3:1 Now Moses 1 was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert 2 and came to the mountain of God, to Horeb. 3 3:2 The angel of the Lord 4 appeared 5 to him in 6 a flame of fire from within a bush. 7 He looked 8 – and 9 the bush was ablaze with fire, but it was not being consumed! 10 3:3 So Moses thought, 11 “I will turn aside to see 12 this amazing 13 sight. Why does the bush not burn up?” 14 3:4 When the Lord 15 saw that 16 he had turned aside to look, God called to him from within the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” 17 And Moses 18 said, “Here I am.” 3:5 God 19 said, “Do not approach any closer! 20 Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy 21 ground.” 22 3:6 He added, “I am the God of your father, 23 the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look 24 at God.
3:7 The Lord said, “I have surely seen 25 the affliction of my people who are in Egypt. I have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. 26 3:8 I have come down 27 to deliver them 28 from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up from that land to a land that is both good and spacious, 29 to a land flowing with milk and honey, 30 to the region of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. 31 3:9 And now indeed 32 the cry 33 of the Israelites has come to me, and I have also seen how severely the Egyptians oppress them. 34 3:10 So now go, and I will send you 35 to Pharaoh to bring my people, the Israelites, out of Egypt.”
3:11 Moses said 36 to God, 37 “Who am I, that I should go 38 to Pharaoh, or that I should bring the Israelites out of Egypt?” 3:12 He replied, 39 “Surely I will be with you, 40 and this will be the sign 41 to you that I have sent you: When you bring the people out of Egypt, you and they will serve 42 God on this mountain.”
3:13 Moses said 43 to God, “If 44 I go to the Israelites and tell them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ 45 – what should I say 46 to them?”
3:14 God said to Moses, “I am that I am.” 47 And he said, “You must say this 48 to the Israelites, ‘I am has sent me to you.’” 3:15 God also said to Moses, “You must say this to the Israelites, ‘The Lord 49 – the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob – has sent me to you. This is my name 50 forever, and this is my memorial from generation to generation.’ 51
3:16 “Go and bring together 52 the elders of Israel and tell them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, 53 appeared 54 to me – the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – saying, “I have attended carefully 55 to you and to what has been done 56 to you in Egypt, 3:17 and I have promised 57 that I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, 58 to a land flowing with milk and honey.”’
3:18 “The elders 59 will listen 60 to you, and then you and the elders of Israel must go to the king of Egypt and tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met 61 with us. So now, let us go 62 three days’ journey into the wilderness, so that we may sacrifice 63 to the Lord our God.’ 3:19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go, 64 not even under force. 65 3:20 So I will extend my hand 66 and strike Egypt with all my wonders 67 that I will do among them, and after that he will release you. 68
3:21 “I will grant this people favor with 69 the Egyptians, so that when 70 you depart you will not leave empty-handed. 3:22 Every 71 woman will ask her neighbor and the one who happens to be staying 72 in her house for items of silver and gold 73 and for clothing. You will put these articles on your sons and daughters – thus you will plunder Egypt!” 74 4:1
The Source of Sufficiency 75
Moses answered again, 76 “And if 77 they do not believe me or pay attention to me, 78 but say, ‘The Lord has not appeared to you’?” 4:2 The Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” He said, “A staff.” 79 4:3 The Lord 80 said, “Throw it to the ground.” So he threw it to the ground, and it became a snake, 81 and Moses ran from it. 4:4 But the Lord said to Moses, “Put out your hand and grab it by the tail” – so he put out his hand and caught it, and it became a staff in his hand 82 – 4:5 “that they may believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.”
4:6 The Lord also said to him, “Put your hand into your robe.” 83 So he put his hand into his robe, and when he brought it out – there was his hand, 84 leprous like snow! 85 4:7 He said, “Put your hand back into your robe.” So he put his hand back into his robe, and when he brought it out from his robe – there it was, 86 restored 87 like the rest of his skin! 88 4:8 “If 89 they do not believe you or pay attention to 90 the former sign, then they may 91 believe the latter sign. 92 4:9 And if 93 they do not believe even these two signs or listen to you, 94 then take 95 some water from the Nile and pour it out on the dry ground. The water you take out of the Nile will become blood on the dry ground.” 96
4:10 Then Moses said to the Lord, 97 “O 98 my Lord, 99 I am not an eloquent man, 100 neither in the past 101 nor since you have spoken to your servant, for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.” 102
4:11 The Lord said to him, “Who gave 103 a mouth to man, or who makes a person mute or deaf or seeing or blind? Is it not I, the Lord? 104 4:12 So now go, and I will be with your mouth 105 and will teach you 106 what you must say.” 107
4:13 But Moses said, 108 “O 109 my Lord, please send anyone else whom you wish to send!” 110
4:14 Then the Lord became angry with 111 Moses, and he said, “What about 112 your brother Aaron the Levite? 113 I know that he can speak very well. 114 Moreover, he is coming 115 to meet you, and when he sees you he will be glad in his heart. 116
4:15 “So you are to speak to him and put the words in his mouth. And as for me, I will be with your mouth 117 and with his mouth, 118 and I will teach you both 119 what you must do. 120 4:16 He 121 will speak for you to the people, and it will be as if 122 he 123 were your mouth 124 and as if you were his God. 125 4:17 You will also take in your hand this staff, with which you will do the signs.” 126 4:18
The Return of Moses 127
So Moses went back 128 to his father-in-law Jethro and said to him, “Let me go, so that I may return 129 to my relatives 130 in Egypt and see 131 if they are still alive.” Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.” 4:19 The Lord said to Moses in Midian, “Go back 132 to Egypt, because all the men who were seeking your life are dead.” 133 4:20 Then Moses took 134 his wife and sons 135 and put them on a donkey and headed back 136 to the land of Egypt, and Moses took the staff of God in his hand. 4:21 The Lord said 137 to Moses, “When you go back to Egypt, 138 see that you 139 do before Pharaoh all the wonders I have put under your control. 140 But I will harden 141 his heart 142 and 143 he will not let the people go. 4:22 You must say 144 to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says 145 the Lord, “Israel is my son, my firstborn, 146 4:23 and I said to you, ‘Let my son go that he may serve 147 me,’ but since you have refused to let him go, 148 I will surely kill 149 your son, your firstborn!”’”
