Bible: Acts 22-28
22:1 “Brothers and fathers, listen to my defense 1 that I now 2 make to you.” 22:2 (When they heard 3 that he was addressing 4 them in Aramaic, 5 they became even 6 quieter.) 7 Then 8 Paul said, 22:3 “I am a Jew, 9 born in Tarsus in Cilicia, but brought up 10 in this city, educated with strictness 11 under 12 Gamaliel 13 according to the law of our ancestors, 14 and was 15 zealous 16 for God just as all of you are today. 22:4 I 17 persecuted this Way 18 even to the point of death, 19 tying up 20 both men and women and putting 21 them in prison, 22:5 as both the high priest and the whole council of elders 22 can testify about me. From them 23 I also received 24 letters to the brothers in Damascus, and I was on my way 25 to make arrests there and bring 26 the prisoners 27 to Jerusalem 28 to be punished. 22:6 As 29 I was en route and near Damascus, 30 about noon a very bright 31 light from heaven 32 suddenly flashed 33 around me. 22:7 Then I 34 fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?’ 22:8 I answered, ‘Who are you, Lord?’ He said to me, ‘I am Jesus the Nazarene, whom you are persecuting.’ 22:9 Those who were with me saw the light, but did not understand 35 the voice of the one who was speaking to me. 22:10 So I asked, 36 ‘What should I do, Lord?’ The Lord said to me, ‘Get up 37 and go to Damascus; there you will be told about everything 38 that you have been designated 39 to do.’ 22:11 Since I could not see because of 40 the brilliance 41 of that light, I came to Damascus led by the hand of 42 those who were with me. 22:12 A man named Ananias, 43 a devout man according to the law, 44 well spoken of by all the Jews who live there, 45 22:13 came 46 to me and stood beside me 47 and said to me, ‘Brother Saul, regain your sight!’ 48 And at that very moment 49 I looked up and saw him. 50 22:14 Then he said, ‘The God of our ancestors 51 has already chosen 52 you to know his will, to see 53 the Righteous One, 54 and to hear a command 55 from his mouth, 22:15 because you will be his witness 56 to all people 57 of what you have seen and heard. 22:16 And now what are you waiting for? 58 Get up, 59 be baptized, and have your sins washed away, 60 calling on his name.’ 61 22:17 When 62 I returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, I fell into a trance 63 22:18 and saw the Lord 64 saying to me, ‘Hurry and get out of Jerusalem quickly, because they will not accept your testimony about me.’ 22:19 I replied, 65 ‘Lord, they themselves know that I imprisoned and beat those in the various synagogues 66 who believed in you. 22:20 And when the blood of your witness 67 Stephen was shed, 68 I myself was standing nearby, approving, 69 and guarding the cloaks 70 of those who were killing him.’ 71 22:21 Then 72 he said to me, ‘Go, because I will send you far away to the Gentiles.’”
The Roman Commander Questions Paul
22:22 The crowd 73 was listening to him until he said this. 74 Then 75 they raised their voices and shouted, 76 “Away with this man 77 from the earth! For he should not be allowed to live!” 78 22:23 While they were screaming 79 and throwing off their cloaks 80 and tossing dust 81 in the air, 22:24 the commanding officer 82 ordered Paul 83 to be brought back into the barracks. 84 He told them 85 to interrogate Paul 86 by beating him with a lash 87 so that he could find out the reason the crowd 88 was shouting at Paul 89 in this way. 22:25 When they had stretched him out for the lash, 90 Paul said to the centurion 91 standing nearby, “Is it legal for you to lash a man who is a Roman citizen 92 without a proper trial?” 93 22:26 When the centurion 94 heard this, 95 he went to the commanding officer 96 and reported it, 97 saying, “What are you about to do? 98 For this man is a Roman citizen.” 99 22:27 So the commanding officer 100 came and asked 101 Paul, 102 “Tell me, are you a Roman citizen?” 103 He replied, 104 “Yes.” 22:28 The commanding officer 105 answered, “I acquired this citizenship with a large sum of money.” 106 “But I was even 107 born a citizen,” 108 Paul replied. 109 22:29 Then those who were about to interrogate him stayed away 110 from him, and the commanding officer 111 was frightened when he realized that Paul 112 was 113 a Roman citizen 114 and that he had had him tied up. 115
Paul Before the Sanhedrin
22:30 The next day, because the commanding officer 116 wanted to know the true reason 117 Paul 118 was being accused by the Jews, he released him and ordered the chief priests and the whole council 119 to assemble. He then brought 120 Paul down and had him stand before them.
