Bible: Exodus 15-17


The Song of Triumph


Then Moses and the Israelites sang 2  this song to the Lord. They said, 3 

“I will sing 4  to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously, 5 

the horse and its rider 6  he has thrown into the sea.

15:2 The Lord 7  is my strength and my song, 8 

and he has become my salvation.

This is my God, and I will praise him, 9 

my father’s God, and I will exalt him.

15:3 The Lord is a warrior, 10 

the Lord is his name. 11 

15:4 The chariots of Pharaoh 12  and his army he has thrown into the sea,

and his chosen 13  officers were drowned 14  in the Red Sea.

15:5 The depths have covered them, 15 

they went down to the bottom 16  like a stone.

15:6 Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic 17  in power,

your right hand, O Lord, shattered the enemy.

15:7 In the abundance of your majesty 18  you have overthrown 19 

those who rise up against you. 20 

You sent forth 21  your wrath; 22 

it consumed them 23  like stubble.

15:8 By the blast of your nostrils 24  the waters were piled up,

the flowing water stood upright like a heap, 25 

and the deep waters were solidified in the heart of the sea.

15:9 The enemy said, ‘I will chase, 26  I will overtake,

I will divide the spoil;

my desire 27  will be satisfied on them.

I will draw 28  my sword, my hand will destroy them.’ 29 

15:10 But 30  you blew with your breath, and 31  the sea covered them.

They sank 32  like lead in the mighty waters.

15:11 Who is like you, 33  O Lord, among the gods? 34 

Who is like you? – majestic in holiness, fearful in praises, 35  working wonders?

15:12 You stretched out your right hand,

the earth swallowed them. 36 

15:13 By your loyal love you will lead 37  the people whom 38  you have redeemed;

you will guide 39  them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.

15:14 The nations will hear 40  and tremble;

anguish 41  will seize 42  the inhabitants of Philistia.

15:15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 43 

trembling will seize 44  the leaders of Moab,

and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.

15:16 Fear and dread 45  will fall 46  on them;

by the greatness 47  of your arm they will be as still as stone 48 

until 49  your people pass by, O Lord,

until the people whom you have bought 50  pass by.

15:17 You will bring them in 51  and plant them in the mountain 52  of your inheritance,

in the place you made 53  for your residence, O Lord,

the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.

15:18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!

15:19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea,

and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them,

but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”

15:20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand-drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand-drums and with dances. 54  15:21 Miriam sang in response 55  to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 56 


The Bitter Water


Then Moses led Israel to journey 58  away from the Red Sea. They went out to the Desert of Shur, walked for three days 59  into the desert, and found no water. 15:23 Then they came to Marah, 60  but they were not able to drink 61  the waters of Marah, because 62  they were bitter. 63  (That is 64  why its name was 65  Marah.)

15:24 So the people murmured 66  against Moses, saying, “What can 67  we drink? 15:25 He cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him 68  a tree. 69  When Moses 70  threw it into the water, the water became safe to drink. There the Lord 71  made for them 72  a binding ordinance, 73  and there he tested 74  them. 15:26 He said, “If you will diligently obey 75  the Lord your God, and do what is right 76  in his sight, and pay attention 77  to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, then all 78  the diseases 79  that I brought on the Egyptians I will not bring on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” 80 

15:27 Then they came to Elim, 81  where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there by the water.


The Provision of Manna


When 83  they journeyed from Elim, the entire company 84  of Israelites came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their exodus 85  from the land of Egypt. 16:2 The entire company 86  of Israelites murmured against Moses and Aaron in the desert. 16:3 The Israelites said to them, “If only we had died 87  by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by 88  the pots of meat, when we ate bread to the full, 89  for you have brought us out into this desert to kill 90  this whole assembly with hunger!

16:4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “I am going to rain 91  bread from heaven for you, and the people will go out 92  and gather the amount for each day, so that I may test them. 93  Will they walk in my law 94  or not? 16:5 On the sixth day 95  they will prepare what they bring in, and it will be twice as much as they gather every other day.” 96 

16:6 Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, “In the evening 97  you will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt, 16:7 and in the morning you will see 98  the glory of the Lord, because he has heard 99  your murmurings against the Lord. As for us, what are we, 100  that you should murmur against us?

16:8 Moses said, “You will know this 101  when the Lord gives you 102  meat to eat in the evening and bread in the morning to satisfy you, because the Lord has heard your murmurings that you are murmuring against him. As for us, what are we? 103  Your murmurings are not against us, 104  but against the Lord.”

16:9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Tell the whole community 105  of the Israelites, ‘Come 106  before the Lord, because he has heard your murmurings.’

