Bible: Ex 20:22-23:33
20:24 ‘You must make for me an altar made of earth, 5 and you will sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your peace offerings, 6 your sheep and your cattle. In every place 7 where I cause my name to be honored 8 I will come to you and I will bless you. 20:25 If you make me an altar of stone, you must not build it 9 of stones shaped with tools, 10 for if you use your tool on it you have defiled it. 11 20:26 And you must not go up by steps to my altar, so that your nakedness is not exposed.’ 1221:1
“These are the decisions that you will set before them:21:2
“If you buy 15 a Hebrew servant, 16 he is to serve you for six years, but in the seventh year he will go out free 17 without paying anything. 18 21:3 If he came 19 in by himself 20 he will go out by himself; if he had 21 a wife when he came in, then his wife will go out with him. 21:4 If his master gave 22 him a wife, and she bore sons or daughters, the wife and the children will belong to her master, and he will go out by himself. 21:5 But if the servant should declare, 23 ‘I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out 24 free,’ 21:6 then his master must bring him to the judges, 25 and he will bring him to the door or the doorposts, and his master will pierce his ear with an awl, and he shall serve him forever. 26
21:7 “If a man sells his daughter 27 as a female servant, 28 she will not go out as the male servants do. 21:8 If she does not please 29 her master, who has designated her 30 for himself, then he must let her be redeemed. 31 He has no right 32 to sell her to a foreign nation, because he has dealt deceitfully 33 with her. 21:9 If he designated her for his son, then he will deal with her according to the customary rights 34 of daughters. 21:10 If he takes another wife, 35 he must not diminish the first one’s food, 36 her clothing, or her marital rights. 37 21:11 If he does not provide her with these three things, then she will go out free, without paying money. 3821:12
“Whoever strikes someone 40 so that he dies 41 must surely be put to death. 42 21:13 But if he does not do it with premeditation, 43 but it happens by accident, 44 then I will appoint for you a place where he may flee. 21:14 But if a man willfully attacks his neighbor to kill him cunningly, 45 you will take him even from my altar that he may die.
21:15 “Whoever strikes 46 his father or his mother must surely be put to death.
21:17 “Whoever treats his father or his mother disgracefully 50 must surely be put to death.
21:18 “If men fight, and one strikes his neighbor with a stone or with his fist and he does not die, but must remain in bed, 51 21:19 and then 52 if he gets up and walks about 53 outside on his staff, then the one who struck him is innocent, except he must pay 54 for the injured person’s 55 loss of time 56 and see to it that he is fully healed.
21:20 “If a man strikes his male servant or his female servant with a staff so that he or she 57 dies as a result of the blow, 58 he will surely be punished. 59 21:21 However, if the injured servant 60 survives one or two days, the owner 61 will not be punished, for he has suffered the loss. 62
21:22 “If men fight and hit a pregnant woman and her child is born prematurely, 63 but there is no serious injury, he will surely be punished in accordance with what the woman’s husband demands of him, and he will pay what the court decides. 64 21:23 But if there is serious injury, then you will give a life for a life, 21:24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 21:25 burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise. 65
21:26 “If a man strikes the eye of his male servant or his female servant so that he destroys it, 66 he will let the servant 67 go free 68 as compensation for the eye. 21:27 If he knocks out the tooth of his male servant or his female servant, he will let the servant 69 go free as compensation for the tooth.21:28
Laws about Animals
“If an ox 71 gores a man or a woman so that either dies, 72 then the ox must surely 73 be stoned and its flesh must not be eaten, but the owner of the ox will be acquitted. 21:29 But if the ox had the habit of goring, and its owner was warned, 74 and he did not take the necessary precautions, 75 and then it killed a man or a woman, the ox must be stoned and the man must be put to death. 21:30 If a ransom is set for him, 76 then he must pay the redemption for his life according to whatever amount was set for him. 21:31 If the ox 77 gores a son or a daughter, the owner 78 will be dealt with according to this rule. 79 21:32 If the ox gores a male servant or a female servant, the owner 80 must pay thirty shekels of silver, 81 and the ox must be stoned. 82
21:33 “If a man opens a pit or if a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 21:34 the owner of the pit must repay 83 the loss. He must give money 84 to its owner, and the dead animal 85 will become his. 21:35 If the ox of one man injures the ox of his neighbor so that it dies, then they will sell the live ox and divide its proceeds, 86 and they will also divide the dead ox. 87 21:36 Or if it is known that the ox had the habit of goring, and its owner did not take the necessary precautions, he must surely pay 88 ox for ox, and the dead animal will become his. 8922:1
Laws about Property
22:2 “If a thief is caught 94 breaking in 95 and is struck so that he dies, there will be no blood guilt for him. 96 22:3 If the sun has risen on him, then there is blood guilt for him. A thief 97 must surely make full restitution; if he has nothing, then he will be sold for his theft. 22:4 If the stolen item should in fact be found 98 alive in his possession, 99 whether it be an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he must pay back double. 100
22:5 “If a man grazes 101 his livestock 102 in a field or a vineyard, and he lets the livestock loose and they graze in the field of another man, he must make restitution from the best of his own field and the best of his own vineyard.