23:1 Paul looked directly 121 at the council 122 and said, “Brothers, I have lived my life with a clear conscience 123 before God to this day.” 23:2 At that 124 the high priest Ananias ordered those standing near 125 Paul 126 to strike 127 him on the mouth. 23:3 Then Paul said to him, “God is going to strike you, you whitewashed wall! 128 Do 129 you sit there judging me according to the law, 130 and in violation of the law 131 you order me to be struck?” 23:4 Those standing near him 132 said, “Do you dare insult 133 God’s high priest?” 23:5 Paul replied, 134 “I did not realize, 135 brothers, that he was the high priest, for it is written, ‘You must not speak evil about a ruler of your people.’” 136
23:6 Then when Paul noticed 137 that part of them were Sadducees 138 and the others Pharisees, 139 he shouted out in the council, 140 “Brothers, I am a Pharisee, a son of Pharisees. I am on trial concerning the hope of the resurrection 141 of the dead!” 23:7 When he said this, 142 an argument 143 began 144 between the Pharisees and the Sadducees, and the assembly was divided. 23:8 (For the Sadducees say there is no resurrection, or angel, or spirit, but the Pharisees acknowledge them all.) 145 23:9 There was a great commotion, 146 and some experts in the law 147 from the party of the Pharisees stood up 148 and protested strongly, 149 “We find nothing wrong 150 with this man. What if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him?” 23:10 When the argument became 151 so great the commanding officer 152 feared that they would tear Paul to pieces, 153 he ordered the detachment 154 to go down, take him away from them by force, 155 and bring him into the barracks. 156
The Plot to Kill Paul
23:12 When morning came, 163 the Jews formed 164 a conspiracy 165 and bound themselves with an oath 166 not to eat or drink anything 167 until they had killed Paul. 23:13 There were more than forty of them who formed this conspiracy. 168 23:14 They 169 went 170 to the chief priests 171 and the elders and said, “We have bound ourselves with a solemn oath 172 not to partake 173 of anything until we have killed Paul. 23:15 So now you and the council 174 request the commanding officer 175 to bring him down to you, as if you were going to determine 176 his case 177 by conducting a more thorough inquiry. 178 We are ready to kill him 179 before he comes near this place.” 180
23:16 But when the son of Paul’s sister heard about the ambush, 181 he came and entered 182 the barracks 183 and told Paul. 23:17 Paul called 184 one of the centurions 185 and said, “Take this young man to the commanding officer, 186 for he has something to report to him.” 23:18 So the centurion 187 took him and brought him to the commanding officer 188 and said, “The prisoner Paul called 189 me and asked me to bring this young man to you because he has something to tell you.” 23:19 The commanding officer 190 took him by the hand, withdrew privately, and asked, “What is it that you want 191 to report to me?” 23:20 He replied, 192 “The Jews have agreed to ask you to bring Paul down to the council 193 tomorrow, as if they were going to inquire more thoroughly about him. 23:21 So do not let them persuade you to do this, 194 because more than forty of them 195 are lying in ambush 196 for him. They 197 have bound themselves with an oath 198 not to eat or drink anything 199 until they have killed him, and now they are ready, waiting for you to agree to their request.” 200 23:22 Then the commanding officer 201 sent the young man away, directing him, 202 “Tell no one that you have reported 203 these things to me.” 23:23 Then 204 he summoned 205 two of the centurions 206 and said, “Make ready two hundred soldiers to go to Caesarea 207 along with seventy horsemen 208 and two hundred spearmen 209 by 210 nine o’clock tonight, 211 23:24 and provide mounts for Paul to ride 212 so that he may be brought safely to Felix 213 the governor.” 214 23:25 He wrote 215 a letter that went like this: 216
23:26 Claudius Lysias to His Excellency Governor 217 Felix, 218 greetings. 23:27 This man was seized 219 by the Jews and they were about to kill him, 220 when I came up 221 with the detachment 222 and rescued him, because I had learned that he was 223 a Roman citizen. 224 23:28 Since I wanted to know 225 what charge they were accusing him of, 226 I brought him down to their council. 227 23:29 I found he 228 was accused with reference to controversial questions 229 about their law, but no charge against him deserved death or imprisonment. 230 23:30 When I was informed 231 there would be a plot 232 against this man, I sent him to you at once, also ordering his accusers to state their charges 233 against him before you.
