Bible: 1 Kings 16-22
16:1 Jehu son of Hanani received from the
16:5 The rest of the events of Baasha’s reign, including his accomplishments and successes, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 8 16:6 Baasha passed away 9 and was buried in Tirzah. His son Elah replaced him as king. 16:7 The prophet Jehu son of Hanani received from the
Elah’s Reign over Israel
16:8 In the twenty-sixth year of King Asa’s reign over Judah, Baasha’s son Elah became king over Israel; he ruled in Tirzah for two years. 16:9 His servant Zimri, a commander of half of his chariot force, conspired against him. While Elah was drinking heavily 12 at the house of Arza, who supervised the palace in Tirzah, 16:10 Zimri came in and struck him dead. (This happened in the twenty-seventh year of Asa’s reign over Judah.) Zimri replaced Elah as king. 13 16:11 When he became king and occupied the throne, he killed Baasha’s entire family. He did not spare any male belonging to him; he killed his relatives and his friends. 14 16:12 Zimri destroyed Baasha’s entire family, just as the
16:14 The rest of the events of Elah’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 17
Zimri’s Reign over Israel
16:15 In the twenty-seventh year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Zimri became king over Israel; he ruled for seven days in Tirzah. Zimri’s revolt took place while the army was deployed 18 in Gibbethon, which was in Philistine territory. 16:16 While deployed there, the army received this report: 19 “Zimri has conspired against the king and assassinated him.” 20 So all Israel made Omri, the commander of the army, king over Israel that very day in the camp. 16:17 Omri and all Israel went up from Gibbethon and besieged Tirzah. 16:18 When Zimri saw that the city was captured, he went into the fortified area of the royal palace. He set the palace on fire and died in the flames. 21 16:19 This happened because of the sins he committed. He did evil in the sight of 22 the
16:20 The rest of the events of Zimri’s reign, including the details of his revolt, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 24
Omri’s Reign over Israel
16:21 At that time the people of Israel were divided in their loyalties. Half the people supported Tibni son of Ginath and wanted to make him king; the other half supported Omri. 16:22 Omri’s supporters were stronger than those who supported Tibni son of Ginath. Tibni died; Omri became king.
16:23 In the thirty-first year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Omri became king over Israel. He ruled for twelve years, six of them in Tirzah. 16:24 He purchased the hill of Samaria 25 from Shemer for two talents 26 of silver. He launched a construction project there 27 and named the city he built after Shemer, the former owner of the hill of Samaria. 16:25 Omri did more evil in the sight of 28 the
16:27 The rest of the events of Omri’s reign, including his accomplishments and successes, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 31 16:28 Omri passed away 32 and was buried in Samaria. His son Ahab replaced him as king. 33
Ahab Promotes Idolatry
16:29 In the thirty-eighth year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Omri’s son Ahab became king over Israel. Ahab son of Omri ruled over Israel for twenty-two years in Samaria. 34 16:30 Ahab son of Omri did more evil in the sight of 35 the
16:34 During Ahab’s reign, 38 Hiel the Bethelite rebuilt Jericho. 39 Abiram, his firstborn son, died when he laid the foundation; 40 Segub, his youngest son, died when he erected its gates, 41 just as the
Elijah Visits a Widow in Sidonian Territory
17:1 Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab, “As certainly as the
17:7 After a while, 50 the stream dried up because there had been no rain in the land. 17:8 The
17:17 After this 59 the son of the woman who owned the house got sick. His illness was so severe he could no longer breathe. 17:18 She asked Elijah, “Why, prophet, have you come 60 to me to confront me with 61 my sin and kill my son?” 17:19 He said to her, “Hand me your son.” He took him from her arms, carried him to the upper room where he was staying, and laid him down on his bed. 17:20 Then he called out to the
Elijah Meets the King’s Servant
18:1 Some time later, in the third year of the famine, the
Now the famine was severe in Samaria. 64 18:3 So Ahab summoned Obadiah, who supervised the palace. (Now Obadiah was a very loyal follower of the
18:7 As Obadiah was traveling along, Elijah met him. 70 When he recognized him, he fell facedown to the ground and said, “Is it really you, my master, Elijah?” 18:8 He replied, “Yes, 71 go and say to your master, ‘Elijah is back.’” 72 18:9 Obadiah 73 said, “What sin have I committed that you are ready to hand your servant over to Ahab for execution? 74 18:10 As certainly as the
Elijah Confronts Baal’s Prophets
18:16 When Obadiah went and informed Ahab, the king went to meet Elijah. 85 18:17 When Ahab saw Elijah, he 86 said to him, “Is it really you, the one who brings disaster 87 on Israel?” 18:18 Elijah 88 replied, “I have not brought disaster 89 on Israel. But you and your father’s dynasty have, by abandoning the
