Bible: Exodus 3-15

3:1 Now Moses 1  was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert 2  and came to the mountain of God, to Horeb. 3  3:2 The angel of the Lord 4  appeared 5  to him in 6  a flame of fire from within a bush. 7  He looked 8 and 9  the bush was ablaze with fire, but it was not being consumed! 10  3:3 So Moses thought, 11 I will turn aside to see 12  this amazing 13  sight. Why does the bush not burn up? 14  3:4 When the Lord 15  saw that 16  he had turned aside to look, God called to him from within the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” 17  And Moses 18  said, “Here I am.” 3:5 God 19  said, “Do not approach any closer! 20  Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy 21  ground.” 22  3:6 He added, “I am the God of your father, 23  the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look 24  at God.

3:7 The Lord said, “I have surely seen 25  the affliction of my people who are in Egypt. I have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. 26  3:8 I have come down 27  to deliver them 28  from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up from that land to a land that is both good and spacious, 29  to a land flowing with milk and honey, 30  to the region of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. 31  3:9 And now indeed 32  the cry 33  of the Israelites has come to me, and I have also seen how severely the Egyptians oppress them. 34  3:10 So now go, and I will send you 35  to Pharaoh to bring my people, the Israelites, out of Egypt.”

3:11 Moses said 36  to God, 37 Who am I, that I should go 38  to Pharaoh, or that I should bring the Israelites out of Egypt? 3:12 He replied, 39 Surely I will be with you, 40  and this will be the sign 41  to you that I have sent you: When you bring the people out of Egypt, you and they will serve 42  God on this mountain.”

3:13 Moses said 43  to God, “If 44  I go to the Israelites and tell them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ 45  – what should I say 46  to them?”

3:14 God said to Moses, I am that I am.” 47  And he said, “You must say this 48  to the Israelites, I am has sent me to you.’ 3:15 God also said to Moses, “You must say this to the Israelites, ‘The Lord 49 the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob – has sent me to you. This is my name 50  forever, and this is my memorial from generation to generation.’ 51 

3:16Go and bring together 52  the elders of Israel and tell them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, 53  appeared 54  to me – the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – saying, “I have attended carefully 55  to you and to what has been done 56  to you in Egypt, 3:17 and I have promised 57  that I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, 58  to a land flowing with milk and honey.”’

3:18The elders 59  will listen 60  to you, and then you and the elders of Israel must go to the king of Egypt and tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met 61  with us. So now, let us go 62  three daysjourney into the wilderness, so that we may sacrifice 63  to the Lord our God.’ 3:19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go, 64  not even under force. 65  3:20 So I will extend my hand 66  and strike Egypt with all my wonders 67  that I will do among them, and after that he will release you. 68 

3:21I will grant this people favor with 69  the Egyptians, so that when 70  you depart you will not leave empty-handed. 3:22 Every 71  woman will ask her neighbor and the one who happens to be staying 72  in her house for items of silver and gold 73  and for clothing. You will put these articles on your sons and daughters – thus you will plunder Egypt! 74 


The Source of Sufficiency


Moses answered again, 76  “And if 77  they do not believe me or pay attention to me, 78  but say, ‘The Lord has not appeared to you’? 4:2 The Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” He said, “A staff.” 79  4:3 The Lord 80  said, “Throw it to the ground.” So he threw it to the ground, and it became a snake, 81  and Moses ran from it. 4:4 But the Lord said to Moses, “Put out your hand and grab it by the tail– so he put out his hand and caught it, and it became a staff in his hand 82  4:5 that they may believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.”

4:6 The Lord also said to him, “Put your hand into your robe.” 83  So he put his hand into his robe, and when he brought it out – there was his hand, 84  leprous like snow! 85  4:7 He said, “Put your hand back into your robe.” So he put his hand back into his robe, and when he brought it out from his robe – there it was, 86  restored 87  like the rest of his skin! 88  4:8 If 89  they do not believe you or pay attention to 90  the former sign, then they may 91  believe the latter sign. 92  4:9 And if 93  they do not believe even these two signs or listen to you, 94  then take 95  some water from the Nile and pour it out on the dry ground. The water you take out of the Nile will become blood on the dry ground.” 96 

4:10 Then Moses said to the Lord, 97  “O 98  my Lord, 99  I am not an eloquent man, 100  neither in the past 101  nor since you have spoken to your servant, for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.” 102 

4:11 The Lord said to him, “Who gave 103  a mouth to man, or who makes a person mute or deaf or seeing or blind? Is it not I, the Lord? 104  4:12 So now go, and I will be with your mouth 105  and will teach you 106  what you must say.” 107 

4:13 But Moses said, 108 O 109  my Lord, please send anyone else whom you wish to send! 110 

4:14 Then the Lord became angry with 111  Moses, and he said, “What about 112  your brother Aaron the Levite? 113  I know that he can speak very well. 114  Moreover, he is coming 115  to meet you, and when he sees you he will be glad in his heart. 116 

