The First Blow: Water to Blood 1
The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh’s heart is hard; 2 he refuses to release 3 the people. 7:15 Go to Pharaoh in the morning when 4 he goes out to the water. Position yourself 5 to meet him by the edge of the Nile, 6 and take 7 in your hand the staff 8 that was turned into a snake. 7:16 Tell him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has sent me to you to say, 9 “Release my people, that they may serve me 10 in the desert!” But until now 11 you have not listened. 12 7:17 Thus says the Lord: “By this you will know that I am the Lord: I am going to strike 13 the water of the Nile with the staff that is in my hand, and it will be turned into blood. 14 7:18 Fish 15 in the Nile will die, the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will be unable 16 to drink water from the Nile.”’” 7:19 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Take your staff and stretch out your hand over Egypt’s waters – over their rivers, over their canals, 17 over their ponds, and over all their reservoirs 18 – so that it becomes 19 blood.’ There will be blood everywhere in 20 the land of Egypt, even in wooden and stone containers.” 7:20 Moses and Aaron did so, 21 just as the Lord had commanded. Moses raised 22 the staff 23 and struck the water that was in the Nile right before the eyes 24 of Pharaoh and his servants, 25 and all the water that was in the Nile was turned to blood. 26 7:21 When the fish 27 that were in the Nile died, the Nile began 28 to stink, so that the Egyptians could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood 29 everywhere in the land of Egypt! 7:22 But the magicians of Egypt did the same 30 by their secret arts, and so 31 Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 32 and he refused to listen to Moses and Aaron 33 – just as the Lord had predicted. 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house. He did not pay any attention to this. 34 7:24 All the Egyptians dug around the Nile for water to drink, 35 because they could not drink the water of the Nile. 7:25
The Second Blow: Frogs 36
Seven full days passed 37 after the Lord struck 38 the Nile. 8:1 39 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Release my people in order that they may serve me! 8:2 But if you refuse to release them, then I am going to plague 40 all your territory with frogs. 41 8:3 The Nile will swarm 42 with frogs, and they will come up and go into your house, in your bedroom, and on your bed, and into the houses of your servants and your people, and into your ovens and your kneading troughs. 43 8:4 Frogs 44 will come up against you, your people, and all your servants.”’” 45
8:5 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your hand with your staff 46 over the rivers, over the canals, and over the ponds, and bring the frogs up over the land of Egypt.’” 8:6 So Aaron extended his hand over the waters of Egypt, and frogs 47 came up and covered the land of Egypt.
8:7 The magicians did the same 48 with their secret arts and brought up frogs on the land of Egypt too. 49
8:8 Then Pharaoh summoned 50 Moses and Aaron and said, “Pray 51 to the Lord that he may take the frogs away 52 from me and my people, and I will release 53 the people that they may sacrifice 54 to the Lord.” 8:9 Moses said to Pharaoh, “You may have the honor over me 55 – when shall I pray for you, your servants, and your people, for the frogs to be removed 56 from you and your houses, so that 57 they will be left 58 only in the Nile?” 8:10 He said, “Tomorrow.” And Moses said, 59 “It will be 60 as you say, 61 so that you may know that there is no one like the Lord our God. 8:11 The frogs will depart from you, your houses, your servants, and your people; they will be left only in the Nile.”
