Exhortation to Keep the Covenant Principles
6:1 Now these are the commandments, 1 statutes, and ordinances that the Lord your God instructed me to teach you so that you may carry them out in the land where you are headed 2 6:2 and that you may so revere the Lord your God that you will keep all his statutes and commandments 3 that I am giving 4 you – you, your children, and your grandchildren – all your lives, to prolong your days. 6:3 Pay attention, Israel, and be careful to do this so that it may go well with you and that you may increase greatly in number 5 – as the Lord, God of your ancestors, 6 said to you, you will have a land flowing with milk and honey.
The Essence of the Covenant Principles
6:4 Listen, Israel: The Lord is our God, the Lord is one! 7 6:5 You must love 8 the Lord your God with your whole mind, 9 your whole being, 10 and all your strength. 11
Exhortation to Teach the Covenant Principles
6:6 These words I am commanding you today must be kept in mind, 6:7 and you must teach 12 them to your children and speak of them as you sit in your house, as you walk along the road, 13 as you lie down, and as you get up. 6:8 You should tie them as a reminder on your forearm 14 and fasten them as symbols 15 on your forehead. 6:9 Inscribe them on the doorframes of your houses and gates. 16
Exhortation to Worship the Lord Exclusively
6:10 Then when the Lord your God brings you to the land he promised your ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob to give you – a land with large, fine cities you did not build, 6:11 houses filled with choice things you did not accumulate, hewn out cisterns you did not dig, and vineyards and olive groves you did not plant – and you eat your fill, 6:12 be careful not to forget the Lord who brought you out of Egypt, that place of slavery. 17 6:13 You must revere the Lord your God, serve him, and take oaths using only his name. 6:14 You must not go after other gods, those 18 of the surrounding peoples, 6:15 for the Lord your God, who is present among you, is a jealous God and his anger will erupt against you and remove you from the land. 19
Exhortation to Obey the Lord Exclusively
6:16 You must not put the Lord your God to the test as you did at Massah. 20 6:17 Keep his 21 commandments very carefully, 22 as well as the stipulations and statutes he commanded you to observe. 6:18 Do whatever is proper 23 and good before the Lord so that it may go well with you and that you may enter and occupy the good land that he 24 promised your ancestors, 6:19 and that you may drive out all your enemies just as the Lord said.
Exhortation to Remember the Past
6:20 When your children 25 ask you later on, “What are the stipulations, statutes, and ordinances that the Lord our God commanded you?” 6:21 you must say to them, 26 “We were Pharaoh’s slaves in Egypt, but the Lord brought us out of Egypt in a powerful way. 27 6:22 And he 28 brought signs and great, devastating wonders on Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on his whole family 29 before our very eyes. 6:23 He delivered us from there so that he could give us the land he had promised our ancestors. 6:24 The Lord commanded us to obey all these statutes and to revere him 30 so that it may always go well for us and he may preserve us, as he has to this day. 6:25 We will be innocent if we carefully keep all these commandments 31 before the Lord our God, just as he demands.” 32
The Dispossession of Nonvassals
7:1 When the Lord your God brings you to the land that you are going to occupy and forces out many nations before you – Hittites, 33 Girgashites, 34 Amorites, 35 Canaanites, 36 Perizzites, 37 Hivites, 38 and Jebusites, 39 seven 40 nations more numerous and powerful than you – 7:2 and he 41 delivers them over to you and you attack them, you must utterly annihilate 42 them. Make no treaty 43 with them and show them no mercy! 7:3 You must not intermarry with them. Do not give your daughters to their sons or take their daughters for your sons, 7:4 for they will turn your sons away from me to worship other gods. Then the anger of the Lord will erupt against you and he will quickly destroy you. 7:5 Instead, this is what you must do to them: You must tear down their altars, shatter their sacred pillars, 44 cut down their sacred Asherah poles, 45 and burn up their idols. 7:6 For you are a people holy 46 to the Lord your God. He 47 has chosen you to be his people, prized 48 above all others on the face of the earth.
The Basis of Israel’s Election
7:7 It is not because you were more numerous than all the other peoples that the Lord favored and chose you – for in fact you were the least numerous of all peoples. 7:8 Rather it is because of his 49 love 50 for you and his faithfulness to the promise 51 he solemnly vowed 52 to your ancestors 53 that the Lord brought you out with great power, 54 redeeming 55 you from the place of slavery, from the power 56 of Pharaoh king of Egypt. 7:9 So realize that the Lord your God is the true God, 57 the faithful God who keeps covenant faithfully 58 with those who love him and keep his commandments, to a thousand generations, 7:10 but who pays back those who hate 59 him as they deserve and destroys them. He will not ignore 60 those who hate him but will repay them as they deserve! 7:11 So keep the commandments, statutes, and ordinances that I today am commanding you to do.