23:31 So the soldiers, in accordance with their orders, 234 took 235 Paul and brought him to Antipatris 236 during the night. 23:32 The next day they let 237 the horsemen 238 go on with him, and they returned to the barracks. 239 23:33 When the horsemen 240 came to Caesarea 241 and delivered the letter to the governor, they also presented 242 Paul to him. 23:34 When the governor 243 had read 244 the letter, 245 he asked 246 what province he was from. 247 When he learned 248 that he was from Cilicia, 249 23:35 he said, “I will give you a hearing 250 when your accusers arrive too.” Then 251 he ordered that Paul 252 be kept under guard in Herod’s palace. 253
The Accusations Against Paul
24:1 After five days the high priest Ananias 254 came down with some elders and an attorney 255 named 256 Tertullus, and they 257 brought formal charges 258 against Paul to the governor. 24:2 When Paul 259 had been summoned, Tertullus began to accuse him, 260 saying, “We have experienced a lengthy time 261 of peace through your rule, 262 and reforms 263 are being made in this nation 264 through your foresight. 265 24:3 Most excellent Felix, 266 we acknowledge this everywhere and in every way 267 with all gratitude. 268 24:4 But so that I may not delay 269 you any further, I beg 270 you to hear us briefly 271 with your customary graciousness. 272 24:5 For we have found 273 this man to be a troublemaker, 274 one who stirs up riots 275 among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader 276 of the sect of the Nazarenes. 277 24:6 He 278 even tried to desecrate 279 the temple, so we arrested 280 him. 24:7 [[EMPTY]] 281 24:8 When you examine 282 him yourself, you will be able to learn from him 283 about all these things we are accusing him of doing.” 284 24:9 The Jews also joined in the verbal attack, 285 claiming 286 that these things were true.
Paul’s Defense Before Felix
24:10 When the governor gestured for him to speak, Paul replied, “Because I know 287 that you have been a judge over this nation for many years, I confidently make my defense. 288 24:11 As you can verify 289 for yourself, not more than twelve days ago 290 I went up to Jerusalem 291 to worship. 24:12 They did not find me arguing 292 with anyone or stirring up a crowd 293 in the temple courts 294 or in the synagogues 295 or throughout the city, 296 24:13 nor can they prove 297 to you the things 298 they are accusing me of doing. 299 24:14 But I confess this to you, that I worship 300 the God of our ancestors 301 according to the Way (which they call a sect), believing everything that is according to the law 302 and that is written in the prophets. 24:15 I have 303 a hope in God (a hope 304 that 305 these men 306 themselves accept too) that there is going to be a resurrection of both the righteous and the unrighteous. 307 24:16 This is the reason 308 I do my best to always 309 have a clear 310 conscience toward God and toward people. 311 24:17 After several years 312 I came to bring to my people gifts for the poor 313 and to present offerings, 314 24:18 which I was doing when they found me in the temple, ritually purified, 315 without a crowd or a disturbance. 316 24:19 But there are some Jews from the province of Asia 317 who should be here before you and bring charges, 318 if they have anything against me. 24:20 Or these men here 319 should tell what crime 320 they found me guilty of 321 when I stood before the council, 322 24:21 other than 323 this one thing 324 I shouted out while I stood before 325 them: ‘I am on trial before you today concerning the resurrection of the dead.’” 326
24:22 Then Felix, 327 who understood the facts 328 concerning the Way 329 more accurately, 330 adjourned their hearing, 331 saying, “When Lysias the commanding officer comes down, I will decide your case.” 332 24:23 He ordered the centurion 333 to guard Paul, 334 but to let him have some freedom, 335 and not to prevent any of his friends 336 from meeting his needs. 337
Paul Speaks Repeatedly to Felix
