Bible: 1 Kings 11-22
The Lord Punishes Solomon for Idolatry
11:1 King Solomon fell in love with many foreign women (besides Pharaoh’s daughter), including Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites. 11:2 They came from nations about which the
11:3 He had 700 royal wives 4 and 300 concubines; 5 his wives had a powerful influence over him. 6 11:4 When Solomon became old, his wives shifted his allegiance to 7 other gods; he was not wholeheartedly devoted to the
11:23 God also brought against Solomon 41 another enemy, Rezon son of Eliada who had run away from his master, King Hadadezer of Zobah. 11:24 He gathered some men and organized a raiding band. 42 When David tried to kill them, 43 they went to Damascus, where they settled down and gained control of the city. 11:25 He was Israel’s enemy throughout Solomon’s reign and, like Hadad, caused trouble. He loathed 44 Israel and ruled over Syria.
11:26 Jeroboam son of Nebat, one of Solomon’s servants, rebelled against 45 the king. He was an Ephraimite 46 from Zeredah whose mother was a widow named Zeruah. 11:27 This is what prompted him to rebel against the king: 47 Solomon built a terrace and he closed up a gap in the wall of the city of his father David. 48 11:28 Jeroboam was a talented man; 49 when Solomon saw that the young man was an accomplished worker, he made him the leader of the work crew from the tribe 50 of Joseph. 11:29 At that time, when Jeroboam had left Jerusalem, the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite met him on the road; the two of them were alone in the open country. Ahijah 51 was wearing a brand new robe, 11:30 and he grabbed the robe 52 and tore it into twelve pieces. 11:31 Then he told Jeroboam, “Take ten pieces, for this is what the
Solomon’s Reign Ends
11:41 The rest of the events of Solomon’s reign, including all his accomplishments and his wise decisions, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of Solomon. 69 11:42 Solomon ruled over all Israel from Jerusalem 70 for forty years. 11:43 Then Solomon passed away 71 and was buried in the city of his father David. 72 His son Rehoboam replaced him as king. 73
Rehoboam Loses His Kingdom
12:1 Rehoboam traveled to Shechem, for all Israel had gathered in 74 Shechem to make Rehoboam 75 king. 12:2 76 When Jeroboam son of Nebat heard the news, he was still in Egypt, where he had fled from King Solomon and had been living ever since. 77 12:3 They sent for him, 78 and Jeroboam and the whole Israelite assembly came and spoke to Rehoboam, saying, 12:4 “Your father made us work too hard. 79 Now if you lighten the demands he made and don’t make us work as hard, we will serve you.” 80 12:5 He said to them, “Go away for three days, then return to me.” So the people went away.
12:6 King Rehoboam consulted with the older advisers who had served 81 his father Solomon when he had been alive. He asked them, 82 “How do you advise me to answer these people?” 12:7 They said to him, “Today if you show a willingness to help these people and grant their request, they will be your servants from this time forward.” 83 12:8 But Rehoboam rejected their advice and consulted the young advisers who served him, with whom he had grown up. 84 12:9 He asked them, “How do you advise me 85 to respond to these people who said to me, ‘Lessen the demands your father placed on us’?” 86 12:10 The young advisers with whom Rehoboam 87 had grown up said to him, “Say this to these people who have said to you, ‘Your father made us work hard, but now lighten our burden.’ 88 Say this to them: ‘I am a lot harsher than my father! 89 12:11 My father imposed heavy demands on you; I will make them even heavier. 90 My father punished you with ordinary whips; I will punish you with whips that really sting your flesh.’” 91
12:12 Jeroboam and all the people reported 92 to Rehoboam on the third day, just as the king had ordered when he said, “Return to me on the third day.” 12:13 The king responded to the people harshly. He rejected the advice of the older men 12:14 and followed 93 the advice of the younger ones. He said, “My father imposed heavy demands on you; I will make them even heavier. 94 My father punished you with ordinary whips; I will punish you with whips that really sting your flesh.” 95 12:15 The king refused to listen to the people, because the
