Bible: Daniel 8-12
Daniel Has a Vision of a Goat and a Ram
In the third year 2 of King Belshazzar’s reign, a vision appeared to me, Daniel, after the one that had appeared to me previously. 3 8:2 In this 4 vision I saw myself in Susa 5 the citadel, 6 which is located in the province of Elam. In the vision I saw myself at the Ulai Canal. 7 8:3 I looked up 8 and saw 9 a 10 ram with two horns standing at the canal. Its two horns were both long, 11 but one was longer than the other. The longer one was coming up after the shorter one. 8:4 I saw that the ram was butting westward, northward, and southward. No animal 12 was able to stand before it, and there was none who could deliver from its power. 13 It did as it pleased and acted arrogantly. 14
8:5 While I was contemplating all this, 15 a male goat 16 was coming from the west over the surface of all the land 17 without touching the ground. This goat had a conspicuous horn 18 between its eyes. 8:6 It came to the two-horned ram that I had seen standing beside the canal and rushed against it with raging strength. 19 8:7 I saw it approaching the ram. It went into a fit of rage against the ram 20 and struck it 21 and broke off its two horns. The ram had no ability to resist it. 22 The goat hurled the ram 23 to the ground and trampled it. No one could deliver the ram from its power. 24 8:8 The male goat acted even more arrogantly. But no sooner had the large horn become strong than it was broken, and there arose four conspicuous horns 25 in its place, 26 extending toward the four winds of the sky. 27
8:9 From one of them came a small horn. 28 But it grew to be very big, toward the south and the east and toward the beautiful land. 29 8:10 It grew so big it reached the army 30 of heaven, and it brought about the fall of some of the army and some of the stars 31 to the ground, where it trampled them. 8:11 It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army, 32 from whom 33 the daily sacrifice was removed and whose sanctuary 34 was thrown down. 8:12 The army was given over, 35 along with the daily sacrifice, in the course of his sinful rebellion. 36 It hurled 37 truth 38 to the ground and enjoyed success. 39
8:13 Then I heard a holy one 40 speaking. Another holy one said to the one who was speaking, “To what period of time does the vision pertain – this vision concerning the daily sacrifice and the destructive act of rebellion and the giving over of both the sanctuary and army to be trampled?” 8:14 He said to me, “To 2,300 evenings and mornings; 41 then the sanctuary will be put right again.” 42
An Angel Interprets Daniel’s Vision
8:15 While I, Daniel, was watching the vision, I sought to understand it. Now one who appeared to be a man was standing before me. 8:16 Then I heard a human voice coming from between the banks of the Ulai. It called out, “Gabriel, 43 enable this person to understand the vision.” 8:17 So he approached the place where I was standing. As he came, I felt terrified and fell flat on the ground. 44 Then he said to me, “Understand, son of man, 45 that the vision pertains to the time of the end.” 8:18 As he spoke with me, I fell into a trance with my face to the ground. But he touched me and stood me upright. 46
8:19 Then he said, “I am going to inform you about what will happen in the latter time of wrath, for the vision 47 pertains to the appointed time of the end. 8:20 The ram that you saw with the two horns stands for the kings of Media and Persia. 8:21 The male goat 48 is the king of Greece, 49 and the large horn between its eyes is the first king. 8:22 The horn that was broken 50 and in whose place there arose four others stands for four kingdoms that will arise from his nation, though they will not have his strength. 8:23 Toward the end of their rule, when rebellious acts 51 are complete, a rash 52 and deceitful 53 king will arise. 54 8:24 His power will be great, but it will not be by his strength alone. He will cause terrible destruction. 55 He will be successful in what he undertakes. 56 He will destroy powerful people and the people of the holy ones. 57 8:25 By his treachery 58 he will succeed through deceit. 59 He will have an arrogant attitude, 60 and he will destroy many who are unaware of his schemes. 61 He will rise up against the Prince of princes, yet he will be broken apart – but not by human agency. 62 8:26 The vision of the evenings and mornings that was told to you is correct. 63 But you should seal up the vision, for it refers to a time many days from now.”
8:27 I, Daniel, was exhausted 64 and sick for days. Then I got up and again carried out the king’s business. But I was astonished at the vision, and there was no one to explain it.
Daniel Prays for His People
9:1 In the first year of Darius 65 son of Ahasuerus, 66 who was of Median descent and who had been 67 appointed king over the Babylonian 68 empire – 9:2 in the first year of his reign 69 I, Daniel, came to understand from the sacred books 70 that, according to the word of the
“O Lord, 76 great and awesome God who is faithful to his covenant 77 with those who love him and keep his commandments, 9:5 we have sinned! We have done what is wrong and wicked; we have rebelled by turning away from your commandments and standards. 9:6 We have not paid attention to your servants the prophets, who spoke by your authority 78 to our kings, our leaders, and our ancestors, 79 and to all the inhabitants 80 of the land as well.