4:15So you are to speak to him and put the words in his mouth. And as for me, I will be with your mouth 117  and with his mouth, 118  and I will teach you both 119  what you must do. 120  4:16 He 121  will speak for you to the people, and it will be as if 122  he 123  were your mouth 124  and as if you were his God. 125  4:17 You will also take in your hand this staff, with which you will do the signs.” 126 


The Return of Moses


So Moses went back 128  to his father-in-law Jethro and said to him, “Let me go, so that I may return 129  to my relatives 130  in Egypt and see 131  if they are still alive.” Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.” 4:19 The Lord said to Moses in Midian, “Go back 132  to Egypt, because all the men who were seeking your life are dead.” 133  4:20 Then Moses took 134  his wife and sons 135  and put them on a donkey and headed back 136  to the land of Egypt, and Moses took the staff of God in his hand. 4:21 The Lord said 137  to Moses, “When you go back to Egypt, 138  see that you 139  do before Pharaoh all the wonders I have put under your control. 140  But I will harden 141  his heart 142  and 143  he will not let the people go. 4:22 You must say 144  to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says 145  the Lord, “Israel is my son, my firstborn, 146  4:23 and I said to you, ‘Let my son go that he may serve 147  me,’ but since you have refused to let him go, 148  I will surely kill 149  your son, your firstborn!”’

4:24 Now on the way, at a place where they stopped for the night, 150  the Lord met Moses and sought to kill him. 151  4:25 But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off the foreskin of her son and touched it to Moses’ feet, 152  and said, “Surely you are a bridegroom of blood 153  to me.” 4:26 So the Lord 154  let him alone. (At that time 155  she said, “A bridegroom of blood,” referring to 156  the circumcision.)

4:27 The Lord said 157  to Aaron, “Go to the wilderness to meet Moses. So he went and met him at the mountain of God 158  and greeted him with a kiss. 159  4:28 Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord who had 160  sent him and all the signs that he had commanded him. 4:29 Then Moses and Aaron went and brought together all the Israelite elders. 161  4:30 Aaron spoke 162  all the words that the Lord had spoken to Moses and did the signs in the sight of the people, 4:31 and the people believed. When they heard 163  that the Lord had attended to 164  the Israelites and that he had seen their affliction, they bowed down close to the ground. 165 


Opposition to the Plan of God


Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “Thus says the Lord, 167  the God of Israel, ‘Release 168  my people so that they may hold a pilgrim feast 169  to me in the desert.’ 5:2 But Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord 170  that 171  I should obey him 172  by releasing 173  Israel? I do not know the Lord, 174  and I will not release Israel! 5:3 And they said, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Let us go a three-day journey 175  into the desert so that we may sacrifice 176  to the Lord our God, so that he does not strike us with plague or the sword.” 177  5:4 The king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why do you cause the people to refrain from their work? 178  Return to your labor! 5:5 Pharaoh was thinking, 179 The people of the land are now many, and you are giving them rest from their labor.”

5:6 That same day Pharaoh commanded 180  the slave masters and foremen 181  who were 182  over the people: 183  5:7 You must no longer 184  give straw to the people for making bricks 185  as before. 186  Let them go 187  and collect straw for themselves. 5:8 But you must require 188  of them the same quota of bricks that they were making before. 189  Do not reduce it, for they are slackers. 190  That is why they are crying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to our God.’ 5:9 Make the work harder 191  for the men so they will keep at it 192  and pay no attention to lying words! 193 

5:10 So the slave masters of the people and their foremen went to the Israelites and said, 194 Thus says Pharaoh: ‘I am not giving 195  you straw. 5:11 You 196  go get straw for yourselves wherever you can 197  find it, because there will be no reduction at all in your workload.’ 5:12 So the people spread out 198  through all the land of Egypt to collect stubble for straw. 5:13 The slave masters were pressuring 199  them, saying, “Complete 200  your work for each day, just like when there was straw! 5:14 The Israelite foremen whom Pharaoh’s slave masters had set over them were beaten and were asked, 201 Why did you not complete your requirement for brickmaking as in the past – both yesterday and today? 202 

5:15 203 

The Israelite foremen went and cried out to Pharaoh, “Why are you treating 204  your servants this way? 5:16 No straw is given to your servants, but we are told, 205 Make bricks!’ Your servants are even 206  being beaten, but the fault 207  is with your people.”

5:17 But Pharaoh replied, 208 You are slackers! Slackers! 209  That is why you are saying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to the Lord.’ 5:18 So now, get back to work! 210  You will not be given straw, but you must still produce 211  your quota 212  of bricks! 5:19 The Israelite foremen saw 213  that they 214  were in trouble when they were told, 215 You must not reduce the daily quota of your bricks.”

