Bible: Exodus 1-18

1:1

Blessing during Bondage in Egypt

1 

These 2  are the names 3  of the sons of Israel 4  who entered Egypt – each man with his household 5  entered with Jacob: 1:2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 1:4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 1:5 All the people 6  who were directly descended 7  from Jacob numbered seventy. 8  But Joseph was already in Egypt, 9  1:6 and in time 10  Joseph 11  and his brothers and all that generation died. 1:7 The Israelites, 12  however, 13  were fruitful, increased greatly, multiplied, and became extremely strong, 14  so that the land was filled with them.

1:8 Then a new king, 15  who did not know about 16  Joseph, came to power 17  over Egypt. 1:9 He said 18  to his people, “Look at 19  the Israelite people, more numerous and stronger than we are! 1:10 Come, let’s deal wisely 20  with them. Otherwise 21  they will continue to multiply, 22  and if 23  a war breaks out, they will ally themselves with 24  our enemies and fight against us and leave 25  the country.”

1:11 So they put foremen 26  over the Israelites 27  to oppress 28  them with hard labor. As a result 29  they built Pithom and Rameses 30  as store cities for Pharaoh. 1:12 But the more the Egyptians 31  oppressed them, the more they multiplied and spread. 32  As a result the Egyptians loathed 33  the Israelites, 1:13 and they 34  made the Israelites serve rigorously. 35  1:14 They made their lives bitter 36  by 37  hard service with mortar and bricks and by all kinds of service 38  in the fields. Every kind of service the Israelites were required to give was rigorous. 39 

1:15 The king of Egypt said 40  to the Hebrew midwives, 41  one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah, 42  1:16 43 When you assist 44  the Hebrew women in childbirth, observe at the delivery: 45  If it is a son, kill him, 46  but if it is a daughter, she may live.” 47  1:17 But 48  the midwives feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them; they let the boys live. 49 

1:18 Then the king of Egypt summoned 50  the midwives and said to them, “Why have you done this and let the boys live? 51  1:19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, “Because the Hebrew 52  women are not like the Egyptian women – for the Hebrew women 53  are vigorous; they give birth before the midwife gets to them! 54  1:20 So God treated the midwives well, 55  and the people multiplied and became very strong. 1:21 And because the midwives feared God, he made 56  households 57  for them.

1:22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, “All sons 58  that are born you must throw 59  into the river, but all daughters you may let live.” 60 

2:1

The Birth of the Deliverer

61 

A man from the household 62  of Levi married 63  a woman who was a descendant of Levi. 64  2:2 The woman became pregnant 65  and gave birth to a son. When 66  she saw that 67  he was a healthy 68  child, she hid him for three months. 2:3 But when she was no longer able to hide him, she took a papyrus basket 69  for him and sealed it with bitumen and pitch. She put the child in it and set it among the reeds along the edge of the Nile. 70  2:4 His sister stationed herself 71  at a distance to find out 72  what would 73  happen to him.

2:5 Then the daughter of Pharaoh 74  came down to wash herself 75  by the Nile, while her attendants were walking alongside the river, 76  and she saw the basket among the reeds. She sent one of her attendants, 77  took it, 78  2:6 opened it, 79  and saw the child 80 a boy, 81  crying! 82  – and she felt compassion 83  for him and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’ children.”

2:7 Then his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and get 84  a nursing woman 85  for you from the Hebrews, so that she may nurse 86  the child for you? 2:8 Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Yes, do so.” 87  So the young girl 88  went and got 89  the child’s mother. 90  2:9 Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child 91  and nurse him for me, and I will pay your 92  wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him.

2:10 When the child grew older 93  she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. 94  She named him Moses, saying, “Because I drew him from the water.” 95 

2:11

The Presumption of the Deliverer

96 

In those days, 97  when 98  Moses had grown up, he went out to his people 99  and observed 100  their hard labor, and he saw an Egyptian man attacking 101  a Hebrew man, one of his own people. 102  2:12 He looked this way and that 103  and saw that no one was there, 104  and then he attacked 105  the Egyptian and concealed the body 106  in the sand. 2:13 When he went out 107  the next day, 108  there were 109  two Hebrew men fighting. So he said to the one who was in the wrong, 110 Why are you attacking 111  your fellow Hebrew? 112 

2:14 The man 113  replied, “Who made you a ruler 114  and a judge over us? Are you planning 115  to kill me like you killed that 116  Egyptian?” Then Moses was afraid, thinking, 117 Surely what I did 118  has become known.” 2:15 When Pharaoh heard 119  about this event, 120  he sought to kill Moses. So Moses fled 121  from Pharaoh and settled in the land of Midian, 122  and he settled 123  by a certain well. 124 

2:16 Now a priest of Midian had seven daughters, and they came and began to draw 125  water 126  and fill 127  the troughs in order to water their father’s flock. 2:17 When some 128  shepherds came and drove them away, 129  Moses came up and defended them 130  and then watered their flock. 2:18 So when they came home 131  to their father Reuel, 132  he asked, “Why have you come home so early 133  today? 2:19 They said, “An Egyptian man rescued us 134  from the shepherds, 135  and he actually 136  drew water for us and watered the flock! 2:20 He said 137  to his daughters, “So where is he? 138  Why in the world 139  did you leave the man? Call him, so that he may eat 140  a meal 141  with us.”

2:21 Moses agreed 142  to stay with the man, and he gave his daughter Zipporah to Moses in marriage. 143  2:22 When she bore 144  a son, Moses 145  named him Gershom, for he said, “I have become a resident foreigner in a foreign land.” 146 

2:23

The Call of the Deliverer

147 

During 148  that long period of time 149  the king of Egypt died, and the Israelites 150  groaned because of the slave labor. They cried out, and their desperate cry 151  because of their slave labor went up to God. 2:24 God heard their groaning, 152  God remembered 153  his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob, 2:25 God saw 154  the Israelites, and God understood. 155 

3:1 Now Moses 156  was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert 157  and came to the mountain of God, to Horeb. 158  3:2 The angel of the Lord 159  appeared 160  to him in 161  a flame of fire from within a bush. 162  He looked 163 and 164  the bush was ablaze with fire, but it was not being consumed! 165  3:3 So Moses thought, 166 I will turn aside to see 167  this amazing 168  sight. Why does the bush not burn up? 169  3:4 When the Lord 170  saw that 171  he had turned aside to look, God called to him from within the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” 172  And Moses 173  said, “Here I am.” 3:5 God 174  said, “Do not approach any closer! 175  Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy 176  ground.” 177  3:6 He added, “I am the God of your father, 178  the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.” Then Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look 179  at God.

3:7 The Lord said, “I have surely seen 180  the affliction of my people who are in Egypt. I have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. 181  3:8 I have come down 182  to deliver them 183  from the hand of the Egyptians and to bring them up from that land to a land that is both good and spacious, 184  to a land flowing with milk and honey, 185  to the region of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. 186  3:9 And now indeed 187  the cry 188  of the Israelites has come to me, and I have also seen how severely the Egyptians oppress them. 189  3:10 So now go, and I will send you 190  to Pharaoh to bring my people, the Israelites, out of Egypt.”

3:11 Moses said 191  to God, 192 Who am I, that I should go 193  to Pharaoh, or that I should bring the Israelites out of Egypt? 3:12 He replied, 194 Surely I will be with you, 195  and this will be the sign 196  to you that I have sent you: When you bring the people out of Egypt, you and they will serve 197  God on this mountain.”

