Bible: Exodus 6-15

6:1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh, 1  for compelled by my strong hand 2  he will release them, and by my strong hand he will drive them out of his land.” 3 

6:2 God spoke 4  to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord. 5  6:3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as 6  God Almighty, 7  but by 8  my name ‘the Lord 9  I was not known to them. 10  6:4 I also established my covenant with them 11  to give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as resident foreigners. 12  6:5 I 13  have also heard 14  the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, 15  and I have remembered my covenant. 16  6:6 Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the Lord. I will bring you out 17  from your enslavement to 18  the Egyptians, I will rescue you from the hard labor they impose, 19  and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 6:7 I will take you to myself for a people, and I will be your God. 20  Then you will know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from your enslavement to 21  the Egyptians. 6:8 I will bring you to the land I swore to give 22  to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob – and I will give it to you 23  as a possession. I am the Lord!’

6:9 24 

Moses told this 25  to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him 26  because of their discouragement 27  and hard labor. 6:10 Then the Lord said to Moses, 6:11 Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt that he must release 28  the Israelites from his land.” 6:12 But Moses replied to 29  the Lord, “If the Israelites did not listen to me, then 30  how will Pharaoh listen to me, since 31  I speak with difficulty? 32 

6:13 The Lord spoke 33  to Moses and Aaron and gave them a charge 34  for the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt to bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.


The Ancestry of the Deliverer


These are the heads of their fathershouseholds: 36 

The sons 37  of Reuben, the firstborn son of Israel, were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These were the clans 38  of Reuben.

6:15 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of Simeon.

6:16 Now these are the names of the sons of Levi, according to their records: 39  Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (The length of Levi’s life was 137 years.)

6:17 The sons of Gershon, by their families, were Libni and Shimei.

6:18 The sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. (The length of Kohath’s life was 133 years.)

6:19 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of Levi, according to their records.

6:20 Amram married 40  his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. (The length of Amram’s life was 137 years.)

6:21 The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zikri.

6:22 The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri.

6:23 Aaron married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

6:24 The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These were the Korahite clans.

6:25 Now Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel and she bore him Phinehas.

These are the heads of the fathershouseholds 41  of Levi according to their clans.

6:26 It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, “Bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.” 42  6:27 They were the men who were speaking to Pharaoh king of Egypt, in order to bring the Israelites out of Egypt. It was the same Moses and Aaron.


The Authentication of the Word


When 44  the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 6:29 he said to him, 45 I am the Lord. Tell 46  Pharaoh king of Egypt all that 47  I am telling 48  you.” 6:30 But Moses said before the Lord, “Since I speak with difficulty, 49  why should Pharaoh listen to me?

7:1 So the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God 50  to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 51  7:2 You are to speak 52  everything I command you, 53  and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh that he must release 54  the Israelites from his land. 7:3 But I will harden 55  Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 56  my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt, 7:4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. 57  I will reach into 58  Egypt and bring out my regiments, 59  my people the Israelites, from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 7:5 Then 60  the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I extend my hand 61  over Egypt and bring the Israelites out from among them.

7:6 And Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7:7 Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.

7:8 The Lord said 62  to Moses and Aaron, 63  7:9 When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Do 64  a miracle,’ and you say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down 65  before Pharaoh,’ it will become 66  a snake.” 7:10 When 67  Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, they did so, just as the Lord had commanded them – Aaron threw 68  down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants and it became a snake. 69  7:11 Then Pharaoh also summoned wise men and sorcerers, 70  and the magicians 71  of Egypt by their secret arts 72  did the same thing. 7:12 Each man 73  threw down his staff, and the staffs became snakes. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 7:13 Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard, 74  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.


The First Blow: Water to Blood


The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 76  he refuses to release 77  the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 78  he goes out to the water. Position yourself 79  to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 80  and take 81  in your hand the staff 82  that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 83 Release my people, that they may serve me 84  in the desert!” But until now 85  you have not listened. 86  7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 87  the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 88  7:18 Fish 89  in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 90  to drink water from the Nile.”’ 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 91  over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 92 so that it becomes 93  blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 94  the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 95  just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 96  the staff 97  and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 98  of Pharaoh and his servants, 99  and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 100  7:21 When the fish 101  that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 102  to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 103  everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 104  by their secret arts, and so 105  Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 106  and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 107 just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 108  7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 109  because they could not drink the water of the Nile.