5:20 When they went out from Pharaoh, they encountered Moses and Aaron standing there to meet them, 216  5:21 and they said to them, “May the Lord look on you and judge, 217  because you have made us stink 218  in the opinion of 219  Pharaoh and his servants, 220  so that you have given them an excuse to kill us! 221 


The Assurance of Deliverance


Moses returned 223  to the Lord, and said, “Lord, 224  why have you caused trouble for this people? 225  Why did you ever 226  send me? 5:23 From the time I went to speak to Pharaoh in your name, he has caused trouble 227  for this people, and you have certainly not rescued 228  them! 229 

6:1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh, 230  for compelled by my strong hand 231  he will release them, and by my strong hand he will drive them out of his land.” 232 

6:2 God spoke 233  to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord. 234  6:3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as 235  God Almighty, 236  but by 237  my name ‘the Lord 238  I was not known to them. 239  6:4 I also established my covenant with them 240  to give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as resident foreigners. 241  6:5 I 242  have also heard 243  the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, 244  and I have remembered my covenant. 245  6:6 Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the Lord. I will bring you out 246  from your enslavement to 247  the Egyptians, I will rescue you from the hard labor they impose, 248  and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 6:7 I will take you to myself for a people, and I will be your God. 249  Then you will know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from your enslavement to 250  the Egyptians. 6:8 I will bring you to the land I swore to give 251  to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob – and I will give it to you 252  as a possession. I am the Lord!’

6:9 253 

Moses told this 254  to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him 255  because of their discouragement 256  and hard labor. 6:10 Then the Lord said to Moses, 6:11 Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt that he must release 257  the Israelites from his land.” 6:12 But Moses replied to 258  the Lord, “If the Israelites did not listen to me, then 259  how will Pharaoh listen to me, since 260  I speak with difficulty? 261 

6:13 The Lord spoke 262  to Moses and Aaron and gave them a charge 263  for the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt to bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.


The Ancestry of the Deliverer


These are the heads of their fathershouseholds: 265 

The sons 266  of Reuben, the firstborn son of Israel, were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These were the clans 267  of Reuben.

6:15 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of Simeon.

6:16 Now these are the names of the sons of Levi, according to their records: 268  Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (The length of Levi’s life was 137 years.)

6:17 The sons of Gershon, by their families, were Libni and Shimei.

6:18 The sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. (The length of Kohath’s life was 133 years.)

6:19 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of Levi, according to their records.

6:20 Amram married 269  his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. (The length of Amram’s life was 137 years.)

6:21 The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zikri.

6:22 The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri.

6:23 Aaron married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

6:24 The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These were the Korahite clans.

6:25 Now Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel and she bore him Phinehas.

These are the heads of the fathershouseholds 270  of Levi according to their clans.

6:26 It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, “Bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.” 271  6:27 They were the men who were speaking to Pharaoh king of Egypt, in order to bring the Israelites out of Egypt. It was the same Moses and Aaron.


The Authentication of the Word


When 273  the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 6:29 he said to him, 274 I am the Lord. Tell 275  Pharaoh king of Egypt all that 276  I am telling 277  you.” 6:30 But Moses said before the Lord, “Since I speak with difficulty, 278  why should Pharaoh listen to me?

7:1 So the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God 279  to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 280  7:2 You are to speak 281  everything I command you, 282  and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh that he must release 283  the Israelites from his land. 7:3 But I will harden 284  Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 285  my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt, 7:4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. 286  I will reach into 287  Egypt and bring out my regiments, 288  my people the Israelites, from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 7:5 Then 289  the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I extend my hand 290  over Egypt and bring the Israelites out from among them.

7:6 And Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7:7 Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.

7:8 The Lord said 291  to Moses and Aaron, 292  7:9 When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Do 293  a miracle,’ and you say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down 294  before Pharaoh,’ it will become 295  a snake.” 7:10 When 296  Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, they did so, just as the Lord had commanded them – Aaron threw 297  down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants and it became a snake. 298  7:11 Then Pharaoh also summoned wise men and sorcerers, 299  and the magicians 300  of Egypt by their secret arts 301  did the same thing. 7:12 Each man 302  threw down his staff, and the staffs became snakes. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 7:13 Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard, 303  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.


The First Blow: Water to Blood


The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 305  he refuses to release 306  the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 307  he goes out to the water. Position yourself 308  to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 309  and take 310  in your hand the staff 311  that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 312 Release my people, that they may serve me 313  in the desert!” But until now 314  you have not listened. 315  7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 316  the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 317  7:18 Fish 318  in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 319  to drink water from the Nile.”’ 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 320  over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 321 so that it becomes 322  blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 323  the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 324  just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 325  the staff 326  and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 327  of Pharaoh and his servants, 328  and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 329  7:21 When the fish 330  that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 331  to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 332  everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 333  by their secret arts, and so 334  Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 335  and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 336 just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 337  7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 338  because they could not drink the water of the Nile.


The Second Blow: Frogs


Seven full days passed 340  after the Lord struck 341  the Nile. 8:1 342  Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 343  all your territory with frogs. 344  8:3 The Nile will swarm 345  with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 346  8:4 Frogs 347  will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’ 348 

8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 349  over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’ 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 350  came up and covered the land of Egypt.