3:13 Moses said 198  to God, “If 199  I go to the Israelites and tell them, ‘The God of your fathers has sent me to you,’ and they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ 200  – what should I say 201  to them?”

3:14 God said to Moses, I am that I am.” 202  And he said, “You must say this 203  to the Israelites, I am has sent me to you.’ 3:15 God also said to Moses, “You must say this to the Israelites, ‘The Lord 204 the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob – has sent me to you. This is my name 205  forever, and this is my memorial from generation to generation.’ 206 

3:16Go and bring together 207  the elders of Israel and tell them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, 208  appeared 209  to me – the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – saying, “I have attended carefully 210  to you and to what has been done 211  to you in Egypt, 3:17 and I have promised 212  that I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, 213  to a land flowing with milk and honey.”’

3:18The elders 214  will listen 215  to you, and then you and the elders of Israel must go to the king of Egypt and tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met 216  with us. So now, let us go 217  three daysjourney into the wilderness, so that we may sacrifice 218  to the Lord our God.’ 3:19 But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go, 219  not even under force. 220  3:20 So I will extend my hand 221  and strike Egypt with all my wonders 222  that I will do among them, and after that he will release you. 223 

3:21I will grant this people favor with 224  the Egyptians, so that when 225  you depart you will not leave empty-handed. 3:22 Every 226  woman will ask her neighbor and the one who happens to be staying 227  in her house for items of silver and gold 228  and for clothing. You will put these articles on your sons and daughters – thus you will plunder Egypt! 229 

4:1

The Source of Sufficiency

230 

Moses answered again, 231  “And if 232  they do not believe me or pay attention to me, 233  but say, ‘The Lord has not appeared to you’? 4:2 The Lord said to him, “What is that in your hand?” He said, “A staff.” 234  4:3 The Lord 235  said, “Throw it to the ground.” So he threw it to the ground, and it became a snake, 236  and Moses ran from it. 4:4 But the Lord said to Moses, “Put out your hand and grab it by the tail– so he put out his hand and caught it, and it became a staff in his hand 237  4:5 that they may believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has appeared to you.”

4:6 The Lord also said to him, “Put your hand into your robe.” 238  So he put his hand into his robe, and when he brought it out – there was his hand, 239  leprous like snow! 240  4:7 He said, “Put your hand back into your robe.” So he put his hand back into his robe, and when he brought it out from his robe – there it was, 241  restored 242  like the rest of his skin! 243  4:8 If 244  they do not believe you or pay attention to 245  the former sign, then they may 246  believe the latter sign. 247  4:9 And if 248  they do not believe even these two signs or listen to you, 249  then take 250  some water from the Nile and pour it out on the dry ground. The water you take out of the Nile will become blood on the dry ground.” 251 

4:10 Then Moses said to the Lord, 252  “O 253  my Lord, 254  I am not an eloquent man, 255  neither in the past 256  nor since you have spoken to your servant, for I am slow of speech and slow of tongue.” 257 

4:11 The Lord said to him, “Who gave 258  a mouth to man, or who makes a person mute or deaf or seeing or blind? Is it not I, the Lord? 259  4:12 So now go, and I will be with your mouth 260  and will teach you 261  what you must say.” 262 

4:13 But Moses said, 263 O 264  my Lord, please send anyone else whom you wish to send! 265 

4:14 Then the Lord became angry with 266  Moses, and he said, “What about 267  your brother Aaron the Levite? 268  I know that he can speak very well. 269  Moreover, he is coming 270  to meet you, and when he sees you he will be glad in his heart. 271 

4:15So you are to speak to him and put the words in his mouth. And as for me, I will be with your mouth 272  and with his mouth, 273  and I will teach you both 274  what you must do. 275  4:16 He 276  will speak for you to the people, and it will be as if 277  he 278  were your mouth 279  and as if you were his God. 280  4:17 You will also take in your hand this staff, with which you will do the signs.” 281 

4:18

The Return of Moses

282 

So Moses went back 283  to his father-in-law Jethro and said to him, “Let me go, so that I may return 284  to my relatives 285  in Egypt and see 286  if they are still alive.” Jethro said to Moses, “Go in peace.” 4:19 The Lord said to Moses in Midian, “Go back 287  to Egypt, because all the men who were seeking your life are dead.” 288  4:20 Then Moses took 289  his wife and sons 290  and put them on a donkey and headed back 291  to the land of Egypt, and Moses took the staff of God in his hand. 4:21 The Lord said 292  to Moses, “When you go back to Egypt, 293  see that you 294  do before Pharaoh all the wonders I have put under your control. 295  But I will harden 296  his heart 297  and 298  he will not let the people go. 4:22 You must say 299  to Pharaoh, ‘Thus says 300  the Lord, “Israel is my son, my firstborn, 301  4:23 and I said to you, ‘Let my son go that he may serve 302  me,’ but since you have refused to let him go, 303  I will surely kill 304  your son, your firstborn!”’

4:24 Now on the way, at a place where they stopped for the night, 305  the Lord met Moses and sought to kill him. 306  4:25 But Zipporah took a flint knife, cut off the foreskin of her son and touched it to Moses’ feet, 307  and said, “Surely you are a bridegroom of blood 308  to me.” 4:26 So the Lord 309  let him alone. (At that time 310  she said, “A bridegroom of blood,” referring to 311  the circumcision.)

4:27 The Lord said 312  to Aaron, “Go to the wilderness to meet Moses. So he went and met him at the mountain of God 313  and greeted him with a kiss. 314  4:28 Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord who had 315  sent him and all the signs that he had commanded him. 4:29 Then Moses and Aaron went and brought together all the Israelite elders. 316  4:30 Aaron spoke 317  all the words that the Lord had spoken to Moses and did the signs in the sight of the people, 4:31 and the people believed. When they heard 318  that the Lord had attended to 319  the Israelites and that he had seen their affliction, they bowed down close to the ground. 320 

5:1

Opposition to the Plan of God

321 

Afterward Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said, “Thus says the Lord, 322  the God of Israel, ‘Release 323  my people so that they may hold a pilgrim feast 324  to me in the desert.’ 5:2 But Pharaoh said, “Who is the Lord 325  that 326  I should obey him 327  by releasing 328  Israel? I do not know the Lord, 329  and I will not release Israel! 5:3 And they said, “The God of the Hebrews has met with us. Let us go a three-day journey 330  into the desert so that we may sacrifice 331  to the Lord our God, so that he does not strike us with plague or the sword.” 332  5:4 The king of Egypt said to them, “Moses and Aaron, why do you cause the people to refrain from their work? 333  Return to your labor! 5:5 Pharaoh was thinking, 334 The people of the land are now many, and you are giving them rest from their labor.”

5:6 That same day Pharaoh commanded 335  the slave masters and foremen 336  who were 337  over the people: 338  5:7 You must no longer 339  give straw to the people for making bricks 340  as before. 341  Let them go 342  and collect straw for themselves. 5:8 But you must require 343  of them the same quota of bricks that they were making before. 344  Do not reduce it, for they are slackers. 345  That is why they are crying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to our God.’ 5:9 Make the work harder 346  for the men so they will keep at it 347  and pay no attention to lying words! 348 

5:10 So the slave masters of the people and their foremen went to the Israelites and said, 349 Thus says Pharaoh: ‘I am not giving 350  you straw. 5:11 You 351  go get straw for yourselves wherever you can 352  find it, because there will be no reduction at all in your workload.’ 5:12 So the people spread out 353  through all the land of Egypt to collect stubble for straw. 5:13 The slave masters were pressuring 354  them, saying, “Complete 355  your work for each day, just like when there was straw! 5:14 The Israelite foremen whom Pharaoh’s slave masters had set over them were beaten and were asked, 356 Why did you not complete your requirement for brickmaking as in the past – both yesterday and today? 357 

5:15 358 

The Israelite foremen went and cried out to Pharaoh, “Why are you treating 359  your servants this way? 5:16 No straw is given to your servants, but we are told, 360 Make bricks!’ Your servants are even 361  being beaten, but the fault 362  is with your people.”

