Bible: Daniel 8-12


Daniel Has a Vision of a Goat and a Ram


In the third year 2  of King Belshazzar’s reign, a vision appeared to me, Daniel, after the one that had appeared to me previously. 3  8:2 In this 4  vision I saw myself in Susa 5  the citadel, 6  which is located in the province of Elam. In the vision I saw myself at the Ulai Canal. 7  8:3 I looked up 8  and saw 9  a 10  ram with two horns standing at the canal. Its two horns were both long, 11  but one was longer than the other. The longer one was coming up after the shorter one. 8:4 I saw that the ram was butting westward, northward, and southward. No animal 12  was able to stand before it, and there was none who could deliver from its power. 13  It did as it pleased and acted arrogantly. 14 

8:5 While I was contemplating all this, 15  a male goat 16  was coming from the west over the surface of all the land 17  without touching the ground. This goat had a conspicuous horn 18  between its eyes. 8:6 It came to the two-horned ram that I had seen standing beside the canal and rushed against it with raging strength. 19  8:7 I saw it approaching the ram. It went into a fit of rage against the ram 20  and struck it 21  and broke off its two horns. The ram had no ability to resist it. 22  The goat hurled the ram 23  to the ground and trampled it. No one could deliver the ram from its power. 24  8:8 The male goat acted even more arrogantly. But no sooner had the large horn become strong than it was broken, and there arose four conspicuous horns 25  in its place, 26  extending toward the four winds of the sky. 27 

8:9 From one of them came a small horn. 28  But it grew to be very big, toward the south and the east and toward the beautiful land. 29  8:10 It grew so big it reached the army 30  of heaven, and it brought about the fall of some of the army and some of the stars 31  to the ground, where it trampled them. 8:11 It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army, 32  from whom 33  the daily sacrifice was removed and whose sanctuary 34  was thrown down. 8:12 The army was given over, 35  along with the daily sacrifice, in the course of his sinful rebellion. 36  It hurled 37  truth 38  to the ground and enjoyed success. 39 

8:13 Then I heard a holy one 40  speaking. Another holy one said to the one who was speaking, “To what period of time does the vision pertain – this vision concerning the daily sacrifice and the destructive act of rebellion and the giving over of both the sanctuary and army to be trampled?” 8:14 He said to me, “To 2,300 evenings and mornings; 41  then the sanctuary will be put right again.” 42 

An Angel Interprets Daniel’s Vision

8:15 While I, Daniel, was watching the vision, I sought to understand it. Now one who appeared to be a man was standing before me. 8:16 Then I heard a human voice coming from between the banks of the Ulai. It called out, “Gabriel, 43  enable this person to understand the vision.” 8:17 So he approached the place where I was standing. As he came, I felt terrified and fell flat on the ground. 44  Then he said to me, “Understand, son of man, 45  that the vision pertains to the time of the end.” 8:18 As he spoke with me, I fell into a trance with my face to the ground. But he touched me and stood me upright. 46 

8:19 Then he said, “I am going to inform you about what will happen in the latter time of wrath, for the vision 47  pertains to the appointed time of the end. 8:20 The ram that you saw with the two horns stands for the kings of Media and Persia. 8:21 The male goat 48  is the king of Greece, 49  and the large horn between its eyes is the first king. 8:22 The horn that was broken 50  and in whose place there arose four others stands for four kingdoms that will arise from his nation, though they will not have his strength. 8:23 Toward the end of their rule, when rebellious acts 51  are complete, a rash 52  and deceitful 53  king will arise. 54  8:24 His power will be great, but it will not be by his strength alone. He will cause terrible destruction. 55  He will be successful in what he undertakes. 56  He will destroy powerful people and the people of the holy ones. 57  8:25 By his treachery 58  he will succeed through deceit. 59  He will have an arrogant attitude, 60  and he will destroy many who are unaware of his schemes. 61  He will rise up against the Prince of princes, yet he will be broken apart – but not by human agency. 62  8:26 The vision of the evenings and mornings that was told to you is correct. 63  But you should seal up the vision, for it refers to a time many days from now.”