24:24 Some days later, when Felix 338 arrived with his wife Drusilla, 339 who was Jewish, he sent for Paul and heard him speak 340 about faith in Christ Jesus. 341 24:25 While Paul 342 was discussing 343 righteousness, self-control, 344 and the coming judgment, Felix 345 became 346 frightened and said, “Go away for now, and when I have an opportunity, 347 I will send for you.” 24:26 At the same time he was also hoping that Paul would give him money, 348 and for this reason he sent for Paul 349 as often as possible 350 and talked 351 with him. 24:27 After two years 352 had passed, Porcius Festus 353 succeeded Felix, 354 and because he wanted to do the Jews a favor, Felix left Paul in prison. 355
Paul Appeals to Caesar
25:1 Now 356 three days after Festus 357 arrived in the province, he went up to Jerusalem 358 from Caesarea. 359 25:2 So the chief priests and the most prominent men 360 of the Jews brought formal charges 361 against Paul to him. 25:3 Requesting him to do them a favor against Paul, 362 they urged Festus 363 to summon him to Jerusalem, planning an ambush 364 to kill him along the way. 25:4 Then Festus 365 replied that Paul was being kept at Caesarea, 366 and he himself intended to go there 367 shortly. 25:5 “So,” he said, “let your leaders 368 go down there 369 with me, and if this man has done anything wrong, 370 they may bring charges 371 against him.”
25:6 After Festus 372 had stayed 373 not more than eight or ten days among them, he went down to Caesarea, 374 and the next day he sat 375 on the judgment seat 376 and ordered Paul to be brought. 25:7 When he arrived, the Jews who had come down from Jerusalem stood around him, 377 bringing many serious 378 charges that they were not able to prove. 379 25:8 Paul said in his defense, 380 “I have committed no offense 381 against the Jewish law 382 or against the temple or against Caesar.” 383 25:9 But Festus, 384 wanting to do the Jews a favor, asked Paul, “Are you willing to go up to Jerusalem and be tried 385 before me there on these charges?” 386 25:10 Paul replied, 387 “I am standing before Caesar’s 388 judgment seat, 389 where I should be tried. 390 I have done nothing wrong 391 to the Jews, as you also know very well. 392 25:11 If then I am in the wrong 393 and have done anything that deserves death, I am not trying to escape dying, 394 but if not one of their charges against me is true, 395 no one can hand me over to them. 396 I appeal to Caesar!” 397 25:12 Then, after conferring with his council, 398 Festus 399 replied, “You have appealed to Caesar; 400 to Caesar 401 you will go!” 402
Festus Asks King Agrippa for Advice
25:13 After several days had passed, King Agrippa 403 and Bernice arrived at Caesarea 404 to pay their respects 405 to Festus. 406 25:14 While 407 they were staying there many days, Festus 408 explained Paul’s case to the king to get his opinion, 409 saying, “There is a man left here as a prisoner by Felix. 25:15 When I was in Jerusalem, 410 the chief priests and the elders of the Jews informed 411 me about him, 412 asking for a sentence of condemnation 413 against him. 25:16 I answered them 414 that it was not the custom of the Romans to hand over anyone 415 before the accused had met his accusers face to face 416 and had been given 417 an opportunity to make a defense against the accusation. 418 25:17 So after they came back here with me, 419 I did not postpone the case, 420 but the next day I sat 421 on the judgment seat 422 and ordered the man to be brought. 25:18 When his accusers stood up, they did not charge 423 him with any of the evil deeds I had suspected. 424 25:19 Rather they had several points of disagreement 425 with him about their own religion 426 and about a man named Jesus 427 who was dead, whom Paul claimed 428 to be alive. 25:20 Because I was at a loss 429 how I could investigate these matters, 430 I asked if he were willing to go to Jerusalem and be tried 431 there on these charges. 432 25:21 But when Paul appealed to be kept in custody for the decision of His Majesty the Emperor, 433 I ordered him to be kept under guard until I could send him to Caesar.” 434 25:22 Agrippa 435 said to Festus, 436 “I would also like to hear the man myself.” “Tomorrow,” he replied, 437 “you will hear him.”