The Second Blow: Frogs


Seven full days passed 111  after the Lord struck 112  the Nile. 8:1 113  Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 114  all your territory with frogs. 115  8:3 The Nile will swarm 116  with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 117  8:4 Frogs 118  will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’ 119 

8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 120  over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’ 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 121  came up and covered the land of Egypt.

8:7 The magicians did the same 122  with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 123 

8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 124  Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 125  to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 126  from me and my people, and I will release 127  the people that they may sacrifice 128  to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 129  – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 130  from you and your houses, so that 131  they will be left 132  only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 133 It will be 134  as you say, 135  so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”

8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 136  to the Lord because of 137  the frogs that he had brought on 138  Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 139  – the 140  frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 141  piled them in countless heaps, 142  and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 143  he hardened 144  his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 145 


The Third Blow: Gnats


The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 147  gnats 148  throughout all the land of Egypt.’ 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 149  and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 150  the magicians attempted 151  to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 152  to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 153  of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 154  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.


The Fourth Blow: Flies


The Lord 156  said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 157  my people, then I am going to send 158  swarms of flies 159  on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 160  8:22 But on that day I will mark off 161  the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 162  so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 163  8:23 I will put a division 164  between my people and your people. This sign will take place 165  tomorrow.”’ 8:24 The Lord did so; a 166  thick 167  swarm of flies came into 168  Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 169  of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 170  because of the swarms of flies.

8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 171  8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 172  for the sacrifices we make 173  to the Lord our God would be an abomination 174  to the Egyptians. 175  If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 176  will they not stone us? 177  8:27 We must go 178  on a three-day journey 179  into the desert and sacrifice 180  to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 181 

8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 182  so that you may sacrifice 183  to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 184  Do 185  pray for me.”

8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 186  from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 187  by not releasing 188  the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 189  – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 190  his heart this time also and did not release the people.


The Fifth Blow: Disease


Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Release my people that they may serve me! 9:2 For if you refuse to release them 192  and continue holding them, 193  9:3 then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 194  a very terrible plague 195  on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 196  the herds, and the flocks. 9:4 But the Lord will distinguish 197  between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing 198  will die of all that the Israelites have.”’ 199 

9:5 The Lord set 200  an appointed time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this 201  in the land.” 9:6 And the Lord did this 202  on the next day; 203  all 204  the livestock of the Egyptians 205  died, but of the Israeliteslivestock not one died. 9:7 Pharaoh sent representatives to investigate, 206  and indeed, not even one of the livestock of Israel had died. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 207  and he did not release the people.


The Sixth Blow: Boils


Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot 209  from a furnace, and have Moses throw it 210  into the air while Pharaoh is watching. 211  9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt and will cause boils to break out and fester 212  on both people and animals in all the land of Egypt.” 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh, Moses threw it into the air, and it caused festering boils to break out on both people and animals.

9:11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians. 9:12 But the Lord hardened 213  Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted to Moses.


The Seventh Blow: Hail


The Lord said 215  to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, stand 216  before Pharaoh, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: “Release my people so that they may serve me! 9:14 For this time I will send all my plagues 217  on your very self 218  and on your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 9:15 For by now I could have stretched out 219  my hand and struck you and your people with plague, and you would have been destroyed 220  from the earth. 9:16 But 221  for this purpose I have caused you to stand: 222  to show you 223  my strength, and so that my name may be declared 224  in all the earth. 9:17 You are still exalting 225  yourself against my people by 226  not releasing them. 9:18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down 227  about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred 228  in Egypt from the day it was founded 229  until now. 9:19 So now, send instructions 230  to gather 231  your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person 232  or animal caught 233  in the field and not brought into the house – the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’

9:20 Those 234  of Pharaoh’s servants who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their 235  servants and livestock into the houses, 9:21 but those 236  who did not take 237  the word of the Lord seriously left their servants and their cattle 238  in the field.