5:17 But Pharaoh replied, 363 You are slackers! Slackers! 364  That is why you are saying, ‘Let us go sacrifice to the Lord.’ 5:18 So now, get back to work! 365  You will not be given straw, but you must still produce 366  your quota 367  of bricks! 5:19 The Israelite foremen saw 368  that they 369  were in trouble when they were told, 370 You must not reduce the daily quota of your bricks.”

5:20 When they went out from Pharaoh, they encountered Moses and Aaron standing there to meet them, 371  5:21 and they said to them, “May the Lord look on you and judge, 372  because you have made us stink 373  in the opinion of 374  Pharaoh and his servants, 375  so that you have given them an excuse to kill us! 376 

5:22

The Assurance of Deliverance

377 

Moses returned 378  to the Lord, and said, “Lord, 379  why have you caused trouble for this people? 380  Why did you ever 381  send me? 5:23 From the time I went to speak to Pharaoh in your name, he has caused trouble 382  for this people, and you have certainly not rescued 383  them! 384 

6:1 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh, 385  for compelled by my strong hand 386  he will release them, and by my strong hand he will drive them out of his land.” 387 

6:2 God spoke 388  to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord. 389  6:3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob as 390  God Almighty, 391  but by 392  my name ‘the Lord 393  I was not known to them. 394  6:4 I also established my covenant with them 395  to give them the land of Canaan, where they were living as resident foreigners. 396  6:5 I 397  have also heard 398  the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, 399  and I have remembered my covenant. 400  6:6 Therefore, tell the Israelites, ‘I am the Lord. I will bring you out 401  from your enslavement to 402  the Egyptians, I will rescue you from the hard labor they impose, 403  and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 6:7 I will take you to myself for a people, and I will be your God. 404  Then you will know that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from your enslavement to 405  the Egyptians. 6:8 I will bring you to the land I swore to give 406  to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob – and I will give it to you 407  as a possession. I am the Lord!’

6:9 408 

Moses told this 409  to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him 410  because of their discouragement 411  and hard labor. 6:10 Then the Lord said to Moses, 6:11 Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt that he must release 412  the Israelites from his land.” 6:12 But Moses replied to 413  the Lord, “If the Israelites did not listen to me, then 414  how will Pharaoh listen to me, since 415  I speak with difficulty? 416 

6:13 The Lord spoke 417  to Moses and Aaron and gave them a charge 418  for the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt to bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.

6:14

The Ancestry of the Deliverer

419 

These are the heads of their fathershouseholds: 420 

The sons 421  of Reuben, the firstborn son of Israel, were Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. These were the clans 422  of Reuben.

6:15 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of Simeon.

6:16 Now these are the names of the sons of Levi, according to their records: 423  Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (The length of Levi’s life was 137 years.)

6:17 The sons of Gershon, by their families, were Libni and Shimei.

6:18 The sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel. (The length of Kohath’s life was 133 years.)

6:19 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of Levi, according to their records.

6:20 Amram married 424  his father’s sister Jochebed, and she bore him Aaron and Moses. (The length of Amram’s life was 137 years.)

6:21 The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg, and Zikri.

6:22 The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri.

6:23 Aaron married Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

6:24 The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph. These were the Korahite clans.

6:25 Now Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel and she bore him Phinehas.

These are the heads of the fathershouseholds 425  of Levi according to their clans.

6:26 It was the same Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said, “Bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.” 426  6:27 They were the men who were speaking to Pharaoh king of Egypt, in order to bring the Israelites out of Egypt. It was the same Moses and Aaron.

6:28

The Authentication of the Word

427 

When 428  the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 6:29 he said to him, 429 I am the Lord. Tell 430  Pharaoh king of Egypt all that 431  I am telling 432  you.” 6:30 But Moses said before the Lord, “Since I speak with difficulty, 433  why should Pharaoh listen to me?

7:1 So the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God 434  to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet. 435  7:2 You are to speak 436  everything I command you, 437  and your brother Aaron is to tell Pharaoh that he must release 438  the Israelites from his land. 7:3 But I will harden 439  Pharaoh’s heart, and although I will multiply 440  my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt, 7:4 Pharaoh will not listen to you. 441  I will reach into 442  Egypt and bring out my regiments, 443  my people the Israelites, from the land of Egypt with great acts of judgment. 7:5 Then 444  the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, when I extend my hand 445  over Egypt and bring the Israelites out from among them.

7:6 And Moses and Aaron did so; they did just as the Lord commanded them. 7:7 Now Moses was eighty years old and Aaron was eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh.

7:8 The Lord said 446  to Moses and Aaron, 447  7:9 When Pharaoh says to you, ‘Do 448  a miracle,’ and you say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and throw it down 449  before Pharaoh,’ it will become 450  a snake.” 7:10 When 451  Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh, they did so, just as the Lord had commanded them – Aaron threw 452  down his staff before Pharaoh and his servants and it became a snake. 453  7:11 Then Pharaoh also summoned wise men and sorcerers, 454  and the magicians 455  of Egypt by their secret arts 456  did the same thing. 7:12 Each man 457  threw down his staff, and the staffs became snakes. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up their staffs. 7:13 Yet Pharaoh’s heart became hard, 458  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.

7:14

The First Blow: Water to Blood

459 

The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 460  he refuses to release 461  the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 462  he goes out to the water. Position yourself 463  to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 464  and take 465  in your hand the staff 466  that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 467 Release my people, that they may serve me 468  in the desert!” But until now 469  you have not listened. 470  7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 471  the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 472  7:18 Fish 473  in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 474  to drink water from the Nile.”’ 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 475  over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 476 so that it becomes 477  blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 478  the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 479  just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 480  the staff 481  and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 482  of Pharaoh and his servants, 483  and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 484  7:21 When the fish 485  that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 486  to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 487  everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 488  by their secret arts, and so 489  Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 490  and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 491 just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 492  7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 493  because they could not drink the water of the Nile.

7:25

The Second Blow: Frogs

494 

Seven full days passed 495  after the Lord struck 496  the Nile. 8:1 497  Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 498  all your territory with frogs. 499  8:3 The Nile will swarm 500  with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 501  8:4 Frogs 502  will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’ 503 

8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 504  over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’ 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 505  came up and covered the land of Egypt.

8:7 The magicians did the same 506  with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 507 

8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 508  Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 509  to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 510  from me and my people, and I will release 511  the people that they may sacrifice 512  to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 513  – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 514  from you and your houses, so that 515  they will be left 516  only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 517 It will be 518  as you say, 519  so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”

8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 520  to the Lord because of 521  the frogs that he had brought on 522  Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 523  – the 524  frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 525  piled them in countless heaps, 526  and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 527  he hardened 528  his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 529 

8:16

The Third Blow: Gnats

530 

The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 531  gnats 532  throughout all the land of Egypt.’ 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 533  and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 534  the magicians attempted 535  to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 536  to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 537  of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 538  and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted.