9:7 “You are righteous, 81 O Lord, but we are humiliated this day 82 – the people 83 of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far away in all the countries in which you have scattered them, because they have behaved unfaithfully toward you. 9:8 O
9:11 “All Israel has broken 89 your law and turned away by not obeying you. 90 Therefore you have poured out on us the judgment solemnly threatened 91 in the law of Moses the servant of God, for we have sinned against you. 92 9:12 He has carried out his threats 93 against us and our rulers 94 who were over 95 us by bringing great calamity on us – what has happened to Jerusalem has never been equaled under all heaven! 9:13 Just as it is written in the law of Moses, so all this calamity has come on us. Still we have not tried to pacify 96 the
9:15 “Now, O Lord our God, who brought your people out of the land of Egypt with great power 102 and made a name for yourself that is remembered to this day – we have sinned and behaved wickedly. 9:16 O Lord, according to all your justice, 103 please turn your raging anger 104 away from your city Jerusalem, your holy mountain. For due to our sins and the iniquities of our ancestors, Jerusalem and your people are mocked by all our neighbors.
9:17 “So now, our God, accept 105 the prayer and requests of your servant, and show favor to 106 your devastated sanctuary for your own sake. 107 9:18 Listen attentively, 108 my God, and hear! Open your eyes and look on our desolated ruins 109 and the city called by your name. 110 For it is not because of our own righteous deeds that we are praying to you, 111 but because your compassion is abundant. 9:19 O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, pay attention, and act! Don’t delay, for your own sake, O my God! For your city and your people are called by your name.” 112
Gabriel Gives to Daniel a Prophecy of Seventy Weeks
9:20 While I was still speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel and presenting my request before the
9:24 “Seventy weeks 120 have been determined
concerning your people and your holy city
to put an end to 121 rebellion,
to atone for iniquity,
to bring in perpetual 124 righteousness,
and to anoint a most holy place. 127
9:25 So know and understand:
From the issuing of the command 128 to restore and rebuild
there will be a period of seven weeks 131 and sixty-two weeks.
It will again be built, 132 with plaza and moat,
but in distressful times.
9:26 Now after the sixty-two weeks,
an anointed one will be cut off and have nothing. 133
As for the city and the sanctuary,
the people of the coming prince will destroy 134 them.
Until the end of the war that has been decreed
there will be destruction.
9:27 He will confirm a covenant with many for one week. 137
But in the middle of that week
he will bring sacrifices and offerings to a halt.
until the decreed end is poured out on the one who destroys.”10:1
An Angel Appears to Daniel
In the third 141 year of King Cyrus of Persia a message was revealed to Daniel (who was also called Belteshazzar). This message was true and concerned a great war. 142 He understood the message and gained insight by the vision.
10:2 In those days I, Daniel, was mourning for three whole weeks. 143 10:3 I ate no choice food; no meat or wine came to my lips, 144 nor did I anoint myself with oil 145 until the end of those three weeks.
10:4 On the twenty-fourth day of the first month 146 I was beside the great river, the Tigris. 147 10:5 I looked up 148 and saw a 149 man 150 clothed in linen; 151 around his waist was a belt made of gold from Upaz. 152 10:6 His body resembled yellow jasper, 153 and his face had an appearance like lightning. His eyes were like blazing torches; 154 his arms and feet had the gleam of polished bronze. His voice 155 thundered forth like the sound of a large crowd.
10:7 Only I, Daniel, saw the vision; the men who were with me did not see it. 156 On the contrary, they were overcome with fright 157 and ran away to hide. 10:8 I alone was left to see this great vision. My strength drained from 158 me, and my vigor disappeared; 159 I was without energy. 160 10:9 I listened to his voice, 161 and as I did so 162 I fell into a trance-like sleep with my face to the ground. 10:10 Then 163 a hand touched me and set me on my hands and knees. 164 10:11 He said to me, “Daniel, you are of great value. 165 Understand the words that I am about to 166 speak to you. So stand up, 167 for I have now been sent to you.” When he said this 168 to me, I stood up shaking. 10:12 Then he said to me, “Don’t be afraid, Daniel, for from the very first day you applied your mind 169 to understand and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard. I have come in response to your words. 10:13 However, the prince of the kingdom of Persia was opposing me for twenty-one days. But 170 Michael, one of the leading princes, came to help me, because I was left there 171 with the kings of Persia. 10:14 Now I have come to help you understand what will happen to your people in the latter days, for the vision pertains to future days.”