22:7 “If a man gives his neighbor money or articles 106 for safekeeping, 107 and it is stolen from the man’s house, if the thief is caught, 108 he must repay double. 22:8 If the thief is not caught, 109 then the owner of the house will be brought before the judges 110 to see 111 whether he has laid 112 his hand on his neighbor’s goods. 22:9 In all cases of illegal possessions, 113 whether for an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or any kind of lost item, about which someone says ‘This belongs to me,’ 114 the matter of the two of them will come before the judges, 115 and the one whom 116 the judges declare guilty 117 must repay double to his neighbor. 22:10 If a man gives his neighbor a donkey or an ox or a sheep or any beast to keep, and it dies or is hurt 118 or is carried away 119 without anyone seeing it, 120 22:11 then there will be an oath to the
22:14 “If a man borrows an animal 125 from his neighbor, and it is hurt or dies when its owner was not with it, the man who borrowed it 126 will surely pay. 22:15 If its owner was with it, he will not have to pay; if it was hired, what was paid for the hire covers it. 12722:16
Moral and Ceremonial Laws
“If a man seduces a virgin 129 who is not engaged 130 and has sexual relations with her, he must surely endow 131 her to be his wife. 22:17 If her father refuses to give her to him, he must pay money for the bride price of virgins.
22:18 “You must not allow a sorceress to live. 132
22:19 “Whoever has sexual relations 133 with a beast must surely be put to death.
22:22 “You must not afflict 138 any widow or orphan. 22:23 If you afflict them 139 in any way 140 and they cry to me, I will surely hear 141 their cry, 22:24 and my anger will burn and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives will be widows and your children will be fatherless. 142
22:25 “If you lend money to any of 143 my people who are needy among you, do not be like a moneylender 144 to him; do not charge 145 him interest. 146 22:26 If you do take 147 the garment of your neighbor in pledge, you must return it to him by the time the sun goes down, 148 22:27 for it is his only covering – it is his garment for his body. 149 What else can he sleep in? 150 And 151 when he cries out to me, I will hear, for I am gracious.
22:29 “Do not hold back offerings from your granaries or your vats. 154 You must give me the firstborn of your sons. 22:30 You must also do this for your oxen and for your sheep; seven days they may remain with their mothers, but give them to me on the eighth day.23:1
23:2 “You must not follow a crowd 163 in doing evil things; 164 in a lawsuit you must not offer testimony that agrees with a crowd so as to pervert justice, 165 23:3 and you must not show partiality 166 to a poor man in his lawsuit.
23:4 “If you encounter 167 your enemy’s ox or donkey wandering off, you must by all means return 168 it to him. 23:5 If you see the donkey of someone who hates you fallen under its load, you must not ignore him, 169 but be sure to help 170 him with it. 171
23:6 “You must not turn away justice for your poor people in their lawsuits. 23:7 Keep your distance 172 from a false charge 173 – do not kill the innocent and the righteous, 174 for I will not justify the wicked. 175
23:8 “You must not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds those who see 176 and subverts the words of the righteous.23:10
Sabbaths and Feasts
“For six years 180 you are to sow your land and gather in its produce. 23:11 But in the seventh year 181 you must let it lie fallow and leave it alone so that the poor of your people may eat, and what they leave any animal in the field 182 may eat; you must do likewise with your vineyard and your olive grove. 23:12 For six days you are to do your work, but on the seventh day you must cease, in order that your ox and your donkey may rest and that your female servant’s son and any hired help 183 may refresh themselves. 184
23:14 “Three times 188 in the year you must make a pilgrim feast 189 to me. 23:15 You are to observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread; seven days 190 you must eat bread made without yeast, as I commanded you, at the appointed time of the month of Abib, for at that time 191 you came out of Egypt. No one may appear before 192 me empty-handed.
23:16 “You are also to observe 193 the Feast of Harvest, the firstfruits of your labors that you have sown in the field, and the Feast of Ingathering at the end of the year 194 when you have gathered in 195 your harvest 196 out of the field. 23:17 At 197 three times in the year all your males will appear before the Lord
23:18 “You must not offer 199 the blood of my sacrifice with bread containing yeast; the fat of my festal sacrifice must not remain until morning. 200 23:19 The first of the firstfruits of your soil you must bring to the house of the
“You must not cook a young goat in its mother’s milk. 20123:20
The Angel of the Presence
“I am going to send 203 an angel 204 before you to protect you as you journey 205 and to bring you into the place that I have prepared. 206 23:21 Take heed because of him, and obey his voice; do not rebel against him, for he will not pardon your transgressions, for my name 207 is in him. 23:22 But if you diligently obey him 208 and do all that I command, then I will be an enemy to your enemies, and I will be an adversary to your adversaries. 23:23 For my angel will go before you and bring you to the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, and I will destroy them completely. 209
23:24 “You must not bow down to their gods; you must not serve them or do according to their practices. Instead you must completely overthrow them and smash their standing stones 210 to pieces. 211 23:25 You must serve 212 the
23:27 “I will send my terror 217 before you, and I will destroy 218 all the people whom you encounter; I will make all your enemies turn their backs 219 to you. 23:28 I will send 220 hornets before you that will drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite before you. 23:29 I will not drive them out before you in one year, lest the land become desolate and the wild animals 221 multiply against you. 23:30 Little by little 222 I will drive them out before you, until you become fruitful and inherit the land. 23:31 I will set 223 your boundaries from the Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert to the River, 224 for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand, and you will drive them out before you.
23:32 “You must make no covenant with them or with their gods. 23:33 They must not live in your land, lest they make you sin against me, for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare 225 to you.”