12:16 When all Israel saw that the king refused to listen to them, the people answered the king, “We have no portion in David, no share in the son of Jesse! 98 Return to your homes, O Israel! 99 Now, look after your own dynasty, O David!” 100 So Israel returned to their homes. 101 12:17 (Rehoboam continued to rule over the Israelites who lived in the cities of Judah.) 12:18 King Rehoboam sent Adoniram, 102 the supervisor of the work crews, 103 out after them, but all Israel stoned him to death. King Rehoboam managed to jump into his chariot and escape to Jerusalem. 104 12:19 So Israel has been in rebellion against the Davidic dynasty to this very day. 12:20 When all Israel heard that Jeroboam had returned, they summoned him to the assembly and made him king over all Israel. No one except the tribe of Judah remained loyal to the Davidic dynasty. 105
12:21 When Rehoboam arrived in Jerusalem, he summoned 180,000 skilled warriors from all of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin 106 to attack Israel and restore the kingdom to Rehoboam son of Solomon. 12:22 But God told Shemaiah the prophet, 107 12:23 “Say this to King Rehoboam son of Solomon of Judah, and to all Judah and Benjamin, as well as the rest of the people, 12:24 ‘The
Jeroboam Makes Golden Calves
Jeroboam built up Shechem in the Ephraimite hill country and lived there. From there he went out and built up Penuel. 12:26 Jeroboam then thought to himself: 111 “Now the Davidic dynasty could regain the kingdom. 112 12:27 If these people go up to offer sacrifices in the
12:31 He built temples 120 on the high places and appointed as priests people who were not Levites. 12:32 Jeroboam inaugurated a festival on the fifteenth day of the eighth month, 121 like the festival celebrated in Judah. 122 On the altar in Bethel he offered sacrifices to the calves he had made. 123 In Bethel he also appointed priests for the high places he had made.
A Prophet from Judah Visits Bethel
12:33 On the fifteenth day of the eighth month (a date he had arbitrarily chosen) 124 Jeroboam 125 offered sacrifices on the altar he had made in Bethel. 126 He inaugurated a festival for the Israelites and went up to the altar to offer sacrifices. 13:1 Just then 127 a prophet 128 from Judah, sent by the
13:11 Now there was an old prophet living in Bethel. 152 When his sons came home, they told their father 153 everything the prophet 154 had done in Bethel that day and all the words he had spoken to the king. 155 13:12 Their father asked them, “Which road did he take?” His sons showed him 156 the road the prophet 157 from Judah had taken. 13:13 He then told his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” When they had saddled the donkey for him, he mounted it 13:14 and took off after the prophet, 158 whom he found sitting under an oak tree. He asked him, “Are you the prophet 159 from Judah?” He answered, “Yes, I am.” 13:15 He then said to him, “Come home with me and eat something.” 13:16 But he replied, “I can’t go back with you 160 or eat and drink 161 with you in this place. 13:17 For the
13:20 While they were sitting at the table, the
13:23 When the prophet from Judah finished his meal, 175 the old prophet saddled his visitor’s donkey for him. 176 13:24 As the prophet from Judah was traveling, a lion attacked him on the road and killed him. 177 His corpse was lying on the road, and the donkey and the lion just stood there beside it. 178 13:25 Some men came by 179 and saw the corpse lying in the road with the lion standing beside it. 180 They went and reported what they had seen 181 in the city where the old prophet lived. 13:26 When the old prophet who had invited him to his house heard the news, 182 he said, “It is the prophet 183 who rebelled against the
A Prophet Announces the End of Jeroboam’s Dynasty
13:33 After this happened, Jeroboam still did not change his evil ways; 196 he continued to appoint common people 197 as priests at the high places. Anyone who wanted the job he consecrated as a priest. 198 13:34 This sin caused Jeroboam’s dynasty 199 to come to an end and to be destroyed from the face of the earth.14:1 200
At that time Jeroboam’s son Abijah became sick. 14:2 Jeroboam told his wife, “Disguise 201 yourself so that people cannot recognize you are Jeroboam’s wife. Then go to Shiloh; Ahijah the prophet, who told me I would rule over this nation, lives there. 202 14:3 Take 203 ten loaves of bread, some small cakes, and a container of honey and visit him. He will tell you what will happen to the boy.”
