Bible: 1 Chron 11-29

David Becomes King

11:1 All Israel joined David at Hebron and said, “Look, we are your very flesh and blood! 1  11:2 In the past, even when Saul was king, you were Israel’s commanding general. 2  The Lord your God said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel; you will rule over my people Israel.’ 11:3 When all the leaders 3  of Israel came to the king at Hebron, David made an agreement 4  with them in Hebron before the Lord. They anointed 5  David king over Israel, just as the Lord had announced through Samuel. 6 

David Conquers Jerusalem

11:4 David and the whole Israelite army 7  advanced to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus). 8  (The Jebusites, the land’s original inhabitants, lived there.) 9  11:5 The residents of Jebus said to David, “You cannot invade this place!” But David captured the fortress of Zion (that is, the City of David). 11:6 10  David said, “Whoever attacks 11  the Jebusites first will become commanding general!” 12  So Joab son of Zeruiah attacked 13  first and became commander. 14  11:7 David lived in the fortress; for this reason it is called the City of David. 11:8 He built up the city around it, from the terrace to the surrounding walls; 15  Joab restored the rest of the city. 11:9 David’s power steadily grew, for the Lord who commands armies was with him. 16 

David’s Warriors

11:10 These were the leaders of David’s warriors who helped establish and stabilize his rule over all Israel, in accordance with the Lord’s word. 17  11:11 This is the list of David’s warriors: 18 

Jashobeam, a Hacmonite, was head of the officers. 19  He killed three hundred men with his spear in a single battle. 20 

11:12 Next in command 21  was Eleazar son of Dodo the Ahohite. He was one of the three elite warriors. 11:13 He was with David in Pas Dammim 22  when the Philistines assembled there for battle. In an area of the field that was full of barley, the army retreated before the Philistines, 11:14 but then they made a stand in the middle of that area. They defended it 23  and defeated the Philistines; the Lord gave them a great victory. 24 

11:15 Three of the thirty leaders went down to David at the rocky cliff at the cave of Adullam, while a Philistine force was camped in the Valley of Rephaim. 11:16 David was in the stronghold at the time, while a Philistine garrison was in Bethlehem. 25  11:17 David was thirsty and said, “How I wish someone would give me some water to drink 26  from the cistern in Bethlehem near the city gate! 11:18 So the three elite warriors 27  broke through the Philistine forces and drew some water from the cistern in Bethlehem near the city gate. They carried it back to David, but David refused to drink it. He poured it out as a drink offering to the Lord 11:19 and said, “God forbid that I should do this! 28  Should I drink the blood of these men who risked their lives?” 29  Because they risked their lives to bring it to him, he refused to drink it. Such were the exploits of the three elite warriors. 30 

11:20 Abishai the brother of Joab was head of the three 31  elite warriors. He killed three hundred men with his spear 32  and gained fame along with the three elite warriors. 33  11:21 From 34  the three he was given double honor and he became their officer, even though he was not one of them. 35 

11:22 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was a brave warrior from Kabzeel who performed great exploits. He struck down the two sons of Ariel of Moab; 36  he also went down and killed a lion inside a cistern on a snowy day. 11:23 He even killed an Egyptian who was seven and a half feet 37  tall. The Egyptian had a spear as big as the crossbeam of a weaver’s loom; Benaiah attacked 38  him with a club. He grabbed the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 11:24 Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada, who gained fame along with the three elite warriors. 11:25 He received honor from 39  the thirty warriors, though he was not one of the three elite warriors. David put him in charge of his bodyguard.