4:24 Now on the way, at a place where they stopped for the night, 150 the Lord met Moses and sought to kill him. 151 4:25 But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off the foreskin of her son and touched it to Moses’ feet, 152 and said, “Surely you are a bridegroom of blood 153 to me.” 4:26 So the Lord 154 let him alone. (At that time 155 she said, “A bridegroom of blood,” referring to 156 the circumcision.)
4:27 The Lord said 157 to Aaron, “Go to the wilderness to meet Moses. So he went and met him at the mountain of God 158 and greeted him with a kiss. 159 4:28 Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord who had 160 sent him and all the signs that he had commanded him. 4:29 Then Moses and Aaron went and brought together all the Israelite elders. 161 4:30 Aaron spoke 162 all the words that the Lord had spoken to Moses and did the signs in the sight of the people, 4:31 and the people believed. When they heard 163 that the Lord had attended to 164 the Israelites and that he had seen their affliction, they bowed down close to the ground. 165 5:1
Opposition to the Plan of God 166
Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “Thus says the Lord, 167 the God of Israel, ‘Release 168 my people so that they may hold a pilgrim feast 169 to me in the desert.’” 5:2 But Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord 170 that 171 I should obey him 172 by releasing 173 Israel? I do not know the Lord, 174 and I will not release Israel!” 5:3 And they said, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Let us go a three-day journey 175 into the desert so that we may sacrifice 176 to the Lord our God, so that he does not strike us with plague or the sword.” 177 5:4 The king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why do you cause the people to refrain from their work? 178 Return to your labor!” 5:5 Pharaoh was thinking, 179 “The people of the land are now many, and you are giving them rest from their labor.”
5:6 That same day Pharaoh commanded 180 the slave masters and foremen 181 who were 182 over the people: 183 5:7 “You must no longer 184 give straw to the people for making bricks 185 as before. 186 Let them go 187 and collect straw for themselves. 5:8 But you must require 188 of them the same quota of bricks that they were making before. 189 Do not reduce it, for they are slackers. 190 That is why they are crying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to our God.’ 5:9 Make the work harder 191 for the men so they will keep at it 192 and pay no attention to lying words!” 193
5:10 So the slave masters of the people and their foremen went to the Israelites and said, 194 “Thus says Pharaoh: ‘I am not giving 195 you straw. 5:11 You 196 go get straw for yourselves wherever you can 197 find it, because there will be no reduction at all in your workload.’” 5:12 So the people spread out 198 through all the land of Egypt to collect stubble for straw. 5:13 The slave masters were pressuring 199 them, saying, “Complete 200 your work for each day, just like when there was straw!” 5:14 The Israelite foremen whom Pharaoh’s slave masters had set over them were beaten and were asked, 201 “Why did you not complete your requirement for brickmaking as in the past – both yesterday and today?” 202 5:15 203
The Israelite foremen went and cried out to Pharaoh, “Why are you treating 204 your servants this way? 5:16 No straw is given to your servants, but we are told, 205 ‘Make bricks!’ Your servants are even 206 being beaten, but the fault 207 is with your people.”
5:17 But Pharaoh replied, 208 “You are slackers! Slackers! 209 That is why you are saying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to the Lord.’ 5:18 So now, get back to work! 210 You will not be given straw, but you must still produce 211 your quota 212 of bricks!” 5:19 The Israelite foremen saw 213 that they 214 were in trouble when they were told, 215 “You must not reduce the daily quota of your bricks.”