18:20 Ahab sent messengers to all the Israelites and had the prophets assemble at Mount Carmel. 18:21 Elijah approached all the people and said, “How long are you going to be paralyzed by indecision? 92 If the
18:25 Elijah told the prophets of Baal, “Choose one of the bulls for yourselves and go first, for you are the majority. Invoke the name of your god, but do not light a fire.” 98 18:26 So they took a bull, as he had suggested, 99 and prepared it. They invoked the name of Baal from morning until noon, saying, “Baal, answer us.” But there was no sound and no answer. They jumped 100 around on the altar they had made. 101 18:27 At noon Elijah mocked them, “Yell louder! After all, he is a god; he may be deep in thought, or perhaps he stepped out for a moment or has taken a trip. Perhaps he is sleeping and needs to be awakened.” 102 18:28 So they yelled louder and, in accordance with their prescribed ritual, 103 mutilated themselves with swords and spears until their bodies were covered with blood. 104 18:29 Throughout the afternoon they were in an ecstatic frenzy, 105 but there was no sound, no answer, and no response. 106
18:30 Elijah then told all the people, “Approach me.” So all the people approached him. He repaired the altar of the
18:41 Then Elijah told Ahab, “Go on up and eat and drink, for the sound of a heavy rainstorm can be heard.” 121 18:42 So Ahab went on up to eat and drink, while Elijah climbed to the top of Carmel. He bent down toward the ground and put his face between his knees. 18:43 He told his servant, “Go on up and look in the direction of the sea.” So he went on up, looked, and reported, “There is nothing.” 122 Seven times Elijah sent him to look. 123 18:44 The seventh time the servant 124 said, “Look, a small cloud, the size of the palm of a man’s hand, is rising up from the sea.” Elijah 125 then said, “Go and tell Ahab, ‘Hitch up the chariots and go down, so that the rain won’t overtake you.’” 126 18:45 Meanwhile the sky was covered with dark clouds, the wind blew, and there was a heavy rainstorm. Ahab rode toward 127 Jezreel. 18:46 Now the
Elijah Runs for His Life
19:1 Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, including a detailed account of how he killed all the prophets with the sword. 19:2 Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah with this warning, 130 “May the gods judge me severely 131 if by this time tomorrow I do not take your life as you did theirs!” 132
19:3 Elijah was afraid, 133 so he got up and fled for his life to Beer Sheba in Judah. He left his servant there, 19:4 while he went a day’s journey into the desert. He went and sat down under a shrub 134 and asked the
19:9 He went into a cave there and spent the night. All of a sudden the
A very powerful wind went before the
19:19 Elijah went from there and found Elisha son of Shaphat. He was plowing with twelve pairs of oxen; he was near the twelfth pair. Elijah passed by him and threw his robe over him. 19:20 He left the oxen, ran after Elijah, and said, “Please let me kiss my father and mother goodbye, then I will follow you.” Elijah 154 said to him, “Go back! Indeed, what have I done to you?” 19:21 Elisha 155 went back and took his pair of oxen and slaughtered them. He cooked the meat over a fire that he made by burning the harness and yoke. 156 He gave the people meat and they ate. Then he got up and followed Elijah and became his assistant.
Ben Hadad Invades Israel
20:1 Now King Ben Hadad of Syria assembled all his army, along with thirty-two other kings with their horses and chariots. He marched against Samaria 157 and besieged and attacked it. 158 20:2 He sent messengers to King Ahab of Israel, who was in the city. 159 20:3 He said to him, “This is what Ben Hadad says, ‘Your silver and your gold are mine, as well as the best of your wives and sons.’” 20:4 The king of Israel replied, “It is just as you say, my master, O king. I and all I own belong to you.”
20:5 The messengers came again and said, “This is what Ben Hadad says, ‘I sent this message to you, “You must give me your silver, gold, wives, and sons.” 20:6 But now at this time tomorrow I will send my servants to you and they will search through your palace and your servants’ houses. They will carry away all your valuables.” 160 20:7 The king of Israel summoned all the leaders 161 of the land and said, “Notice how this man is looking for trouble. 162 Indeed, he demanded my wives, sons, silver, and gold, and I did not resist him.” 20:8 All the leaders and people said to him, “Do not give in or agree to his demands.” 163 20:9 So he said to the messengers of Ben Hadad, “Say this to my master, the king, ‘I will give you everything you demanded at first from your servant, but I am unable to agree to this latest demand.’” 164 So the messengers went back and gave their report.
20:10 Ben Hadad sent another message to him, “May the gods judge me severely 165 if there is enough dirt left in Samaria for my soldiers to scoop up in their hands.” 166 20:11 The king of Israel replied, “Tell him the one who puts on his battle gear should not boast like one who is taking it off.” 167 20:12 When Ben Hadad received this reply, 168 he and the other kings were drinking in their quarters. 169 He ordered his servants, “Get ready to attack!” So they got ready to attack the city.