11:26 The mighty warriors were:

Asahel the brother of Joab,

Elhanan son of Dodo, from Bethlehem, 40 

11:27 Shammoth the Harorite, 41 

Helez the Pelonite, 42 

11:28 Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,

Abiezer the Anathothite,

11:29 Sibbekai 43  the Hushathite,

Ilai 44  the Ahohite,

11:30 Maharai the Netophathite,

Heled son of Baanah the Netophathite,

11:31 Ithai 45  son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjaminite territory,

Benaiah the Pirathonite,

11:32 Hurai 46  from the valleys of Gaash,

Abiel 47  the Arbathite,

11:33 Azmaveth the Baharumite, 48 

Eliahba the Shaalbonite,

11:34 the sons of Hashem 49  the Gizonite,

Jonathan son of Shageh 50  the Hararite,

11:35 Ahiam son of Sakar 51  the Hararite,

Eliphal son of Ur, 52 

11:36 Hepher the Mekerathite,

Ahijah the Pelonite,

11:37 Hezro 53  the Carmelite,

Naarai son of Ezbai,

11:38 Joel the brother of Nathan, 54 

Mibhar son of Hagri,

11:39 Zelek the Ammonite,

Naharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,

11:40 Ira the Ithrite,

Gareb the Ithrite,

11:41 Uriah the Hittite,

Zabad son of Achli,

11:42 Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, leader of the Reubenites and the thirty warriors with him,

11:43 Hanan son of Maacah,

Joshaphat the Mithnite,

11:44 Uzzia the Ashterathite,

Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,

11:45 Jediael son of Shimri,

and Joha his brother, the Tizite,

11:46 Eliel the Mahavite,

and Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam,

and Ithmah the Moabite,

11:47 Eliel,

and Obed,

and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.

Warriors Who Joined David at Ziklag

12:1 These were the men who joined David in Ziklag, when he was banished 55  from the presence of Saul son of Kish. (They were among the warriors who assisted him in battle. 12:2 They were armed with bows and could shoot arrows or sling stones right or left-handed. They were fellow tribesmen of Saul from Benjamin. 56 ) These were: 57 

12:3 Ahiezer, the leader, and Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth;

Berachah,

Jehu the Anathothite,

12:4 Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, one of the thirty warriors and their leader,

58 

Jeremiah,

Jahaziel,

Johanan,

Jozabad the Gederathite,

12:5 Eluzai,

Jerimoth,

Bealiah,

Shemariah,

Shephatiah the Haruphite,

12:6 Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, who were Korahites,

12:7 and Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham from Gedor.

12:8 Some of the Gadites joined David at the stronghold in the desert. They were warriors who were trained for battle; they carried shields and spears. They were as fierce as lions and could run as quickly as gazelles across the hills. 59  12:9 Ezer was the leader, Obadiah the second in command, Eliab the third, 12:10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 12:11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12:12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 12:13 Jeremiah the tenth, and Machbannai the eleventh. 12:14 These Gadites were military leaders; the least led a hundred men, the greatest a thousand. 60  12:15 They crossed the Jordan River 61  in the first month, 62  when it was overflowing its banks, and routed those living in all the valleys to the east and west. 63 

12:16 Some from Benjamin and Judah also came to David’s stronghold. 12:17 David went out to meet them and said, 64 If you come to me in peace and want to help me, then I will make an alliance with you. 65  But if you come to betray me to my enemies when I have not harmed you, 66  may the God of our ancestors 67  take notice and judge! 12:18 But a spirit 68  empowered 69  Amasai, the leader of the thirty warriors, and he said: 70 

“We are yours, O David!

We support 71  you, O son of Jesse!

May you greatly prosper! 72 

May those who help you prosper! 73 

Indeed 74  your God helps you!”

So David accepted them and made them leaders of raiding bands.

12:19 Some men from Manasseh joined 75  David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (But in the end they did not help the Philistines because, after taking counsel, the Philistine lords sent David away, saying: “It would be disastrous for us if he deserts to his master Saul.”) 76  12:20 When David 77  went to Ziklag, the men of Manasseh who joined him were Adnach, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders of a thousand soldiers each in the tribe of Manasseh. 12:21 They helped David fight against raiding bands, for all of them were warriors and leaders in the army. 12:22 Each day men came to help David until his army became very large. 78 

Support for David in Hebron

12:23 The following is a record of the armed warriors who came with their leaders and joined David in Hebron in order to make David king in Saul’s place, in accordance with the Lord’s decree: 79 

12:24 From Judah came 6,800 trained warriors carrying shields and spears. 80 

12:25 From Simeon there were 7,100 warriors.