Paul Before King Agrippa and Bernice
25:23 So the next day Agrippa 438 and Bernice came with great pomp 439 and entered the audience hall, 440 along with the senior military officers 441 and the prominent men of the city. When Festus 442 gave the order, 443 Paul was brought in. 25:24 Then Festus 444 said, “King Agrippa, 445 and all you who are present here with us, you see this man about whom the entire Jewish populace 446 petitioned 447 me both in Jerusalem 448 and here, 449 shouting loudly 450 that he ought not to live any longer. 25:25 But I found that he had done nothing that deserved death, 451 and when he appealed 452 to His Majesty the Emperor, 453 I decided to send him. 454 25:26 But I have nothing definite 455 to write to my lord 456 about him. 457 Therefore I have brought him before you all, and especially before you, King Agrippa, 458 so that after this preliminary hearing 459 I may have something to write. 25:27 For it seems unreasonable to me to send a prisoner without clearly indicating 460 the charges against him.”
Paul Offers His Defense
26:2 “Regarding all the things I have been accused of by the Jews, King Agrippa, 465 I consider myself fortunate that I am about to make my defense before you today, 26:3 because you are especially 466 familiar with all the customs and controversial issues 467 of the Jews. Therefore I ask 468 you to listen to me patiently. 26:4 Now all the Jews know the way I lived 469 from my youth, spending my life from the beginning among my own people 470 and in Jerusalem. 471 26:5 They know, 472 because they have known 473 me from time past, 474 if they are willing to testify, that according to the strictest party 475 of our religion, I lived as a Pharisee. 476 26:6 And now I stand here on trial 477 because of my hope in the promise made by God to our ancestors, 478 26:7 a promise 479 that our twelve tribes hope to attain as they earnestly serve God 480 night and day. Concerning this hope the Jews are accusing me, 481 Your Majesty! 482 26:8 Why do you people 483 think 484 it is unbelievable 485 that 486 God raises the dead? 26:9 Of course, 487 I myself was convinced 488 that it was necessary to do many things hostile to the name of Jesus the Nazarene. 26:10 And that is what I did in Jerusalem: Not only did I lock up many of the saints in prisons by the authority I received 489 from the chief priests, but I also cast my vote 490 against them when they were sentenced to death. 491 26:11 I punished 492 them often in all the synagogues 493 and tried to force 494 them to blaspheme. Because I was so furiously enraged 495 at them, I went to persecute 496 them even in foreign cities.
26:12 “While doing this very thing, 497 as I was going 498 to Damascus with authority and complete power 499 from the chief priests, 26:13 about noon along the road, Your Majesty, 500 I saw a light from heaven, 501 brighter than the sun, shining everywhere around 502 me and those traveling with me. 26:14 When we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in Aramaic, 503 ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? You are hurting yourself 504 by kicking against the goads.’ 505 26:15 So I said, ‘Who are you, Lord?’ And the Lord replied, 506 ‘I am Jesus whom you are persecuting. 26:16 But get up and stand on your feet, for I have appeared to you for this reason, to designate you in advance 507 as a servant and witness 508 to the things 509 you have seen 510 and to the things in which I will appear to you. 26:17 I will rescue 511 you from your own people 512 and from the Gentiles, to whom 513 I am sending you 26:18 to open their eyes so that they turn 514 from darkness to light and from the power 515 of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins and a share 516 among those who are sanctified by faith in me.’
