Bible: 1 Kings 4:7-22-25

4:7 Solomon had twelve district governors appointed throughout Israel who acquired supplies for the king and his palace. Each was responsible for one month in the year. 4:8 These were their names:

Ben-Hur was in charge of the hill country of Ephraim.

4:9 Ben-Deker was in charge of Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth Shemesh, and Elon Beth Hanan.

4:10 Ben-Hesed was in charge of Arubboth; he controlled Socoh and all the territory of Hepher.

4:11 Ben-Abinadab was in charge of Naphath Dor. (He was married to Solomon’s daughter Taphath.)

4:12 Baana son of Ahilud was in charge of Taanach and Megiddo, 1  as well as all of Beth Shan next to Zarethan below Jezreel, from Beth Shan to Abel Meholah and on past Jokmeam.

4:13 Ben-Geber was in charge of Ramoth Gilead; he controlled the tent villages of Jair son of Manasseh in Gilead, as well as the region of Argob in Bashan, including sixty large walled cities with bronze bars locking their gates.

4:14 Ahinadab son of Iddo was in charge of Mahanaim.

4:15 Ahimaaz was in charge of Naphtali. (He married Solomon’s daughter Basemath.)

4:16 Baana son of Hushai was in charge of Asher and Aloth.

4:17 Jehoshaphat son of Paruah was in charge of Issachar.

4:18 Shimei son of Ela was in charge of Benjamin.

4:19 Geber son of Uri was in charge of the land of Gilead (the territory which had once belonged to King Sihon of the Amorites and to King Og of Bashan). He was sole governor of the area.

Solomon’s Wealth and Fame

4:20 The people of Judah and Israel were as innumerable as the sand on the seashore; they had plenty to eat and drink and were happy. 4:21 2  Solomon ruled all the kingdoms from the Euphrates River 3  to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt. These kingdoms paid tribute as Solomon’s subjects throughout his lifetime. 4  4:22 Each day Solomon’s royal court consumed 5  thirty cors 6  of finely milled flour, sixty cors of cereal,

Adonijah Tries to Seize the Throne

1:1 King David was very old; 7  even when they covered him with blankets, 8  he could not get warm. 1:2 His servants advised 9  him, “A young virgin must be found for our master, the king, 10  to take care of the king’s needs 11  and serve as his nurse. She can also sleep with you 12  and keep our master, the king, warm.” 13  1:3 So they looked through all Israel 14  for a beautiful young woman and found Abishag, a Shunammite, and brought her to the king. 1:4 The young woman was very beautiful; she became the king’s nurse and served him, but the king did not have sexual relations with her. 15 

1:5 Now Adonijah, son of David and Haggith, 16  was promoting himself, 17  boasting, 18  “I will be king!” He managed to acquire 19  chariots and horsemen, as well as fifty men to serve as his royal guard. 20  1:6 (Now his father had never corrected 21  him 22  by saying, “Why do you do such things?” He was also very handsome and had been born right after Absalom. 23 ) 1:7 He collaborated 24  with Joab son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they supported 25  him. 26  1:8 But Zadok the priest, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, Nathan the prophet, Shimei, Rei, and David’s elite warriors 27  did not ally themselves 28  with Adonijah. 1:9 Adonijah sacrificed sheep, cattle, and fattened steers at the Stone of Zoheleth near En Rogel. He invited all his brothers, the king’s sons, 29  as well as all the men of Judah, the king’s servants. 1:10 But he did not invite Nathan the prophet, Benaiah, the elite warriors, 30  or his brother Solomon.

1:11 Nathan said to Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother, “Has it been reported to you 31  that Haggith’s son Adonijah has become king behind our master David’s back? 32  1:12 Now 33  let me give you some advice as to how 34  you can save your life and your son Solomon’s life. 1:13 Visit 35  King David and say to him, ‘My master, O king, did you not solemnly promise 36  your servant, “Surely your son Solomon will be king after me; he will sit on my throne? So why has Adonijah become king?’ 1:14 While 37  you are still there speaking to the king, I will arrive 38  and verify your report.” 39 

1:15 So Bathsheba visited the king in his private quarters. 40  (The king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king.) 1:16 Bathsheba bowed down on the floor before 41  the king. The king said, “What do you want? 1:17 She replied to him, “My master, you swore an oath to your servant by the Lord your God, ‘Solomon your son will be king after me and he will sit on my throne.’ 1:18 But now, look, Adonijah has become king! But you, 42  my master the king, are not even aware of it! 43  1:19 He has sacrificed many cattle, steers, and sheep and has invited all the king’s sons, Abiathar the priest, and Joab, the commander of the army, but he has not invited your servant Solomon. 1:20 Now, 44  my master, O king, all Israel is watching anxiously to see who is named to succeed my master the king on the throne. 45  1:21 If a decision is not made, 46  when my master the king is buried with his ancestors, 47  my son Solomon and I 48  will be considered state criminals.” 49 

