Bible: Exodus 22


Laws about Property


2  “If a man steals an ox or a sheep and kills it or sells it, he must pay back 3  five head of cattle for the ox, and four sheep for the one sheep. 4 

22:2If a thief is caught 5  breaking in 6  and is struck so that he dies, there will be no blood guilt for him. 7  22:3 If the sun has risen on him, then there is blood guilt for him. A thief 8  must surely make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he will be sold for his theft. 22:4 If the stolen item should in fact be found 9  alive in his possession, 10  whether it be an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he must pay back double. 11 

22:5If a man grazes 12  his livestock 13  in a field or a vineyard, and he lets the livestock loose and they graze in the field of another man, he must make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.

22:6If a fire breaks out and spreads 14  to thorn bushes, 15  so that stacked grain or standing grain or the whole field is consumed, the one who started 16  the fire must surely make restitution.

22:7If a man gives his neighbor money or articles 17  for safekeeping, 18  and it is stolen from the man’s house, if the thief is caught, 19  he must repay double. 22:8 If the thief is not caught, 20  then the owner of the house will be brought before the judges 21  to see 22  whether he has laid 23  his hand on his neighbor’s goods. 22:9 In all cases of illegal possessions, 24  whether for an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any kind of lost item, about which someone says ‘This belongs to me,’ 25  the matter of the two of them will come before the judges, 26  and the one whom 27  the judges declare guilty 28  must repay double to his neighbor. 22:10 If a man gives his neighbor a donkey or an ox or a sheep or any beast to keep, and it dies or is hurt 29  or is carried away 30  without anyone seeing it, 31  22:11 then there will be an oath to the Lord 32  between the two of them, that he has not laid his hand on his neighbor’s goods, and its owner will accept this, and he will not have to pay. 22:12 But if it was stolen 33  from him, 34  he will pay its owner. 22:13 If it is torn in pieces, then he will bring it for evidence, 35  and he will not have to pay for what was torn.

22:14If a man borrows an animal 36  from his neighbor, and it is hurt or dies when its owner was not with it, the man who borrowed it 37  will surely pay. 22:15 If its owner was with it, he will not have to pay; if it was hired, what was paid for the hire covers it. 38 


Moral and Ceremonial Laws


“If a man seduces a virgin 40  who is not engaged 41  and has sexual relations with her, he must surely endow 42  her to be his wife. 22:17 If her father refuses to give her to him, he must pay money for the bride price of virgins.

22:18You must not allow a sorceress to live. 43 

22:19Whoever has sexual relations 44  with a beast must surely be put to death.

22:20Whoever sacrifices to a god other than the Lord 45  alone must be utterly destroyed. 46 

22:21You must not wrong 47  a foreigner 48  nor oppress him, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt.

22:22You must not afflict 49  any widow or orphan. 22:23 If you afflict them 50  in any way 51  and they cry to me, I will surely hear 52  their cry, 22:24 and my anger will burn and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives will be widows and your children will be fatherless. 53 

22:25If you lend money to any of 54  my people who are needy among you, do not be like a moneylender 55  to him; do not charge 56  him interest. 57  22:26 If you do take 58  the garment of your neighbor in pledge, you must return it to him by the time the sun goes down, 59  22:27 for it is his only covering – it is his garment for his body. 60  What else can he sleep in? 61  And 62  when he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am gracious.

22:28You must not blaspheme 63  God 64  or curse the ruler of your people.

22:29Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats. 65  You must give me the firstborn of your sons. 22:30 You must also do this for your oxen and for your sheep; seven days they may remain with their mothers, but give them to me on the eighth day.

22:31You will be holy 66  people to me; you must not eat any meat torn by animals in the field. 67  You must throw it to the dogs.

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