16:10 As Aaron spoke 107  to the whole community of the Israelites and they looked toward the desert, there the glory of the Lord 108  appeared 109  in the cloud, 16:11 and the Lord spoke to Moses: 16:12 I have heard the murmurings of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘During the evening 110  you will eat meat, 111  and in the morning you will be satisfied 112  with bread, so that you may know 113  that I am the Lord your God.’ 114 

16:13 In the evening the quail 115  came up and covered the camp, and in the morning a layer of dew was all around the camp. 16:14 When 116  the layer of dew had evaporated, 117  there on the surface of the desert was a thin flaky substance, 118  thin like frost on the earth. 16:15 When 119  the Israelites saw it, they said to one another, 120 What is it?” because they did not know what it was. 121  Moses said to them, “It is the bread 122  that the Lord has given you for food. 123 

16:16This is what 124  the Lord has commanded: 125  ‘Each person is to gather 126  from it what he can eat, an omer 127  per person 128  according to the number 129  of your people; 130  each one will pick it up 131  for whoever lives 132  in his tent.’ 16:17 The Israelites did so, and they gathered – some more, some less. 16:18 When 133  they measured with an omer, the one who gathered much had nothing left over, and the one who gathered little lacked nothing; each one had gathered what he could eat.

16:19 Moses said to them, “No one 134  is to keep any of it 135  until morning.” 16:20 But they did not listen to Moses; some 136  kept part of it until morning, and it was full 137  of worms and began to stink, and Moses was angry with them. 16:21 So they gathered it each morning, 138  each person according to what he could eat, and when the sun got hot, it would melt. 139  16:22 And 140  on the sixth day they gathered twice as much food, two omers 141  per person; 142  and all the leaders 143  of the community 144  came and told 145  Moses. 16:23 He said to them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a time of cessation from work, 146  a holy Sabbath 147  to the Lord. Whatever you want to 148  bake, bake today; 149  whatever you want to boil, boil today; whatever is left put aside for yourselves to be kept until morning.’

16:24 So they put it aside until the morning, just as Moses had commanded, and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it. 16:25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the area. 150  16:26 Six days you will gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will not be any.”

16:27 On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather it, but they found nothing. 16:28 So the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse 151  to obey my commandments and my instructions? 16:29 See, because the Lord has given you the Sabbath, that is why 152  he is giving you food for two days on the sixth day. Each of you stay where you are; 153  let no one 154  go out of his place on the seventh day.” 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

16:31 The house of Israel 155  called its name “manna.” 156  It was like coriander seed and was white, and it tasted 157  like wafers with honey.

16:32 Moses said, “This is what 158  the Lord has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it to be kept 159  for generations to come, 160  so that they may see 161  the food I fed you in the desert when I brought you out from the land of Egypt.’ 16:33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put in it an omer full of manna, and place it before the Lord to be kept for generations to come.” 16:34 Just as the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony 162  for safekeeping. 163 

16:35 Now the Israelites ate manna forty years, until they came to a land that was inhabited; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 16:36 (Now an omer is one tenth of an ephah.) 164 


Water at Massa and Meribah


The whole community 166  of the Israelites traveled on their journey 167  from the Desert of Sin according to the Lord’s instruction, and they pitched camp in Rephidim. 168  Now 169  there was no water for the people to drink. 170  17:2 So the people contended 171  with Moses, and they said, “Give us water to drink!” 172  Moses said to them, “Why do you contend 173  with me? Why do you test 174  the Lord? 17:3 But the people were very thirsty 175  there for water, and they murmured against Moses and said, “Why in the world 176  did you bring us up out of Egypt – to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst? 177 

17:4 Then Moses cried out to the Lord, “What will I do with 178  this people? – a little more 179  and they will stone me!” 180  17:5 The Lord said to Moses, “Go over before the people; 181  take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand your staff with which you struck the Nile and go. 17:6 I will be standing 182  before you there on 183  the rock in Horeb, and you will strike 184  the rock, and water will come out of it so that the people may drink.” 185  And Moses did so in plain view 186  of the elders of Israel.

17:7 He called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the contending of the Israelites and because of their testing the Lord, 187  saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?


Victory over the Amalekites


Amalek came 189  and attacked 190  Israel in Rephidim. 17:9 So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose some of our 191  men and go out, fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand.”

17:10 So Joshua fought against Amalek just as Moses had instructed him; 192 and Moses and Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 17:11 Whenever Moses would raise his hands, 193  then Israel prevailed, but whenever he would rest 194  his hands, then Amalek prevailed. 17:12 When 195  the hands of Moses became heavy, 196  they took a stone and put it under him, and Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side and one on the other, 197  and so his hands were steady 198  until the sun went down. 17:13 So Joshua destroyed 199  Amalek and his army 200  with the sword. 201 

17:14 The Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in the 202  book, and rehearse 203  it in Joshua’s hearing; 204  for I will surely wipe out 205  the remembrance 206  of Amalek from under heaven. 17:15 Moses built an altar, and he called it “The Lord is my Banner,” 207  17:16 for he said, “For a hand was lifted up to the throne of the Lord 208 that the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.” 209 

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