12:26 From Levi there were 4,600. 12:27 Jehoiada, the leader of Aaron’s descendants, brought 3,700 men with him, 12:28 along with Zadok, a young warrior, and twenty-two leaders from his family.

12:29 From Benjamin, Saul’s tribe, 81  there were 3,000, most of whom, up to that time, had been loyal to Saul. 82 

12:30 From Ephraim there were 20,800 warriors, who had brought fame to their families. 83 

12:31 From the half tribe of Manasseh there were 18,000 who had been designated by name to come and make David king.

12:32 From Issachar there were 200 leaders and all their relatives at their command – they understood the times and knew what Israel should do. 84 

12:33 From Zebulun there were 50,000 warriors who were prepared for battle, equipped with all kinds of weapons, and ready to give their undivided loyalty. 85 

12:34 From Naphtali there were 1,000 officers, along with 37,000 men carrying shields and spears.

12:35 From Dan there were 28,600 men prepared for battle.

12:36 From Asher there were 40,000 warriors prepared for battle.

12:37 From the other side of the Jordan, from Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, there were 120,000 men armed with all kinds of weapons.

12:38 All these men were warriors who were ready to march. 86  They came to Hebron to make David king over all Israel by acclamation; 87  all the rest of the Israelites also were in agreement that David should become king. 88  12:39 They spent three days feasting 89  there with David, for their relatives had given them provisions. 12:40 Also their neighbors, from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. There were large supplies of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine, olive oil, beef, and lamb, 90  for Israel was celebrating. 91 

Uzzah Meets Disaster

13:1 David consulted with his military officers, including those who led groups of a thousand and those who led groups of a hundred. 92  13:2 David said to the whole Israelite assembly, “If you so desire and the Lord our God approves, 93  let’s spread the word 94  to our brothers who remain in all the regions of Israel, and to the priests and Levites in their cities, 95  so they may join us. 13:3 Let’s move the ark of our God back here, 96  for we did not seek his will 97  throughout Saul’s reign.” 98  13:4 The whole assembly agreed to do this, 99  for the proposal seemed right to all the people. 100  13:5 So David assembled all Israel from the Shihor River 101  in Egypt to Lebo Hamath, 102  to bring the ark of God from Kiriath Jearim. 13:6 David and all Israel went up to Baalah (that is, Kiriath Jearim) in Judah to bring up from there the ark of God the Lord, who sits enthroned between the cherubim – the ark that is called by his name. 103 

13:7 They transported the ark on a new cart from the house of Abinadab; Uzzah and Ahio were guiding the cart, 13:8 while David and all Israel were energetically 104  celebrating before God, singing and playing various stringed instruments, 105  tambourines, cymbals, and trumpets. 13:9 When they arrived at the threshing floor of Kidon, Uzzah reached out his hand to take hold of 106  the ark, because the oxen stumbled. 13:10 The Lord was so furious with Uzzah, 107  he killed him, because he reached out his hand and touched the ark. 108  He died right there before God. 109 

13:11 David was angry because the Lord attacked Uzzah; 110  so he called that place Perez Uzzah, 111  which remains its name to this very day. 13:12 David was afraid of God that day and said, “How will I ever be able to bring the ark of God up here? 13:13 So David did not move the ark to the City of David; 112  he left it in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite. 13:14 The ark of God remained in Obed-Edom’s house for three months; the Lord blessed Obed-Edom’s family and everything that belonged to him.

David’s Prestige Grows

14:1 King Hiram of Tyre 113  sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs, stonemasons, 114  and carpenters to build a palace for him. 14:2 David realized that the Lord had established him as king over Israel and that he had elevated 115  his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.

14:3 In Jerusalem 116  David married 117  more wives and fathered more sons and daughters. 14:4 These are the names of children born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 14:5 Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, 14:6 Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, 14:7 Elishama, Beeliada, 118  and Eliphelet.

14:8 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed 119  king of all Israel, all the Philistines marched up to confront him. 120  When David heard about it, he marched out against 121  them. 14:9 Now the Philistines had come and raided 122  the Valley of Rephaim. 14:10 David asked God, “Should I march up against the Philistines? Will you hand them over to me?” The Lord said to him, “March up! I will hand them over to you! 14:11 So they marched against Baal Perazim and David defeated them there. David said, “Using me as his instrument, 123  God has burst out against my enemies like water bursts out.” So that place is called Baal Perazim. 124  14:12 The Philistines left 125  their idols 126  there, so David ordered that they be burned.