9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sky 239  that there may be 240  hail in all the land of Egypt, on people and on animals, 241  and on everything that grows 242  in the field in the land of Egypt.” 9:23 When Moses extended 243  his staff toward the sky, the Lord 244  sent thunder 245  and hail, and fire fell to the earth; 246  so the Lord caused hail to rain down on the land of Egypt. 9:24 Hail fell 247  and fire mingled 248  with the hail; the hail was so severe 249  that there had not been any like it 250  in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 9:25 The hail struck everything in the open fields, both 251  people and animals, throughout all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that grows 252  in the field, and it broke all the trees of the field to pieces. 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was there no hail.

9:27 So Pharaoh sent and summoned Moses and Aaron and said to them, “I have sinned this time! 253  The Lord is righteous, and I and my people are guilty. 254  9:28 Pray to the Lord, for the mighty 255  thunderings and hail are too much! 256  I will release you and you will stay no longer.” 257 

9:29 Moses said to him, “When I leave the city 258  I will spread my hands to the Lord, the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that the earth belongs to the Lord. 259  9:30 But as for you 260  and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear 261  the Lord God.”

9:31 (Now the 262  flax and the barley were struck 263  by the hail, 264  for the barley had ripened 265  and the flax 266  was in bud. 9:32 But the wheat and the spelt 267  were not struck, for they are later crops.) 268 

9:33 So Moses left Pharaoh, went out of the city, and spread out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain stopped pouring on the earth. 9:34 When Pharaoh saw 269  that the rain and hail and thunder ceased, he sinned again: 270  both he and his servants hardened 271  their hearts. 9:35 So Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 272  and he did not release the Israelites, as the Lord had predicted through Moses.


The Eighth Blow: Locusts


The Lord said 274  to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 275  these signs of mine before him, 276  10:2 and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 277  how I made fools 278  of the Egyptians 279  and about 280  my signs that I displayed 281  among them, so that you may know 282  that I am the Lord.”

10:3 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and told him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: ‘How long do you refuse 283  to humble yourself before me? 284  Release my people so that they may serve me! 10:4 But if you refuse to release my people, I am going to bring 285  locusts 286  into your territory 287  tomorrow. 10:5 They will cover 288  the surface 289  of the earth, so that you 290  will be unable to see the ground. They will eat the remainder of what escaped 291 what is left over 292  for you – from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you from the field. 10:6 They will fill your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses of Egypt, such as 293  neither 294  your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen since they have been 295  in the land until this day!’” Then Moses 296  turned and went out from Pharaoh.

10:7 Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long 297  will this man be a menace 298  to us? Release the people so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not know 299  that Egypt is destroyed?

10:8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Exactly who is going with you? 300  10:9 Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our sheep and our cattle we will go, because we are to hold 301  a pilgrim feast for the Lord.”

10:10 He said to them, “The Lord will need to be with you 302  if I release you and your dependents! 303  Watch out! 304  Trouble is right in front of you! 305  10:11 No! 306  Go, you men 307  only, and serve the Lord, for that 308  is what you want.” 309  Then Moses and Aaron 310  were driven 311  out of Pharaoh’s presence.

10:12 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for 312  the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows 313  in the ground, everything that the hail has left.” 10:13 So Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord 314  brought 315  an east wind on the land all that day and all night. 316  The morning came, 317  and the east wind had brought up 318  the locusts! 10:14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory 319  of Egypt. It was very severe; 320  there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again. 321  10:15 They covered 322  the surface 323  of all the ground, so that the ground became dark with them, 324  and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout the whole land of Egypt.

10:16 325 

Then Pharaoh quickly 326  summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned 327  against the Lord your God and against you! 10:17 So now, forgive my sin this time only, and pray to the Lord your God that he would only 328  take this death 329  away from me.” 10:18 Moses 330  went out 331  from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 10:19 and the Lord turned a very strong west wind, 332  and it picked up the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. 333  Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites.


The Ninth Blow: Darkness


The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward heaven 335  so that there may be 336  darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness so thick it can be felt.” 337 

10:22 So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness 338  throughout the land of Egypt for three days. 339  10:23 No one 340  could see 341  another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

10:24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lordonly your flocks and herds will be detained. Even your families 342  may go with you.”