Promises of Good for Covenant Obedience
7:12 If you obey these ordinances and are careful to do them, the Lord your God will faithfully keep covenant with you 61 as he promised 62 your ancestors. 7:13 He will love and bless you, and make you numerous. He will bless you with many children, 63 with the produce of your soil, your grain, your new wine, your oil, the offspring of your oxen, and the young of your flocks in the land which he promised your ancestors to give you. 7:14 You will be blessed beyond all peoples; there will be no barrenness 64 among you or your livestock. 7:15 The Lord will protect you from all sickness, and you will not experience any of the terrible diseases that you knew in Egypt; instead he will inflict them on all those who hate you.
Exhortation to Destroy Canaanite Paganism
7:16 You must destroy 65 all the people whom the Lord your God is about to deliver over to you; you must not pity them or worship 66 their gods, for that will be a snare to you. 7:17 If you think, “These nations are more numerous than I – how can I dispossess them?” 7:18 you must not fear them. You must carefully recall 67 what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and all Egypt, 7:19 the great judgments 68 you saw, the signs and wonders, the strength and power 69 by which he 70 brought you out – thus the Lord your God will do to all the people you fear. 7:20 Furthermore, the Lord your God will release hornets 71 among them until the very last ones who hide from you 72 perish. 7:21 You must not tremble in their presence, for the Lord your God, who is present among you, is a great and awesome God. 7:22 He, 73 the God who leads you, will expel the nations little by little. You will not be allowed to destroy them all at once lest the wild animals overrun you. 7:23 The Lord your God will give them over to you; he will throw them into a great panic 74 until they are destroyed. 7:24 He will hand over their kings to you and you will erase their very names from memory. 75 Nobody will be able to resist you until you destroy them. 7:25 You must burn the images of their gods, but do not covet the silver and gold that covers them so much that you take it for yourself and thus become ensnared by it; for it is abhorrent 76 to the Lord your God. 7:26 You must not bring any abhorrent thing into your house and thereby become an object of divine wrath 77 along with it. 78 You must absolutely detest 79 and abhor it, 80 for it is an object of divine wrath.
The Lord’s Provision in the Desert
8:1 You must keep carefully all these commandments 81 I am giving 82 you today so that you may live, increase in number, 83 and go in and occupy the land that the Lord promised to your ancestors. 84 8:2 Remember the whole way by which he 85 has brought you these forty years through the desert 86 so that he might, by humbling you, test you to see if you have it within you to keep his commandments or not. 8:3 So he humbled you by making you hungry and then feeding you with unfamiliar manna. 87 He did this to teach you 88 that humankind 89 cannot live by bread 90 alone, but also by everything that comes from the Lord’s mouth. 91 8:4 Your clothing did not wear out nor did your feet swell all these forty years. 8:5 Be keenly aware that just as a parent disciplines his child, 92 the Lord your God disciplines you. 8:6 So you must keep his 93 commandments, live according to his standards, 94 and revere him. 8:7 For the Lord your God is bringing you to a good land, a land of brooks, 95 springs, and fountains flowing forth in valleys and hills, 8:8 a land of wheat, barley, vines, fig trees, and pomegranates, of olive trees and honey, 8:9 a land where you may eat food 96 in plenty and find no lack of anything, a land whose stones are iron 97 and from whose hills you can mine copper. 8:10 You will eat your fill and then praise the Lord your God because of the good land he has given you.
Exhortation to Remember That Blessing Comes from God
8:11 Be sure you do not forget the Lord your God by not keeping his commandments, ordinances, and statutes that I am giving you today. 8:12 When you eat your fill, when you build and occupy good houses, 8:13 when your cattle and flocks increase, when you have plenty of silver and gold, and when you have abundance of everything, 8:14 be sure 98 you do not feel self-important and forget the Lord your God who brought you from the land of Egypt, the place of slavery, 8:15 and who brought you through the great, fearful desert of venomous serpents 99 and scorpions, an arid place with no water. He made water flow 100 from a flint rock and 8:16 fed you in the desert with manna (which your ancestors had never before known) so that he might by humbling you test you 101 and eventually bring good to you. 8:17 Be careful 102 not to say, “My own ability and skill 103 have gotten me this wealth.” 8:18 You must remember the Lord your God, for he is the one who gives ability to get wealth; if you do this he will confirm his covenant that he made by oath to your ancestors, 104 even as he has to this day. 8:19 Now if you forget the Lord your God at all 105 and follow other gods, worshiping and prostrating yourselves before them, I testify to you today that you will surely be annihilated. 8:20 Just like the nations the Lord is about to destroy from your sight, so he will do to you 106 because you would not obey him. 107