14:13 The Philistines again raided the valley. 14:14 So David again asked God what he should do. 127  This time 128  God told him, “Don’t march up after them; circle around them and come against them in front of the trees. 129  14:15 When you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the trees, then attack. 130  For at that moment the Lord is going before you to strike down the army 131  of the Philistines.” 14:16 David did just as God commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army from Gibeon to Gezer.

14:17 So David became famous 132  in all the lands; the Lord caused all the nations to fear him. 133 

David Brings the Ark to Jerusalem

15:1 David constructed buildings in the City of David; he then prepared a place for the ark of God and pitched a tent for it. 15:2 Then David said, “Only the Levites may carry the ark of God, for the Lord chose them to carry the ark of the Lord and to serve before him perpetually. 15:3 David assembled all Israel at Jerusalem 134  to bring the ark of the Lord up to the place he had prepared for it. 15:4 David gathered together the descendants of Aaron and the Levites:

15:5 From the descendants of Kohath: Uriel the leader and 120 of his relatives.

15:6 From the descendants of Merari: Asaiah the leader and 220 of his relatives.

15:7 From the descendants of Gershom: 135  Joel the leader and 130 of his relatives.

15:8 From the descendants of Elizaphan: Shemaiah the leader and 200 of his relatives.

15:9 From the descendants of Hebron: Eliel the leader and 80 of his relatives.

15:10 From the descendants of Uzziel: Amminadab the leader and 112 of his relatives.

15:11 David summoned the priests Zadok and Abiathar, along with the Levites Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel, and Amminadab. 15:12 He told them: “You are the leaders of the Levitesfamilies. You and your relatives must consecrate yourselves and bring the ark of the Lord God of Israel up to the place I have prepared for it. 15:13 The first time you did not carry it; that is why the Lord God attacked us, because we did not ask him about the proper way to carry it.” 136  15:14 The priests and Levites consecrated themselves so they could bring up the ark of the Lord God of Israel. 15:15 The descendants of Levi carried the ark of God on their shoulders with poles, just as Moses had ordered according to the divine command.

15:16 David told the leaders of the Levites to appoint some of their relatives as musicians; they were to play various instruments, including stringed instruments and cymbals, and to sing loudly and joyfully. 137  15:17 So the Levites appointed Heman son of Joel; one of his relatives, Asaph son of Berechiah; one of the descendants of Merari, 138  Ethan son of Kushaiah; 15:18 along with some of their relatives who were second in rank, including Zechariah, 139  Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, and Jeiel, the gatekeepers.

15:19 The musicians Heman, Asaph, and Ethan were to sound the bronze cymbals; 15:20 Zechariah, Aziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah, and Benaiah were to play the harps according to the alamoth style; 140  15:21 Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel, and Azaziah were to play the lyres according to the sheminith style, 141  as led by 142  the director; 15:22 Kenaniah, the leader of the Levites, was in charge of transport, for he was well-informed on this matter; 143  15:23 Berechiah and Elkanah were guardians 144  of the ark; 15:24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah, and Eliezer the priests were to blow the trumpets before the ark of God; Obed-Edom and Jehiel were also guardians 145  of the ark.

15:25 So David, the leaders of Israel, and the commanders of units of a thousand went to bring up the ark of the Lord’s covenant from the house of Obed-Edom with celebration. 15:26 When God helped the Levites who were carrying the ark of the Lord’s covenant, they sacrificed seven bulls and seven rams. 15:27 David was wrapped in a linen robe, as were all the Levites carrying the ark, the musicians, and Kenaniah the supervisor of transport and the musicians; 146  David also wore a linen ephod. 147  15:28 All Israel brought up the ark of the Lord’s covenant; they were shouting, blowing trumpets, sounding cymbals, and playing stringed instruments. 15:29 As the ark of the Lord’s covenant entered the City of David, Michal, Saul’s daughter, looked out the window. When she saw King David jumping and celebrating, she despised him. 148 