8:20

The Fourth Blow: Flies

539 

The Lord 540  said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 541  my people, then I am going to send 542  swarms of flies 543  on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 544  8:22 But on that day I will mark off 545  the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 546  so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 547  8:23 I will put a division 548  between my people and your people. This sign will take place 549  tomorrow.”’ 8:24 The Lord did so; a 550  thick 551  swarm of flies came into 552  Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 553  of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 554  because of the swarms of flies.

8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 555  8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 556  for the sacrifices we make 557  to the Lord our God would be an abomination 558  to the Egyptians. 559  If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 560  will they not stone us? 561  8:27 We must go 562  on a three-day journey 563  into the desert and sacrifice 564  to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 565 

8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 566  so that you may sacrifice 567  to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 568  Do 569  pray for me.”

8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 570  from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 571  by not releasing 572  the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 573  – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 574  his heart this time also and did not release the people.

9:1

The Fifth Blow: Disease

575 

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Release my people that they may serve me! 9:2 For if you refuse to release them 576  and continue holding them, 577  9:3 then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 578  a very terrible plague 579  on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 580  the herds, and the flocks. 9:4 But the Lord will distinguish 581  between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing 582  will die of all that the Israelites have.”’ 583 

9:5 The Lord set 584  an appointed time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this 585  in the land.” 9:6 And the Lord did this 586  on the next day; 587  all 588  the livestock of the Egyptians 589  died, but of the Israeliteslivestock not one died. 9:7 Pharaoh sent representatives to investigate, 590  and indeed, not even one of the livestock of Israel had died. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 591  and he did not release the people.

9:8

The Sixth Blow: Boils

592 

Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot 593  from a furnace, and have Moses throw it 594  into the air while Pharaoh is watching. 595  9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt and will cause boils to break out and fester 596  on both people and animals in all the land of Egypt.” 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh, Moses threw it into the air, and it caused festering boils to break out on both people and animals.

9:11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians. 9:12 But the Lord hardened 597  Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted to Moses.

9:13

The Seventh Blow: Hail

598 

The Lord said 599  to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, stand 600  before Pharaoh, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: “Release my people so that they may serve me! 9:14 For this time I will send all my plagues 601  on your very self 602  and on your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 9:15 For by now I could have stretched out 603  my hand and struck you and your people with plague, and you would have been destroyed 604  from the earth. 9:16 But 605  for this purpose I have caused you to stand: 606  to show you 607  my strength, and so that my name may be declared 608  in all the earth. 9:17 You are still exalting 609  yourself against my people by 610  not releasing them. 9:18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down 611  about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred 612  in Egypt from the day it was founded 613  until now. 9:19 So now, send instructions 614  to gather 615  your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person 616  or animal caught 617  in the field and not brought into the house – the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’

9:20 Those 618  of Pharaoh’s servants who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their 619  servants and livestock into the houses, 9:21 but those 620  who did not take 621  the word of the Lord seriously left their servants and their cattle 622  in the field.

9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sky 623  that there may be 624  hail in all the land of Egypt, on people and on animals, 625  and on everything that grows 626  in the field in the land of Egypt.” 9:23 When Moses extended 627  his staff toward the sky, the Lord 628  sent thunder 629  and hail, and fire fell to the earth; 630  so the Lord caused hail to rain down on the land of Egypt. 9:24 Hail fell 631  and fire mingled 632  with the hail; the hail was so severe 633  that there had not been any like it 634  in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 9:25 The hail struck everything in the open fields, both 635  people and animals, throughout all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that grows 636  in the field, and it broke all the trees of the field to pieces. 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was there no hail.

9:27 So Pharaoh sent and summoned Moses and Aaron and said to them, “I have sinned this time! 637  The Lord is righteous, and I and my people are guilty. 638  9:28 Pray to the Lord, for the mighty 639  thunderings and hail are too much! 640  I will release you and you will stay no longer.” 641 

9:29 Moses said to him, “When I leave the city 642  I will spread my hands to the Lord, the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that the earth belongs to the Lord. 643  9:30 But as for you 644  and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear 645  the Lord God.”

9:31 (Now the 646  flax and the barley were struck 647  by the hail, 648  for the barley had ripened 649  and the flax 650  was in bud. 9:32 But the wheat and the spelt 651  were not struck, for they are later crops.) 652 

9:33 So Moses left Pharaoh, went out of the city, and spread out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain stopped pouring on the earth. 9:34 When Pharaoh saw 653  that the rain and hail and thunder ceased, he sinned again: 654  both he and his servants hardened 655  their hearts. 9:35 So Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 656  and he did not release the Israelites, as the Lord had predicted through Moses.

10:1

The Eighth Blow: Locusts

657 

The Lord said 658  to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 659  these signs of mine before him, 660  10:2 and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 661  how I made fools 662  of the Egyptians 663  and about 664  my signs that I displayed 665  among them, so that you may know 666  that I am the Lord.”

10:3 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and told him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: ‘How long do you refuse 667  to humble yourself before me? 668  Release my people so that they may serve me! 10:4 But if you refuse to release my people, I am going to bring 669  locusts 670  into your territory 671  tomorrow. 10:5 They will cover 672  the surface 673  of the earth, so that you 674  will be unable to see the ground. They will eat the remainder of what escaped 675 what is left over 676  for you – from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you from the field. 10:6 They will fill your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses of Egypt, such as 677  neither 678  your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen since they have been 679  in the land until this day!’” Then Moses 680  turned and went out from Pharaoh.

10:7 Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long 681  will this man be a menace 682  to us? Release the people so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not know 683  that Egypt is destroyed?

10:8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Exactly who is going with you? 684  10:9 Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our sheep and our cattle we will go, because we are to hold 685  a pilgrim feast for the Lord.”

10:10 He said to them, “The Lord will need to be with you 686  if I release you and your dependents! 687  Watch out! 688  Trouble is right in front of you! 689  10:11 No! 690  Go, you men 691  only, and serve the Lord, for that 692  is what you want.” 693  Then Moses and Aaron 694  were driven 695  out of Pharaoh’s presence.

10:12 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for 696  the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows 697  in the ground, everything that the hail has left.” 10:13 So Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord 698  brought 699  an east wind on the land all that day and all night. 700  The morning came, 701  and the east wind had brought up 702  the locusts! 10:14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory 703  of Egypt. It was very severe; 704  there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again. 705  10:15 They covered 706  the surface 707  of all the ground, so that the ground became dark with them, 708  and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout the whole land of Egypt.

10:16 709 

Then Pharaoh quickly 710  summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned 711  against the Lord your God and against you! 10:17 So now, forgive my sin this time only, and pray to the Lord your God that he would only 712  take this death 713  away from me.” 10:18 Moses 714  went out 715  from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 10:19 and the Lord turned a very strong west wind, 716  and it picked up the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. 717  Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites.

10:21

The Ninth Blow: Darkness

718 

The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward heaven 719  so that there may be 720  darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness so thick it can be felt.” 721 

10:22 So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness 722  throughout the land of Egypt for three days. 723  10:23 No one 724  could see 725  another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

10:24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lordonly your flocks and herds will be detained. Even your families 726  may go with you.”

