 For this time I will send all my plagues 143  on your very self 144  and on your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 9:15 For by now I could have stretched out 145  my hand and struck you and your people with plague, and you would have been destroyed 146  from the earth. 9:16 But 147  for this purpose I have caused you to stand: 148  to show you 149  my strength, and so that my name may be declared 150  in all the earth. 9:17 You are still exalting 151  yourself against my people by 152  not releasing them. 9:18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down 153  about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred 154  in Egypt from the day it was founded 155  until now. 9:19 So now, send instructions 156  to gather 157  your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person 158  or animal caught 159  in the field and not brought into the house – the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’

9:20 Those 160  of Pharaoh’s servants who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their 161  servants and livestock into the houses, 9:21 but those 162  who did not take 163  the word of the Lord seriously left their servants and their cattle 164  in the field.

9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sky 165  that there may be 166  hail in all the land of Egypt, on people and on animals, 167  and on everything that grows 168  in the field in the land of Egypt.” 9:23 When Moses extended 169  his staff toward the sky, the Lord 170  sent thunder 171  and hail, and fire fell to the earth; 172  so the Lord caused hail to rain down on the land of Egypt. 9:24 Hail fell 173  and fire mingled 174  with the hail; the hail was so severe 175  that there had not been any like it 176  in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 9:25 The hail struck everything in the open fields, both 177  people and animals, throughout all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that grows 178  in the field, and it broke all the trees of the field to pieces. 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was there no hail.

9:27 So Pharaoh sent and summoned Moses and Aaron and said to them, “I have sinned this time! 179  The Lord is righteous, and I and my people are guilty. 180  9:28 Pray to the Lord, for the mighty 181  thunderings and hail are too much! 182  I will release you and you will stay no longer.” 183 

9:29 Moses said to him, “When I leave the city 184  I will spread my hands to the Lord, the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that the earth belongs to the Lord. 185  9:30 But as for you 186  and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear 187  the Lord God.”

9:31 (Now the 188  flax and the barley were struck 189  by the hail, 190  for the barley had ripened 191  and the flax 192  was in bud. 9:32 But the wheat and the spelt 193  were not struck, for they are later crops.) 194 

9:33 So Moses left Pharaoh, went out of the city, and spread out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain stopped pouring on the earth. 9:34 When Pharaoh saw 195  that the rain and hail and thunder ceased, he sinned again: 196  both he and his servants hardened 197  their hearts. 9:35 So Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 198  and he did not release the Israelites, as the Lord had predicted through Moses.

10:1

The Eighth Blow: Locusts

199 

The Lord said 200  to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 201  these signs of mine before him, 202  10:2 and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 203  how I made fools 204  of the Egyptians 205  and about 206  my signs that I displayed 207  among them, so that you may know 208  that I am the Lord.”

10:3 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and told him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: ‘How long do you refuse 209  to humble yourself before me? 210  Release my people so that they may serve me! 10:4 But if you refuse to release my people, I am going to bring 211  locusts 212  into your territory 213  tomorrow. 10:5 They will cover 214  the surface 215  of the earth, so that you 216  will be unable to see the ground. They will eat the remainder of what escaped 217 what is left over 218  for you – from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you from the field. 10:6 They will fill your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses of Egypt, such as 219  neither 220  your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen since they have been 221  in the land until this day!’” Then Moses 222  turned and went out from Pharaoh.

10:7 Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long 223  will this man be a menace 224  to us? Release the people so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not know 225  that Egypt is destroyed?

10:8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Exactly who is going with you? 226  10:9 Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our sheep and our cattle we will go, because we are to hold 227  a pilgrim feast for the Lord.”

10:10 He said to them, “The Lord will need to be with you 228  if I release you and your dependents! 229  Watch out! 230  Trouble is right in front of you! 231  10:11 No! 232  Go, you men 233  only, and serve the Lord, for that 234  is what you want.” 235  Then Moses and Aaron 236  were driven 237  out of Pharaoh’s presence.

10:12 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for 238  the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows 239  in the ground, everything that the hail has left.” 10:13 So Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord 240  brought 241  an east wind on the land all that day and all night. 242  The morning came, 243  and the east wind had brought up 244  the locusts! 10:14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory 245  of Egypt. It was very severe; 246  there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again. 247  10:15 They covered 248  the surface 249  of all the ground, so that the ground became dark with them, 250  and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout the whole land of Egypt.

10:16 251 

Then Pharaoh quickly 252  summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned 253  against the Lord your God and against you! 10:17 So now, forgive my sin this time only, and pray to the Lord your God that he would only 254  take this death 255  away from me.” 10:18 Moses 256  went out 257  from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 10:19 and the Lord turned a very strong west wind, 258  and it picked up the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. 259  Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites.

10:21

The Ninth Blow: Darkness

260 

The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward heaven 261  so that there may be 262  darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness so thick it can be felt.” 263 

10:22 So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness 264  throughout the land of Egypt for three days. 265  10:23 No one 266  could see 267  another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

10:24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lordonly your flocks and herds will be detained. Even your families 268  may go with you.”

10:25 But Moses said, “Will you also 269  provide us 270  with sacrifices and burnt offerings that we may present them 271  to the Lord our God? 10:26 Our livestock must 272  also go with us! Not a hoof is to be left behind! For we must take 273  these animals 274  to serve the Lord our God. Until we arrive there, we do not know what we must use to serve the Lord.” 275 

10:27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to release them. 10:28 Pharaoh said to him, “Go from me! 276  Watch out for yourself! Do not appear before me again, 277  for when 278  you see my face you will die! 10:29 Moses said, “As you wish! 279  I will not see your face again.” 280 

11:1

The Tenth Blow: Death

281 

The Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will release you from this place. When he releases you, 282  he will drive you out completely 283  from this place. 11:2 Instruct 284  the people that each man and each woman is to request 285  from his or her neighbor 286  items of silver and gold.” 287 

11:3 (Now the Lord granted the people favor with 288  the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, respected by Pharaoh’s servants and by the Egyptian people.) 289 

11:4 Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight 290  I will go throughout Egypt, 291  11:5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh 292  who sits on his throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 11:6 There will be a great cry throughout the whole land of Egypt, such as there has never been, 293  nor ever will be again. 294  11:7 But against any of the Israelites not even a dog will bark 295  against either people or animals, 296  so that you may know that the Lord distinguishes 297  between Egypt and Israel.’ 11:8 All these your servants will come down to me and bow down 298  to me, saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow 299  you,’ and after that I will go out.” Then Moses 300  went out from Pharaoh in great anger.

11:9 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders 301  may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”

11:10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites from his land.

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