David Leads in Worship

16:1 They brought the ark of God and put it in the middle of the tent David had pitched for it. Then they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings 149  before God. 16:2 When David finished offering burnt sacrifices and peace offerings, he pronounced a blessing over the people in the Lord’s name. 16:3 He then handed out to each Israelite man and woman a loaf of bread, a date cake, and a raisin cake. 16:4 He appointed some of the Levites to serve before the ark of the Lord, to offer prayers, songs of thanks, and hymns to the Lord God of Israel. 16:5 Asaph was the leader and Zechariah second in command, followed by Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, Obed-Edom, and Jeiel. They were to play stringed instruments; Asaph was to sound the cymbals; 16:6 and the priests Benaiah and Jahaziel were to blow trumpets regularly before the ark of God’s covenant.

David Thanks God

16:7 That day David first gave to Asaph and his colleagues this song of thanks to the Lord:

16:8 Give thanks to the Lord!

Call on his name!

Make known his accomplishments among the nations!

16:9 Sing to him! Make music to him!

Tell about all his miraculous deeds!

16:10 Boast about his holy name!

Let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice!

16:11 Seek the Lord and the strength he gives!

Seek his presence 150  continually!

16:12 Recall the miraculous deeds he performed,

his mighty acts and the judgments he decreed, 151 

16:13 O children 152  of Israel, God’s 153  servant,

you descendants of Jacob, God’s 154  chosen ones!

16:14 He is the Lord our God;

he carries out judgment throughout the earth. 155 

16:15 Remember 156  continually his covenantal decree,

the promise he made 157  to a thousand generations

16:16 the promise 158  he made to Abraham,

the promise he made by oath to Isaac! 159 

16:17 He gave it to Jacob as a decree,

to Israel as a lasting promise, 160 

16:18 saying, “To you I will give the land of Canaan

as the portion of your inheritance.”

16:19 When they were few in number,

just a very few, and foreign residents within it,

16:20 they wandered from nation to nation,

and from one kingdom to another. 161 

16:21 He let no one oppress them,

he disciplined kings for their sake,

16:22 saying, 162  “Don’t touch my anointed ones!

Don’t harm my prophets!

16:23 Sing to the Lord, all the earth!

Announce every day 163  how he delivers!

16:24 Tell the nations about his splendor,

tell 164  all the nations about his miraculous deeds!

16:25 For the Lord is great and certainly worthy of praise,

he is more awesome than 165  all gods.

16:26 For all the gods of the nations are worthless, 166 

but the Lord made the heavens. 167 

16:27 Majestic splendor emanates from him, 168 

he is the source of strength and joy. 169 

16:28 Ascribe to the Lord, O families of the nations,

ascribe to the Lord splendor and strength!

16:29 Ascribe to the Lord the splendor he deserves! 170 

Bring an offering and enter his presence!

Worship the Lord in holy attire! 171 

16:30 Tremble before him, all the earth!

The world is established, it cannot be moved.

16:31 Let the heavens rejoice, and the earth be happy!

Let the nations say, 172 The Lord reigns!’

16:32 Let the sea and everything in it shout!

Let the fields and everything in them celebrate!

16:33 Then let the trees of the forest shout with joy before the Lord,

for he comes to judge the earth!

16:34 Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good

and his loyal love endures. 173 

16:35 Say this prayer: 174  “Deliver us, O God who delivers us!

Gather us! Rescue us from the nations!

Then we will give thanks 175  to your holy name,

and boast about your praiseworthy deeds.” 176 

16:36 May the Lord God of Israel be praised,

in the future and forevermore. 177 

Then all the people said, “We agree! 178  Praise the Lord!