1:22 Just then, 50  while she was still speaking to the king, Nathan the prophet arrived. 1:23 The king was told, “Nathan the prophet is here.” Nathan entered and bowed before the king with his face to the floor. 51  1:24 Nathan said, “My master, O king, did you announce, ‘Adonijah will be king after me; he will sit on my throne? 1:25 For today he has gone down and sacrificed many cattle, steers, and sheep and has invited all the king’s sons, the army commanders, and Abiathar the priest. At this moment 52  they are having a feast 53  in his presence, and they have declared, ‘Long live King Adonijah!’ 54  1:26 But he did not invite me – your servant – or Zadok the priest, or Benaiah son of Jehoiada, or your servant Solomon. 1:27 Has my master the king authorized this without informing your servants 55  who should succeed my master the king on his throne? 56 

David Picks Solomon as His Successor

1:28 King David responded, 57 Summon Bathsheba!” 58  She came and stood before the king. 59  1:29 The king swore an oath: “As certainly as the Lord lives (he who has rescued me 60  from every danger), 1:30 I will keep 61  today the oath I swore to you by the Lord God of Israel: ‘Surely Solomon your son will be king after me; he will sit in my place on my throne.’ 1:31 Bathsheba bowed down to the king with her face to the floor 62  and said, “May my master, King David, live forever!

1:32 King David said, “Summon Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, 63  and Benaiah son of Jehoiada.” They came before the king, 1:33 and he 64  told them, “Take your master’s 65  servants with you, put my son Solomon on my mule, and lead him down to Gihon. 66  1:34 There Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet will anoint 67  him king over Israel; then blow the trumpet and declare, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 1:35 Then follow him up as he comes and sits on my throne. He will be king in my place; I have decreed 68  that he will be ruler over Israel and Judah.” 1:36 Benaiah son of Jehoiada responded 69  to the king: “So be it! 70  May the Lord God of my master the king confirm it! 71  1:37 As the Lord is with my master the king, so may he be with Solomon, and may he make him an even greater king than my master King David! 72 

1:38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites 73  went down, put Solomon on King David’s mule, and led him to Gihon. 1:39 Zadok the priest took a horn filled with olive oil 74  from the tent and poured it on 75  Solomon; the trumpet was blown and all the people declared, “Long live King Solomon! 1:40 All the people followed him up, playing flutes and celebrating so loudly they made the ground shake. 76 

1:41 Now Adonijah and all his guests heard the commotion just as they had finished eating. 77  When Joab heard the sound of the trumpet, he asked, “Why is there such a noisy commotion in the city? 78  1:42 As he was still speaking, Jonathan 79  son of Abiathar the priest arrived. Adonijah said, “Come in, for 80  an important man like you must be bringing good news.” 81  1:43 Jonathan replied 82  to Adonijah: “No! 83  Our master 84  King David has made Solomon king. 1:44 The king sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah son of Jehoiada, the Kerethites, and the Pelethites and they put him on the king’s mule. 1:45 Then Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anointed 85  him king in Gihon. They went up from there rejoicing, and the city is in an uproar. That is the sound you hear. 1:46 Furthermore, Solomon has assumed the royal throne. 86  1:47 The king’s servants have even come to congratulate 87  our master 88  King David, saying, ‘May your God 89  make Solomon more famous than you and make him an even greater king than you!’ 90  Then the king leaned 91  on the bed 1:48 and said 92  this: ‘The Lord God of Israel is worthy of praise because 93  today he has placed a successor on my throne and allowed me to see it.’ 94 

1:49 All of Adonijah’s guests panicked; 95  they jumped up and rushed off their separate ways. 1:50 Adonijah feared Solomon, so he got up and went and grabbed hold of the horns of the altar. 96  1:51 Solomon was told, “Look, Adonijah fears you; 97  see, he has taken hold of the horns of the altar, saying, ‘May King Solomon solemnly promise 98  me today that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’ 1:52 Solomon said, “If he is a loyal subject, 99  not a hair of his head will be harmed, but if he is found to be a traitor, 100  he will die.” 1:53 King Solomon sent men to bring him down 101  from the altar. He came and bowed down to King Solomon, and Solomon told him, “Go home.” 102 

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