26:19 “Therefore, King Agrippa, 517 I was not disobedient 518 to the heavenly 519 vision, 26:20 but I declared to those in Damascus first, and then to those in Jerusalem and in all Judea, 520 and to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, 521 performing deeds consistent with 522 repentance. 26:21 For this reason the Jews seized me in the temple courts 523 and were trying to kill me. 26:22 I have experienced 524 help from God to this day, and so I stand testifying to both small and great, saying nothing except 525 what the prophets and Moses said 526 was going to happen: 26:23 that 527 the Christ 528 was to suffer and be the first to rise from the dead, to proclaim light both to our people 529 and to the Gentiles.” 530
26:24 As Paul 531 was saying these things in his defense, Festus 532 exclaimed loudly, “You have lost your mind, 533 Paul! Your great learning is driving you insane!” 26:25 But Paul replied, 534 “I have not lost my mind, most excellent Festus, 535 but am speaking 536 true and rational 537 words. 26:26 For the king knows about these things, and I am speaking freely 538 to him, 539 because I cannot believe 540 that any of these things has escaped his notice, 541 for this was not done in a corner. 542 26:27 Do you believe the prophets, 543 King Agrippa? 544 I know that you believe.” 26:28 Agrippa 545 said to Paul, “In such a short time are you persuading me to become a Christian?” 546 26:29 Paul replied, “I pray to God that whether in a short or a long time 547 not only you but also all those who are listening to me today could become such as I am, except for these chains.” 548
26:30 So the king got up, and with him the governor and Bernice and those sitting with them, 26:31 and as they were leaving they said to one another, 549 “This man is not doing anything deserving 550 death or imprisonment.” 26:32 Agrippa 551 said to Festus, 552 “This man could have been released 553 if he had not appealed to Caesar.” 554
Paul and Company Sail for Rome
27:1 When it was decided we 555 would sail to Italy, 556 they handed over Paul and some other prisoners to a centurion 557 of the Augustan Cohort 558 named Julius. 27:2 We went on board 559 a ship from Adramyttium 560 that was about to sail to various ports 561 along the coast of the province of Asia 562 and put out to sea, 563 accompanied by Aristarchus, a Macedonian 564 from Thessalonica. 565 27:3 The next day we put in 566 at Sidon, 567 and Julius, treating Paul kindly, 568 allowed him to go to his friends so they could provide him with what he needed. 569 27:4 From there we put out to sea 570 and sailed under the lee 571 of Cyprus because the winds were against us. 27:5 After we had sailed across the open sea 572 off Cilicia and Pamphylia, 573 we put in 574 at Myra 575 in Lycia. 576 27:6 There the centurion 577 found 578 a ship from Alexandria 579 sailing for Italy, and he put us aboard it. 27:7 We sailed slowly 580 for many days and arrived with difficulty off Cnidus. 581 Because the wind prevented us from going any farther, 582 we sailed under the lee 583 of Crete off Salmone. 584 27:8 With difficulty we sailed along the coast 585 of Crete 586 and came to a place called Fair Havens that was near the town of Lasea. 587
Caught in a Violent Storm
27:9 Since considerable time had passed and the voyage was now dangerous 588 because the fast 589 was already over, 590 Paul advised them, 591 27:10 “Men, I can see the voyage is going to end 592 in disaster 593 and great loss not only of the cargo and the ship, but also of our lives.” 594 27:11 But the centurion 595 was more convinced 596 by the captain 597 and the ship’s owner than by what Paul said. 598 27:12 Because the harbor was not suitable to spend the winter in, the majority decided 599 to put out to sea 600 from there. They hoped that 601 somehow they could reach 602 Phoenix, 603 a harbor of Crete facing 604 southwest and northwest, and spend the winter there. 27:13 When a gentle south wind sprang up, they thought 605 they could carry out 606 their purpose, so they weighed anchor 607 and sailed close along the coast 608 of Crete. 27:14 Not long after this, a hurricane-force 609 wind called the northeaster 610 blew down from the island. 611 27:15 When the ship was caught in it 612 and could not head into 613 the wind, we gave way to it and were driven 614 along. 