David Appoints Worship Leaders

16:37 David 179  left Asaph and his colleagues there before the ark of the Lord’s covenant to serve before the ark regularly and fulfill each day’s requirements, 180  16:38 including Obed-Edom and sixty-eight colleagues. Obed-Edom son of Jeduthun and Hosah were gatekeepers. 16:39 Zadok the priest and his fellow priests served 181  before the Lord’s tabernacle at the worship center 182  in Gibeon, 16:40 regularly offering burnt sacrifices to the Lord on the altar for burnt sacrifice, morning and evening, according to what is prescribed in the law of the Lord which he charged Israel to observe. 183  16:41 Joining them were Heman, Jeduthun, and the rest of those chosen and designated by name to give thanks to the Lord. (For his loyal love endures!) 184  16:42 Heman and Jeduthun were in charge of the music, including the trumpets, cymbals, and the other musical instruments used in praising God. The sons of Jeduthun guarded the entrance. 185 

16:43 Then all the people returned to their homes, and David went to pronounce a blessing on his family. 186 

God Makes a Promise to David

17:1 When David had settled into his palace, 187  he 188  said to Nathan the prophet, “Look, I am living in a palace 189  made from cedar, while the ark of the Lord’s covenant is under a tent.” 190  17:2 Nathan said to David, “You should do whatever you have in mind, 191  for God is with you.”

17:3 That night God told Nathan the prophet, 192  17:4 Go, tell my servant David: ‘This is what the Lord says: “You must not build me a house in which to live. 17:5 For I have not lived in a house from the time I brought Israel up from Egypt 193  to the present day. I have lived in a tent that has been in various places. 194  17:6 Wherever I moved throughout Israel, I did not say 195  to any of the leaders whom I appointed to care for my people Israel, 196 Why have you not built me a house made from cedar?’”’

17:7So now, say this to my servant David: ‘This is what the Lord who commands armies 197  says: “I took you from the pasture and from your work as a shepherd 198  to make you a leader of my people Israel. 17:8 I was with you wherever you went and I defeated 199  all your enemies before you. Now I will make you as famous as the great men of the earth. 200  17:9 I will establish a place for my people Israel and settle 201  them there; they will live there and not be disturbed 202  anymore. Violent men will not oppress them again, as they did in the beginning 203  17:10 and during the time when I appointed judges to lead my people Israel. I will subdue all your enemies.

‘“I declare to you that the Lord will build a dynastic house 204  for you! 17:11 When the time comes for you to die, 205  I will raise up your descendant, 206  one of your own sons, to succeed you, and I will establish his kingdom. 17:12 He will build me a house, and I will make his dynasty permanent. 207  17:13 I will become his father and he will become my son. I will never withhold my loyal love from him, as I withheld it from the one who ruled before you. 208  17:14 I will put him in permanent charge of my house and my kingdom; his dynasty will be permanent.”’ 209  17:15 Nathan told David all these words that were revealed to him. 210 

David Praises God

17:16 David went in, sat before the Lord, and said: “Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my family, 211  that you should have brought me to this point? 17:17 And you did not stop there, O God! You have also spoken about the future of your servant’s family. 212  You have revealed to me what men long to know, 213  O Lord God. 17:18 What more can David say 214  to you? You have honored your servant; you have given your servant special recognition. 215  17:19 O Lord, for the sake of your servant and according to your will, 216  you have done this great thing in order to reveal your greatness. 217  17:20 O Lord, there is none like you; there is no God besides you! What we heard is true! 218  17:21 And who is like your people, Israel, a unique nation 219  in the earth? Their God 220  went to claim 221  a nation for himself! You made a name for yourself by doing great and awesome deeds 222  when you drove out 223  nations before your people whom you had delivered from the Egyptian empire and its gods. 224  17:22 You made Israel your very own nation for all time. 225  You, O Lord, became their God. 17:23 So now, O Lord, may the promise you made about your servant and his family become a permanent reality! 226  Do as you promised, 227  17:24 so 228  it may become a reality 229  and you may gain lasting fame, 230  as people say, 231 The Lord who commands armies is the God of Israel.’ 232  David’s dynasty 233  will be established before you, 17:25 for you, my God, have revealed to your servant that you will build a dynasty 234  for him. That is why your servant has had the courage to pray to you. 235  17:26 Now, O Lord, you are the true God; 236  you have made this good promise to your servant. 237  17:27 Now you are willing to bless your servant’s dynasty 238  so that it may stand permanently before you, for you, O Lord, have blessed it and it will be blessed from now on into the future.” 239 