10:25 But Moses said, “Will you also 727  provide us 728  with sacrifices and burnt offerings that we may present them 729  to the Lord our God? 10:26 Our livestock must 730  also go with us! Not a hoof is to be left behind! For we must take 731  these animals 732  to serve the Lord our God. Until we arrive there, we do not know what we must use to serve the Lord.” 733 

10:27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to release them. 10:28 Pharaoh said to him, “Go from me! 734  Watch out for yourself! Do not appear before me again, 735  for when 736  you see my face you will die! 10:29 Moses said, “As you wish! 737  I will not see your face again.” 738 

11:1

The Tenth Blow: Death

739 

The Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will release you from this place. When he releases you, 740  he will drive you out completely 741  from this place. 11:2 Instruct 742  the people that each man and each woman is to request 743  from his or her neighbor 744  items of silver and gold.” 745 

11:3 (Now the Lord granted the people favor with 746  the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, respected by Pharaoh’s servants and by the Egyptian people.) 747 

11:4 Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight 748  I will go throughout Egypt, 749  11:5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh 750  who sits on his throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 11:6 There will be a great cry throughout the whole land of Egypt, such as there has never been, 751  nor ever will be again. 752  11:7 But against any of the Israelites not even a dog will bark 753  against either people or animals, 754  so that you may know that the Lord distinguishes 755  between Egypt and Israel.’ 11:8 All these your servants will come down to me and bow down 756  to me, saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow 757  you,’ and after that I will go out.” Then Moses 758  went out from Pharaoh in great anger.

11:9 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders 759  may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”

11:10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites from his land.

12:1

The Institution of the Passover

760 

The Lord said 761  to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 762  12:2 This month is to be your beginning of months; it will be your first month of the year. 763  12:3 Tell the whole community of Israel, ‘In the tenth day of this month they each 764  must take a lamb 765  for themselves according to their families 766 a lamb for each household. 767  12:4 If any household is too small 768  for a lamb, 769  the man 770  and his next-door neighbor 771  are to take 772  a lamb according to the number of people – you will make your count for the lamb according to how much each one can eat. 773  12:5 Your lamb must be 774  perfect, 775  a male, one year old; 776  you may take 777  it from the sheep or from the goats. 12:6 You must care for it 778  until the fourteenth day of this month, and then the whole community 779  of Israel will kill it around sundown. 780  12:7 They will take some of the blood and put it on the two side posts and top of the doorframe of the houses where they will eat it. 12:8 They will eat the meat the same night; 781  they will eat it roasted over the fire with bread made without yeast 782  and with bitter herbs. 12:9 Do not eat it raw 783  or boiled in water, but roast it over the fire with its head, its legs, and its entrails. 12:10 You must leave nothing until morning, but you must burn with fire whatever remains of it until morning. 12:11 This is how you are to eat it – dressed to travel, 784  your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. You are to eat it in haste. It is the Lord’s Passover. 785 

12:12 I will pass through 786  the land of Egypt in the same 787  night, and I will attack 788  all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both of humans and of animals, 789  and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment. 790  I am the Lord. 12:13 The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, so that when I see 791  the blood I will pass over you, 792  and this plague 793  will not fall on you to destroy you 794  when I attack 795  the land of Egypt. 796 

12:14 This day will become 797  a memorial 798  for you, and you will celebrate it as a festival 799  to the Lordyou will celebrate it perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 800  12:15 For seven days 801  you must eat 802  bread made without yeast. 803  Surely 804  on the first day you must put away yeast from your houses because anyone who eats bread made with yeast 805  from the first day to the seventh day will be cut off 806  from Israel.

12:16 On the first day there will be a holy convocation, 807  and on the seventh day there will be a holy convocation for you. You must do no work of any kind 808  on them, only what every person will eat – that alone may be prepared for you. 12:17 So you will keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because on this very 809  day I brought your regiments 810  out from the land of Egypt, and so you must keep this day perpetually as a lasting ordinance. 811  12:18 In the first month, 812  from the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you will eat bread made without yeast until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening. 12:19 For seven days 813  yeast must not be found in your houses, for whoever eats what is made with yeast – that person 814  will be cut off from the community of Israel, whether a foreigner 815  or one born in the land. 12:20 You will not eat anything made with yeast; in all the places where you live you must eat bread made without yeast.’

12:21 Then Moses summoned all the elders of Israel, and told them, “Go and select 816  for yourselves a lamb or young goat 817  for your families, and kill the Passover animals. 818  12:22 Take a branch of hyssop, 819  dip it in the blood that is in the basin, 820  and apply to the top of the doorframe and the two side posts some of the blood that is in the basin. Not one of you is to go out 821  the door of his house until morning. 12:23 For the Lord will pass through to strike Egypt, and when he sees 822  the blood on the top of the doorframe and the two side posts, then the Lord will pass over the door, and he will not permit the destroyer 823  to enter your houses to strike you. 824  12:24 You must observe this event as an ordinance for you and for your children forever. 12:25 When you enter the land that the Lord will give to you, just as he said, you must observe 825  this ceremony. 12:26 When your children ask you, ‘What does this ceremony mean to you?’ 826  12:27 then you will say, ‘It is the sacrifice 827  of the Lord’s Passover, when he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he struck 828  Egypt and delivered our households.’” The people bowed down low 829  to the ground, 12:28 and the Israelites went away and did exactly as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 830 

12:29

The Deliverance from Egypt

831 

It happened 832  at midnight – the Lord attacked all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 12:30 Pharaoh got up 833  in the night, 834  along with all his servants and all Egypt, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no house 835  in which there was not someone dead. 12:31 Pharaoh 836  summoned Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Get up, get out 837  from among my people, both you and the Israelites! Go, serve the Lord as you have requested! 838  12:32 Also, take your flocks and your herds, just as you have requested, and leave. But bless me also.” 839 

12:33 The Egyptians were urging 840  the people on, in order to send them out of the land quickly, 841  for they were saying, “We are all dead! 12:34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, 842  with their kneading troughs bound up in their clothing on their shoulders. 12:35 Now the Israelites had done 843  as Moses told them – they had requested from the Egyptians 844  silver and gold items and clothing. 12:36 The Lord 845  gave the people favor 846  in the sight of the Egyptians, and they gave them whatever they wanted, 847  and so they plundered Egypt. 848 

12:37 The Israelites journeyed 849  from Rameses 850  to Sukkoth. There were about 600,000 men 851  on foot, plus their dependants. 852  12:38 A mixed multitude 853  also went up with them, and flocks and herds – a very large number of cattle. 854  12:39 They baked cakes of bread without yeast using the dough they had brought from Egypt, for it was made without yeast – because they were thrust out 855  of Egypt and were not able to delay, they 856  could not prepare 857  food for themselves either.

12:40 Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 858  12:41 At the end of the 430 years, on the very day, all the regiments 859  of the Lord went out of the land of Egypt. 12:42 It was a night of vigil for the Lord to bring them out from the land of Egypt, 860  and so 861  on this night all Israel is to keep the vigil 862  to the Lord for generations to come.

12:43

Participation in the Passover

863 

The Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may 864  share in eating it. 865  12:44 But everyone’s servant who is bought for money, after you have circumcised him, may eat it. 12:45 A foreigner and a hired worker must not eat it. 12:46 It must be eaten in one house; you must not bring any of the meat outside the house, and you must not break a bone of it. 12:47 The whole community of Israel must observe it.

