Bible: Deut 32-33
Invocation of Witnesses
32:1 Listen, O heavens, and I will speak;
hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.
32:2 My teaching will drop like the rain,
my sayings will drip like the dew, 1
as rain drops upon the grass,
and showers upon new growth.
32:3 For I will proclaim the name 2 of the
you must acknowledge the greatness of our God.
32:4 As for the Rock, 3 his work is perfect,
for all his ways are just.
He is a reliable God who is never unjust,
he is fair 4 and upright.
32:5 His people have been unfaithful 5 to him;
They are a perverse 8 and deceitful generation.
32:6 Is this how you repay 9 the
you foolish, unwise people?
Is he not your father, your creator?
He has made you and established you.
32:7 Remember the ancient days;
Ask your father and he will inform you,
your elders, and they will tell you.
32:8 When the Most High 12 gave the nations their inheritance,
when he divided up humankind, 13
he set the boundaries of the peoples,
according to the number of the heavenly assembly. 14
32:9 For the
Jacob is his special possession. 15
in an empty wasteland where animals howl. 18
32:11 Like an eagle that stirs up 23 its nest,
that hovers over its young,
he lifted him up on his pinions.
no foreign god was with him.
32:13 He enabled him 27 to travel over the high terrain of the land,
and he ate of the produce of the fields.
He provided honey for him from the cliffs, 28
32:14 butter from the herd
and milk from the flock,
along with the fat of lambs,
rams and goats of Bashan,
along with the best of the kernels of wheat;
and from the juice of grapes you drank wine.
32:15 But Jeshurun 32 became fat and kicked,
you 33 got fat, thick, and stuffed!
Then he deserted the God who made him,
and treated the Rock who saved him with contempt.
32:16 They made him jealous with other gods, 34
they enraged him with abhorrent idols. 35
32:17 They sacrificed to demons, not God,
to gods they had not known;
to new gods who had recently come along,
gods your ancestors 36 had not known about.
32:18 You have forgotten 37 the Rock who fathered you,
and put out of mind the God who gave you birth.
A Word of Judgment
32:19 But the
because his sons and daughters enraged him.
32:20 He said, “I will reject them, 38
I will see what will happen to them;
for they are a perverse generation,
children 39 who show no loyalty.
enraging me with their worthless gods; 42
so I will make them jealous with a people they do not recognize, 43
with a nation slow to learn 44 I will enrage them.
32:22 For a fire has been kindled by my anger,
and it burns to lowest Sheol; 45
it consumes the earth and its produce,
and ignites the foundations of the mountains.
32:23 I will increase their 46 disasters,
I will use up my arrows on them.
32:24 They will be starved by famine,
eaten by plague, and bitterly stung; 47
I will send the teeth of wild animals against them,
along with the poison of creatures that crawl in the dust.
32:25 The sword will make people childless outside,
and terror will do so inside;
they will destroy 48 both the young man and the virgin,
the infant and the gray-haired man.
The Weakness of Other Gods
32:26 “I said, ‘I want to cut them in pieces. 49
I want to make people forget they ever existed.
32:27 But I fear the reaction 50 of their enemies,
for 51 their adversaries would misunderstand
and say, “Our power is great, 52
32:28 They are a nation devoid of wisdom,
and there is no understanding among them.
32:29 I wish that they were wise and could understand this,
and that they could comprehend what will happen to them.”
32:30 How can one man chase a thousand of them, 53
and two pursue ten thousand;
unless their Rock had delivered them up, 54
32:31 For our enemies’ 55 rock is not like our Rock,
as even our enemies concede.
32:32 For their vine is from the stock 56 of Sodom,
and from the fields of Gomorrah. 57
Their grapes contain venom,
their clusters of grapes are bitter.
32:33 Their wine is snakes’ poison,
the deadly venom of cobras.
32:34 “Is this not stored up with me?” says the
“Is it not sealed up in my storehouses?
32:35 I will get revenge and pay them back
at the time their foot slips;
for the day of their disaster is near,
and the impending judgment 59 is rushing upon them!”
and will change his plans concerning 60 his servants;
when he sees that their power has disappeared,
and that no one is left, whether confined or set free.
32:37 He will say, “Where are their gods,
the rock in whom they sought security,
32:38 who ate the best of their sacrifices,
and drank the wine of their drink offerings?
Let them rise and help you;
let them be your refuge!
The Vindication of the
32:39 “See now that I, indeed I, am he!” says the
“and there is no other god besides me.
I kill and give life,
I smash and I heal,
and none can resist 62 my power.
32:40 For I raise up my hand to heaven,
and say, ‘As surely as I live forever,
32:41 I will sharpen my lightning-like sword,
and my hand will grasp hold of the weapon of judgment; 63
I will execute vengeance on my foes,
and repay those who hate me! 64
32:42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood,
and my sword will devour flesh –
the blood of the slaughtered and captured,
the chief 65 of the enemy’s leaders!’”