14:4 Jeroboam’s wife did as she was told. She went to Shiloh and visited Ahijah. 204 Now Ahijah could not see; he had lost his eyesight in his old age. 205 14:5 But the
14:12 “As for you, get up and go home. When you set foot in the city, the boy will die. 14:13 All Israel will mourn him and bury him. He is the only one in Jeroboam’s family 216 who will receive a decent burial, for he is the only one in whom the
14:17 So Jeroboam’s wife got up and went back to 224 Tirzah. As she crossed the threshold of the house, the boy died. 14:18 All Israel buried him and mourned for him, just as the
Jeroboam’s Reign Ends
14:19 The rest of the events of Jeroboam’s reign, including the details of his battles and rule, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 226 14:20 Jeroboam ruled for twenty-two years; then he passed away. 227 His son Nadab replaced him as king.
Rehoboam’s Reign over Judah
14:21 Now Rehoboam son of Solomon ruled in Judah. He 228 was forty-one years old when he became king and he ruled for seventeen years in Jerusalem, 229 the city the
14:22 Judah did evil in the sight of 232 the
14:25 In King Rehoboam’s fifth year, King Shishak of Egypt attacked Jerusalem. 14:26 He took away the treasures of the
14:29 The rest of the events of Rehoboam’s reign, including his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 237 14:30 Rehoboam and Jeroboam were continually at war with each other. 14:31 Rehoboam passed away 238 and was buried with his ancestors in the city of David. His mother was an Ammonite named Naamah. His son Abijah 239 replaced him as king.
Abijah’s Reign over Judah
15:1 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat, Abijah 240 became king over Judah. 15:2 He ruled for three years in Jerusalem. 241 His mother was Maacah, the daughter of Abishalom. 242 15:3 He followed all the sinful practices of his father before him. He was not wholeheartedly devoted to the
Asa’s Reign over Judah
15:9 In the twentieth year of Jeroboam’s reign over Israel, Asa became the king of Judah. 15:10 He ruled for forty-one years in Jerusalem. 256 His grandmother 257 was Maacah daughter of Abishalom. 15:11 Asa did what the
15:16 Now Asa and King Baasha of Israel were continually at war with each other. 265 15:17 King Baasha of Israel attacked Judah and established Ramah as a military outpost to prevent anyone from leaving or entering the land of King Asa of Judah. 266 15:18 Asa took all the silver and gold that was left in the treasuries of the
15:23 The rest of the events of Asa’s reign, including all his successes and accomplishments, as well as a record of the cities he built, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 276 Yet when he was very old he developed a foot disease. 277 15:24 Asa passed away 278 and was buried with his ancestors in the city of his ancestor David. His son Jehoshaphat replaced him as king.
Nadab’s Reign over Israel
15:25 In the second year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Jeroboam’s son Nadab became the king of Israel; he ruled Israel for two years. 15:26 He did evil in the sight of 279 the
15:27 Baasha son of Ahijah, from the tribe of Issachar, conspired against Nadab 281 and assassinated him in Gibbethon, which was in Philistine territory. This happened while Nadab and all the Israelite army were besieging Gibbethon. 15:28 Baasha killed him in the third year of Asa’s reign over Judah and replaced him as king. 15:29 When he became king, he executed Jeroboam’s entire family. He wiped out everyone who breathed, 282 just as the
15:31 The rest of the events of Nadab’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 285 15:32 Asa and King Nadab of Israel were continually at war with each other.