10:15 While he was saying this to me, 172 I was flat on 173 the ground and unable to speak. 10:16 Then 174 one who appeared to be a human being 175 was touching my lips. I opened my mouth and started to speak, saying to the one who was standing before me, “Sir, 176 due to the vision, anxiety has gripped me and I have no strength. 10:17 How, sir, am I able to speak with you? 177 My strength is gone, 178 and I am breathless.” 10:18 Then the one who appeared to be a human being touched me again 179 and strengthened me. 10:19 He said to me, “Don’t be afraid, you who are valued. 180 Peace be to you! Be strong! Be really strong!” When he spoke to me, I was strengthened. I said, “Sir, you may speak now, 181 for you have given me strength.” 10:20 He said, “Do you know why I have come to you? 182 Now I am about to return to engage in battle with the prince of Persia. When I go, the prince of Greece is coming. 10:21 However, I will first tell you what is written in a dependable book. 183 (There is no one who strengthens me against these princes, 184 except Michael your 185 prince. 11:1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I 186 stood to strengthen him and to provide protection for him.) 11:2 Now I will tell you the truth.
The Angel Gives a Message to Daniel
“Three 187 more kings will arise for Persia. Then a fourth 188 king will be unusually rich, 189 more so than all who preceded him. When he has amassed power through his riches, he will stir up everyone against 190 the kingdom of Greece. 11:3 Then a powerful king 191 will arise, exercising great authority and doing as he pleases. 11:4 Shortly after his rise to power, 192 his kingdom will be broken up and distributed toward the four winds of the sky 193 – but not to his posterity or with the authority he exercised, for his kingdom will be uprooted and distributed to others besides these.
11:5 “Then the king of the south 194 and one of his subordinates 195 will grow strong. His subordinate 196 will resist 197 him and will rule a kingdom greater than his. 198 11:6 After some years have passed, they 199 will form an alliance. Then the daughter 200 of the king of the south will come to the king of the north to make an agreement, but she will not retain her power, 201 nor will he continue 202 in his strength. 203 She, together with the one who brought her, her child, 204 and her benefactor will all be delivered over at that time. 205
11:7 “There will arise in his 206 place one from her family line 207 who will come against their army and will enter the stronghold of the king of the north and will move against them successfully. 208 11:8 He will also take their gods into captivity to Egypt, along with their cast images and prized utensils of silver and gold. Then he will withdraw for some years from 209 the king of the north. 11:9 Then the king of the north 210 will advance against the empire of the king of the south, but will withdraw to his own land. 11:10 His sons 211 will wage war, mustering a large army which will advance like an overflowing river and carrying the battle all the way to the enemy’s 212 fortress. 213
11:11 “Then the king of the south 214 will be enraged and will march out to fight against the king of the north, who will also muster a large army, but that army will be delivered into his hand. 11:12 When the army is taken away, the king of the south will become arrogant. 215 He will be responsible for the death 216 of thousands and thousands of people, 217 but he will not continue to prevail. 11:13 For the king of the north will again muster an army, one larger than before. At the end of some years he will advance with a huge army and enormous supplies.
11:14 “In those times many will oppose 218 the king of the south. 219 Those who are violent 220 among your own people will rise up in confirmation of 221 the vision, but they will falter. 11:15 Then the king of the north will advance and will build siege mounds and capture a well-fortified city. 222 The forces of the south will not prevail, not even his finest contingents. 223 They will have no strength to prevail. 11:16 The one advancing against him will do as he pleases, and no one will be able to stand before him. He will prevail in the beautiful land, and its annihilation will be within his power. 224 11:17 His intention 225 will be to come with the strength of his entire kingdom, and he will form alliances. 226 He will give the king of the south 227 a daughter 228 in marriage in order to destroy the kingdom, but it will not turn out to his advantage. 11:18 Then he will turn his attention 229 to the coastal regions and will capture many of them. But a commander 230 will bring his shameful conduct to a halt; in addition, 231 he will make him pay for his shameful conduct. 232 11:19 He will then turn his attention to the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble and fall, not to be found again. 11:20 There will arise after him 233 one 234 who will send out an exactor 235 of tribute to enhance the splendor of the kingdom, but after a few days he will be destroyed, 236 though not in anger or battle.