8:27 I, Daniel, was exhausted 64  and sick for days. Then I got up and again carried out the king’s business. But I was astonished at the vision, and there was no one to explain it.

Daniel Prays for His People

9:1 In the first year of Darius 65  son of Ahasuerus, 66  who was of Median descent and who had been 67  appointed king over the Babylonian 68  empire 9:2 in the first year of his reign 69  I, Daniel, came to understand from the sacred books 70  that, according to the word of the LORD 71  disclosed to the prophet Jeremiah, the years for the fulfilling of the desolation of Jerusalem 72  were seventy in number. 9:3 So I turned my attention 73  to the Lord God 74  to implore him by prayer and requests, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes. 75  9:4 I prayed to the LORD my God, confessing in this way:

“O Lord, 76  great and awesome God who is faithful to his covenant 77  with those who love him and keep his commandments, 9:5 we have sinned! We have done what is wrong and wicked; we have rebelled by turning away from your commandments and standards. 9:6 We have not paid attention to your servants the prophets, who spoke by your authority 78  to our kings, our leaders, and our ancestors, 79  and to all the inhabitants 80  of the land as well.

9:7You are righteous, 81  O Lord, but we are humiliated this day 82 the people 83  of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far away in all the countries in which you have scattered them, because they have behaved unfaithfully toward you. 9:8 O LORD, we have been humiliated 84 our kings, our leaders, and our ancestors – because we have sinned against you. 9:9 Yet the Lord our God is compassionate and forgiving, 85  even though we have rebelled against him. 9:10 We have not obeyed 86  the LORD our God by living according to 87  his laws 88  that he set before us through his servants the prophets.

9:11All Israel has broken 89  your law and turned away by not obeying you. 90  Therefore you have poured out on us the judgment solemnly threatened 91  in the law of Moses the servant of God, for we have sinned against you. 92  9:12 He has carried out his threats 93  against us and our rulers 94  who were over 95  us by bringing great calamity on us – what has happened to Jerusalem has never been equaled under all heaven! 9:13 Just as it is written in the law of Moses, so all this calamity has come on us. Still we have not tried to pacify 96  the LORD our God by turning back from our sin and by seeking wisdom 97  from your reliable moral standards. 98  9:14 The LORD was mindful of the calamity, and he brought it on us. For the LORD our God is just 99  in all he has done, 100  and we have not obeyed him. 101 

9:15Now, O Lord our God, who brought your people out of the land of Egypt with great power 102  and made a name for yourself that is remembered to this day – we have sinned and behaved wickedly. 9:16 O Lord, according to all your justice, 103  please turn your raging anger 104  away from your city Jerusalem, your holy mountain. For due to our sins and the iniquities of our ancestors, Jerusalem and your people are mocked by all our neighbors.

9:17So now, our God, accept 105  the prayer and requests of your servant, and show favor to 106  your devastated sanctuary for your own sake. 107  9:18 Listen attentively, 108  my God, and hear! Open your eyes and look on our desolated ruins 109  and the city called by your name. 110  For it is not because of our own righteous deeds that we are praying to you, 111  but because your compassion is abundant. 9:19 O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, pay attention, and act! Don’t delay, for your own sake, O my God! For your city and your people are called by your name.” 112 

Gabriel Gives to Daniel a Prophecy of Seventy Weeks

9:20 While I was still speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel and presenting my request before the LORD my God concerning his holy mountain 113  9:21 yes, while I was still praying, 114  the man Gabriel, whom I had seen previously 115  in a vision, was approaching me in my state of extreme weariness, 116  around the time of the evening offering. 9:22 He spoke with me, instructing me as follows: 117  “Daniel, I have now come to impart understanding to you. 9:23 At the beginning of your requests a message went out, and I have come to convey it to you, for you are of great value in God’s sight. 118  Therefore consider the message and understand the vision: 119 

9:24Seventy weeks 120  have been determined

concerning your people and your holy city

to put an end to 121  rebellion,

to bring sin 122  to completion, 123 

to atone for iniquity,

to bring in perpetual 124  righteousness,

to seal up 125  the prophetic vision, 126 

and to anoint a most holy place. 127 

9:25 So know and understand:

From the issuing of the command 128  to restore and rebuild

Jerusalem 129  until an anointed one, a prince arrives, 130 

there will be a period of seven weeks 131  and sixty-two weeks.