The Lord Delivers Israel
20:13 Now a prophet visited King Ahab of Israel and said, “This is what the
20:15 So Ahab 173 assembled the 232 servants of the district governors. After that he assembled all the Israelite army, numbering 7,000. 174 20:16 They marched out at noon, while Ben Hadad and the thirty-two kings allied with him were drinking heavily 175 in their quarters. 176 20:17 The servants of the district governors led the march. When Ben Hadad sent messengers, they reported back to him, “Men are marching out of Samaria.” 177 20:18 He ordered, “Whether they come in peace or to do battle, take them alive.” 178 20:19 They marched out of the city with the servants of the district governors in the lead and the army behind them. 20:20 Each one struck down an enemy soldier; 179 the Syrians fled and Israel chased them. King Ben Hadad of Syria escaped on horseback with some horsemen. 20:21 Then the king of Israel marched out and struck down the horses and chariots; he thoroughly defeated 180 Syria.
The Lord Gives Israel Another Victory
20:22 The prophet 181 visited the king of Israel and instructed him, “Go, fortify your defenses. 182 Determine 183 what you must do, for in the spring 184 the king of Syria will attack 185 you.” 20:23 Now the advisers 186 of the king of Syria said to him: “Their God is a god of the mountains. That’s why they overpowered us. But if we fight them in the plains, we will certainly overpower them. 20:24 So do this: Dismiss the kings from their command, and replace them with military commanders. 20:25 Muster an army like the one you lost, with the same number of horses and chariots. 187 Then we will fight them in the plains; we will certainly overpower them.” He approved their plan and did as they advised. 188
20:26 In the spring 189 Ben Hadad mustered the Syrian army 190 and marched to Aphek to fight Israel. 191 20:27 When the Israelites had mustered and had received their supplies, they marched out to face them in battle. When the Israelites deployed opposite them, they were like two small flocks 192 of goats, but the Syrians filled the land. 20:28 The prophet 193 visited the king of Israel and said, “This is what the
20:29 The armies were deployed opposite each other for seven days. On the seventh day the battle began, and the Israelites killed 100,000 Syrian foot soldiers in one day. 20:30 The remaining 27,000 ran to Aphek and went into the city, but the wall fell on them. 195 Now Ben Hadad ran into the city and hid in an inner room. 196 20:31 His advisers 197 said to him, “Look, we have heard that the kings of the Israelite dynasty are kind. 198 Allow us to put sackcloth around our waists and ropes on our heads 199 and surrender 200 to the king of Israel. Maybe he will spare our lives.” 20:32 So they put sackcloth around their waists and ropes on their heads and went to the king of Israel. They said, “Your servant 201 Ben Hadad says, ‘Please let me live!’” Ahab 202 replied, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.” 203 20:33 The men took this as a good omen and quickly accepted his offer, saying, “Ben Hadad is your brother.” Ahab 204 then said, “Go, get him.” So Ben Hadad came out to him, and Ahab pulled him up into his chariot. 20:34 Ben Hadad 205 said, “I will return the cities my father took from your father. You may set up markets 206 in Damascus, just as my father did in Samaria.” 207 Ahab then said, “I want to make a treaty with you before I dismiss you.” 208 So he made a treaty with him and then dismissed him.
A Prophet Denounces Ahab’s Actions
20:35 One of the members of the prophetic guild, speaking with divine authority, ordered his companion, “Wound me!” 209 But the man refused to wound him. 20:36 So the prophet 210 said to him, “Because you have disobeyed the
Ahab Murders Naboth
21:1 After this the following episode took place. 222 Naboth the Jezreelite owned a vineyard in Jezreel adjacent to the palace of King Ahab of Samaria. 223 21:2 Ahab said to Naboth, “Give me your vineyard so I can make a vegetable garden out of it, for it is adjacent to my palace. I will give you an even better vineyard in its place, or if you prefer, 224 I will pay you silver for it.” 225 21:3 But Naboth replied to Ahab, “The
21:4 So Ahab went into his palace, bitter and angry that Naboth the Jezreelite had said, 227 “I will not sell to you my ancestral inheritance.” 228 He lay down on his bed, pouted, 229 and would not eat. 21:5 Then his wife Jezebel came in and said to him, “Why do you have a bitter attitude and refuse to eat?” 21:6 He answered her, “While I was talking to Naboth the Jezreelite, I said to him, ‘Sell me your vineyard for silver, or if you prefer, I will give you another vineyard in its place.’ But he said, ‘I will not sell you my vineyard.’” 230 21:7 His wife Jezebel said to him, “You are the king of Israel! 231 Get up, eat some food, and have a good time. 232 I will get the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite for you.”