Baasha’s Reign over Israel
15:33 In the third year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah became king over all Israel in Tirzah; he ruled for twenty-four years. 15:34 He did evil in the sight of 286 the
16:1 Jehu son of Hanani received from the
16:5 The rest of the events of Baasha’s reign, including his accomplishments and successes, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 295 16:6 Baasha passed away 296 and was buried in Tirzah. His son Elah replaced him as king. 16:7 The prophet Jehu son of Hanani received from the
Elah’s Reign over Israel
16:8 In the twenty-sixth year of King Asa’s reign over Judah, Baasha’s son Elah became king over Israel; he ruled in Tirzah for two years. 16:9 His servant Zimri, a commander of half of his chariot force, conspired against him. While Elah was drinking heavily 299 at the house of Arza, who supervised the palace in Tirzah, 16:10 Zimri came in and struck him dead. (This happened in the twenty-seventh year of Asa’s reign over Judah.) Zimri replaced Elah as king. 300 16:11 When he became king and occupied the throne, he killed Baasha’s entire family. He did not spare any male belonging to him; he killed his relatives and his friends. 301 16:12 Zimri destroyed Baasha’s entire family, just as the
16:14 The rest of the events of Elah’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 304
Zimri’s Reign over Israel
16:15 In the twenty-seventh year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Zimri became king over Israel; he ruled for seven days in Tirzah. Zimri’s revolt took place while the army was deployed 305 in Gibbethon, which was in Philistine territory. 16:16 While deployed there, the army received this report: 306 “Zimri has conspired against the king and assassinated him.” 307 So all Israel made Omri, the commander of the army, king over Israel that very day in the camp. 16:17 Omri and all Israel went up from Gibbethon and besieged Tirzah. 16:18 When Zimri saw that the city was captured, he went into the fortified area of the royal palace. He set the palace on fire and died in the flames. 308 16:19 This happened because of the sins he committed. He did evil in the sight of 309 the
16:20 The rest of the events of Zimri’s reign, including the details of his revolt, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 311
Omri’s Reign over Israel
16:21 At that time the people of Israel were divided in their loyalties. Half the people supported Tibni son of Ginath and wanted to make him king; the other half supported Omri. 16:22 Omri’s supporters were stronger than those who supported Tibni son of Ginath. Tibni died; Omri became king.
16:23 In the thirty-first year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Omri became king over Israel. He ruled for twelve years, six of them in Tirzah. 16:24 He purchased the hill of Samaria 312 from Shemer for two talents 313 of silver. He launched a construction project there 314 and named the city he built after Shemer, the former owner of the hill of Samaria. 16:25 Omri did more evil in the sight of 315 the
16:27 The rest of the events of Omri’s reign, including his accomplishments and successes, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 318 16:28 Omri passed away 319 and was buried in Samaria. His son Ahab replaced him as king. 320
Ahab Promotes Idolatry
16:29 In the thirty-eighth year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Omri’s son Ahab became king over Israel. Ahab son of Omri ruled over Israel for twenty-two years in Samaria. 321 16:30 Ahab son of Omri did more evil in the sight of 322 the
16:34 During Ahab’s reign, 325 Hiel the Bethelite rebuilt Jericho. 326 Abiram, his firstborn son, died when he laid the foundation; 327 Segub, his youngest son, died when he erected its gates, 328 just as the
Elijah Visits a Widow in Sidonian Territory
17:1 Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab, “As certainly as the
17:7 After a while, 337 the stream dried up because there had been no rain in the land. 17:8 The
17:17 After this 346 the son of the woman who owned the house got sick. His illness was so severe he could no longer breathe. 17:18 She asked Elijah, “Why, prophet, have you come 347 to me to confront me with 348 my sin and kill my son?” 17:19 He said to her, “Hand me your son.” He took him from her arms, carried him to the upper room where he was staying, and laid him down on his bed. 17:20 Then he called out to the