32:43 Cry out, O nations, with his people,
for he will avenge his servants’ blood;
he will take vengeance against his enemies,
and make atonement for his land and people.
32:44 Then Moses went with Joshua 66 son of Nun and recited all the words of this song to the people. 32:45 When Moses finished reciting all these words to all Israel 32:46 he said to them, “Keep in mind all the words I am solemnly proclaiming to you today; you must command your children to observe carefully all the words of this law. 32:47 For this is no idle word for you – it is your life! By this word you will live a long time in the land you are about to cross the Jordan to possess.”
Instructions about Moses’ Death
32:48 Then the
Introduction to the Blessing of Moses
33:1 This is the blessing Moses the man of God pronounced upon the Israelites before his death. 33:2 He said:
A Historical Review
He appeared in splendor 76 from Mount Paran,
and came forth with ten thousand holy ones. 77
With his right hand he gave a fiery law 78 to them.
33:3 Surely he loves the people; 79
And they sit 82 at your feet,
each receiving 83 your words.
33:4 Moses delivered to us a law, 84
an inheritance for the assembly of Jacob.
when the leaders of the people assembled,
the tribes of Israel together. 87
Blessing on Reuben
33:6 May Reuben live and not die,
and may his people multiply. 88
Blessing on Judah
33:7 And this is the blessing 89 to Judah. He said,
and bring him to his people.
May his power be great,
and may you help him against his foes.
Blessing on Levi
33:8 Of Levi he said:
whose authority you challenged at Massah, 92
and with whom you argued at the waters of Meribah. 93
33:9 He said to his father and mother, “I have not seen him,” 94
and he did not acknowledge his own brothers
or know his own children,
for they kept your word,
and guarded your covenant.
33:10 They will teach Jacob your ordinances
and Israel your law;
they will offer incense as a pleasant odor,
and a whole offering on your altar.
33:11 Bless, O
and be pleased with his efforts;
undercut the legs 95 of any who attack him,
and of those who hate him, so that they cannot stand.
Blessing on Benjamin
33:12 Of Benjamin he said:
The beloved of the
he protects him all the time,
Blessing on Joseph
33:13 Of Joseph he said:
with the harvest produced by the sky, 98 by the dew,
and by the depths crouching beneath;
33:14 with the harvest produced by the daylight 99
33:15 with the best 102 of the ancient mountains
and the harvest produced by the age-old hills;
33:16 with the harvest of the earth and its fullness
and the pleasure of him who resided in the burning bush. 103
May blessing rest on Joseph’s head,
and on the top of the head of the one set apart 104 from his brothers.
33:17 May the firstborn of his bull bring him honor,
and may his horns be those of a wild ox;
with them may he gore all peoples,
all the far reaches of the earth.
They are the ten thousands of Ephraim, 105
and they are the thousands of Manasseh.
Blessing on Zebulun and Issachar
33:18 Of Zebulun he said:
Rejoice, Zebulun, when you go outside,
and Issachar, when you are in your tents.
33:19 They will summon peoples to the mountain,
there they will sacrifice proper 106 sacrifices;
for they will enjoy 107 the abundance of the seas,
and the hidden treasures of the shores. 108
Blessing on Gad
33:20 Of Gad he said:
Blessed be the one who enlarges Gad.
Like a lioness he will dwell;
he will tear at an arm – indeed, a scalp. 109
33:21 He has selected the best part for himself,
he came with the leaders 112 of the people,
he obeyed the righteous laws of the
and his ordinances with Israel.
Blessing on Dan
33:22 Of Dan he said:
Dan is a lion’s cub;
he will leap forth from Bashan. 113
Blessing on Naphtali
33:23 Of Naphtali he said:
O Naphtali, overflowing with favor,
and full of the
possess the west and south.
Blessing on Asher
33:24 Of Asher he said:
Asher is blessed with children,
may he be favored by his brothers
and may he dip his foot in olive oil. 114
33:25 The bars of your gates 115 will be made of iron and bronze,
and may you have lifelong strength.
General Praise and Blessing
33:26 There is no one like God, O Jeshurun, 116
who rides through the sky 117 to help you,
on the clouds in majesty.
33:27 The everlasting God is a refuge,
and underneath you are his eternal arms; 118
he has driven out enemies before you,
and has said, “Destroy!”
33:28 Israel lives in safety,
the fountain of Jacob is quite secure, 119
in a land of grain and new wine;
33:29 You have joy, Israel! Who is like you?
You are a people delivered by the
your protective shield
and your exalted sword.
May your enemies cringe before you;
may you trample on their backs.