5:20 When they went out from Pharaoh, they encountered Moses and Aaron standing there to meet them, 216 5:21 and they said to them, “May the Lord look on you and judge, 217 because you have made us stink 218 in the opinion of 219 Pharaoh and his servants, 220 so that you have given them an excuse to kill us!” 221 5:22
The Assurance of Deliverance 222
Moses returned 223 to the Lord, and said, “Lord, 224 why have you caused trouble for this people? 225 Why did you ever 226 send me? 5:23 From the time I went to speak to Pharaoh in your name, he has caused trouble 227 for this people, and you have certainly not rescued 228 them!” 229
6:1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh, 230 for compelled by my strong hand 231 he will release them, and by my strong hand he will drive them out of his land.” 232
6:2 God spoke 233 to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord. 234 6:3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as 235 God Almighty, 236 but by 237 my name ‘the Lord’ 238 I was not known to them. 239 6:4 I also established my covenant with them 240 to give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as resident foreigners. 241 6:5 I 242 have also heard 243 the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, 244 and I have remembered my covenant. 245 6:6 Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the Lord. I will bring you out 246 from your enslavement to 247 the Egyptians, I will rescue you from the hard labor they impose, 248 and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 6:7 I will take you to myself for a people, and I will be your God. 249 Then you will know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from your enslavement to 250 the Egyptians. 6:8 I will bring you to the land I swore to give 251 to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob – and I will give it to you 252 as a possession. I am the Lord!’” 6:9 253
Moses told this 254 to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him 255 because of their discouragement 256 and hard labor. 6:10 Then the Lord said to Moses, 6:11 “Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt that he must release 257 the Israelites from his land.” 6:12 But Moses replied to 258 the Lord, “If the Israelites did not listen to me, then 259 how will Pharaoh listen to me, since 260 I speak with difficulty?” 261
6:13 The Lord spoke 262 to Moses and Aaron and gave them a charge 263 for the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt to bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt. 6:14
The Ancestry of the Deliverer 264
These are the heads of their fathers’ households: 265
The sons 266 of Reuben, the firstborn son of Israel, were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These were the clans 267 of Reuben.
6:15 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of Simeon.
6:16 Now these are the names of the sons of Levi, according to their records: 268 Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (The length of Levi’s life was 137 years.)
6:17 The sons of Gershon, by their families, were Libni and Shimei.
6:18 The sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. (The length of Kohath’s life was 133 years.)
6:19 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of Levi, according to their records.
6:20 Amram married 269 his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. (The length of Amram’s life was 137 years.)
6:21 The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zikri.
6:22 The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri.
6:23 Aaron married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
6:24 The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These were the Korahite clans.
6:25 Now Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel and she bore him Phinehas.
These are the heads of the fathers’ households 270 of Levi according to their clans.
6:26 It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, “Bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.” 271 6:27 They were the men who were speaking to Pharaoh king of Egypt, in order to bring the Israelites out of Egypt. It was the same Moses and Aaron. 6:28
The Authentication of the Word 272
When 273 the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 6:29 he said to him, 274 “I am the Lord. Tell 275 Pharaoh king of Egypt all that 276 I am telling 277 you.” 6:30 But Moses said before the Lord, “Since I speak with difficulty, 278 why should Pharaoh listen to me?”
7:1 So the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God 279 to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 280 7:2 You are to speak 281 everything I command you, 282 and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh that he must release 283 the Israelites from his land. 7:3 But I will harden 284 Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 285 my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt, 7:4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. 286 I will reach into 287 Egypt and bring out my regiments, 288 my people the Israelites, from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 7:5 Then 289 the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I extend my hand 290 over Egypt and bring the Israelites out from among them.
7:6 And Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7:7 Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.
7:8 The Lord said 291 to Moses and Aaron, 292 7:9 “When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Do 293 a miracle,’ and you say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down 294 before Pharaoh,’ it will become 295 a snake.” 7:10 When 296 Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, they did so, just as the Lord had commanded them – Aaron threw 297 down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants and it became a snake. 298 7:11 Then Pharaoh also summoned wise men and sorcerers, 299 and the magicians 300 of Egypt by their secret arts 301 did the same thing. 7:12 Each man 302 threw down his staff, and the staffs became snakes. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 7:13 Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard, 303 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 7:14
The First Blow: Water to Blood 304
The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 305 he refuses to release 306 the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 307 he goes out to the water. Position yourself 308 to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 309 and take 310 in your hand the staff 311 that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 312 “Release my people, that they may serve me 313 in the desert!” But until now 314 you have not listened. 315 7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 316 the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 317 7:18 Fish 318 in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 319 to drink water from the Nile.”’” 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 320 over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 321 – so that it becomes 322 blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 323 the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 324 just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 325 the staff 326 and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 327 of Pharaoh and his servants, 328 and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 329 7:21 When the fish 330 that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 331 to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 332 everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 333 by their secret arts, and so 334 Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 335 and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 336 – just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 337 7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 338 because they could not drink the water of the Nile. 7:25
The Second Blow: Frogs 339
Seven full days passed 340 after the Lord struck 341 the Nile. 8:1 342 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 343 all your territory with frogs. 344 8:3 The Nile will swarm 345 with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 346 8:4 Frogs 347 will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’” 348
8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 349 over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’” 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 350 came up and covered the land of Egypt.