12:48When a foreigner lives 866  with you and wants to observe the Passover to the Lord, all his males must be circumcised, 867  and then he may approach and observe it, and he will be like one who is born in the land 868 but no uncircumcised person may eat of it. 12:49 The same law will apply 869  to the person who is native-born and to the foreigner who lives among you.”

12:50 So all the Israelites did exactly as the Lord commanded Moses and Aaron. 870  12:51 And on this very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt by their regiments.

13:1

The Law of the Firstborn

871 

The Lord spoke 872  to Moses: 13:2 Set apart 873  to me every firstborn male – the first offspring of every womb 874  among the Israelites, whether human or animal; it is mine.” 875 

13:3 Moses said to the people, “Remember 876  this day on which you came out from Egypt, from the place where you were enslaved, 877  for the Lord brought you out of there 878  with a mighty hand – and no bread made with yeast may be eaten. 879  13:4 On this day, 880  in the month of Abib, 881  you are going out. 882 

13:5 When 883  the Lord brings you to the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, 884  then you will keep 885  this ceremony 886  in this month. 13:6 For seven days 887  you must eat 888  bread made without yeast, and on the seventh day there is to be 889  a festival to the Lord. 13:7 Bread made without yeast must be eaten 890  for seven days; 891  no bread made with yeast shall be seen 892  among you, and you must have no yeast among you within any of your borders.

13:8 You are to tell your son 893  on that day, 894 It is 895  because of what 896  the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 13:9 897  It 898  will be a sign 899  for you on your hand and a memorial 900  on your forehead, 901  so that the law of the Lord may be 902  in your mouth, 903  for 904  with a mighty hand the Lord brought you out of Egypt. 13:10 So you must keep 905  this ordinance at its appointed time from year to year. 906 

13:11 When the Lord brings you 907  into the land of the Canaanites, 908  as he swore to you and to your fathers, and gives it 909  to you, 13:12 then you must give over 910  to the Lord the first offspring of every womb. 911  Every firstling 912  of a beast that you have 913 the males will be the Lord’s. 914  13:13 Every firstling 915  of a donkey you must redeem 916  with a lamb, and if you do not redeem it, then you must break its neck. 917  Every firstborn of 918  your sons you must redeem.

13:14 919 

In the future, 920  when your son asks you 921  ‘What is this?’ 922  you are to tell him, ‘With a mighty hand 923  the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the land of slavery. 924  13:15 When Pharaoh stubbornly refused 925  to release us, the Lord killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of people to the firstborn of animals. 926  That is why I am sacrificing 927  to the Lord the first male offspring of every womb, but all my firstborn sons I redeem.’ 13:16 It will be for a sign on your hand and for frontlets 928  on your forehead, for with a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt.” 929 

13:17

The Leading of God

930 

When Pharaoh released 931  the people, God did not lead them 932  by the way to the land 933  of the Philistines, 934  although 935  that was nearby, for God said, 936 Lest 937  the people change their minds 938  and return to Egypt when they experience 939  war.” 13:18 So God brought the people around by the way of the desert to the Red Sea, 940  and the Israelites went up from the land of Egypt prepared for battle. 941 

13:19 Moses took the bones of Joseph with him, for Joseph 942  had made the Israelites solemnly swear, 943 God will surely attend 944  to you, and you will carry 945  my bones up from this place with you.”

13:20 They journeyed from Sukkoth and camped in Etham, on the edge of the desert. 13:21 Now the Lord was going before them by day in a pillar of cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, 946  so that they could 947  travel day or night. 948  13:22 He did not remove the pillar of cloud by day nor the pillar of fire by night from before the people. 949 

14:1

The Victory at the Red Sea

950 

The Lord spoke to Moses: 14:2 Tell the Israelites that they must turn and camp 951  before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea; you are to camp by the sea before Baal Zephon opposite it. 952  14:3 Pharaoh will think 953  regarding the Israelites, ‘They are wandering around confused 954  in the land – the desert has closed in on them.’ 955  14:4 I will harden 956  Pharaoh’s heart, and he will chase after them. I will gain honor 957  because of Pharaoh and because of all his army, and the Egyptians will know 958  that I am the Lord.” So this is what they did. 959 

14:5 When it was reported 960  to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, 961  the heart of Pharaoh and his servants was turned against the people, and the king and his servants said, 962 What in the world have we done? 963  For we have released the people of Israel 964  from serving us! 14:6 Then he prepared 965  his chariots and took his army 966  with him. 14:7 He took six hundred select 967  chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, 968  and officers 969  on all of them.

14:8 But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he chased after the Israelites. Now the Israelites were going out defiantly. 970  14:9 The Egyptians chased after them, and all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh and his horsemen and his army overtook them camping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-Zephon. 14:10 When 971  Pharaoh got closer, 972  the Israelites looked up, 973  and there were the Egyptians marching after them, 974  and they were terrified. 975  The Israelites cried out to the Lord, 976  14:11 and they said to Moses, “Is it because there are no graves in Egypt that you have taken us away to die in the desert? 977  What in the world 978  have you done to us by bringing 979  us out of Egypt? 14:12 Isn’t this what we told you 980  in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone so that we can serve the Egyptians, 981  because it is better for us to serve 982  the Egyptians than to die in the desert!’ 983 

14:13 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear! 984  Stand firm 985  and see 986  the salvation 987  of the Lord that he will provide 988  for you today; for the Egyptians that you see today you will never, ever see again. 989  14:14 The Lord 990  will fight for you, and you can be still.” 991 

14:15 The Lord said to Moses, “Why do you cry out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on. 992  14:16 And as for you, 993  lift up your staff and extend your hand toward the sea and divide it, so that 994  the Israelites may go through the middle of the sea on dry ground. 14:17 And as for me, I am going to harden 995  the hearts of the Egyptians so that 996  they will come after them, that I may be honored 997  because 998  of Pharaoh and his army and his chariots and his horsemen. 14:18 And the Egyptians will know 999  that I am the Lord when I have gained my honor 1000  because of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen.”

14:19 The angel of God, who was going before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them, and the pillar 1001  of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them. 14:20 It came between the Egyptian camp and the Israelite camp; it was a dark cloud 1002  and it lit up the night so that one camp did not come near the other 1003  the whole night. 1004  14:21 Moses stretched out his hand toward the sea, and the Lord drove the sea apart 1005  by a strong east wind all that night, and he made the sea into dry land, and the water was divided. 14:22 So the Israelites went through the middle of the sea on dry ground, the water forming a wall 1006  for them on their right and on their left.

14:23 The Egyptians chased them and followed them into the middle of the sea – all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen. 14:24 In the morning watch 1007  the Lord looked down 1008  on the Egyptian army 1009  through the pillar of fire and cloud, and he threw the Egyptian army 1010  into a panic. 1011  14:25 He jammed 1012  the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving, 1013  and the Egyptians said, “Let’s flee 1014  from Israel, for the Lord fights 1015  for them against Egypt!