David Conquers the Neighboring Nations

18:1 Later David defeated the Philistines and subdued them. He took Gath and its surrounding towns 240  away from the Philistines. 241 

18:2 He defeated the Moabites; the Moabites became David’s subjects and brought tribute. 242 

18:3 David defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah as far as Hamath, when he went to extend his authority 243  to the Euphrates River. 244  18:4 David seized from him 1,000 chariots, 7,000 charioteers, 245  and 20,000 infantrymen. David cut the hamstrings of all but a hundred of Hadadezer’s 246  chariot horses. 247  18:5 The Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, but David killed 22,000 of the Arameans. 18:6 David placed garrisons in the territory of the Arameans of Damascus; 248  the Arameans became David’s subjects and brought tribute. The Lord protected 249  David wherever he campaigned. 250  18:7 David took the golden shields which Hadadezer’s servants had carried 251  and brought them to Jerusalem. 252  18:8 From Tibhath 253  and Kun, 254  Hadadezer’s cities, David took a great deal of bronze. (Solomon used it to make the big bronze basin called “The Sea,” 255  the pillars, and other bronze items.

18:9 When King Tou 256  of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of King Hadadezer of Zobah, 18:10 he sent his son Hadoram 257  to King David to extend his best wishes 258  and to pronounce a blessing on him for his victory over Hadadezer, for Tou had been at war with Hadadezer. 259  He also sent various items made of gold, silver, and bronze. 260  18:11 King David dedicated these things to the Lord, 261  along with the silver and gold which he had carried off from all the nations, including 262  Edom, 263  Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines, and Amalek.

18:12 Abishai son of Zeruiah 264  killed 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 18:13 He placed garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became David’s subjects. The Lord protected 265  David wherever he campaigned. 266 

David’s Officials

18:14 David reigned over all Israel; he guaranteed justice for all his people. 267  18:15 Joab son of Zeruiah was commanding general of 268  the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was secretary; 18:16 Zadok son of Ahitub and Abimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha 269  was scribe; 18:17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada supervised 270  the Kerethites and Pelethites; and David’s sons were the king’s leading officials. 271 

David’s Campaign against the Ammonites

19:1 Later King Nahash of the Ammonites died and his son succeeded him. 19:2 David said, “I will express my loyalty 272  to Hanun son of Nahash, for his father was loyal 273  to me.” So David sent messengers to express his sympathy over his father’s death. 274  When David’s servants entered Ammonite territory to visit Hanun and express the king’s sympathy, 275  19:3 the Ammonite officials said to Hanun, “Do you really think David is trying to honor your father by sending these messengers to express his sympathy? 276  No, his servants have come to you so they can get information and spy out the land! 277  19:4 So Hanun seized David’s servants and shaved their beards off. 278  He cut off the lower part of their robes so that their buttocks were exposed 279  and then sent them away. 19:5 Messengers 280  came and told David what had happened to the men, so he summoned them, for the men were thoroughly humiliated. The king said, “Stay in Jericho 281  until your beards grow again; then you may come back.”

19:6 When the Ammonites realized that David was disgusted with them, 282  Hanun and the Ammonites sent 1,000 talents 283  of silver to hire chariots and charioteers from Aram Naharaim, Aram Maacah, and Zobah. 284  19:7 They hired 32,000 chariots, along with the king of Maacah and his army, who came and camped in front of Medeba. The Ammonites also assembled from their cities and marched out to do battle.

19:8 When David heard the news, he sent Joab and the entire army to meet them. 285  19:9 The Ammonites marched out and were deployed for battle at the entrance to the city, while the kings who had come were by themselves in the field. 19:10 When Joab saw that the battle would be fought on two fronts, he chose some of Israel’s best men and deployed them against the Arameans. 286  19:11 He put his brother Abishai in charge of the rest of the army and they were deployed against the Ammonites. 19:12 Joab 287  said, “If the Arameans start to overpower me, 288  you come to my rescue. If the Ammonites start to overpower you, 289  I will come to your rescue. 19:13 Be strong! Let’s fight bravely for the sake of our people and the cities of our God! The Lord will do what he decides is best! 290  19:14 So Joab and his men 291  marched toward the Arameans to do battle, and they fled before him. 19:15 When the Ammonites saw the Arameans flee, they fled before Joab’s 292  brother Abishai and withdrew into the city. Joab went back to Jerusalem. 293 

