6:1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh, 1 for compelled by my strong hand 2 he will release them, and by my strong hand he will drive them out of his land.” 3
6:2 God spoke 4 to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord. 5 6:3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as 6 God Almighty, 7 but by 8 my name ‘the Lord’ 9 I was not known to them. 10 6:4 I also established my covenant with them 11 to give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as resident foreigners. 12 6:5 I 13 have also heard 14 the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, 15 and I have remembered my covenant. 16 6:6 Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the Lord. I will bring you out 17 from your enslavement to 18 the Egyptians, I will rescue you from the hard labor they impose, 19 and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 6:7 I will take you to myself for a people, and I will be your God. 20 Then you will know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from your enslavement to 21 the Egyptians. 6:8 I will bring you to the land I swore to give 22 to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob – and I will give it to you 23 as a possession. I am the Lord!’” 6:9 24
Moses told this 25 to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him 26 because of their discouragement 27 and hard labor. 6:10 Then the Lord said to Moses, 6:11 “Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt that he must release 28 the Israelites from his land.” 6:12 But Moses replied to 29 the Lord, “If the Israelites did not listen to me, then 30 how will Pharaoh listen to me, since 31 I speak with difficulty?” 32
6:13 The Lord spoke 33 to Moses and Aaron and gave them a charge 34 for the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt to bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt. 6:14
The Ancestry of the Deliverer 35
These are the heads of their fathers’ households: 36
The sons 37 of Reuben, the firstborn son of Israel, were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These were the clans 38 of Reuben.
6:15 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of Simeon.
6:16 Now these are the names of the sons of Levi, according to their records: 39 Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (The length of Levi’s life was 137 years.)
6:17 The sons of Gershon, by their families, were Libni and Shimei.
6:18 The sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. (The length of Kohath’s life was 133 years.)
6:19 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of Levi, according to their records.
6:20 Amram married 40 his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. (The length of Amram’s life was 137 years.)
6:21 The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zikri.
6:22 The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri.
6:23 Aaron married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
6:24 The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These were the Korahite clans.
6:25 Now Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel and she bore him Phinehas.
These are the heads of the fathers’ households 41 of Levi according to their clans.
6:26 It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, “Bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.” 42 6:27 They were the men who were speaking to Pharaoh king of Egypt, in order to bring the Israelites out of Egypt. It was the same Moses and Aaron. 6:28
The Authentication of the Word 43
When 44 the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 6:29 he said to him, 45 “I am the Lord. Tell 46 Pharaoh king of Egypt all that 47 I am telling 48 you.” 6:30 But Moses said before the Lord, “Since I speak with difficulty, 49 why should Pharaoh listen to me?”
7:1 So the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God 50 to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 51 7:2 You are to speak 52 everything I command you, 53 and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh that he must release 54 the Israelites from his land. 7:3 But I will harden 55 Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 56 my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt, 7:4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. 57 I will reach into 58 Egypt and bring out my regiments, 59 my people the Israelites, from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 7:5 Then 60 the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I extend my hand 61 over Egypt and bring the Israelites out from among them.
7:6 And Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7:7 Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.
7:8 The Lord said 62 to Moses and Aaron, 63 7:9 “When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Do 64 a miracle,’ and you say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down 65 before Pharaoh,’ it will become 66 a snake.” 7:10 When 67 Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, they did so, just as the Lord had commanded them – Aaron threw 68 down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants and it became a snake. 69 7:11 Then Pharaoh also summoned wise men and sorcerers, 70 and the magicians 71 of Egypt by their secret arts 72 did the same thing. 7:12 Each man 73 threw down his staff, and the staffs became snakes. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 7:13 Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard, 74 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 7:14
The First Blow: Water to Blood 75
The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 76 he refuses to release 77 the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 78 he goes out to the water. Position yourself 79 to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 80 and take 81 in your hand the staff 82 that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 83 “Release my people, that they may serve me 84 in the desert!” But until now 85 you have not listened. 86 7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 87 the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 88 7:18 Fish 89 in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 90 to drink water from the Nile.”’” 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 91 over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 92 – so that it becomes 93 blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 94 the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 95 just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 96 the staff 97 and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 98 of Pharaoh and his servants, 99 and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 100 7:21 When the fish 101 that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 102 to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 103 everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 104 by their secret arts, and so 105 Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 106 and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 107 – just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 108 7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 109 because they could not drink the water of the Nile. 7:25
The Second Blow: Frogs 110
Seven full days passed 111 after the Lord struck 112 the Nile. 8:1 113 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 114 all your territory with frogs. 115 8:3 The Nile will swarm 116 with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 117 8:4 Frogs 118 will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’” 119
8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 120 over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’” 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 121 came up and covered the land of Egypt.
8:7 The magicians did the same 122 with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 123
8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 124 Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 125 to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 126 from me and my people, and I will release 127 the people that they may sacrifice 128 to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 129 – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 130 from you and your houses, so that 131 they will be left 132 only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 133 “It will be 134 as you say, 135 so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”
8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 136 to the Lord because of 137 the frogs that he had brought on 138 Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 139 – the 140 frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 141 piled them in countless heaps, 142 and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 143 he hardened 144 his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 145 8:16
The Third Blow: Gnats 146
The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 147 gnats 148 throughout all the land of Egypt.’” 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 149 and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 150 the magicians attempted 151 to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 152 to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 153 of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 154 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 8:20
The Fourth Blow: Flies 155
The Lord 156 said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 157 my people, then I am going to send 158 swarms of flies 159 on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 160 8:22 But on that day I will mark off 161 the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 162 so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 163 8:23 I will put a division 164 between my people and your people. This sign will take place 165 tomorrow.”’” 8:24 The Lord did so; a 166 thick 167 swarm of flies came into 168 Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 169 of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 170 because of the swarms of flies.
8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 171 8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 172 for the sacrifices we make 173 to the Lord our God would be an abomination 174 to the Egyptians. 175 If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 176 will they not stone us? 177 8:27 We must go 178 on a three-day journey 179 into the desert and sacrifice 180 to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 181
8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 182 so that you may sacrifice 183 to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 184 Do 185 pray for me.”
8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 186 from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 187 by not releasing 188 the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 189 – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 190 his heart this time also and did not release the people.