27:16 As we ran under the lee of 615 a small island called Cauda, 616 we were able with difficulty to get the ship’s boat 617 under control. 27:17 After the crew 618 had hoisted it aboard, 619 they used supports 620 to undergird the ship. Fearing they would run aground 621 on the Syrtis, 622 they lowered the sea anchor, 623 thus letting themselves be driven along. 27:18 The next day, because we were violently battered by the storm, 624 they began throwing the cargo overboard, 625 27:19 and on the third day they threw the ship’s gear 626 overboard with their own hands. 27:20 When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days and a violent 627 storm continued to batter us, 628 we finally abandoned all hope of being saved. 629
27:21 Since many of them had no desire to eat, 630 Paul 631 stood up 632 among them and said, “Men, you should have listened to me 633 and not put out to sea 634 from Crete, thus avoiding 635 this damage and loss. 27:22 And now I advise 636 you to keep up your courage, for there will be no loss of life among you, but only the ship will be lost. 637 27:23 For last night an angel of the God to whom I belong 638 and whom I serve 639 came to me 640 27:24 and said, 641 ‘Do not be afraid, Paul! You must stand before 642 Caesar, 643 and God has graciously granted you the safety 644 of all who are sailing with you.’ 27:25 Therefore keep up your courage, men, for I have faith in God 645 that it will be just as I have been told. 27:26 But we must 646 run aground on some island.”
27:27 When the fourteenth night had come, while we were being driven 647 across the Adriatic Sea, 648 about midnight the sailors suspected they were approaching some land. 649 27:28 They took soundings 650 and found the water was twenty fathoms 651 deep; when they had sailed a little farther 652 they took soundings again and found it was fifteen fathoms 653 deep. 27:29 Because they were afraid 654 that we would run aground on the rocky coast, 655 they threw out 656 four anchors from the stern and wished 657 for day to appear. 658 27:30 Then when the sailors tried to escape from the ship and were lowering the ship’s boat into the sea, pretending 659 that they were going to put out anchors from the bow, 27:31 Paul said to the centurion 660 and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay with the ship, you 661 cannot be saved.” 27:32 Then the soldiers cut the ropes 662 of the ship’s boat and let it drift away. 663
27:33 As day was about to dawn, 664 Paul urged them all to take some food, saying, “Today is the fourteenth day you have been in suspense 665 and have gone 666 without food; you have eaten nothing. 667 27:34 Therefore I urge you to take some food, for this is important 668 for your survival. 669 For not one of you will lose a hair from his head.” 27:35 After he said this, Paul 670 took bread 671 and gave thanks to God in front of them all, 672 broke 673 it, and began to eat. 27:36 So all of them were encouraged and took food themselves. 27:37 (We were in all two hundred seventy-six 674 persons on the ship.) 675 27:38 When they had eaten enough to be satisfied, 676 they lightened the ship by throwing the wheat 677 into the sea.
Paul is Shipwrecked
27:39 When day came, they did not recognize the land, but they noticed 678 a bay 679 with a beach, 680 where they decided to run the ship aground if they could. 27:40 So they slipped 681 the anchors 682 and left them in the sea, at the same time loosening the linkage 683 that bound the steering oars 684 together. Then they hoisted 685 the foresail 686 to the wind and steered toward 687 the beach. 27:41 But they encountered a patch of crosscurrents 688 and ran the ship aground; the bow stuck fast and could not be moved, but the stern was being broken up by the force 689 of the waves. 27:42 Now the soldiers’ plan was to kill the prisoners 690 so that none of them would escape by swimming away. 691 27:43 But the centurion, 692 wanting to save Paul’s life, 693 prevented them from carrying out their plan. He ordered those who could swim to jump overboard first and get to land, 694 27:44 and the rest were to follow, 695 some on planks 696 and some on pieces of the ship. 697 And in this way 698 all were brought safely to land.