8:12 Then Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh, and Moses cried 62 to the Lord because of 63 the frogs that he had brought on 64 Pharaoh. 8:13 The Lord did as Moses asked 65 – the 66 frogs died out of the houses, the villages, and the fields. 8:14 The Egyptians 67 piled them in countless heaps, 68 and the land stank. 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was relief, 69 he hardened 70 his heart and did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 71 8:16
The Third Blow: Gnats 72
The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Aaron, ‘Extend your staff and strike the dust of the ground, and it will become 73 gnats 74 throughout all the land of Egypt.’” 8:17 They did so; Aaron extended his hand with his staff, he struck the dust of the ground, and it became gnats on people 75 and on animals. All the dust of the ground became gnats throughout all the land of Egypt. 8:18 When 76 the magicians attempted 77 to bring forth gnats by their secret arts, they could not. So there were gnats on people and on animals. 8:19 The magicians said 78 to Pharaoh, “It is the finger 79 of God!” But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 80 and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted. 8:20
The Fourth Blow: Flies 81
The Lord 82 said to Moses, “Get up early in the morning and position yourself before Pharaoh as he goes out to the water, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Release my people that they may serve me! 8:21 If you do not release 83 my people, then I am going to send 84 swarms of flies 85 on you and on your servants and on your people and in your houses. The houses of the Egyptians will be full of flies, and even the ground they stand on. 86 8:22 But on that day I will mark off 87 the land of Goshen, where my people are staying, 88 so that no swarms of flies will be there, that you may know that I am the Lord in the midst of this land. 89 8:23 I will put a division 90 between my people and your people. This sign will take place 91 tomorrow.”’” 8:24 The Lord did so; a 92 thick 93 swarm of flies came into 94 Pharaoh’s house and into the houses 95 of his servants, and throughout the whole land of Egypt the land was ruined 96 because of the swarms of flies.
8:25 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Go, sacrifice to your God within the land.” 97 8:26 But Moses said, “That would not be the right thing to do, 98 for the sacrifices we make 99 to the Lord our God would be an abomination 100 to the Egyptians. 101 If we make sacrifices that are an abomination to the Egyptians right before their eyes, 102 will they not stone us? 103 8:27 We must go 104 on a three-day journey 105 into the desert and sacrifice 106 to the Lord our God, just as he is telling us.” 107
8:28 Pharaoh said, “I will release you 108 so that you may sacrifice 109 to the Lord your God in the desert. Only you must not go very far. 110 Do 111 pray for me.”
8:29 Moses said, “I am going to go out 112 from you and pray to the Lord, and the swarms of flies will go away from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people tomorrow. Only do not let Pharaoh deal falsely again 113 by not releasing 114 the people to sacrifice to the Lord.” 8:30 So Moses went out from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 8:31 and the Lord did as Moses asked 115 – he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people. Not one remained! 8:32 But Pharaoh hardened 116 his heart this time also and did not release the people. 9:1
The Fifth Blow: Disease 117
Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, “Release my people that they may serve me! 9:2 For if you refuse to release them 118 and continue holding them, 119 9:3 then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 120 a very terrible plague 121 on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 122 the herds, and the flocks. 9:4 But the Lord will distinguish 123 between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt, and nothing 124 will die of all that the Israelites have.”’” 125
9:5 The Lord set 126 an appointed time, saying, “Tomorrow the Lord will do this 127 in the land.” 9:6 And the Lord did this 128 on the next day; 129 all 130 the livestock of the Egyptians 131 died, but of the Israelites’ livestock not one died. 9:7 Pharaoh sent representatives to investigate, 132 and indeed, not even one of the livestock of Israel had died. But Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 133 and he did not release the people. 9:8
The Sixth Blow: Boils 134
Then the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Take handfuls of soot 135 from a furnace, and have Moses throw it 136 into the air while Pharaoh is watching. 137 9:9 It will become fine dust over the whole land of Egypt and will cause boils to break out and fester 138 on both people and animals in all the land of Egypt.” 9:10 So they took soot from a furnace and stood before Pharaoh, Moses threw it into the air, and it caused festering boils to break out on both people and animals.