Elijah Meets the King’s Servant
18:1 Some time later, in the third year of the famine, the
Now the famine was severe in Samaria. 351 18:3 So Ahab summoned Obadiah, who supervised the palace. (Now Obadiah was a very loyal follower of the
18:7 As Obadiah was traveling along, Elijah met him. 357 When he recognized him, he fell facedown to the ground and said, “Is it really you, my master, Elijah?” 18:8 He replied, “Yes, 358 go and say to your master, ‘Elijah is back.’” 359 18:9 Obadiah 360 said, “What sin have I committed that you are ready to hand your servant over to Ahab for execution? 361 18:10 As certainly as the
Elijah Confronts Baal’s Prophets
18:16 When Obadiah went and informed Ahab, the king went to meet Elijah. 372 18:17 When Ahab saw Elijah, he 373 said to him, “Is it really you, the one who brings disaster 374 on Israel?” 18:18 Elijah 375 replied, “I have not brought disaster 376 on Israel. But you and your father’s dynasty have, by abandoning the
18:20 Ahab sent messengers to all the Israelites and had the prophets assemble at Mount Carmel. 18:21 Elijah approached all the people and said, “How long are you going to be paralyzed by indecision? 379 If the
18:25 Elijah told the prophets of Baal, “Choose one of the bulls for yourselves and go first, for you are the majority. Invoke the name of your god, but do not light a fire.” 385 18:26 So they took a bull, as he had suggested, 386 and prepared it. They invoked the name of Baal from morning until noon, saying, “Baal, answer us.” But there was no sound and no answer. They jumped 387 around on the altar they had made. 388 18:27 At noon Elijah mocked them, “Yell louder! After all, he is a god; he may be deep in thought, or perhaps he stepped out for a moment or has taken a trip. Perhaps he is sleeping and needs to be awakened.” 389 18:28 So they yelled louder and, in accordance with their prescribed ritual, 390 mutilated themselves with swords and spears until their bodies were covered with blood. 391 18:29 Throughout the afternoon they were in an ecstatic frenzy, 392 but there was no sound, no answer, and no response. 393
18:30 Elijah then told all the people, “Approach me.” So all the people approached him. He repaired the altar of the
18:41 Then Elijah told Ahab, “Go on up and eat and drink, for the sound of a heavy rainstorm can be heard.” 408 18:42 So Ahab went on up to eat and drink, while Elijah climbed to the top of Carmel. He bent down toward the ground and put his face between his knees. 18:43 He told his servant, “Go on up and look in the direction of the sea.” So he went on up, looked, and reported, “There is nothing.” 409 Seven times Elijah sent him to look. 410 18:44 The seventh time the servant 411 said, “Look, a small cloud, the size of the palm of a man’s hand, is rising up from the sea.” Elijah 412 then said, “Go and tell Ahab, ‘Hitch up the chariots and go down, so that the rain won’t overtake you.’” 413 18:45 Meanwhile the sky was covered with dark clouds, the wind blew, and there was a heavy rainstorm. Ahab rode toward 414 Jezreel. 18:46 Now the
Elijah Runs for His Life
19:1 Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, including a detailed account of how he killed all the prophets with the sword. 19:2 Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah with this warning, 417 “May the gods judge me severely 418 if by this time tomorrow I do not take your life as you did theirs!” 419
19:3 Elijah was afraid, 420 so he got up and fled for his life to Beer Sheba in Judah. He left his servant there, 19:4 while he went a day’s journey into the desert. He went and sat down under a shrub 421 and asked the
19:9 He went into a cave there and spent the night. All of a sudden the
A very powerful wind went before the
19:19 Elijah went from there and found Elisha son of Shaphat. He was plowing with twelve pairs of oxen; he was near the twelfth pair. Elijah passed by him and threw his robe over him. 19:20 He left the oxen, ran after Elijah, and said, “Please let me kiss my father and mother goodbye, then I will follow you.” Elijah 441 said to him, “Go back! Indeed, what have I done to you?” 19:21 Elisha 442 went back and took his pair of oxen and slaughtered them. He cooked the meat over a fire that he made by burning the harness and yoke. 443 He gave the people meat and they ate. Then he got up and followed Elijah and became his assistant.