14:26 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sea, so that the waters may flow 1016  back on the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen! 14:27 So Moses extended his hand toward the sea, and the sea returned to its normal state 1017  when the sun began to rise. 1018  Now the Egyptians were fleeing 1019  before it, but the Lord overthrew 1020  the Egyptians in the middle of the sea. 14:28 The water returned and covered the chariots and the horsemen and all the army of Pharaoh that was coming after the Israelites into the sea 1021 not so much as one of them survived! 1022  14:29 But the Israelites walked on dry ground in the middle of the sea, the water forming a wall for them on their right and on their left. 14:30 So the Lord saved 1023  Israel on that day from the power 1024  of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians dead 1025  on the shore of the sea. 14:31 When Israel saw 1026  the great power 1027  that the Lord had exercised 1028  over the Egyptians, they 1029  feared the Lord, and they believed in 1030  the Lord and in his servant Moses. 1031 

15:1

The Song of Triumph

1032 

Then Moses and the Israelites sang 1033  this song to the Lord. They said, 1034 

“I will sing 1035  to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously, 1036 

the horse and its rider 1037  he has thrown into the sea.

15:2 The Lord 1038  is my strength and my song, 1039 

and he has become my salvation.

This is my God, and I will praise him, 1040 

my father’s God, and I will exalt him.

15:3 The Lord is a warrior, 1041 

the Lord is his name. 1042 

15:4 The chariots of Pharaoh 1043  and his army he has thrown into the sea,

and his chosen 1044  officers were drowned 1045  in the Red Sea.

15:5 The depths have covered them, 1046 

they went down to the bottom 1047  like a stone.

15:6 Your right hand, O Lord, was majestic 1048  in power,

your right hand, O Lord, shattered the enemy.

15:7 In the abundance of your majesty 1049  you have overthrown 1050 

those who rise up against you. 1051 

You sent forth 1052  your wrath; 1053 

it consumed them 1054  like stubble.

15:8 By the blast of your nostrils 1055  the waters were piled up,

the flowing water stood upright like a heap, 1056 

and the deep waters were solidified in the heart of the sea.

15:9 The enemy said, ‘I will chase, 1057  I will overtake,

I will divide the spoil;

my desire 1058  will be satisfied on them.

I will draw 1059  my sword, my hand will destroy them.’ 1060 

15:10 But 1061  you blew with your breath, and 1062  the sea covered them.

They sank 1063  like lead in the mighty waters.

15:11 Who is like you, 1064  O Lord, among the gods? 1065 

Who is like you? – majestic in holiness, fearful in praises, 1066  working wonders?

15:12 You stretched out your right hand,

the earth swallowed them. 1067 

15:13 By your loyal love you will lead 1068  the people whom 1069  you have redeemed;

you will guide 1070  them by your strength to your holy dwelling place.

15:14 The nations will hear 1071  and tremble;

anguish 1072  will seize 1073  the inhabitants of Philistia.

15:15 Then the chiefs of Edom will be terrified, 1074 

trembling will seize 1075  the leaders of Moab,

and the inhabitants of Canaan will shake.

15:16 Fear and dread 1076  will fall 1077  on them;

by the greatness 1078  of your arm they will be as still as stone 1079 

until 1080  your people pass by, O Lord,

until the people whom you have bought 1081  pass by.

15:17 You will bring them in 1082  and plant them in the mountain 1083  of your inheritance,

in the place you made 1084  for your residence, O Lord,

the sanctuary, O Lord, that your hands have established.

15:18 The Lord will reign forever and ever!

15:19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea,

and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them,

but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.”

15:20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand-drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand-drums and with dances. 1085  15:21 Miriam sang in response 1086  to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 1087 

15:22

The Bitter Water

1088 

Then Moses led Israel to journey 1089  away from the Red Sea. They went out to the Desert of Shur, walked for three days 1090  into the desert, and found no water. 15:23 Then they came to Marah, 1091  but they were not able to drink 1092  the waters of Marah, because 1093  they were bitter. 1094  (That is 1095  why its name was 1096  Marah.)

15:24 So the people murmured 1097  against Moses, saying, “What can 1098  we drink? 15:25 He cried out to the Lord, and the Lord showed him 1099  a tree. 1100  When Moses 1101  threw it into the water, the water became safe to drink. There the Lord 1102  made for them 1103  a binding ordinance, 1104  and there he tested 1105  them. 15:26 He said, “If you will diligently obey 1106  the Lord your God, and do what is right 1107  in his sight, and pay attention 1108  to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, then all 1109  the diseases 1110  that I brought on the Egyptians I will not bring on you, for I, the Lord, am your healer.” 1111 

15:27 Then they came to Elim, 1112  where there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there by the water.

16:1

The Provision of Manna

1113 

When 1114  they journeyed from Elim, the entire company 1115  of Israelites came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their exodus 1116  from the land of Egypt. 16:2 The entire company 1117  of Israelites murmured against Moses and Aaron in the desert. 16:3 The Israelites said to them, “If only we had died 1118  by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by 1119  the pots of meat, when we ate bread to the full, 1120  for you have brought us out into this desert to kill 1121  this whole assembly with hunger!

16:4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “I am going to rain 1122  bread from heaven for you, and the people will go out 1123  and gather the amount for each day, so that I may test them. 1124  Will they walk in my law 1125  or not? 16:5 On the sixth day 1126  they will prepare what they bring in, and it will be twice as much as they gather every other day.” 1127 

16:6 Moses and Aaron said to all the Israelites, “In the evening 1128  you will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt, 16:7 and in the morning you will see 1129  the glory of the Lord, because he has heard 1130  your murmurings against the Lord. As for us, what are we, 1131  that you should murmur against us?

16:8 Moses said, “You will know this 1132  when the Lord gives you 1133  meat to eat in the evening and bread in the morning to satisfy you, because the Lord has heard your murmurings that you are murmuring against him. As for us, what are we? 1134  Your murmurings are not against us, 1135  but against the Lord.”

16:9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Tell the whole community 1136  of the Israelites, ‘Come 1137  before the Lord, because he has heard your murmurings.’

16:10 As Aaron spoke 1138  to the whole community of the Israelites and they looked toward the desert, there the glory of the Lord 1139  appeared 1140  in the cloud, 16:11 and the Lord spoke to Moses: 16:12 I have heard the murmurings of the Israelites. Tell them, ‘During the evening 1141  you will eat meat, 1142  and in the morning you will be satisfied 1143  with bread, so that you may know 1144  that I am the Lord your God.’ 1145 

16:13 In the evening the quail 1146  came up and covered the camp, and in the morning a layer of dew was all around the camp. 16:14 When 1147  the layer of dew had evaporated, 1148  there on the surface of the desert was a thin flaky substance, 1149  thin like frost on the earth. 16:15 When 1150  the Israelites saw it, they said to one another, 1151 What is it?” because they did not know what it was. 1152  Moses said to them, “It is the bread 1153  that the Lord has given you for food. 1154 

16:16This is what 1155  the Lord has commanded: 1156  ‘Each person is to gather 1157  from it what he can eat, an omer 1158  per person 1159  according to the number 1160  of your people; 1161  each one will pick it up 1162  for whoever lives 1163  in his tent.’ 16:17 The Israelites did so, and they gathered – some more, some less. 16:18 When 1164  they measured with an omer, the one who gathered much had nothing left over, and the one who gathered little lacked nothing; each one had gathered what he could eat.

16:19 Moses said to them, “No one 1165  is to keep any of it 1166  until morning.” 16:20 But they did not listen to Moses; some 1167  kept part of it until morning, and it was full 1168  of worms and began to stink, and Moses was angry with them. 16:21 So they gathered it each morning, 1169  each person according to what he could eat, and when the sun got hot, it would melt. 1170  16:22 And 1171  on the sixth day they gathered twice as much food, two omers 1172  per person; 1173  and all the leaders 1174  of the community 1175  came and told 1176  Moses. 16:23 He said to them, “This is what the Lord has said: ‘Tomorrow is a time of cessation from work, 1177  a holy Sabbath 1178  to the Lord. Whatever you want to 1179  bake, bake today; 1180  whatever you want to boil, boil today; whatever is left put aside for yourselves to be kept until morning.’