10:25 But Moses said, “Will you also 343  provide us 344  with sacrifices and burnt offerings that we may present them 345  to the Lord our God? 10:26 Our livestock must 346  also go with us! Not a hoof is to be left behind! For we must take 347  these animals 348  to serve the Lord our God. Until we arrive there, we do not know what we must use to serve the Lord.” 349 

10:27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to release them. 10:28 Pharaoh said to him, “Go from me! 350  Watch out for yourself! Do not appear before me again, 351  for when 352  you see my face you will die! 10:29 Moses said, “As you wish! 353  I will not see your face again.” 354 


The Tenth Blow: Death


The Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will release you from this place. When he releases you, 356  he will drive you out completely 357  from this place. 11:2 Instruct 358  the people that each man and each woman is to request 359  from his or her neighbor 360  items of silver and gold.” 361 

11:3 (Now the Lord granted the people favor with 362  the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, respected by Pharaoh’s servants and by the Egyptian people.) 363 

11:4 Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight 364  I will go throughout Egypt, 365  11:5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh 366  who sits on his throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 11:6 There will be a great cry throughout the whole land of Egypt, such as there has never been, 367  nor ever will be again. 368  11:7 But against any of the Israelites not even a dog will bark 369  against either people or animals, 370  so that you may know that the Lord distinguishes 371  between Egypt and Israel.’ 11:8 All these your servants will come down to me and bow down 372  to me, saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow 373  you,’ and after that I will go out.” Then Moses 374  went out from Pharaoh in great anger.

11:9 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders 375  may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”

11:10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites from his land.


The Institution of the Passover


The Lord said 377  to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 378  12:2 This month is to be your beginning of months; it will be your first month of the year. 379  12:3 Tell the whole community of Israel, ‘In the tenth day of this month they each 380  must take a lamb 381  for themselves according to their families 382 a lamb for each household. 383  12:4 If any household is too small 384  for a lamb, 385  the man 386  and his next-door neighbor 387  are to take 388  a lamb according to the number of people – you will make your count for the lamb according to how much each one can eat. 389  12:5 Your lamb must be 390  perfect, 391  a male, one year old; 392  you may take 393  it from the sheep or from the goats. 12:6 You must care for it 394  until the fourteenth day of this month, and then the whole community 395  of Israel will kill it around sundown. 396  12:7 They will take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and top of the doorframe of the houses where they will eat it. 12:8 They will eat the meat the same night; 397  they will eat it roasted over the fire with bread made without yeast 398  and with bitter herbs. 12:9 Do not eat it raw 399  or boiled in water, but roast it over the fire with its head, its legs, and its entrails. 12:10 You must leave nothing until morning, but you must burn with fire whatever remains of it until morning. 12:11 This is how you are to eat it – dressed to travel, 400  your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You are to eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 401 

12:12 I will pass through 402  the land of Egypt in the same 403  night, and I will attack 404  all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both of humans and of animals, 405  and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. 406  I am the Lord. 12:13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, so that when I see 407  the blood I will pass over you, 408  and this plague 409  will not fall on you to destroy you 410  when I attack 411  the land of Egypt. 412 

12:14 This day will become 413  a memorial 414  for you, and you will celebrate it as a festival 415  to the Lordyou will celebrate it perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 416  12:15 For seven days 417  you must eat 418  bread made without yeast. 419  Surely 420  on the first day you must put away yeast from your houses because anyone who eats bread made with yeast 421  from the first day to the seventh day will be cut off 422  from Israel.

12:16 On the first day there will be a holy convocation, 423  and on the seventh day there will be a holy convocation for you. You must do no work of any kind 424  on them, only what every person will eat – that alone may be prepared for you. 12:17 So you will keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because on this very 425  day I brought your regiments 426  out from the land of Egypt, and so you must keep this day perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 427  12:18 In the first month, 428  from the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you will eat bread made without yeast until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening. 12:19 For seven days 429  yeast must not be found in your houses, for whoever eats what is made with yeast – that person 430  will be cut off from the community of Israel, whether a foreigner 431  or one born in the land. 12:20 You will not eat anything made with yeast; in all the places where you live you must eat bread made without yeast.’