21:8 She wrote out orders, 233 signed Ahab’s name to them, 234 and sealed them with his seal. She then sent the orders 235 to the leaders 236 and to the nobles who lived in Naboth’s city. 237 21:9 This is what she wrote: 238 “Observe a time of fasting and seat Naboth in front of the people. 21:10 Also seat two villains opposite him and have them testify, ‘You cursed God and the king.’ Then take him out and stone him to death.”
21:11 The men of the 239 city, the leaders 240 and the nobles who lived there, 241 followed the written orders Jezebel had sent them. 242 21:12 They observed a time of fasting and put Naboth in front of the people. 21:13 The two villains arrived and sat opposite him. Then the villains testified against Naboth right before the people, saying, “Naboth cursed God and the king.” So they dragged him 243 outside the city and stoned him to death. 244 21:14 Then they reported to Jezebel, “Naboth has been stoned to death.” 245
21:15 When Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned to death, she 246 said to Ahab, “Get up, take possession of the vineyard Naboth the Jezreelite refused to sell you for silver, for Naboth is no longer alive; he’s dead.” 21:16 When Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, 247 he got up and went down to take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.
21:20 When Elijah arrived, Ahab said to him, 249 “So, you have found me, my enemy!” Elijah 250 replied, “I have found you, because you are committed 251 to doing evil in the sight of 252 the
21:27 When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, and fasted. He slept in sackcloth and walked around dejected. 21:28 The
Ahab Dies in Battle
22:1 There was no war between Syria and Israel for three years. 269 22:2 In the third year King Jehoshaphat of Judah came down to visit 270 the king of Israel. 22:3 The king of Israel said to his servants, “Surely you recognize that Ramoth Gilead belongs to us, though we are hesitant to reclaim it from the king of Syria.” 271 22:4 Then he said to Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to attack Ramoth Gilead?” Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, “I will support you; my army and horses are at your disposal.” 272 22:5 Then Jehoshaphat added, 273 “First seek an oracle from the
22:10 Now the king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah were sitting on their respective thrones, 280 dressed in their robes, at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria. 281 All the prophets were prophesying before them. 22:11 Zedekiah son of Kenaanah made iron horns and said, “This is what the
22:15 When he came before the king, the king asked him, “Micaiah, should we attack Ramoth Gilead or not?” He answered him, “Attack! You will succeed; the
22:29 The king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah attacked Ramoth Gilead. 22:30 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and then enter 295 into the battle; but you wear your royal robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and then entered into the battle. 22:31 Now the king of Syria had ordered his thirty-two chariot commanders, “Do not fight common soldiers or high-ranking officers; 296 fight only the king of Israel.” 22:32 When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they said, “He must be the king of Israel.” So they turned and attacked him, but Jehoshaphat cried out. 22:33 When the chariot commanders realized he was not the king of Israel, they turned away from him. 22:34 Now an archer shot an arrow at random, 297 and it struck the king of Israel between the plates of his armor. The king 298 ordered his charioteer, “Turn around and take me from the battle line, 299 because I’m wounded.” 22:35 While the battle raged throughout the day, the king stood propped up in his chariot opposite the Syrians. He died in the evening; the blood from the wound ran down into the bottom of the chariot. 22:36 As the sun was setting, a cry went through the camp, “Each one should return to his city and to his homeland.” 22:37 So the king died and was taken to Samaria, where they buried him. 300 22:38 They washed off the chariot at the pool of Samaria (this was where the prostitutes bathed); 301 dogs licked his blood, just as the
22:39 The rest of the events of Ahab’s reign, including a record of his accomplishments and how he built a luxurious palace and various cities, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 303 22:40 Ahab passed away. 304 His son Ahaziah replaced him as king.
Jehoshaphat’s Reign over Judah
22:41 In the fourth year of King Ahab’s reign over Israel, Asa’s son Jehoshaphat became king over Judah. 22:42 Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king and he reigned for twenty-five years in Jerusalem. 305 His mother was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi. 22:43 He followed in his father Asa’s footsteps and was careful to do what the
22:45 The rest of the events of Jehoshaphat’s reign, including his successes and military exploits, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 308 22:46 He removed from the land any male cultic prostitutes who had managed to survive the reign of his father Asa. 309 22:47 There was no king in Edom at this time; a governor ruled. 22:48 Jehoshaphat built a fleet of large merchant ships 310 to travel to Ophir for gold, but they never made the voyage because they were shipwrecked in Ezion Geber. 22:49 Then Ahaziah son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my sailors join yours in the fleet,” 311 but Jehoshaphat refused.
Ahaziah’s Reign over Israel
22:51 In the seventeenth year of King Jehoshaphat’s reign over Judah, Ahab’s son Ahaziah became king over Israel in Samaria. 314 He ruled for two years over Israel. 22:52 He did evil in the sight of 315 the