8:7 The magicians did the same 351 with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 352
8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 353 Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 354 to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 355 from me and my people, and I will release 356 the people that they may sacrifice 357 to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 358 – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 359 from you and your houses, so that 360 they will be left 361 only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 362 “It will be 363 as you say, 364 so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”
8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 365 to the Lord because of 366 the frogs that he had brought on 367 Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 368 – the 369 frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 370 piled them in countless heaps, 371 and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 372 he hardened 373 his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 374 8:16
The Third Blow: Gnats 375
The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 376 gnats 377 throughout all the land of Egypt.’” 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 378 and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 379 the magicians attempted 380 to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 381 to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 382 of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 383 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 8:20
The Fourth Blow: Flies 384
The Lord 385 said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 386 my people, then I am going to send 387 swarms of flies 388 on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 389 8:22 But on that day I will mark off 390 the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 391 so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 392 8:23 I will put a division 393 between my people and your people. This sign will take place 394 tomorrow.”’” 8:24 The Lord did so; a 395 thick 396 swarm of flies came into 397 Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 398 of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 399 because of the swarms of flies.
8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 400 8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 401 for the sacrifices we make 402 to the Lord our God would be an abomination 403 to the Egyptians. 404 If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 405 will they not stone us? 406 8:27 We must go 407 on a three-day journey 408 into the desert and sacrifice 409 to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 410
8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 411 so that you may sacrifice 412 to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 413 Do 414 pray for me.”
8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 415 from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 416 by not releasing 417 the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 418 – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 419 his heart this time also and did not release the people. 9:1
The Fifth Blow: Disease 420
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Release my people that they may serve me! 9:2 For if you refuse to release them 421 and continue holding them, 422 9:3 then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 423 a very terrible plague 424 on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 425 the herds, and the flocks. 9:4 But the Lord will distinguish 426 between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing 427 will die of all that the Israelites have.”’” 428
9:5 The Lord set 429 an appointed time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this 430 in the land.” 9:6 And the Lord did this 431 on the next day; 432 all 433 the livestock of the Egyptians 434 died, but of the Israelites’ livestock not one died. 9:7 Pharaoh sent representatives to investigate, 435 and indeed, not even one of the livestock of Israel had died. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 436 and he did not release the people. 9:8
The Sixth Blow: Boils 437
Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot 438 from a furnace, and have Moses throw it 439 into the air while Pharaoh is watching. 440 9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt and will cause boils to break out and fester 441 on both people and animals in all the land of Egypt.” 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh, Moses threw it into the air, and it caused festering boils to break out on both people and animals.
9:11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians. 9:12 But the Lord hardened 442 Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted to Moses. 9:13
The Seventh Blow: Hail 443
The Lord said 444 to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, stand 445 before Pharaoh, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: “Release my people so that they may serve me! 9:14 For this time I will send all my plagues 446 on your very self 447 and on your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 9:15 For by now I could have stretched out 448 my hand and struck you and your people with plague, and you would have been destroyed 449 from the earth. 9:16 But 450 for this purpose I have caused you to stand: 451 to show you 452 my strength, and so that my name may be declared 453 in all the earth. 9:17 You are still exalting 454 yourself against my people by 455 not releasing them. 9:18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down 456 about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred 457 in Egypt from the day it was founded 458 until now. 9:19 So now, send instructions 459 to gather 460 your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person 461 or animal caught 462 in the field and not brought into the house – the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’”
9:20 Those 463 of Pharaoh’s servants who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their 464 servants and livestock into the houses, 9:21 but those 465 who did not take 466 the word of the Lord seriously left their servants and their cattle 467 in the field.
9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sky 468 that there may be 469 hail in all the land of Egypt, on people and on animals, 470 and on everything that grows 471 in the field in the land of Egypt.” 9:23 When Moses extended 472 his staff toward the sky, the Lord 473 sent thunder 474 and hail, and fire fell to the earth; 475 so the Lord caused hail to rain down on the land of Egypt. 9:24 Hail fell 476 and fire mingled 477 with the hail; the hail was so severe 478 that there had not been any like it 479 in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 9:25 The hail struck everything in the open fields, both 480 people and animals, throughout all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that grows 481 in the field, and it broke all the trees of the field to pieces. 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was there no hail.
9:27 So Pharaoh sent and summoned Moses and Aaron and said to them, “I have sinned this time! 482 The Lord is righteous, and I and my people are guilty. 483 9:28 Pray to the Lord, for the mighty 484 thunderings and hail are too much! 485 I will release you and you will stay no longer.” 486
9:29 Moses said to him, “When I leave the city 487 I will spread my hands to the Lord, the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that the earth belongs to the Lord. 488 9:30 But as for you 489 and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear 490 the Lord God.”