8:7 The magicians did the same 351  with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 352 

8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 353  Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 354  to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 355  from me and my people, and I will release 356  the people that they may sacrifice 357  to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 358  – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 359  from you and your houses, so that 360  they will be left 361  only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 362 It will be 363  as you say, 364  so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”

8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 365  to the Lord because of 366  the frogs that he had brought on 367  Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 368  – the 369  frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 370  piled them in countless heaps, 371  and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 372  he hardened 373  his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 374 


The Third Blow: Gnats


The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 376  gnats 377  throughout all the land of Egypt.’ 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 378  and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 379  the magicians attempted 380  to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 381  to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 382  of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 383  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.


The Fourth Blow: Flies


The Lord 385  said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 386  my people, then I am going to send 387  swarms of flies 388  on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 389  8:22 But on that day I will mark off 390  the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 391  so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 392  8:23 I will put a division 393  between my people and your people. This sign will take place 394  tomorrow.”’ 8:24 The Lord did so; a 395  thick 396  swarm of flies came into 397  Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 398  of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 399  because of the swarms of flies.

8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 400  8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 401  for the sacrifices we make 402  to the Lord our God would be an abomination 403  to the Egyptians. 404  If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 405  will they not stone us? 406  8:27 We must go 407  on a three-day journey 408  into the desert and sacrifice 409  to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 410 

8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 411  so that you may sacrifice 412  to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 413  Do 414  pray for me.”

8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 415  from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 416  by not releasing 417  the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 418  – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 419  his heart this time also and did not release the people.


The Fifth Blow: Disease


Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Release my people that they may serve me! 9:2 For if you refuse to release them 421  and continue holding them, 422  9:3 then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 423  a very terrible plague 424  on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 425  the herds, and the flocks. 9:4 But the Lord will distinguish 426  between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing 427  will die of all that the Israelites have.”’ 428 

9:5 The Lord set 429  an appointed time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this 430  in the land.” 9:6 And the Lord did this 431  on the next day; 432  all 433  the livestock of the Egyptians 434  died, but of the Israeliteslivestock not one died. 9:7 Pharaoh sent representatives to investigate, 435  and indeed, not even one of the livestock of Israel had died. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 436  and he did not release the people.


The Sixth Blow: Boils


Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot 438  from a furnace, and have Moses throw it 439  into the air while Pharaoh is watching. 440  9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt and will cause boils to break out and fester 441  on both people and animals in all the land of Egypt.” 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh, Moses threw it into the air, and it caused festering boils to break out on both people and animals.

9:11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians. 9:12 But the Lord hardened 442  Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted to Moses.


The Seventh Blow: Hail


The Lord said 444  to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, stand 445  before Pharaoh, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: “Release my people so that they may serve me! 9:14 For this time I will send all my plagues 446  on your very self 447  and on your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 9:15 For by now I could have stretched out 448  my hand and struck you and your people with plague, and you would have been destroyed 449  from the earth. 9:16 But 450  for this purpose I have caused you to stand: 451  to show you 452  my strength, and so that my name may be declared 453  in all the earth. 9:17 You are still exalting 454  yourself against my people by 455  not releasing them. 9:18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down 456  about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred 457  in Egypt from the day it was founded 458  until now. 9:19 So now, send instructions 459  to gather 460  your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person 461  or animal caught 462  in the field and not brought into the house – the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’

9:20 Those 463  of Pharaoh’s servants who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their 464  servants and livestock into the houses, 9:21 but those 465  who did not take 466  the word of the Lord seriously left their servants and their cattle 467  in the field.

9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sky 468  that there may be 469  hail in all the land of Egypt, on people and on animals, 470  and on everything that grows 471  in the field in the land of Egypt.” 9:23 When Moses extended 472  his staff toward the sky, the Lord 473  sent thunder 474  and hail, and fire fell to the earth; 475  so the Lord caused hail to rain down on the land of Egypt. 9:24 Hail fell 476  and fire mingled 477  with the hail; the hail was so severe 478  that there had not been any like it 479  in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 9:25 The hail struck everything in the open fields, both 480  people and animals, throughout all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that grows 481  in the field, and it broke all the trees of the field to pieces. 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was there no hail.

9:27 So Pharaoh sent and summoned Moses and Aaron and said to them, “I have sinned this time! 482  The Lord is righteous, and I and my people are guilty. 483  9:28 Pray to the Lord, for the mighty 484  thunderings and hail are too much! 485  I will release you and you will stay no longer.” 486 

9:29 Moses said to him, “When I leave the city 487  I will spread my hands to the Lord, the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that the earth belongs to the Lord. 488  9:30 But as for you 489  and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear 490  the Lord God.”

9:31 (Now the 491  flax and the barley were struck 492  by the hail, 493  for the barley had ripened 494  and the flax 495  was in bud. 9:32 But the wheat and the spelt 496  were not struck, for they are later crops.) 497 

9:33 So Moses left Pharaoh, went out of the city, and spread out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain stopped pouring on the earth. 9:34 When Pharaoh saw 498  that the rain and hail and thunder ceased, he sinned again: 499  both he and his servants hardened 500  their hearts. 9:35 So Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 501  and he did not release the Israelites, as the Lord had predicted through Moses.


