Bible: Deuteronomy 25:1-4
25:1 If controversy arises between people, 1 they should go to court for judgment. When the judges 2 hear the case, they shall exonerate 3 the innocent but condemn 4 the guilty. 25:2 Then, 5 if the guilty person is sentenced to a beating, 6 the judge shall force him to lie down and be beaten in his presence with the number of blows his wicked behavior deserves. 7 25:3 The judge 8 may sentence him to forty blows, 9 but no more. If he is struck with more than these, you might view your fellow Israelite 10 with contempt.
25:4 You must not muzzle your 11 ox when it is treading grain.