9:31 (Now the 491 flax and the barley were struck 492 by the hail, 493 for the barley had ripened 494 and the flax 495 was in bud. 9:32 But the wheat and the spelt 496 were not struck, for they are later crops.) 497
9:33 So Moses left Pharaoh, went out of the city, and spread out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain stopped pouring on the earth. 9:34 When Pharaoh saw 498 that the rain and hail and thunder ceased, he sinned again: 499 both he and his servants hardened 500 their hearts. 9:35 So Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 501 and he did not release the Israelites, as the Lord had predicted through Moses. 10:1
The Eighth Blow: Locusts 502
The Lord said 503 to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 504 these signs of mine before him, 505 10:2 and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 506 how I made fools 507 of the Egyptians 508 and about 509 my signs that I displayed 510 among them, so that you may know 511 that I am the Lord.”
10:3 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and told him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: ‘How long do you refuse 512 to humble yourself before me? 513 Release my people so that they may serve me! 10:4 But if you refuse to release my people, I am going to bring 514 locusts 515 into your territory 516 tomorrow. 10:5 They will cover 517 the surface 518 of the earth, so that you 519 will be unable to see the ground. They will eat the remainder of what escaped 520 – what is left over 521 for you – from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you from the field. 10:6 They will fill your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses of Egypt, such as 522 neither 523 your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen since they have been 524 in the land until this day!’” Then Moses 525 turned and went out from Pharaoh.
10:7 Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long 526 will this man be a menace 527 to us? Release the people so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not know 528 that Egypt is destroyed?”
10:8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Exactly who is going with you?” 529 10:9 Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our sheep and our cattle we will go, because we are to hold 530 a pilgrim feast for the Lord.”
10:10 He said to them, “The Lord will need to be with you 531 if I release you and your dependents! 532 Watch out! 533 Trouble is right in front of you! 534 10:11 No! 535 Go, you men 536 only, and serve the Lord, for that 537 is what you want.” 538 Then Moses and Aaron 539 were driven 540 out of Pharaoh’s presence.
10:12 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for 541 the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows 542 in the ground, everything that the hail has left.” 10:13 So Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord 543 brought 544 an east wind on the land all that day and all night. 545 The morning came, 546 and the east wind had brought up 547 the locusts! 10:14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory 548 of Egypt. It was very severe; 549 there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again. 550 10:15 They covered 551 the surface 552 of all the ground, so that the ground became dark with them, 553 and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout the whole land of Egypt. 10:16 554
Then Pharaoh quickly 555 summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned 556 against the Lord your God and against you! 10:17 So now, forgive my sin this time only, and pray to the Lord your God that he would only 557 take this death 558 away from me.” 10:18 Moses 559 went out 560 from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 10:19 and the Lord turned a very strong west wind, 561 and it picked up the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. 562 Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites. 10:21
The Ninth Blow: Darkness 563
The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward heaven 564 so that there may be 565 darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness so thick it can be felt.” 566
10:22 So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness 567 throughout the land of Egypt for three days. 568 10:23 No one 569 could see 570 another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.
10:24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lord – only your flocks and herds will be detained. Even your families 571 may go with you.”
10:25 But Moses said, “Will you also 572 provide us 573 with sacrifices and burnt offerings that we may present them 574 to the Lord our God? 10:26 Our livestock must 575 also go with us! Not a hoof is to be left behind! For we must take 576 these animals 577 to serve the Lord our God. Until we arrive there, we do not know what we must use to serve the Lord.” 578
10:27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to release them. 10:28 Pharaoh said to him, “Go from me! 579 Watch out for yourself! Do not appear before me again, 580 for when 581 you see my face you will die!” 10:29 Moses said, “As you wish! 582 I will not see your face again.” 583 11:1
The Tenth Blow: Death 584
The Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will release you from this place. When he releases you, 585 he will drive you out completely 586 from this place. 11:2 Instruct 587 the people that each man and each woman is to request 588 from his or her neighbor 589 items of silver and gold.” 590
11:3 (Now the Lord granted the people favor with 591 the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, respected by Pharaoh’s servants and by the Egyptian people.) 592
11:4 Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight 593 I will go throughout Egypt, 594 11:5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh 595 who sits on his throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 11:6 There will be a great cry throughout the whole land of Egypt, such as there has never been, 596 nor ever will be again. 597 11:7 But against any of the Israelites not even a dog will bark 598 against either people or animals, 599 so that you may know that the Lord distinguishes 600 between Egypt and Israel.’ 11:8 All these your servants will come down to me and bow down 601 to me, saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow 602 you,’ and after that I will go out.” Then Moses 603 went out from Pharaoh in great anger.