The Eighth Blow: Locusts


The Lord said 503  to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 504  these signs of mine before him, 505  10:2 and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 506  how I made fools 507  of the Egyptians 508  and about 509  my signs that I displayed 510  among them, so that you may know 511  that I am the Lord.”

10:3 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and told him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: ‘How long do you refuse 512  to humble yourself before me? 513  Release my people so that they may serve me! 10:4 But if you refuse to release my people, I am going to bring 514  locusts 515  into your territory 516  tomorrow. 10:5 They will cover 517  the surface 518  of the earth, so that you 519  will be unable to see the ground. They will eat the remainder of what escaped 520 what is left over 521  for you – from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you from the field. 10:6 They will fill your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses of Egypt, such as 522  neither 523  your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen since they have been 524  in the land until this day!’” Then Moses 525  turned and went out from Pharaoh.

10:7 Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long 526  will this man be a menace 527  to us? Release the people so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not know 528  that Egypt is destroyed?

10:8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Exactly who is going with you? 529  10:9 Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our sheep and our cattle we will go, because we are to hold 530  a pilgrim feast for the Lord.”

10:10 He said to them, “The Lord will need to be with you 531  if I release you and your dependents! 532  Watch out! 533  Trouble is right in front of you! 534  10:11 No! 535  Go, you men 536  only, and serve the Lord, for that 537  is what you want.” 538  Then Moses and Aaron 539  were driven 540  out of Pharaoh’s presence.

10:12 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for 541  the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows 542  in the ground, everything that the hail has left.” 10:13 So Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord 543  brought 544  an east wind on the land all that day and all night. 545  The morning came, 546  and the east wind had brought up 547  the locusts! 10:14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory 548  of Egypt. It was very severe; 549  there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again. 550  10:15 They covered 551  the surface 552  of all the ground, so that the ground became dark with them, 553  and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout the whole land of Egypt.

10:16 554 

Then Pharaoh quickly 555  summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned 556  against the Lord your God and against you! 10:17 So now, forgive my sin this time only, and pray to the Lord your God that he would only 557  take this death 558  away from me.” 10:18 Moses 559  went out 560  from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 10:19 and the Lord turned a very strong west wind, 561  and it picked up the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. 562  Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites.


The Ninth Blow: Darkness


The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward heaven 564  so that there may be 565  darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness so thick it can be felt.” 566 

10:22 So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness 567  throughout the land of Egypt for three days. 568  10:23 No one 569  could see 570  another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

10:24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lordonly your flocks and herds will be detained. Even your families 571  may go with you.”

10:25 But Moses said, “Will you also 572  provide us 573  with sacrifices and burnt offerings that we may present them 574  to the Lord our God? 10:26 Our livestock must 575  also go with us! Not a hoof is to be left behind! For we must take 576  these animals 577  to serve the Lord our God. Until we arrive there, we do not know what we must use to serve the Lord.” 578 

10:27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to release them. 10:28 Pharaoh said to him, “Go from me! 579  Watch out for yourself! Do not appear before me again, 580  for when 581  you see my face you will die! 10:29 Moses said, “As you wish! 582  I will not see your face again.” 583 


The Tenth Blow: Death


The Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will release you from this place. When he releases you, 585  he will drive you out completely 586  from this place. 11:2 Instruct 587  the people that each man and each woman is to request 588  from his or her neighbor 589  items of silver and gold.” 590 

11:3 (Now the Lord granted the people favor with 591  the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, respected by Pharaoh’s servants and by the Egyptian people.) 592 

11:4 Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight 593  I will go throughout Egypt, 594  11:5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh 595  who sits on his throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 11:6 There will be a great cry throughout the whole land of Egypt, such as there has never been, 596  nor ever will be again. 597  11:7 But against any of the Israelites not even a dog will bark 598  against either people or animals, 599  so that you may know that the Lord distinguishes 600  between Egypt and Israel.’ 11:8 All these your servants will come down to me and bow down 601  to me, saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow 602  you,’ and after that I will go out.” Then Moses 603  went out from Pharaoh in great anger.

11:9 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders 604  may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”

11:10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites from his land.