It will again be built, 132  with plaza and moat,

but in distressful times.

9:26 Now after the sixty-two weeks,

an anointed one will be cut off and have nothing. 133 

As for the city and the sanctuary,

the people of the coming prince will destroy 134  them.

But his end will come speedily 135  like a flood. 136 

Until the end of the war that has been decreed

there will be destruction.

9:27 He will confirm a covenant with many for one week. 137 

But in the middle of that week

he will bring sacrifices and offerings to a halt.

On the wing 138  of abominations will come 139  one who destroys,

until the decreed end is poured out on the one who destroys.”


An Angel Appears to Daniel


In the third 141  year of King Cyrus of Persia a message was revealed to Daniel (who was also called Belteshazzar). This message was true and concerned a great war. 142  He understood the message and gained insight by the vision.

10:2 In those days I, Daniel, was mourning for three whole weeks. 143  10:3 I ate no choice food; no meat or wine came to my lips, 144  nor did I anoint myself with oil 145  until the end of those three weeks.

10:4 On the twenty-fourth day of the first month 146  I was beside the great river, the Tigris. 147  10:5 I looked up 148  and saw a 149  man 150  clothed in linen; 151  around his waist was a belt made of gold from Upaz. 152  10:6 His body resembled yellow jasper, 153  and his face had an appearance like lightning. His eyes were like blazing torches; 154  his arms and feet had the gleam of polished bronze. His voice 155  thundered forth like the sound of a large crowd.

10:7 Only I, Daniel, saw the vision; the men who were with me did not see it. 156  On the contrary, they were overcome with fright 157  and ran away to hide. 10:8 I alone was left to see this great vision. My strength drained from 158  me, and my vigor disappeared; 159  I was without energy. 160  10:9 I listened to his voice, 161  and as I did so 162  I fell into a trance-like sleep with my face to the ground. 10:10 Then 163  a hand touched me and set me on my hands and knees. 164  10:11 He said to me, “Daniel, you are of great value. 165  Understand the words that I am about to 166  speak to you. So stand up, 167  for I have now been sent to you.” When he said this 168  to me, I stood up shaking. 10:12 Then he said to me, “Don’t be afraid, Daniel, for from the very first day you applied your mind 169  to understand and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard. I have come in response to your words. 10:13 However, the prince of the kingdom of Persia was opposing me for twenty-one days. But 170  Michael, one of the leading princes, came to help me, because I was left there 171  with the kings of Persia. 10:14 Now I have come to help you understand what will happen to your people in the latter days, for the vision pertains to future days.”

10:15 While he was saying this to me, 172  I was flat on 173  the ground and unable to speak. 10:16 Then 174  one who appeared to be a human being 175  was touching my lips. I opened my mouth and started to speak, saying to the one who was standing before me, “Sir, 176  due to the vision, anxiety has gripped me and I have no strength. 10:17 How, sir, am I able to speak with you? 177  My strength is gone, 178  and I am breathless.” 10:18 Then the one who appeared to be a human being touched me again 179  and strengthened me. 10:19 He said to me, “Don’t be afraid, you who are valued. 180  Peace be to you! Be strong! Be really strong!” When he spoke to me, I was strengthened. I said, “Sir, you may speak now, 181  for you have given me strength.” 10:20 He said, “Do you know why I have come to you? 182  Now I am about to return to engage in battle with the prince of Persia. When I go, the prince of Greece is coming. 10:21 However, I will first tell you what is written in a dependable book. 183  (There is no one who strengthens me against these princes, 184  except Michael your 185  prince. 11:1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I 186  stood to strengthen him and to provide protection for him.) 11:2 Now I will tell you the truth.