12:21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel, and told them, “Go and select 432  for yourselves a lamb or young goat 433  for your families, and kill the Passover animals. 434  12:22 Take a branch of hyssop, 435  dip it in the blood that is in the basin, 436  and apply to the top of the doorframe and the two side posts some of the blood that is in the basin. Not one of you is to go out 437  the door of his house until morning. 12:23 For the Lord will pass through to strike Egypt, and when he sees 438  the blood on the top of the doorframe and the two side posts, then the Lord will pass over the door, and he will not permit the destroyer 439  to enter your houses to strike you. 440  12:24 You must observe this event as an ordinance for you and for your children forever. 12:25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give to you, just as he said, you must observe 441  this ceremony. 12:26 When your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 442  12:27 then you will say, ‘It is the sacrifice 443  of the Lord’s Passover, when he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he struck 444  Egypt and delivered our households.’” The people bowed down low 445  to the ground, 12:28 and the Israelites went away and did exactly as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 446 


The Deliverance from Egypt


It happened 448  at midnight – the Lord attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 12:30 Pharaoh got up 449  in the night, 450  along with all his servants and all Egypt, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no house 451  in which there was not someone dead. 12:31 Pharaoh 452  summoned Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Get up, get out 453  from among my people, both you and the Israelites! Go, serve the Lord as you have requested! 454  12:32 Also, take your flocks and your herds, just as you have requested, and leave. But bless me also.” 455 

12:33 The Egyptians were urging 456  the people on, in order to send them out of the land quickly, 457  for they were saying, “We are all dead! 12:34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, 458  with their kneading troughs bound up in their clothing on their shoulders. 12:35 Now the Israelites had done 459  as Moses told them – they had requested from the Egyptians 460  silver and gold items and clothing. 12:36 The Lord 461  gave the people favor 462  in the sight of the Egyptians, and they gave them whatever they wanted, 463  and so they plundered Egypt. 464 

12:37 The Israelites journeyed 465  from Rameses 466  to Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 men 467  on foot, plus their dependants. 468  12:38 A mixed multitude 469  also went up with them, and flocks and herds – a very large number of cattle. 470  12:39 They baked cakes of bread without yeast using the dough they had brought from Egypt, for it was made without yeast – because they were thrust out 471  of Egypt and were not able to delay, they 472  could not prepare 473  food for themselves either.

12:40 Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 474  12:41 At the end of the 430 years, on the very day, all the regiments 475  of the Lord went out of the land of Egypt. 12:42 It was a night of vigil for the Lord to bring them out from the land of Egypt, 476  and so 477  on this night all Israel is to keep the vigil 478  to the Lord for generations to come.


Participation in the Passover


The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may 480  share in eating it. 481  12:44 But everyone’s servant who is bought for money, after you have circumcised him, may eat it. 12:45 A foreigner and a hired worker must not eat it. 12:46 It must be eaten in one house; you must not bring any of the meat outside the house, and you must not break a bone of it. 12:47 The whole community of Israel must observe it.

12:48When a foreigner lives 482  with you and wants to observe the Passover to the Lord, all his males must be circumcised, 483  and then he may approach and observe it, and he will be like one who is born in the land 484 but no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 12:49 The same law will apply 485  to the person who is native-born and to the foreigner who lives among you.”

12:50 So all the Israelites did exactly as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 486  12:51 And on this very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.


The Law of the Firstborn


The Lord spoke 488  to Moses: 13:2 Set apart 489  to me every firstborn male – the first offspring of every womb 490  among the Israelites, whether human or animal; it is mine.” 491 

13:3 Moses said to the people, “Remember 492  this day on which you came out from Egypt, from the place where you were enslaved, 493  for the Lord brought you out of there 494  with a mighty hand – and no bread made with yeast may be eaten. 495  13:4 On this day, 496  in the month of Abib, 497  you are going out. 498 

13:5 When 499  the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, 500  then you will keep 501  this ceremony 502  in this month. 13:6 For seven days 503  you must eat 504  bread made without yeast, and on the seventh day there is to be 505  a festival to the Lord. 13:7 Bread made without yeast must be eaten 506  for seven days; 507  no bread made with yeast shall be seen 508  among you, and you must have no yeast among you within any of your borders.