11:9 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders 604 may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”
11:10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites from his land. 12:1
The Institution of the Passover 605
The Lord said 606 to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 607 12:2 “This month is to be your beginning of months; it will be your first month of the year. 608 12:3 Tell the whole community of Israel, ‘In the tenth day of this month they each 609 must take a lamb 610 for themselves according to their families 611 – a lamb for each household. 612 12:4 If any household is too small 613 for a lamb, 614 the man 615 and his next-door neighbor 616 are to take 617 a lamb according to the number of people – you will make your count for the lamb according to how much each one can eat. 618 12:5 Your lamb must be 619 perfect, 620 a male, one year old; 621 you may take 622 it from the sheep or from the goats. 12:6 You must care for it 623 until the fourteenth day of this month, and then the whole community 624 of Israel will kill it around sundown. 625 12:7 They will take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and top of the doorframe of the houses where they will eat it. 12:8 They will eat the meat the same night; 626 they will eat it roasted over the fire with bread made without yeast 627 and with bitter herbs. 12:9 Do not eat it raw 628 or boiled in water, but roast it over the fire with its head, its legs, and its entrails. 12:10 You must leave nothing until morning, but you must burn with fire whatever remains of it until morning. 12:11 This is how you are to eat it – dressed to travel, 629 your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You are to eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 630
12:12 I will pass through 631 the land of Egypt in the same 632 night, and I will attack 633 all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both of humans and of animals, 634 and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. 635 I am the Lord. 12:13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, so that when I see 636 the blood I will pass over you, 637 and this plague 638 will not fall on you to destroy you 639 when I attack 640 the land of Egypt. 641
12:14 This day will become 642 a memorial 643 for you, and you will celebrate it as a festival 644 to the Lord – you will celebrate it perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 645 12:15 For seven days 646 you must eat 647 bread made without yeast. 648 Surely 649 on the first day you must put away yeast from your houses because anyone who eats bread made with yeast 650 from the first day to the seventh day will be cut off 651 from Israel.
12:16 On the first day there will be a holy convocation, 652 and on the seventh day there will be a holy convocation for you. You must do no work of any kind 653 on them, only what every person will eat – that alone may be prepared for you. 12:17 So you will keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because on this very 654 day I brought your regiments 655 out from the land of Egypt, and so you must keep this day perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 656 12:18 In the first month, 657 from the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you will eat bread made without yeast until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening. 12:19 For seven days 658 yeast must not be found in your houses, for whoever eats what is made with yeast – that person 659 will be cut off from the community of Israel, whether a foreigner 660 or one born in the land. 12:20 You will not eat anything made with yeast; in all the places where you live you must eat bread made without yeast.’”
12:21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel, and told them, “Go and select 661 for yourselves a lamb or young goat 662 for your families, and kill the Passover animals. 663 12:22 Take a branch of hyssop, 664 dip it in the blood that is in the basin, 665 and apply to the top of the doorframe and the two side posts some of the blood that is in the basin. Not one of you is to go out 666 the door of his house until morning. 12:23 For the Lord will pass through to strike Egypt, and when he sees 667 the blood on the top of the doorframe and the two side posts, then the Lord will pass over the door, and he will not permit the destroyer 668 to enter your houses to strike you. 669 12:24 You must observe this event as an ordinance for you and for your children forever. 12:25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give to you, just as he said, you must observe 670 this ceremony. 12:26 When your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 671 – 12:27 then you will say, ‘It is the sacrifice 672 of the Lord’s Passover, when he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he struck 673 Egypt and delivered our households.’” The people bowed down low 674 to the ground, 12:28 and the Israelites went away and did exactly as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 675 12:29
The Deliverance from Egypt 676
It happened 677 at midnight – the Lord attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 12:30 Pharaoh got up 678 in the night, 679 along with all his servants and all Egypt, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no house 680 in which there was not someone dead. 12:31 Pharaoh 681 summoned Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Get up, get out 682 from among my people, both you and the Israelites! Go, serve the Lord as you have requested! 683 12:32 Also, take your flocks and your herds, just as you have requested, and leave. But bless me also.” 684
12:33 The Egyptians were urging 685 the people on, in order to send them out of the land quickly, 686 for they were saying, “We are all dead!” 12:34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, 687 with their kneading troughs bound up in their clothing on their shoulders. 12:35 Now the Israelites had done 688 as Moses told them – they had requested from the Egyptians 689 silver and gold items and clothing. 12:36 The Lord 690 gave the people favor 691 in the sight of the Egyptians, and they gave them whatever they wanted, 692 and so they plundered Egypt. 693
12:37 The Israelites journeyed 694 from Rameses 695 to Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 men 696 on foot, plus their dependants. 697 12:38 A mixed multitude 698 also went up with them, and flocks and herds – a very large number of cattle. 699 12:39 They baked cakes of bread without yeast using the dough they had brought from Egypt, for it was made without yeast – because they were thrust out 700 of Egypt and were not able to delay, they 701 could not prepare 702 food for themselves either.
12:40 Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 703 12:41 At the end of the 430 years, on the very day, all the regiments 704 of the Lord went out of the land of Egypt. 12:42 It was a night of vigil for the Lord to bring them out from the land of Egypt, 705 and so 706 on this night all Israel is to keep the vigil 707 to the Lord for generations to come. 12:43
Participation in the Passover 708
The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may 709 share in eating it. 710 12:44 But everyone’s servant who is bought for money, after you have circumcised him, may eat it. 12:45 A foreigner and a hired worker must not eat it. 12:46 It must be eaten in one house; you must not bring any of the meat outside the house, and you must not break a bone of it. 12:47 The whole community of Israel must observe it.