The Institution of the Passover


The Lord said 606  to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 607  12:2 This month is to be your beginning of months; it will be your first month of the year. 608  12:3 Tell the whole community of Israel, ‘In the tenth day of this month they each 609  must take a lamb 610  for themselves according to their families 611 a lamb for each household. 612  12:4 If any household is too small 613  for a lamb, 614  the man 615  and his next-door neighbor 616  are to take 617  a lamb according to the number of people – you will make your count for the lamb according to how much each one can eat. 618  12:5 Your lamb must be 619  perfect, 620  a male, one year old; 621  you may take 622  it from the sheep or from the goats. 12:6 You must care for it 623  until the fourteenth day of this month, and then the whole community 624  of Israel will kill it around sundown. 625  12:7 They will take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and top of the doorframe of the houses where they will eat it. 12:8 They will eat the meat the same night; 626  they will eat it roasted over the fire with bread made without yeast 627  and with bitter herbs. 12:9 Do not eat it raw 628  or boiled in water, but roast it over the fire with its head, its legs, and its entrails. 12:10 You must leave nothing until morning, but you must burn with fire whatever remains of it until morning. 12:11 This is how you are to eat it – dressed to travel, 629  your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You are to eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 630 

12:12 I will pass through 631  the land of Egypt in the same 632  night, and I will attack 633  all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both of humans and of animals, 634  and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. 635  I am the Lord. 12:13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, so that when I see 636  the blood I will pass over you, 637  and this plague 638  will not fall on you to destroy you 639  when I attack 640  the land of Egypt. 641 

12:14 This day will become 642  a memorial 643  for you, and you will celebrate it as a festival 644  to the Lordyou will celebrate it perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 645  12:15 For seven days 646  you must eat 647  bread made without yeast. 648  Surely 649  on the first day you must put away yeast from your houses because anyone who eats bread made with yeast 650  from the first day to the seventh day will be cut off 651  from Israel.

12:16 On the first day there will be a holy convocation, 652  and on the seventh day there will be a holy convocation for you. You must do no work of any kind 653  on them, only what every person will eat – that alone may be prepared for you. 12:17 So you will keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because on this very 654  day I brought your regiments 655  out from the land of Egypt, and so you must keep this day perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 656  12:18 In the first month, 657  from the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you will eat bread made without yeast until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening. 12:19 For seven days 658  yeast must not be found in your houses, for whoever eats what is made with yeast – that person 659  will be cut off from the community of Israel, whether a foreigner 660  or one born in the land. 12:20 You will not eat anything made with yeast; in all the places where you live you must eat bread made without yeast.’

12:21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel, and told them, “Go and select 661  for yourselves a lamb or young goat 662  for your families, and kill the Passover animals. 663  12:22 Take a branch of hyssop, 664  dip it in the blood that is in the basin, 665  and apply to the top of the doorframe and the two side posts some of the blood that is in the basin. Not one of you is to go out 666  the door of his house until morning. 12:23 For the Lord will pass through to strike Egypt, and when he sees 667  the blood on the top of the doorframe and the two side posts, then the Lord will pass over the door, and he will not permit the destroyer 668  to enter your houses to strike you. 669  12:24 You must observe this event as an ordinance for you and for your children forever. 12:25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give to you, just as he said, you must observe 670  this ceremony. 12:26 When your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 671  12:27 then you will say, ‘It is the sacrifice 672  of the Lord’s Passover, when he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he struck 673  Egypt and delivered our households.’” The people bowed down low 674  to the ground, 12:28 and the Israelites went away and did exactly as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 675 


The Deliverance from Egypt


It happened 677  at midnight – the Lord attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 12:30 Pharaoh got up 678  in the night, 679  along with all his servants and all Egypt, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no house 680  in which there was not someone dead. 12:31 Pharaoh 681  summoned Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Get up, get out 682  from among my people, both you and the Israelites! Go, serve the Lord as you have requested! 683  12:32 Also, take your flocks and your herds, just as you have requested, and leave. But bless me also.” 684 

12:33 The Egyptians were urging 685  the people on, in order to send them out of the land quickly, 686  for they were saying, “We are all dead! 12:34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, 687  with their kneading troughs bound up in their clothing on their shoulders. 12:35 Now the Israelites had done 688  as Moses told them – they had requested from the Egyptians 689  silver and gold items and clothing. 12:36 The Lord 690  gave the people favor 691  in the sight of the Egyptians, and they gave them whatever they wanted, 692  and so they plundered Egypt. 693 

12:37 The Israelites journeyed 694  from Rameses 695  to Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 men 696  on foot, plus their dependants. 697  12:38 A mixed multitude 698  also went up with them, and flocks and herds – a very large number of cattle. 699  12:39 They baked cakes of bread without yeast using the dough they had brought from Egypt, for it was made without yeast – because they were thrust out 700  of Egypt and were not able to delay, they 701  could not prepare 702  food for themselves either.

12:40 Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 703  12:41 At the end of the 430 years, on the very day, all the regiments 704  of the Lord went out of the land of Egypt. 12:42 It was a night of vigil for the Lord to bring them out from the land of Egypt, 705  and so 706  on this night all Israel is to keep the vigil 707  to the Lord for generations to come.


Participation in the Passover


The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may 709  share in eating it. 710  12:44 But everyone’s servant who is bought for money, after you have circumcised him, may eat it. 12:45 A foreigner and a hired worker must not eat it. 12:46 It must be eaten in one house; you must not bring any of the meat outside the house, and you must not break a bone of it. 12:47 The whole community of Israel must observe it.