13:8 You are to tell your son 509  on that day, 510 It is 511  because of what 512  the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 13:9 513  It 514  will be a sign 515  for you on your hand and a memorial 516  on your forehead, 517  so that the law of the Lord may be 518  in your mouth, 519  for 520  with a mighty hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt. 13:10 So you must keep 521  this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year. 522 

13:11 When the Lord brings you 523  into the land of the Canaanites, 524  as he swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it 525  to you, 13:12 then you must give over 526  to the Lord the first offspring of every womb. 527  Every firstling 528  of a beast that you have 529 the males will be the Lord’s. 530  13:13 Every firstling 531  of a donkey you must redeem 532  with a lamb, and if you do not redeem it, then you must break its neck. 533  Every firstborn of 534  your sons you must redeem.

13:14 535 

In the future, 536  when your son asks you 537  ‘What is this?’ 538  you are to tell him, ‘With a mighty hand 539  the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the land of slavery. 540  13:15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused 541  to release us, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of people to the firstborn of animals. 542  That is why I am sacrificing 543  to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb, but all my firstborn sons I redeem.’ 13:16 It will be for a sign on your hand and for frontlets 544  on your forehead, for with a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.” 545 


The Leading of God


When Pharaoh released 547  the people, God did not lead them 548  by the way to the land 549  of the Philistines, 550  although 551  that was nearby, for God said, 552 Lest 553  the people change their minds 554  and return to Egypt when they experience 555  war.” 13:18 So God brought the people around by the way of the desert to the Red Sea, 556  and the Israelites went up from the land of Egypt prepared for battle. 557 

13:19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph 558  had made the Israelites solemnly swear, 559 God will surely attend 560  to you, and you will carry 561  my bones up from this place with you.”

13:20 They journeyed from Sukkoth and camped in Etham, on the edge of the desert. 13:21 Now the Lord was going before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, 562  so that they could 563  travel day or night. 564  13:22 He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night from before the people. 565 


The Victory at the Red Sea


The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 Tell the Israelites that they must turn and camp 567  before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you are to camp by the sea before Baal Zephon opposite it. 568  14:3 Pharaoh will think 569  regarding the Israelites, ‘They are wandering around confused 570  in the land – the desert has closed in on them.’ 571  14:4 I will harden 572  Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them. I will gain honor 573  because of Pharaoh and because of all his army, and the Egyptians will know 574  that I am the Lord.” So this is what they did. 575 

14:5 When it was reported 576  to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, 577  the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people, and the king and his servants said, 578 What in the world have we done? 579  For we have released the people of Israel 580  from serving us! 14:6 Then he prepared 581  his chariots and took his army 582  with him. 14:7 He took six hundred select 583  chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, 584  and officers 585  on all of them.

14:8 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he chased after the Israelites. Now the Israelites were going out defiantly. 586  14:9 The Egyptians chased after them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-Zephon. 14:10 When 587  Pharaoh got closer, 588  the Israelites looked up, 589  and there were the Egyptians marching after them, 590  and they were terrified. 591  The Israelites cried out to the Lord, 592  14:11 and they said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? 593  What in the world 594  have you done to us by bringing 595  us out of Egypt? 14:12 Isn’t this what we told you 596  in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone so that we can serve the Egyptians, 597  because it is better for us to serve 598  the Egyptians than to die in the desert!’ 599 

14:13 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! 600  Stand firm 601  and see 602  the salvation 603  of the Lord that he will provide 604  for you today; for the Egyptians that you see today you will never, ever see again. 605  14:14 The Lord 606  will fight for you, and you can be still.” 607 

14:15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 608  14:16 And as for you, 609  lift up your staff and extend your hand toward the sea and divide it, so that 610  the Israelites may go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 14:17 And as for me, I am going to harden 611  the hearts of the Egyptians so that 612  they will come after them, that I may be honored 613  because 614  of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 14:18 And the Egyptians will know 615  that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 616  because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”

14:19 The angel of God, who was going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them, and the pillar 617  of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 14:20 It came between the Egyptian camp and the Israelite camp; it was a dark cloud 618  and it lit up the night so that one camp did not come near the other 619  the whole night. 620  14:21 Moses stretched out his hand toward the sea, and the Lord drove the sea apart 621  by a strong east wind all that night, and he made the sea into dry land, and the water was divided. 14:22 So the Israelites went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, the water forming a wall 622  for them on their right and on their left.