Ben Hadad Invades Israel
20:1 Now King Ben Hadad of Syria assembled all his army, along with thirty-two other kings with their horses and chariots. He marched against Samaria 444 and besieged and attacked it. 445 20:2 He sent messengers to King Ahab of Israel, who was in the city. 446 20:3 He said to him, “This is what Ben Hadad says, ‘Your silver and your gold are mine, as well as the best of your wives and sons.’” 20:4 The king of Israel replied, “It is just as you say, my master, O king. I and all I own belong to you.”
20:5 The messengers came again and said, “This is what Ben Hadad says, ‘I sent this message to you, “You must give me your silver, gold, wives, and sons.” 20:6 But now at this time tomorrow I will send my servants to you and they will search through your palace and your servants’ houses. They will carry away all your valuables.” 447 20:7 The king of Israel summoned all the leaders 448 of the land and said, “Notice how this man is looking for trouble. 449 Indeed, he demanded my wives, sons, silver, and gold, and I did not resist him.” 20:8 All the leaders and people said to him, “Do not give in or agree to his demands.” 450 20:9 So he said to the messengers of Ben Hadad, “Say this to my master, the king, ‘I will give you everything you demanded at first from your servant, but I am unable to agree to this latest demand.’” 451 So the messengers went back and gave their report.
20:10 Ben Hadad sent another message to him, “May the gods judge me severely 452 if there is enough dirt left in Samaria for my soldiers to scoop up in their hands.” 453 20:11 The king of Israel replied, “Tell him the one who puts on his battle gear should not boast like one who is taking it off.” 454 20:12 When Ben Hadad received this reply, 455 he and the other kings were drinking in their quarters. 456 He ordered his servants, “Get ready to attack!” So they got ready to attack the city.
The Lord Delivers Israel
20:13 Now a prophet visited King Ahab of Israel and said, “This is what the
20:15 So Ahab 460 assembled the 232 servants of the district governors. After that he assembled all the Israelite army, numbering 7,000. 461 20:16 They marched out at noon, while Ben Hadad and the thirty-two kings allied with him were drinking heavily 462 in their quarters. 463 20:17 The servants of the district governors led the march. When Ben Hadad sent messengers, they reported back to him, “Men are marching out of Samaria.” 464 20:18 He ordered, “Whether they come in peace or to do battle, take them alive.” 465 20:19 They marched out of the city with the servants of the district governors in the lead and the army behind them. 20:20 Each one struck down an enemy soldier; 466 the Syrians fled and Israel chased them. King Ben Hadad of Syria escaped on horseback with some horsemen. 20:21 Then the king of Israel marched out and struck down the horses and chariots; he thoroughly defeated 467 Syria.
