The Victory at the Red Sea 1
The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 “Tell the Israelites that they must turn and camp 2 before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you are to camp by the sea before Baal Zephon opposite it. 3 14:3 Pharaoh will think 4 regarding the Israelites, ‘They are wandering around confused 5 in the land – the desert has closed in on them.’ 6 14:4 I will harden 7 Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them. I will gain honor 8 because of Pharaoh and because of all his army, and the Egyptians will know 9 that I am the Lord.” So this is what they did. 10
14:5 When it was reported 11 to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, 12 the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people, and the king and his servants said, 13 “What in the world have we done? 14 For we have released the people of Israel 15 from serving us!” 14:6 Then he prepared 16 his chariots and took his army 17 with him. 14:7 He took six hundred select 18 chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, 19 and officers 20 on all of them.
14:8 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he chased after the Israelites. Now the Israelites were going out defiantly. 21 14:9 The Egyptians chased after them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-Zephon. 14:10 When 22 Pharaoh got closer, 23 the Israelites looked up, 24 and there were the Egyptians marching after them, 25 and they were terrified. 26 The Israelites cried out to the Lord, 27 14:11 and they said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? 28 What in the world 29 have you done to us by bringing 30 us out of Egypt? 14:12 Isn’t this what we told you 31 in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone so that we can serve the Egyptians, 32 because it is better for us to serve 33 the Egyptians than to die in the desert!’” 34
14:13 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! 35 Stand firm 36 and see 37 the salvation 38 of the Lord that he will provide 39 for you today; for the Egyptians that you see today you will never, ever see again. 40 14:14 The Lord 41 will fight for you, and you can be still.” 42
14:15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 43 14:16 And as for you, 44 lift up your staff and extend your hand toward the sea and divide it, so that 45 the Israelites may go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 14:17 And as for me, I am going to harden 46 the hearts of the Egyptians so that 47 they will come after them, that I may be honored 48 because 49 of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 14:18 And the Egyptians will know 50 that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 51 because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”
14:19 The angel of God, who was going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them, and the pillar 52 of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 14:20 It came between the Egyptian camp and the Israelite camp; it was a dark cloud 53 and it lit up the night so that one camp did not come near the other 54 the whole night. 55 14:21 Moses stretched out his hand toward the sea, and the Lord drove the sea apart 56 by a strong east wind all that night, and he made the sea into dry land, and the water was divided. 14:22 So the Israelites went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, the water forming a wall 57 for them on their right and on their left.
14:23 The Egyptians chased them and followed them into the middle of the sea – all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen. 14:24 In the morning watch 58 the Lord looked down 59 on the Egyptian army 60 through the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw the Egyptian army 61 into a panic. 62 14:25 He jammed 63 the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving, 64 and the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee 65 from Israel, for the Lord fights 66 for them against Egypt!”
14:26 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sea, so that the waters may flow 67 back on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen!” 14:27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 68 when the sun began to rise. 69 Now the Egyptians were fleeing 70 before it, but the Lord overthrew 71 the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 14:28 The water returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that was coming after the Israelites into the sea 72 – not so much as one of them survived! 73 14:29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the water forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 14:30 So the Lord saved 74 Israel on that day from the power 75 of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead 76 on the shore of the sea. 14:31 When Israel saw 77 the great power 78 that the Lord had exercised 79 over the Egyptians, they 80 feared the Lord, and they believed in 81 the Lord and in his servant Moses. 82 15:1
The Song of Triumph 83
Then Moses and the Israelites sang 84 this song to the Lord. They said, 85
“I will sing 86 to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously, 87
the horse and its rider 88 he has thrown into the sea.
15:2 The Lord 89 is my strength and my song, 90
and he has become my salvation.
This is my God, and I will praise him, 91
my father’s God, and I will exalt him.
15:3 The Lord is a warrior, 92
the Lord is his name. 93
15:4 The chariots of Pharaoh 94 and his army he has thrown into the sea,
and his chosen 95 officers were drowned 96 in the Red Sea.
15:5 The depths have covered them, 97
they went down to the bottom 98 like a stone.
15:6 Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic 99 in power,
your right hand, O Lord, shattered the enemy.
15:7 In the abundance of your majesty 100 you have overthrown 101
those who rise up against you. 102
You sent forth 103 your wrath; 104
it consumed them 105 like stubble.
15:8 By the blast of your nostrils 106 the waters were piled up,
the flowing water stood upright like a heap, 107
and the deep waters were solidified in the heart of the sea.
15:9 The enemy said, ‘I will chase, 108 I will overtake,
I will divide the spoil;
my desire 109 will be satisfied on them.
I will draw 110 my sword, my hand will destroy them.’ 111
15:10 But 112 you blew with your breath, and 113 the sea covered them.
They sank 114 like lead in the mighty waters.
15:11 Who is like you, 115 O Lord, among the gods? 116
Who is like you? – majestic in holiness, fearful in praises, 117 working wonders?
15:12 You stretched out your right hand,
the earth swallowed them. 118
15:13 By your loyal love you will lead 119 the people whom 120 you have redeemed;
you will guide 121 them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.
15:14 The nations will hear 122 and tremble;
anguish 123 will seize 124 the inhabitants of Philistia.
15:15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 125
trembling will seize 126 the leaders of Moab,
and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.
15:16 Fear and dread 127 will fall 128 on them;
by the greatness 129 of your arm they will be as still as stone 130
until 131 your people pass by, O Lord,
until the people whom you have bought 132 pass by.
15:17 You will bring them in 133 and plant them in the mountain 134 of your inheritance,
in the place you made 135 for your residence, O Lord,
the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.
15:18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!
15:19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea,
and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them,
but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”
15:20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand-drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand-drums and with dances. 136 15:21 Miriam sang in response 137 to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 138 15:22
The Bitter Water 139
Then Moses led Israel to journey 140 away from the Red Sea. They went out to the Desert of Shur, walked for three days 141 into the desert, and found no water. 15:23 Then they came to Marah, 142 but they were not able to drink 143 the waters of Marah, because 144 they were bitter. 145 (That is 146 why its name was 147 Marah.)
15:24 So the people murmured 148 against Moses, saying, “What can 149 we drink?” 15:25 He cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him 150 a tree. 151 When Moses 152 threw it into the water, the water became safe to drink. There the Lord 153 made for them 154 a binding ordinance, 155 and there he tested 156 them. 15:26 He said, “If you will diligently obey 157 the Lord your God, and do what is right 158 in his sight, and pay attention 159 to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, then all 160 the diseases 161 that I brought on the Egyptians I will not bring on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” 162
15:27 Then they came to Elim, 163 where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there by the water.