The Angel Gives a Message to Daniel

“Three 187  more kings will arise for Persia. Then a fourth 188  king will be unusually rich, 189  more so than all who preceded him. When he has amassed power through his riches, he will stir up everyone against 190  the kingdom of Greece. 11:3 Then a powerful king 191  will arise, exercising great authority and doing as he pleases. 11:4 Shortly after his rise to power, 192  his kingdom will be broken up and distributed toward the four winds of the sky 193 but not to his posterity or with the authority he exercised, for his kingdom will be uprooted and distributed to others besides these.

11:5Then the king of the south 194  and one of his subordinates 195  will grow strong. His subordinate 196  will resist 197  him and will rule a kingdom greater than his. 198  11:6 After some years have passed, they 199  will form an alliance. Then the daughter 200  of the king of the south will come to the king of the north to make an agreement, but she will not retain her power, 201  nor will he continue 202  in his strength. 203  She, together with the one who brought her, her child, 204  and her benefactor will all be delivered over at that time. 205 

11:7There will arise in his 206  place one from her family line 207  who will come against their army and will enter the stronghold of the king of the north and will move against them successfully. 208  11:8 He will also take their gods into captivity to Egypt, along with their cast images and prized utensils of silver and gold. Then he will withdraw for some years from 209  the king of the north. 11:9 Then the king of the north 210  will advance against the empire of the king of the south, but will withdraw to his own land. 11:10 His sons 211  will wage war, mustering a large army which will advance like an overflowing river and carrying the battle all the way to the enemy’s 212  fortress. 213 

11:11Then the king of the south 214  will be enraged and will march out to fight against the king of the north, who will also muster a large army, but that army will be delivered into his hand. 11:12 When the army is taken away, the king of the south will become arrogant. 215  He will be responsible for the death 216  of thousands and thousands of people, 217  but he will not continue to prevail. 11:13 For the king of the north will again muster an army, one larger than before. At the end of some years he will advance with a huge army and enormous supplies.

11:14In those times many will oppose 218  the king of the south. 219  Those who are violent 220  among your own people will rise up in confirmation of 221  the vision, but they will falter. 11:15 Then the king of the north will advance and will build siege mounds and capture a well-fortified city. 222  The forces of the south will not prevail, not even his finest contingents. 223  They will have no strength to prevail. 11:16 The one advancing against him will do as he pleases, and no one will be able to stand before him. He will prevail in the beautiful land, and its annihilation will be within his power. 224  11:17 His intention 225  will be to come with the strength of his entire kingdom, and he will form alliances. 226  He will give the king of the south 227  a daughter 228  in marriage in order to destroy the kingdom, but it will not turn out to his advantage. 11:18 Then he will turn his attention 229  to the coastal regions and will capture many of them. But a commander 230  will bring his shameful conduct to a halt; in addition, 231  he will make him pay for his shameful conduct. 232  11:19 He will then turn his attention to the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble and fall, not to be found again. 11:20 There will arise after him 233  one 234  who will send out an exactor 235  of tribute to enhance the splendor of the kingdom, but after a few days he will be destroyed, 236  though not in anger or battle.

11:21Then there will arise in his place a despicable person 237  to whom the royal honor has not been rightfully conferred. He will come on the scene in a time of prosperity and will seize the kingdom through deceit. 11:22 Armies 238  will be suddenly 239  swept away in defeat 240  before him; both they and a covenant leader 241  will be destroyed. 242  11:23 After 243  entering into an alliance with him, he will behave treacherously; he will ascend to power with only a small force. 244  11:24 In a time of prosperity for the most productive areas of the province he will come and accomplish what neither his fathers nor their fathers accomplished. He will distribute loot, spoils, and property to his followers, and he will devise plans against fortified cities, but not for long. 245  11:25 He will rouse his strength and enthusiasm 246  against the king of the south 247  with a large army. The king of the south will wage war with a large and very powerful army, but he will not be able to prevail because of the plans devised against him. 11:26 Those who share the king’s fine food will attempt to destroy him, and his army will be swept away; 248  many will be killed in battle. 11:27 These two kings, their minds 249  filled with evil intentions, will trade 250  lies with one another at the same table. But it will not succeed, for there is still an end at the appointed time. 11:28 Then the king of the north 251  will return to his own land with much property. His mind will be set against the holy covenant. He will take action, and then return to his own land. 11:29 At an appointed time he will again invade the south, but this latter visit will not turn out the way the former one did. 11:30 The ships of Kittim 252  will come against him, leaving him disheartened. 253  He will turn back and direct his indignation against the holy covenant. He will return and honor 254  those who forsake the holy covenant. 11:31 His forces 255  will rise up and profane the fortified sanctuary, 256  stopping the daily sacrifice. In its place they will set up 257  the abomination that causes desolation. 11:32 Then with smooth words he will defile 258  those who have rejected 259  the covenant. But the people who are loyal to 260  their God will act valiantly. 261  11:33 These who are wise among the people will teach the masses. 262  However, they will fall 263  by the sword and by the flame, 264  and they will be imprisoned and plundered for some time. 265  11:34 When they stumble, they will be granted some help. But many will unite with them deceitfully. 11:35 Even some of the wise will stumble, resulting in their refinement, purification, and cleansing until the time of the end, for it is still for the appointed time.