Paul on Malta
28:1 After we had safely reached shore, 699 we learned that the island was called Malta. 700 28:2 The local inhabitants 701 showed us extraordinary 702 kindness, for they built a fire and welcomed us all because it had started to rain 703 and was cold. 28:3 When Paul had gathered a bundle of brushwood 704 and was putting it on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat and fastened itself on his hand. 28:4 When the local people 705 saw the creature hanging from Paul’s 706 hand, they said to one another, “No doubt this man is a murderer! Although he has escaped from the sea, Justice herself 707 has not allowed him to live!” 708 28:5 However, 709 Paul 710 shook 711 the creature off into the fire and suffered no harm. 28:6 But they were expecting that he was going to swell up 712 or suddenly drop dead. So after they had waited 713 a long time and had seen 714 nothing unusual happen 715 to him, they changed their minds 716 and said he was a god. 717
28:7 Now in the region around that place 718 were fields belonging to the chief official 719 of the island, named Publius, who welcomed us and entertained us hospitably as guests for three days. 28:8 The father 720 of Publius lay sick in bed, suffering from fever and dysentery. Paul went in to see him 721 and after praying, placed 722 his hands on him and healed 723 him. 28:9 After this had happened, many of the people on the island who were sick 724 also came and were healed. 725 28:10 They also bestowed many honors, 726 and when we were preparing to sail, 727 they gave 728 us all the supplies we needed. 729
Paul Finally Reaches Rome
28:11 After three months we put out to sea 730 in an Alexandrian ship that had wintered at the island and had the “Heavenly Twins” 731 as its figurehead. 732 28:12 We put in 733 at Syracuse 734 and stayed there three days. 28:13 From there we cast off 735 and arrived at Rhegium, 736 and after one day a south wind sprang up 737 and on the second day we came to Puteoli. 738 28:14 There 739 we found 740 some brothers 741 and were invited to stay with them seven days. And in this way we came to Rome. 742 28:15 The brothers from there, 743 when they heard about us, came as far as the Forum of Appius 744 and Three Taverns 745 to meet us. When he saw them, 746 Paul thanked God and took courage. 28:16 When we entered Rome, Paul was allowed to live 747 by himself, with the soldier who was guarding him.
Paul Addresses the Jewish Community in Rome
28:17 After three days 748 Paul 749 called the local Jewish leaders 750 together. When they had assembled, he said to them, “Brothers, 751 although I had done 752 nothing against our people or the customs of our ancestors, 753 from Jerusalem 754 I was handed over as a prisoner to the Romans. 755 28:18 When 756 they had heard my case, 757 they wanted to release me, 758 because there was no basis for a death sentence 759 against me. 28:19 But when the Jews objected, 760 I was forced to appeal to Caesar 761 – not that I had some charge to bring 762 against my own people. 763 28:20 So for this reason I have asked to see you and speak with you, for I am bound with this chain because of the hope of Israel.” 764 28:21 They replied, 765 “We have received no letters from Judea about you, nor have any of the brothers come from there 766 and reported or said anything bad about you. 28:22 But we would like to hear from you what you think, for regarding this sect we know 767 that people 768 everywhere speak against 769 it.”
28:23 They set 770 a day to meet with him, 771 and they came to him where he was staying 772 in even greater numbers. 773 From morning until evening he explained things 774 to them, 775 testifying 776 about the kingdom of God 777 and trying to convince 778 them about Jesus from both the law of Moses and the prophets. 28:24 Some were convinced 779 by what he said, 780 but others refused 781 to believe. 28:25 So they began to leave, 782 unable to agree among themselves, after Paul made one last statement: “The Holy Spirit spoke rightly to your ancestors 783 through the prophet Isaiah 28:26 when he said,
‘Go to this people and say,
“You will keep on hearing, 784 but will never understand,
and you will keep on looking, 785 but will never perceive.
28:27 For the heart of this people has become dull, 786
and their ears are hard of hearing, 787
and they have closed their eyes,
so that they would not see with their eyes
and hear with their ears
and understand with their heart28:29 [[EMPTY]] 794
28:30 Paul 795 lived 796 there two whole years in his own rented quarters 797 and welcomed 798 all who came to him, 28:31 proclaiming the kingdom of God and teaching about the Lord Jesus Christ 799 with complete boldness 800 and without restriction. 801