Bible: Exodus 5:1-23


Opposition to the Plan of God


Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “Thus says the Lord, 2  the God of Israel, ‘Release 3  my people so that they may hold a pilgrim feast 4  to me in the desert.’ 5:2 But Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord 5  that 6  I should obey him 7  by releasing 8  Israel? I do not know the Lord, 9  and I will not release Israel! 5:3 And they said, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Let us go a three-day journey 10  into the desert so that we may sacrifice 11  to the Lord our God, so that he does not strike us with plague or the sword.” 12  5:4 The king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why do you cause the people to refrain from their work? 13  Return to your labor! 5:5 Pharaoh was thinking, 14 The people of the land are now many, and you are giving them rest from their labor.”

5:6 That same day Pharaoh commanded 15  the slave masters and foremen 16  who were 17  over the people: 18  5:7 You must no longer 19  give straw to the people for making bricks 20  as before. 21  Let them go 22  and collect straw for themselves. 5:8 But you must require 23  of them the same quota of bricks that they were making before. 24  Do not reduce it, for they are slackers. 25  That is why they are crying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to our God.’ 5:9 Make the work harder 26  for the men so they will keep at it 27  and pay no attention to lying words! 28 

5:10 So the slave masters of the people and their foremen went to the Israelites and said, 29 Thus says Pharaoh: ‘I am not giving 30  you straw. 5:11 You 31  go get straw for yourselves wherever you can 32  find it, because there will be no reduction at all in your workload.’ 5:12 So the people spread out 33  through all the land of Egypt to collect stubble for straw. 5:13 The slave masters were pressuring 34  them, saying, “Complete 35  your work for each day, just like when there was straw! 5:14 The Israelite foremen whom Pharaoh’s slave masters had set over them were beaten and were asked, 36 Why did you not complete your requirement for brickmaking as in the past – both yesterday and today? 37 

5:15 38 

The Israelite foremen went and cried out to Pharaoh, “Why are you treating 39  your servants this way? 5:16 No straw is given to your servants, but we are told, 40 Make bricks!’ Your servants are even 41  being beaten, but the fault 42  is with your people.”

5:17 But Pharaoh replied, 43 You are slackers! Slackers! 44  That is why you are saying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to the Lord.’ 5:18 So now, get back to work! 45  You will not be given straw, but you must still produce 46  your quota 47  of bricks! 5:19 The Israelite foremen saw 48  that they 49  were in trouble when they were told, 50 You must not reduce the daily quota of your bricks.”

5:20 When they went out from Pharaoh, they encountered Moses and Aaron standing there to meet them, 51  5:21 and they said to them, “May the Lord look on you and judge, 52  because you have made us stink 53  in the opinion of 54  Pharaoh and his servants, 55  so that you have given them an excuse to kill us! 56 


The Assurance of Deliverance


Moses returned 58  to the Lord, and said, “Lord, 59  why have you caused trouble for this people? 60  Why did you ever 61  send me? 5:23 From the time I went to speak to Pharaoh in your name, he has caused trouble 62  for this people, and you have certainly not rescued 63  them! 64 

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