11:21 “Then there will arise in his place a despicable person 237 to whom the royal honor has not been rightfully conferred. He will come on the scene in a time of prosperity and will seize the kingdom through deceit. 11:22 Armies 238 will be suddenly 239 swept away in defeat 240 before him; both they and a covenant leader 241 will be destroyed. 242 11:23 After 243 entering into an alliance with him, he will behave treacherously; he will ascend to power with only a small force. 244 11:24 In a time of prosperity for the most productive areas of the province he will come and accomplish what neither his fathers nor their fathers accomplished. He will distribute loot, spoils, and property to his followers, and he will devise plans against fortified cities, but not for long. 245 11:25 He will rouse his strength and enthusiasm 246 against the king of the south 247 with a large army. The king of the south will wage war with a large and very powerful army, but he will not be able to prevail because of the plans devised against him. 11:26 Those who share the king’s fine food will attempt to destroy him, and his army will be swept away; 248 many will be killed in battle. 11:27 These two kings, their minds 249 filled with evil intentions, will trade 250 lies with one another at the same table. But it will not succeed, for there is still an end at the appointed time. 11:28 Then the king of the north 251 will return to his own land with much property. His mind will be set against the holy covenant. He will take action, and then return to his own land. 11:29 At an appointed time he will again invade the south, but this latter visit will not turn out the way the former one did. 11:30 The ships of Kittim 252 will come against him, leaving him disheartened. 253 He will turn back and direct his indignation against the holy covenant. He will return and honor 254 those who forsake the holy covenant. 11:31 His forces 255 will rise up and profane the fortified sanctuary, 256 stopping the daily sacrifice. In its place they will set up 257 the abomination that causes desolation. 11:32 Then with smooth words he will defile 258 those who have rejected 259 the covenant. But the people who are loyal to 260 their God will act valiantly. 261 11:33 These who are wise among the people will teach the masses. 262 However, they will fall 263 by the sword and by the flame, 264 and they will be imprisoned and plundered for some time. 265 11:34 When they stumble, they will be granted some help. But many will unite with them deceitfully. 11:35 Even some of the wise will stumble, resulting in their refinement, purification, and cleansing until the time of the end, for it is still for the appointed time.
11:36 “Then the king 266 will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify himself above every deity and he will utter presumptuous things against the God of gods. He will succeed until the time of 267 wrath is completed, for what has been decreed must occur. 268 11:37 He will not respect 269 the gods of his fathers – not even the god loved by women. 270 He will not respect any god; he will elevate himself above them all. 11:38 What he will honor is a god of fortresses – a god his fathers did not acknowledge he will honor with gold, silver, valuable stones, and treasured commodities. 11:39 He will attack 271 mighty fortresses, aided by 272 a foreign deity. To those who recognize him he will grant considerable honor. He will place them in authority over many people, and he will parcel out land for a price. 273
11:40 “At the time of the end the king of the south will attack 274 him. Then the king of the north will storm against him 275 with chariots, horsemen, and a large armada of ships. 276 He 277 will invade lands, passing through them like an overflowing river. 278 11:41 Then he will enter the beautiful land. 279 Many 280 will fall, but these will escape: 281 Edom, Moab, and the Ammonite leadership. 11:42 He will extend his power 282 against other lands; the land of Egypt will not escape. 11:43 He will have control over the hidden stores of gold and silver, as well as all the treasures of Egypt. Libyans and Ethiopians 283 will submit to him. 284 11:44 But reports will trouble him from the east and north, and he will set out in a tremendous rage to destroy and wipe out many. 11:45 He will pitch his royal tents between the seas 285 toward the beautiful holy mountain. But he will come to his end, with no one to help him.
12:1 “At that time Michael,
the great prince who watches over your people, 286
will arise. 287
There will be a time of distress
unlike any other from the nation’s beginning 288
up to that time.
But at that time your own people,
all those whose names are 289 found written in the book,
12:2 Many of those who sleep
in the dusty ground will awake –
some to everlasting life,
and others to shame and everlasting abhorrence. 290
12:3 But the wise will shine
like the brightness of the heavenly expanse.
And those bringing many to righteousness
will be like the stars forever and ever.
12:4 “But you, Daniel, close up these words and seal the book until the time of the end. Many will dash about, 291 and knowledge will increase.”
12:5 I, Daniel, watched as two others stood there, one on each side of the river. 292 12:6 One said to the man clothed in linen who was above the waters of the river, “When will the end of these wondrous events occur?” 12:7 Then I heard the man clothed in linen who was over the waters of the river as he raised both his right and left hands to the sky 293 and made an oath by the one who lives forever: “It is for a time, times, and half a time. Then, when the power of the one who shatters 294 the holy people has been exhausted, all these things will be finished.”
12:8 I heard, but I did not understand. So I said, “Sir, 295 what will happen after these things?” 12:9 He said, “Go, Daniel. For these matters are closed and sealed until the time of the end. 12:10 Many will be purified, made clean, and refined, but the wicked will go on being wicked. None of the wicked will understand, though the wise will understand. 12:11 From the time that the daily sacrifice is removed and the abomination that causes desolation is set in place, 296 there are 1,290 days. 12:12 Blessed is the one who waits and attains to the 1,335 days. 12:13 But you should go your way 297 until the end. 298 You will rest and then at the end of the days you will arise to receive 299 what you have been allotted.” 300