11:36Then the king 266  will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify himself above every deity and he will utter presumptuous things against the God of gods. He will succeed until the time of 267  wrath is completed, for what has been decreed must occur. 268  11:37 He will not respect 269  the gods of his fathers – not even the god loved by women. 270  He will not respect any god; he will elevate himself above them all. 11:38 What he will honor is a god of fortresses – a god his fathers did not acknowledge he will honor with gold, silver, valuable stones, and treasured commodities. 11:39 He will attack 271  mighty fortresses, aided by 272  a foreign deity. To those who recognize him he will grant considerable honor. He will place them in authority over many people, and he will parcel out land for a price. 273 

11:40At the time of the end the king of the south will attack 274  him. Then the king of the north will storm against him 275  with chariots, horsemen, and a large armada of ships. 276  He 277  will invade lands, passing through them like an overflowing river. 278  11:41 Then he will enter the beautiful land. 279  Many 280  will fall, but these will escape: 281  Edom, Moab, and the Ammonite leadership. 11:42 He will extend his power 282  against other lands; the land of Egypt will not escape. 11:43 He will have control over the hidden stores of gold and silver, as well as all the treasures of Egypt. Libyans and Ethiopians 283  will submit to him. 284  11:44 But reports will trouble him from the east and north, and he will set out in a tremendous rage to destroy and wipe out many. 11:45 He will pitch his royal tents between the seas 285  toward the beautiful holy mountain. But he will come to his end, with no one to help him.

12:1At that time Michael,

the great prince who watches over your people, 286 

will arise. 287 

There will be a time of distress

unlike any other from the nation’s beginning 288 

up to that time.

But at that time your own people,

all those whose names are 289  found written in the book,

will escape.

12:2 Many of those who sleep

in the dusty ground will awake

some to everlasting life,

and others to shame and everlasting abhorrence. 290 

12:3 But the wise will shine

like the brightness of the heavenly expanse.

And those bringing many to righteousness

will be like the stars forever and ever.

12:4But you, Daniel, close up these words and seal the book until the time of the end. Many will dash about, 291  and knowledge will increase.”

12:5 I, Daniel, watched as two others stood there, one on each side of the river. 292  12:6 One said to the man clothed in linen who was above the waters of the river, “When will the end of these wondrous events occur? 12:7 Then I heard the man clothed in linen who was over the waters of the river as he raised both his right and left hands to the sky 293  and made an oath by the one who lives forever: “It is for a time, times, and half a time. Then, when the power of the one who shatters 294  the holy people has been exhausted, all these things will be finished.”

12:8 I heard, but I did not understand. So I said, “Sir, 295  what will happen after these things? 12:9 He said, “Go, Daniel. For these matters are closed and sealed until the time of the end. 12:10 Many will be purified, made clean, and refined, but the wicked will go on being wicked. None of the wicked will understand, though the wise will understand. 12:11 From the time that the daily sacrifice is removed and the abomination that causes desolation is set in place, 296  there are 1,290 days. 12:12 Blessed is the one who waits and attains to the 1,335 days. 12:13 But you should go your way 297  until the end. 298  You will rest and then at the end of the days you will arise to receive 299  what you have been allotted.” 300 

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