12:48 “When a foreigner lives 711 with you and wants to observe the Passover to the Lord, all his males must be circumcised, 712 and then he may approach and observe it, and he will be like one who is born in the land 713 – but no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 12:49 The same law will apply 714 to the person who is native-born and to the foreigner who lives among you.”
12:50 So all the Israelites did exactly as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 715 12:51 And on this very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments. 13:1
The Law of the Firstborn 716
The Lord spoke 717 to Moses: 13:2 “Set apart 718 to me every firstborn male – the first offspring of every womb 719 among the Israelites, whether human or animal; it is mine.” 720
13:3 Moses said to the people, “Remember 721 this day on which you came out from Egypt, from the place where you were enslaved, 722 for the Lord brought you out of there 723 with a mighty hand – and no bread made with yeast may be eaten. 724 13:4 On this day, 725 in the month of Abib, 726 you are going out. 727
13:5 When 728 the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, 729 then you will keep 730 this ceremony 731 in this month. 13:6 For seven days 732 you must eat 733 bread made without yeast, and on the seventh day there is to be 734 a festival to the Lord. 13:7 Bread made without yeast must be eaten 735 for seven days; 736 no bread made with yeast shall be seen 737 among you, and you must have no yeast among you within any of your borders.
13:8 You are to tell your son 738 on that day, 739 ‘It is 740 because of what 741 the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 13:9 742 It 743 will be a sign 744 for you on your hand and a memorial 745 on your forehead, 746 so that the law of the Lord may be 747 in your mouth, 748 for 749 with a mighty hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt. 13:10 So you must keep 750 this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year. 751
13:11 When the Lord brings you 752 into the land of the Canaanites, 753 as he swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it 754 to you, 13:12 then you must give over 755 to the Lord the first offspring of every womb. 756 Every firstling 757 of a beast that you have 758 – the males will be the Lord’s. 759 13:13 Every firstling 760 of a donkey you must redeem 761 with a lamb, and if you do not redeem it, then you must break its neck. 762 Every firstborn of 763 your sons you must redeem. 13:14 764
In the future, 765 when your son asks you 766 ‘What is this?’ 767 you are to tell him, ‘With a mighty hand 768 the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the land of slavery. 769 13:15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused 770 to release us, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of people to the firstborn of animals. 771 That is why I am sacrificing 772 to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb, but all my firstborn sons I redeem.’ 13:16 It will be for a sign on your hand and for frontlets 773 on your forehead, for with a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.” 774 13:17
The Leading of God 775
When Pharaoh released 776 the people, God did not lead them 777 by the way to the land 778 of the Philistines, 779 although 780 that was nearby, for God said, 781 “Lest 782 the people change their minds 783 and return to Egypt when they experience 784 war.” 13:18 So God brought the people around by the way of the desert to the Red Sea, 785 and the Israelites went up from the land of Egypt prepared for battle. 786
13:19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph 787 had made the Israelites solemnly swear, 788 “God will surely attend 789 to you, and you will carry 790 my bones up from this place with you.”
13:20 They journeyed from Sukkoth and camped in Etham, on the edge of the desert. 13:21 Now the Lord was going before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, 791 so that they could 792 travel day or night. 793 13:22 He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night from before the people. 794 14:1
The Victory at the Red Sea 795
The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 “Tell the Israelites that they must turn and camp 796 before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you are to camp by the sea before Baal Zephon opposite it. 797 14:3 Pharaoh will think 798 regarding the Israelites, ‘They are wandering around confused 799 in the land – the desert has closed in on them.’ 800 14:4 I will harden 801 Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them. I will gain honor 802 because of Pharaoh and because of all his army, and the Egyptians will know 803 that I am the Lord.” So this is what they did. 804
14:5 When it was reported 805 to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, 806 the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people, and the king and his servants said, 807 “What in the world have we done? 808 For we have released the people of Israel 809 from serving us!” 14:6 Then he prepared 810 his chariots and took his army 811 with him. 14:7 He took six hundred select 812 chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, 813 and officers 814 on all of them.
14:8 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he chased after the Israelites. Now the Israelites were going out defiantly. 815 14:9 The Egyptians chased after them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-Zephon. 14:10 When 816 Pharaoh got closer, 817 the Israelites looked up, 818 and there were the Egyptians marching after them, 819 and they were terrified. 820 The Israelites cried out to the Lord, 821 14:11 and they said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? 822 What in the world 823 have you done to us by bringing 824 us out of Egypt? 14:12 Isn’t this what we told you 825 in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone so that we can serve the Egyptians, 826 because it is better for us to serve 827 the Egyptians than to die in the desert!’” 828
14:13 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! 829 Stand firm 830 and see 831 the salvation 832 of the Lord that he will provide 833 for you today; for the Egyptians that you see today you will never, ever see again. 834 14:14 The Lord 835 will fight for you, and you can be still.” 836
14:15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 837 14:16 And as for you, 838 lift up your staff and extend your hand toward the sea and divide it, so that 839 the Israelites may go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 14:17 And as for me, I am going to harden 840 the hearts of the Egyptians so that 841 they will come after them, that I may be honored 842 because 843 of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 14:18 And the Egyptians will know 844 that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 845 because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
14:19 The angel of God, who was going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them, and the pillar 846 of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 14:20 It came between the Egyptian camp and the Israelite camp; it was a dark cloud 847 and it lit up the night so that one camp did not come near the other 848 the whole night. 849 14:21 Moses stretched out his hand toward the sea, and the Lord drove the sea apart 850 by a strong east wind all that night, and he made the sea into dry land, and the water was divided. 14:22 So the Israelites went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, the water forming a wall 851 for them on their right and on their left.