12:48When a foreigner lives 711  with you and wants to observe the Passover to the Lord, all his males must be circumcised, 712  and then he may approach and observe it, and he will be like one who is born in the land 713 but no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 12:49 The same law will apply 714  to the person who is native-born and to the foreigner who lives among you.”

12:50 So all the Israelites did exactly as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 715  12:51 And on this very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.


The Law of the Firstborn


The Lord spoke 717  to Moses: 13:2 Set apart 718  to me every firstborn male – the first offspring of every womb 719  among the Israelites, whether human or animal; it is mine.” 720 

13:3 Moses said to the people, “Remember 721  this day on which you came out from Egypt, from the place where you were enslaved, 722  for the Lord brought you out of there 723  with a mighty hand – and no bread made with yeast may be eaten. 724  13:4 On this day, 725  in the month of Abib, 726  you are going out. 727 

13:5 When 728  the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, 729  then you will keep 730  this ceremony 731  in this month. 13:6 For seven days 732  you must eat 733  bread made without yeast, and on the seventh day there is to be 734  a festival to the Lord. 13:7 Bread made without yeast must be eaten 735  for seven days; 736  no bread made with yeast shall be seen 737  among you, and you must have no yeast among you within any of your borders.

13:8 You are to tell your son 738  on that day, 739 It is 740  because of what 741  the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 13:9 742  It 743  will be a sign 744  for you on your hand and a memorial 745  on your forehead, 746  so that the law of the Lord may be 747  in your mouth, 748  for 749  with a mighty hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt. 13:10 So you must keep 750  this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year. 751 

13:11 When the Lord brings you 752  into the land of the Canaanites, 753  as he swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it 754  to you, 13:12 then you must give over 755  to the Lord the first offspring of every womb. 756  Every firstling 757  of a beast that you have 758 the males will be the Lord’s. 759  13:13 Every firstling 760  of a donkey you must redeem 761  with a lamb, and if you do not redeem it, then you must break its neck. 762  Every firstborn of 763  your sons you must redeem.

13:14 764 

In the future, 765  when your son asks you 766  ‘What is this?’ 767  you are to tell him, ‘With a mighty hand 768  the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the land of slavery. 769  13:15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused 770  to release us, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of people to the firstborn of animals. 771  That is why I am sacrificing 772  to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb, but all my firstborn sons I redeem.’ 13:16 It will be for a sign on your hand and for frontlets 773  on your forehead, for with a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.” 774 


The Leading of God


When Pharaoh released 776  the people, God did not lead them 777  by the way to the land 778  of the Philistines, 779  although 780  that was nearby, for God said, 781 Lest 782  the people change their minds 783  and return to Egypt when they experience 784  war.” 13:18 So God brought the people around by the way of the desert to the Red Sea, 785  and the Israelites went up from the land of Egypt prepared for battle. 786 

13:19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph 787  had made the Israelites solemnly swear, 788 God will surely attend 789  to you, and you will carry 790  my bones up from this place with you.”

13:20 They journeyed from Sukkoth and camped in Etham, on the edge of the desert. 13:21 Now the Lord was going before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, 791  so that they could 792  travel day or night. 793  13:22 He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night from before the people. 794 


The Victory at the Red Sea


The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 Tell the Israelites that they must turn and camp 796  before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you are to camp by the sea before Baal Zephon opposite it. 797  14:3 Pharaoh will think 798  regarding the Israelites, ‘They are wandering around confused 799  in the land – the desert has closed in on them.’ 800  14:4 I will harden 801  Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them. I will gain honor 802  because of Pharaoh and because of all his army, and the Egyptians will know 803  that I am the Lord.” So this is what they did. 804 

14:5 When it was reported 805  to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, 806  the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people, and the king and his servants said, 807 What in the world have we done? 808  For we have released the people of Israel 809  from serving us! 14:6 Then he prepared 810  his chariots and took his army 811  with him. 14:7 He took six hundred select 812  chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, 813  and officers 814  on all of them.

14:8 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he chased after the Israelites. Now the Israelites were going out defiantly. 815  14:9 The Egyptians chased after them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-Zephon. 14:10 When 816  Pharaoh got closer, 817  the Israelites looked up, 818  and there were the Egyptians marching after them, 819  and they were terrified. 820  The Israelites cried out to the Lord, 821  14:11 and they said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? 822  What in the world 823  have you done to us by bringing 824  us out of Egypt? 14:12 Isn’t this what we told you 825  in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone so that we can serve the Egyptians, 826  because it is better for us to serve 827  the Egyptians than to die in the desert!’ 828 

14:13 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! 829  Stand firm 830  and see 831  the salvation 832  of the Lord that he will provide 833  for you today; for the Egyptians that you see today you will never, ever see again. 834  14:14 The Lord 835  will fight for you, and you can be still.” 836 

14:15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 837  14:16 And as for you, 838  lift up your staff and extend your hand toward the sea and divide it, so that 839  the Israelites may go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 14:17 And as for me, I am going to harden 840  the hearts of the Egyptians so that 841  they will come after them, that I may be honored 842  because 843  of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 14:18 And the Egyptians will know 844  that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 845  because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”

14:19 The angel of God, who was going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them, and the pillar 846  of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 14:20 It came between the Egyptian camp and the Israelite camp; it was a dark cloud 847  and it lit up the night so that one camp did not come near the other 848  the whole night. 849  14:21 Moses stretched out his hand toward the sea, and the Lord drove the sea apart 850  by a strong east wind all that night, and he made the sea into dry land, and the water was divided. 14:22 So the Israelites went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, the water forming a wall 851  for them on their right and on their left.