9:11 The magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils, for boils were on the magicians and on all the Egyptians. 9:12 But the Lord hardened 139 Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had predicted to Moses. 9:13
The Seventh Blow: Hail 140
The Lord said 141 to Moses, “Get up early in the morning, stand 142 before Pharaoh, and tell him, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: “Release my people so that they may serve me! 9:14 For this time I will send all my plagues 143 on your very self 144 and on your servants and your people, so that you may know that there is no one like me in all the earth. 9:15 For by now I could have stretched out 145 my hand and struck you and your people with plague, and you would have been destroyed 146 from the earth. 9:16 But 147 for this purpose I have caused you to stand: 148 to show you 149 my strength, and so that my name may be declared 150 in all the earth. 9:17 You are still exalting 151 yourself against my people by 152 not releasing them. 9:18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down 153 about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred 154 in Egypt from the day it was founded 155 until now. 9:19 So now, send instructions 156 to gather 157 your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person 158 or animal caught 159 in the field and not brought into the house – the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’”
9:20 Those 160 of Pharaoh’s servants who feared the word of the Lord hurried to bring their 161 servants and livestock into the houses, 9:21 but those 162 who did not take 163 the word of the Lord seriously left their servants and their cattle 164 in the field.
9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward the sky 165 that there may be 166 hail in all the land of Egypt, on people and on animals, 167 and on everything that grows 168 in the field in the land of Egypt.” 9:23 When Moses extended 169 his staff toward the sky, the Lord 170 sent thunder 171 and hail, and fire fell to the earth; 172 so the Lord caused hail to rain down on the land of Egypt. 9:24 Hail fell 173 and fire mingled 174 with the hail; the hail was so severe 175 that there had not been any like it 176 in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 9:25 The hail struck everything in the open fields, both 177 people and animals, throughout all the land of Egypt. The hail struck everything that grows 178 in the field, and it broke all the trees of the field to pieces. 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the Israelites lived, was there no hail.
9:27 So Pharaoh sent and summoned Moses and Aaron and said to them, “I have sinned this time! 179 The Lord is righteous, and I and my people are guilty. 180 9:28 Pray to the Lord, for the mighty 181 thunderings and hail are too much! 182 I will release you and you will stay no longer.” 183
9:29 Moses said to him, “When I leave the city 184 I will spread my hands to the Lord, the thunder will cease, and there will be no more hail, so that you may know that the earth belongs to the Lord. 185 9:30 But as for you 186 and your servants, I know that you do not yet fear 187 the Lord God.”
9:31 (Now the 188 flax and the barley were struck 189 by the hail, 190 for the barley had ripened 191 and the flax 192 was in bud. 9:32 But the wheat and the spelt 193 were not struck, for they are later crops.) 194
9:33 So Moses left Pharaoh, went out of the city, and spread out his hands to the Lord, and the thunder and the hail ceased, and the rain stopped pouring on the earth. 9:34 When Pharaoh saw 195 that the rain and hail and thunder ceased, he sinned again: 196 both he and his servants hardened 197 their hearts. 9:35 So Pharaoh’s heart remained hard, 198 and he did not release the Israelites, as the Lord had predicted through Moses. 10:1
The Eighth Blow: Locusts 199
The Lord said 200 to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, in order to display 201 these signs of mine before him, 202 10:2 and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 203 how I made fools 204 of the Egyptians 205 and about 206 my signs that I displayed 207 among them, so that you may know 208 that I am the Lord.”
10:3 So Moses and Aaron came to Pharaoh and told him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews: ‘How long do you refuse 209 to humble yourself before me? 210 Release my people so that they may serve me! 10:4 But if you refuse to release my people, I am going to bring 211 locusts 212 into your territory 213 tomorrow. 10:5 They will cover 214 the surface 215 of the earth, so that you 216 will be unable to see the ground. They will eat the remainder of what escaped 217 – what is left over 218 for you – from the hail, and they will eat every tree that grows for you from the field. 10:6 They will fill your houses, the houses of your servants, and all the houses of Egypt, such as 219 neither 220 your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen since they have been 221 in the land until this day!’” Then Moses 222 turned and went out from Pharaoh.
10:7 Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long 223 will this man be a menace 224 to us? Release the people so that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not know 225 that Egypt is destroyed?”