14:23 The Egyptians chased them and followed them into the middle of the sea – all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen. 14:24 In the morning watch 852 the Lord looked down 853 on the Egyptian army 854 through the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw the Egyptian army 855 into a panic. 856 14:25 He jammed 857 the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving, 858 and the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee 859 from Israel, for the Lord fights 860 for them against Egypt!”
14:26 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sea, so that the waters may flow 861 back on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen!” 14:27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 862 when the sun began to rise. 863 Now the Egyptians were fleeing 864 before it, but the Lord overthrew 865 the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 14:28 The water returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that was coming after the Israelites into the sea 866 – not so much as one of them survived! 867 14:29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the water forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 14:30 So the Lord saved 868 Israel on that day from the power 869 of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead 870 on the shore of the sea. 14:31 When Israel saw 871 the great power 872 that the Lord had exercised 873 over the Egyptians, they 874 feared the Lord, and they believed in 875 the Lord and in his servant Moses. 876 15:1
The Song of Triumph 877
Then Moses and the Israelites sang 878 this song to the Lord. They said, 879
“I will sing 880 to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously, 881
the horse and its rider 882 he has thrown into the sea.
15:2 The Lord 883 is my strength and my song, 884
and he has become my salvation.
This is my God, and I will praise him, 885
my father’s God, and I will exalt him.
15:3 The Lord is a warrior, 886
the Lord is his name. 887
15:4 The chariots of Pharaoh 888 and his army he has thrown into the sea,
and his chosen 889 officers were drowned 890 in the Red Sea.
15:5 The depths have covered them, 891
they went down to the bottom 892 like a stone.
15:6 Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic 893 in power,
your right hand, O Lord, shattered the enemy.
15:7 In the abundance of your majesty 894 you have overthrown 895
those who rise up against you. 896
You sent forth 897 your wrath; 898
it consumed them 899 like stubble.
15:8 By the blast of your nostrils 900 the waters were piled up,
the flowing water stood upright like a heap, 901
and the deep waters were solidified in the heart of the sea.
15:9 The enemy said, ‘I will chase, 902 I will overtake,
I will divide the spoil;
my desire 903 will be satisfied on them.
I will draw 904 my sword, my hand will destroy them.’ 905
15:10 But 906 you blew with your breath, and 907 the sea covered them.
They sank 908 like lead in the mighty waters.
15:11 Who is like you, 909 O Lord, among the gods? 910
Who is like you? – majestic in holiness, fearful in praises, 911 working wonders?
15:12 You stretched out your right hand,
the earth swallowed them. 912
15:13 By your loyal love you will lead 913 the people whom 914 you have redeemed;
you will guide 915 them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.
15:14 The nations will hear 916 and tremble;
anguish 917 will seize 918 the inhabitants of Philistia.
15:15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 919
trembling will seize 920 the leaders of Moab,
and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.
15:16 Fear and dread 921 will fall 922 on them;
by the greatness 923 of your arm they will be as still as stone 924
until 925 your people pass by, O Lord,
until the people whom you have bought 926 pass by.
15:17 You will bring them in 927 and plant them in the mountain 928 of your inheritance,
in the place you made 929 for your residence, O Lord,
the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.
15:18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!
15:19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea,
and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them,
but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”
15:20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand-drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand-drums and with dances. 930 15:21 Miriam sang in response 931 to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 932 15:22
The Bitter Water 933
Then Moses led Israel to journey 934 away from the Red Sea. They went out to the Desert of Shur, walked for three days 935 into the desert, and found no water. 15:23 Then they came to Marah, 936 but they were not able to drink 937 the waters of Marah, because 938 they were bitter. 939 (That is 940 why its name was 941 Marah.)
15:24 So the people murmured 942 against Moses, saying, “What can 943 we drink?” 15:25 He cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him 944 a tree. 945 When Moses 946 threw it into the water, the water became safe to drink. There the Lord 947 made for them 948 a binding ordinance, 949 and there he tested 950 them. 15:26 He said, “If you will diligently obey 951 the Lord your God, and do what is right 952 in his sight, and pay attention 953 to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, then all 954 the diseases 955 that I brought on the Egyptians I will not bring on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” 956
15:27 Then they came to Elim, 957 where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there by the water.