16:24 So they put it aside until the morning, just as Moses had commanded, and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it. 16:25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the area. 1181  16:26 Six days you will gather it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will not be any.”

16:27 On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather it, but they found nothing. 16:28 So the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse 1182  to obey my commandments and my instructions? 16:29 See, because the Lord has given you the Sabbath, that is why 1183  he is giving you food for two days on the sixth day. Each of you stay where you are; 1184  let no one 1185  go out of his place on the seventh day.” 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

16:31 The house of Israel 1186  called its name “manna.” 1187  It was like coriander seed and was white, and it tasted 1188  like wafers with honey.

16:32 Moses said, “This is what 1189  the Lord has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it to be kept 1190  for generations to come, 1191  so that they may see 1192  the food I fed you in the desert when I brought you out from the land of Egypt.’ 16:33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put in it an omer full of manna, and place it before the Lord to be kept for generations to come.” 16:34 Just as the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony 1193  for safekeeping. 1194 

16:35 Now the Israelites ate manna forty years, until they came to a land that was inhabited; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 16:36 (Now an omer is one tenth of an ephah.) 1195 

17:1

Water at Massa and Meribah

1196 

The whole community 1197  of the Israelites traveled on their journey 1198  from the Desert of Sin according to the Lord’s instruction, and they pitched camp in Rephidim. 1199  Now 1200  there was no water for the people to drink. 1201  17:2 So the people contended 1202  with Moses, and they said, “Give us water to drink!” 1203  Moses said to them, “Why do you contend 1204  with me? Why do you test 1205  the Lord? 17:3 But the people were very thirsty 1206  there for water, and they murmured against Moses and said, “Why in the world 1207  did you bring us up out of Egypt – to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst? 1208 

17:4 Then Moses cried out to the Lord, “What will I do with 1209  this people? – a little more 1210  and they will stone me!” 1211  17:5 The Lord said to Moses, “Go over before the people; 1212  take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand your staff with which you struck the Nile and go. 17:6 I will be standing 1213  before you there on 1214  the rock in Horeb, and you will strike 1215  the rock, and water will come out of it so that the people may drink.” 1216  And Moses did so in plain view 1217  of the elders of Israel.

17:7 He called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the contending of the Israelites and because of their testing the Lord, 1218  saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?

17:8

Victory over the Amalekites

1219 

Amalek came 1220  and attacked 1221  Israel in Rephidim. 17:9 So Moses said to Joshua, “Choose some of our 1222  men and go out, fight against Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on top of the hill with the staff of God in my hand.”

17:10 So Joshua fought against Amalek just as Moses had instructed him; 1223 and Moses and Aaron and Hur went up to the top of the hill. 17:11 Whenever Moses would raise his hands, 1224  then Israel prevailed, but whenever he would rest 1225  his hands, then Amalek prevailed. 17:12 When 1226  the hands of Moses became heavy, 1227  they took a stone and put it under him, and Aaron and Hur held up his hands, one on one side and one on the other, 1228  and so his hands were steady 1229  until the sun went down. 17:13 So Joshua destroyed 1230  Amalek and his army 1231  with the sword. 1232 

17:14 The Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in the 1233  book, and rehearse 1234  it in Joshua’s hearing; 1235  for I will surely wipe out 1236  the remembrance 1237  of Amalek from under heaven. 17:15 Moses built an altar, and he called it “The Lord is my Banner,” 1238  17:16 for he said, “For a hand was lifted up to the throne of the Lord 1239 that the Lord will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.” 1240 

18:1

The Advice of Jethro

1241 

Jethro, the priest of Midian, Mosesfather-in-law, heard about all that God had done for Moses and for his people Israel, that 1242  the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt. 1243 

18:2 Jethro, Mosesfather-in-law, took Moseswife Zipporah after he had sent her back, 18:3 and her two sons, one of whom was named Gershom (for Moses 1244  had said, “I have been a foreigner in a foreign land), 18:4 and the other Eliezer (for Moses had said, 1245  “The God of my father has been my help 1246  and delivered 1247  me from the sword of Pharaoh).

18:5 Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, together with Moses 1248  sons and his wife, came to Moses in the desert where he was camping by 1249  the mountain of God. 1250  18:6 He said 1251  to Moses, “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you, along with your wife and her two sons with her.” 18:7 Moses went out to meet his father-in-law and bowed down and kissed him; 1252  they each asked about the other’s welfare, and then they went into the tent. 18:8 Moses told his father-in-law all that the Lord had done to Pharaoh and to Egypt for Israel’s sake, and all the hardship 1253  that had come on them 1254  along the way, and how 1255  the Lord had delivered them.

18:9 Jethro rejoiced 1256  because of all the good that the Lord had done for Israel, whom he had delivered from the hand of Egypt. 18:10 Jethro said, “Blessed 1257  be the Lord who has delivered you from the hand of Egypt, and from the hand of Pharaoh, who has delivered the people from the Egyptianscontrol! 1258  18:11 Now I know that the Lord is greater than all the gods, for in the thing in which they dealt proudly against them he has destroyed them.” 1259  18:12 Then Jethro, Mosesfather-in-law, brought 1260  a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, 1261  and Aaron and all the elders of Israel came to eat food 1262  with the father-in-law of Moses before God.

18:13 On the next day 1263  Moses sat to judge 1264  the people, and the people stood around Moses from morning until evening. 18:14 When Mosesfather-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this 1265  that you are doing for the people? 1266  Why are you sitting by yourself, and all the people stand around you from morning until evening?

18:15 Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me to inquire 1267  of God. 18:16 When they have a dispute, 1268  it comes to me and I decide 1269  between a man and his neighbor, and I make known the decrees of God and his laws.” 1270 

18:17 Mosesfather-in-law said to him, “What 1271  you are doing is not good! 18:18 You will surely wear out, 1272  both you and these people who are with you, for this is too 1273  heavy a burden 1274  for you; you are not able to do it by yourself. 18:19 Now listen to me, 1275  I will give you advice, and may God be with you: You be a representative for the people to God, 1276  and you bring 1277  their disputes 1278  to God; 18:20 warn 1279  them of the statutes and the laws, and make known to them the way in which they must walk 1280  and the work they must do. 1281  18:21 But you choose 1282  from the people capable men, 1283  God-fearing, 1284  men of truth, 1285  those who hate bribes, 1286  and put them over the people 1287  as rulers 1288  of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 18:22 They will judge 1289  the people under normal circumstances, 1290  and every difficult case 1291  they will bring to you, but every small case 1292  they themselves will judge, so that 1293  you may make it easier for yourself, 1294  and they will bear the burden 1295  with you. 18:23 If you do this thing, and God so commands you, 1296  then you will be able 1297  to endure, 1298  and all these people 1299  will be able to go 1300  home 1301  satisfied.” 1302 

18:24 Moses listened to 1303  his father-in-law and did everything he had said. 18:25 Moses chose capable men from all Israel, and he made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 18:26 They judged the people under normal circumstances; the difficult cases they would bring 1304  to Moses, but every small case they would judge themselves.

18:27 Then Moses sent his father-in-law on his way, 1305  and so Jethro 1306  went 1307  to his own land. 1308 

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