The Lord Gives Israel Another Victory
20:22 The prophet 468 visited the king of Israel and instructed him, “Go, fortify your defenses. 469 Determine 470 what you must do, for in the spring 471 the king of Syria will attack 472 you.” 20:23 Now the advisers 473 of the king of Syria said to him: “Their God is a god of the mountains. That’s why they overpowered us. But if we fight them in the plains, we will certainly overpower them. 20:24 So do this: Dismiss the kings from their command, and replace them with military commanders. 20:25 Muster an army like the one you lost, with the same number of horses and chariots. 474 Then we will fight them in the plains; we will certainly overpower them.” He approved their plan and did as they advised. 475
20:26 In the spring 476 Ben Hadad mustered the Syrian army 477 and marched to Aphek to fight Israel. 478 20:27 When the Israelites had mustered and had received their supplies, they marched out to face them in battle. When the Israelites deployed opposite them, they were like two small flocks 479 of goats, but the Syrians filled the land. 20:28 The prophet 480 visited the king of Israel and said, “This is what the
20:29 The armies were deployed opposite each other for seven days. On the seventh day the battle began, and the Israelites killed 100,000 Syrian foot soldiers in one day. 20:30 The remaining 27,000 ran to Aphek and went into the city, but the wall fell on them. 482 Now Ben Hadad ran into the city and hid in an inner room. 483 20:31 His advisers 484 said to him, “Look, we have heard that the kings of the Israelite dynasty are kind. 485 Allow us to put sackcloth around our waists and ropes on our heads 486 and surrender 487 to the king of Israel. Maybe he will spare our lives.” 20:32 So they put sackcloth around their waists and ropes on their heads and went to the king of Israel. They said, “Your servant 488 Ben Hadad says, ‘Please let me live!’” Ahab 489 replied, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.” 490 20:33 The men took this as a good omen and quickly accepted his offer, saying, “Ben Hadad is your brother.” Ahab 491 then said, “Go, get him.” So Ben Hadad came out to him, and Ahab pulled him up into his chariot. 20:34 Ben Hadad 492 said, “I will return the cities my father took from your father. You may set up markets 493 in Damascus, just as my father did in Samaria.” 494 Ahab then said, “I want to make a treaty with you before I dismiss you.” 495 So he made a treaty with him and then dismissed him.
A Prophet Denounces Ahab’s Actions
20:35 One of the members of the prophetic guild, speaking with divine authority, ordered his companion, “Wound me!” 496 But the man refused to wound him. 20:36 So the prophet 497 said to him, “Because you have disobeyed the
Ahab Murders Naboth
21:1 After this the following episode took place. 509 Naboth the Jezreelite owned a vineyard in Jezreel adjacent to the palace of King Ahab of Samaria. 510 21:2 Ahab said to Naboth, “Give me your vineyard so I can make a vegetable garden out of it, for it is adjacent to my palace. I will give you an even better vineyard in its place, or if you prefer, 511 I will pay you silver for it.” 512 21:3 But Naboth replied to Ahab, “The
21:4 So Ahab went into his palace, bitter and angry that Naboth the Jezreelite had said, 514 “I will not sell to you my ancestral inheritance.” 515 He lay down on his bed, pouted, 516 and would not eat. 21:5 Then his wife Jezebel came in and said to him, “Why do you have a bitter attitude and refuse to eat?” 21:6 He answered her, “While I was talking to Naboth the Jezreelite, I said to him, ‘Sell me your vineyard for silver, or if you prefer, I will give you another vineyard in its place.’ But he said, ‘I will not sell you my vineyard.’” 517 21:7 His wife Jezebel said to him, “You are the king of Israel! 518 Get up, eat some food, and have a good time. 519 I will get the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite for you.”
21:8 She wrote out orders, 520 signed Ahab’s name to them, 521 and sealed them with his seal. She then sent the orders 522 to the leaders 523 and to the nobles who lived in Naboth’s city. 524 21:9 This is what she wrote: 525 “Observe a time of fasting and seat Naboth in front of the people. 21:10 Also seat two villains opposite him and have them testify, ‘You cursed God and the king.’ Then take him out and stone him to death.”
21:11 The men of the 526 city, the leaders 527 and the nobles who lived there, 528 followed the written orders Jezebel had sent them. 529 21:12 They observed a time of fasting and put Naboth in front of the people. 21:13 The two villains arrived and sat opposite him. Then the villains testified against Naboth right before the people, saying, “Naboth cursed God and the king.” So they dragged him 530 outside the city and stoned him to death. 531 21:14 Then they reported to Jezebel, “Naboth has been stoned to death.” 532
21:15 When Jezebel heard that Naboth had been stoned to death, she 533 said to Ahab, “Get up, take possession of the vineyard Naboth the Jezreelite refused to sell you for silver, for Naboth is no longer alive; he’s dead.” 21:16 When Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, 534 he got up and went down to take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.