14:23 The Egyptians chased them and followed them into the middle of the sea – all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen. 14:24 In the morning watch 623  the Lord looked down 624  on the Egyptian army 625  through the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw the Egyptian army 626  into a panic. 627  14:25 He jammed 628  the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving, 629  and the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee 630  from Israel, for the Lord fights 631  for them against Egypt!

14:26 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sea, so that the waters may flow 632  back on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen! 14:27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 633  when the sun began to rise. 634  Now the Egyptians were fleeing 635  before it, but the Lord overthrew 636  the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 14:28 The water returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that was coming after the Israelites into the sea 637 not so much as one of them survived! 638  14:29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the water forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 14:30 So the Lord saved 639  Israel on that day from the power 640  of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead 641  on the shore of the sea. 14:31 When Israel saw 642  the great power 643  that the Lord had exercised 644  over the Egyptians, they 645  feared the Lord, and they believed in 646  the Lord and in his servant Moses. 647 


The Song of Triumph


Then Moses and the Israelites sang 649  this song to the Lord. They said, 650 

“I will sing 651  to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously, 652 

the horse and its rider 653  he has thrown into the sea.

15:2 The Lord 654  is my strength and my song, 655 

and he has become my salvation.

This is my God, and I will praise him, 656 

my father’s God, and I will exalt him.

15:3 The Lord is a warrior, 657 

the Lord is his name. 658 

15:4 The chariots of Pharaoh 659  and his army he has thrown into the sea,

and his chosen 660  officers were drowned 661  in the Red Sea.

15:5 The depths have covered them, 662 

they went down to the bottom 663  like a stone.

15:6 Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic 664  in power,

your right hand, O Lord, shattered the enemy.

15:7 In the abundance of your majesty 665  you have overthrown 666 

those who rise up against you. 667 

You sent forth 668  your wrath; 669 

it consumed them 670  like stubble.

15:8 By the blast of your nostrils 671  the waters were piled up,

the flowing water stood upright like a heap, 672 

and the deep waters were solidified in the heart of the sea.

15:9 The enemy said, ‘I will chase, 673  I will overtake,

I will divide the spoil;

my desire 674  will be satisfied on them.

I will draw 675  my sword, my hand will destroy them.’ 676 

15:10 But 677  you blew with your breath, and 678  the sea covered them.

They sank 679  like lead in the mighty waters.

15:11 Who is like you, 680  O Lord, among the gods? 681 

Who is like you? – majestic in holiness, fearful in praises, 682  working wonders?

15:12 You stretched out your right hand,

the earth swallowed them. 683 

15:13 By your loyal love you will lead 684  the people whom 685  you have redeemed;

you will guide 686  them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.

15:14 The nations will hear 687  and tremble;

anguish 688  will seize 689  the inhabitants of Philistia.

15:15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 690 

trembling will seize 691  the leaders of Moab,

and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.

15:16 Fear and dread 692  will fall 693  on them;

by the greatness 694  of your arm they will be as still as stone 695 

until 696  your people pass by, O Lord,

until the people whom you have bought 697  pass by.

15:17 You will bring them in 698  and plant them in the mountain 699  of your inheritance,

in the place you made 700  for your residence, O Lord,

the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.

15:18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!

15:19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea,

and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them,

but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”

15:20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand-drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand-drums and with dances. 701  15:21 Miriam sang in response 702  to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 703 


The Bitter Water


Then Moses led Israel to journey 705  away from the Red Sea. They went out to the Desert of Shur, walked for three days 706  into the desert, and found no water. 15:23 Then they came to Marah, 707  but they were not able to drink 708  the waters of Marah, because 709  they were bitter. 710  (That is 711  why its name was 712  Marah.)

15:24 So the people murmured 713  against Moses, saying, “What can 714  we drink? 15:25 He cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him 715  a tree. 716  When Moses 717  threw it into the water, the water became safe to drink. There the Lord 718  made for them 719  a binding ordinance, 720  and there he tested 721  them. 15:26 He said, “If you will diligently obey 722  the Lord your God, and do what is right 723  in his sight, and pay attention 724  to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, then all 725  the diseases 726  that I brought on the Egyptians I will not bring on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” 727 

15:27 Then they came to Elim, 728  where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there by the water.

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