14:23 The Egyptians chased them and followed them into the middle of the sea – all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen. 14:24 In the morning watch 852  the Lord looked down 853  on the Egyptian army 854  through the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw the Egyptian army 855  into a panic. 856  14:25 He jammed 857  the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving, 858  and the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee 859  from Israel, for the Lord fights 860  for them against Egypt!

14:26 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sea, so that the waters may flow 861  back on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen! 14:27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 862  when the sun began to rise. 863  Now the Egyptians were fleeing 864  before it, but the Lord overthrew 865  the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 14:28 The water returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that was coming after the Israelites into the sea 866 not so much as one of them survived! 867  14:29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the water forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 14:30 So the Lord saved 868  Israel on that day from the power 869  of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead 870  on the shore of the sea. 14:31 When Israel saw 871  the great power 872  that the Lord had exercised 873  over the Egyptians, they 874  feared the Lord, and they believed in 875  the Lord and in his servant Moses. 876 


The Song of Triumph


Then Moses and the Israelites sang 878  this song to the Lord. They said, 879 

“I will sing 880  to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously, 881 

the horse and its rider 882  he has thrown into the sea.

15:2 The Lord 883  is my strength and my song, 884 

and he has become my salvation.

This is my God, and I will praise him, 885 

my father’s God, and I will exalt him.

15:3 The Lord is a warrior, 886 

the Lord is his name. 887 

15:4 The chariots of Pharaoh 888  and his army he has thrown into the sea,

and his chosen 889  officers were drowned 890  in the Red Sea.

15:5 The depths have covered them, 891 

they went down to the bottom 892  like a stone.

15:6 Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic 893  in power,

your right hand, O Lord, shattered the enemy.

15:7 In the abundance of your majesty 894  you have overthrown 895 

those who rise up against you. 896 

You sent forth 897  your wrath; 898 

it consumed them 899  like stubble.

15:8 By the blast of your nostrils 900  the waters were piled up,

the flowing water stood upright like a heap, 901 

and the deep waters were solidified in the heart of the sea.

15:9 The enemy said, ‘I will chase, 902  I will overtake,

I will divide the spoil;

my desire 903  will be satisfied on them.

I will draw 904  my sword, my hand will destroy them.’ 905 

15:10 But 906  you blew with your breath, and 907  the sea covered them.

They sank 908  like lead in the mighty waters.

15:11 Who is like you, 909  O Lord, among the gods? 910 

Who is like you? – majestic in holiness, fearful in praises, 911  working wonders?

15:12 You stretched out your right hand,

the earth swallowed them. 912 

15:13 By your loyal love you will lead 913  the people whom 914  you have redeemed;

you will guide 915  them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.

15:14 The nations will hear 916  and tremble;

anguish 917  will seize 918  the inhabitants of Philistia.

15:15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 919 

trembling will seize 920  the leaders of Moab,

and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.

15:16 Fear and dread 921  will fall 922  on them;

by the greatness 923  of your arm they will be as still as stone 924 

until 925  your people pass by, O Lord,

until the people whom you have bought 926  pass by.

15:17 You will bring them in 927  and plant them in the mountain 928  of your inheritance,

in the place you made 929  for your residence, O Lord,

the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.

15:18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!

15:19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea,

and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them,

but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”

15:20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand-drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand-drums and with dances. 930  15:21 Miriam sang in response 931  to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 932 


The Bitter Water


Then Moses led Israel to journey 934  away from the Red Sea. They went out to the Desert of Shur, walked for three days 935  into the desert, and found no water. 15:23 Then they came to Marah, 936  but they were not able to drink 937  the waters of Marah, because 938  they were bitter. 939  (That is 940  why its name was 941  Marah.)

15:24 So the people murmured 942  against Moses, saying, “What can 943  we drink? 15:25 He cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him 944  a tree. 945  When Moses 946  threw it into the water, the water became safe to drink. There the Lord 947  made for them 948  a binding ordinance, 949  and there he tested 950  them. 15:26 He said, “If you will diligently obey 951  the Lord your God, and do what is right 952  in his sight, and pay attention 953  to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, then all 954  the diseases 955  that I brought on the Egyptians I will not bring on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” 956 

15:27 Then they came to Elim, 957  where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there by the water.

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