10:8 So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. Exactly who is going with you?” 226 10:9 Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our sheep and our cattle we will go, because we are to hold 227 a pilgrim feast for the Lord.”
10:10 He said to them, “The Lord will need to be with you 228 if I release you and your dependents! 229 Watch out! 230 Trouble is right in front of you! 231 10:11 No! 232 Go, you men 233 only, and serve the Lord, for that 234 is what you want.” 235 Then Moses and Aaron 236 were driven 237 out of Pharaoh’s presence.
10:12 The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt for 238 the locusts, that they may come up over the land of Egypt and eat everything that grows 239 in the ground, everything that the hail has left.” 10:13 So Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt, and then the Lord 240 brought 241 an east wind on the land all that day and all night. 242 The morning came, 243 and the east wind had brought up 244 the locusts! 10:14 The locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and settled down in all the territory 245 of Egypt. It was very severe; 246 there had been no locusts like them before, nor will there be such ever again. 247 10:15 They covered 248 the surface 249 of all the ground, so that the ground became dark with them, 250 and they ate all the vegetation of the ground and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Nothing green remained on the trees or on anything that grew in the fields throughout the whole land of Egypt. 10:16 251
Then Pharaoh quickly 252 summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned 253 against the Lord your God and against you! 10:17 So now, forgive my sin this time only, and pray to the Lord your God that he would only 254 take this death 255 away from me.” 10:18 Moses 256 went out 257 from Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord, 10:19 and the Lord turned a very strong west wind, 258 and it picked up the locusts and blew them into the Red Sea. 259 Not one locust remained in all the territory of Egypt. 10:20 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites. 10:21
The Ninth Blow: Darkness 260
The Lord said to Moses, “Extend your hand toward heaven 261 so that there may be 262 darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness so thick it can be felt.” 263
10:22 So Moses extended his hand toward heaven, and there was absolute darkness 264 throughout the land of Egypt for three days. 265 10:23 No one 266 could see 267 another person, and no one could rise from his place for three days. But the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.
10:24 Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lord – only your flocks and herds will be detained. Even your families 268 may go with you.”
10:25 But Moses said, “Will you also 269 provide us 270 with sacrifices and burnt offerings that we may present them 271 to the Lord our God? 10:26 Our livestock must 272 also go with us! Not a hoof is to be left behind! For we must take 273 these animals 274 to serve the Lord our God. Until we arrive there, we do not know what we must use to serve the Lord.” 275
10:27 But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to release them. 10:28 Pharaoh said to him, “Go from me! 276 Watch out for yourself! Do not appear before me again, 277 for when 278 you see my face you will die!” 10:29 Moses said, “As you wish! 279 I will not see your face again.” 280 11:1
The Tenth Blow: Death 281
The Lord said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt; after that he will release you from this place. When he releases you, 282 he will drive you out completely 283 from this place. 11:2 Instruct 284 the people that each man and each woman is to request 285 from his or her neighbor 286 items of silver and gold.” 287
11:3 (Now the Lord granted the people favor with 288 the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, respected by Pharaoh’s servants and by the Egyptian people.) 289
11:4 Moses said, “Thus says the Lord: ‘About midnight 290 I will go throughout Egypt, 291 11:5 and all the firstborn in the land of Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh 292 who sits on his throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. 11:6 There will be a great cry throughout the whole land of Egypt, such as there has never been, 293 nor ever will be again. 294 11:7 But against any of the Israelites not even a dog will bark 295 against either people or animals, 296 so that you may know that the Lord distinguishes 297 between Egypt and Israel.’ 11:8 All these your servants will come down to me and bow down 298 to me, saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow 299 you,’ and after that I will go out.” Then Moses 300 went out from Pharaoh in great anger.
11:9 The Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that my wonders 301 may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.”
11:10 So Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not release the Israelites from his land.