21:20 When Elijah arrived, Ahab said to him, 536 “So, you have found me, my enemy!” Elijah 537 replied, “I have found you, because you are committed 538 to doing evil in the sight of 539 the
21:27 When Ahab heard these words, he tore his clothes, put on sackcloth, and fasted. He slept in sackcloth and walked around dejected. 21:28 The
Ahab Dies in Battle
22:1 There was no war between Syria and Israel for three years. 556 22:2 In the third year King Jehoshaphat of Judah came down to visit 557 the king of Israel. 22:3 The king of Israel said to his servants, “Surely you recognize that Ramoth Gilead belongs to us, though we are hesitant to reclaim it from the king of Syria.” 558 22:4 Then he said to Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to attack Ramoth Gilead?” Jehoshaphat replied to the king of Israel, “I will support you; my army and horses are at your disposal.” 559 22:5 Then Jehoshaphat added, 560 “First seek an oracle from the
22:10 Now the king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah were sitting on their respective thrones, 567 dressed in their robes, at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria. 568 All the prophets were prophesying before them. 22:11 Zedekiah son of Kenaanah made iron horns and said, “This is what the
22:15 When he came before the king, the king asked him, “Micaiah, should we attack Ramoth Gilead or not?” He answered him, “Attack! You will succeed; the
22:29 The king of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah attacked Ramoth Gilead. 22:30 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and then enter 582 into the battle; but you wear your royal robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and then entered into the battle. 22:31 Now the king of Syria had ordered his thirty-two chariot commanders, “Do not fight common soldiers or high-ranking officers; 583 fight only the king of Israel.” 22:32 When the chariot commanders saw Jehoshaphat, they said, “He must be the king of Israel.” So they turned and attacked him, but Jehoshaphat cried out. 22:33 When the chariot commanders realized he was not the king of Israel, they turned away from him. 22:34 Now an archer shot an arrow at random, 584 and it struck the king of Israel between the plates of his armor. The king 585 ordered his charioteer, “Turn around and take me from the battle line, 586 because I’m wounded.” 22:35 While the battle raged throughout the day, the king stood propped up in his chariot opposite the Syrians. He died in the evening; the blood from the wound ran down into the bottom of the chariot. 22:36 As the sun was setting, a cry went through the camp, “Each one should return to his city and to his homeland.” 22:37 So the king died and was taken to Samaria, where they buried him. 587 22:38 They washed off the chariot at the pool of Samaria (this was where the prostitutes bathed); 588 dogs licked his blood, just as the
22:39 The rest of the events of Ahab’s reign, including a record of his accomplishments and how he built a luxurious palace and various cities, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 590 22:40 Ahab passed away. 591 His son Ahaziah replaced him as king.
Jehoshaphat’s Reign over Judah
22:41 In the fourth year of King Ahab’s reign over Israel, Asa’s son Jehoshaphat became king over Judah. 22:42 Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years old when he became king and he reigned for twenty-five years in Jerusalem. 592 His mother was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi. 22:43 He followed in his father Asa’s footsteps and was careful to do what the
22:45 The rest of the events of Jehoshaphat’s reign, including his successes and military exploits, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 595 22:46 He removed from the land any male cultic prostitutes who had managed to survive the reign of his father Asa. 596 22:47 There was no king in Edom at this time; a governor ruled. 22:48 Jehoshaphat built a fleet of large merchant ships 597 to travel to Ophir for gold, but they never made the voyage because they were shipwrecked in Ezion Geber. 22:49 Then Ahaziah son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my sailors join yours in the fleet,” 598 but Jehoshaphat refused.
Ahaziah’s Reign over Israel
22:51 In the seventeenth year of King Jehoshaphat’s reign over Judah, Ahab’s son Ahaziah became king over Israel in Samaria. 601 He ruled for two years over Israel. 22:52 He did evil in the sight of 602 the