Bible: Deuteronomy 25:1-4

25:1 If controversy arises between people, 1  they should go to court for judgment. When the judges 2  hear the case, they shall exonerate 3  the innocent but condemn 4  the guilty. 25:2 Then, 5  if the guilty person is sentenced to a beating, 6  the judge shall force him to lie down and be beaten in his presence with the number of blows his wicked behavior deserves. 7  25:3 The judge 8  may sentence him to forty blows, 9  but no more. If he is struck with more than these, you might view your fellow Israelite 10  with contempt.

25:4 You must not muzzle your 11  ox when it is treading grain.

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