19:16 When the Arameans realized they had been defeated by Israel, they sent for reinforcements from beyond the Euphrates River, 294  led by Shophach the commanding general of Hadadezer’s army. 295  19:17 When David was informed, he gathered all Israel, crossed the Jordan River, 296  and marched against them. 297  David deployed his army against the Arameans for battle and they fought against him. 298  19:18 The Arameans fled before Israel. David killed 7,000 299  Aramean charioteers and 40,000 infantrymen; he also killed Shophach 300  the commanding general. 19:19 When Hadadezer’s subjects saw they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with David and became his subjects. The Arameans were no longer willing to help the Ammonites.

20:1 In the spring, at the time when kings normally conduct wars, 301  Joab led the army into battle and devastated the land of the Ammonites. He went and besieged Rabbah, while David stayed in Jerusalem. Joab defeated Rabbah and tore it down. 20:2 David took the crown from the head of their king 302  and wore it 303  (its weight was a talent 304  of gold and it was set with precious stones). He took a large amount of plunder from the city. 20:3 He removed the city’s residents and made them do hard labor with saws, iron picks, and axes. 305  This was his policy 306  with all the Ammonite cities. Then David and all the army returned to Jerusalem.

Battles with the Philistines

20:4 Later there was a battle 307  with the Philistines in Gezer. 308  At that time Sibbekai the Hushathite killed Sippai, 309  one of the descendants of the Rephaim, and the Philistines 310  were subdued.

20:5 There was another battle with the Philistines in which Elhanan son of Jair the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, 311  whose spear had a shaft as big as the crossbeam of a weaver’s loom. 312 

20:6 In a battle in Gath 313  there was a large man who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot – twenty-four in all! He too was a descendant of Rapha. 20:7 When he taunted Israel, Jonathan son of Shimea, 314  David’s brother, killed him.

20:8 These were the descendants of Rapha who lived in Gath; they were killed 315  by the hand of David and his soldiers. 316 

The Lord Sends a Plague against Israel

21:1 An adversary 317  opposed 318  Israel, inciting David to count how many warriors Israel had. 319  21:2 David told Joab and the leaders of the army, 320 Go, count the number of warriors 321  from Beer Sheba to Dan. Then bring back a report to me so I may know how many we have.” 322  21:3 Joab replied, “May the Lord make his army 323  a hundred times larger! My master, O king, do not all of them serve my master? Why does my master want to do this? Why bring judgment on Israel? 324 

21:4 But the king’s edict stood, despite Joab’s objections. 325  So Joab left and traveled throughout Israel before returning to Jerusalem. 326  21:5 Joab reported to David the number of warriors. 327  In all Israel there were 1,100,000 328  sword-wielding soldiers; Judah alone had 470,000 sword-wielding soldiers. 329  21:6 Now Joab 330  did not number Levi and Benjamin, for the king’s edict disgusted him. 21:7 God was also offended by it, 331  so he attacked Israel.

21:8 David said to God, “I have sinned greatly by doing this! Now, please remove the guilt of your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.” 21:9 The Lord told Gad, David’s prophet, 332  21:10 Go, tell David, ‘This is what the Lord says: “I am offering you three forms of judgment from which to choose. Pick one of them.”’ 333  21:11 Gad went to David and told him, “This is what the Lord says: ‘Pick one of these: 21:12 three 334  years of famine, or three months being chased by your enemies and struck down by their swords, 335  or three days being struck down by the Lord, during which a plague will invade the land and the Lord’s messenger will destroy throughout Israel’s territory.’ 336  Now, decide what I should tell the one who sent me.” 21:13 David said to Gad, “I am very upset! I prefer to be attacked by the Lord, for his mercy is very great; I do not want to be attacked by men! 337  21:14 So the Lord sent a plague through Israel, and 70,000 Israelite men died.

21:15 God sent an angel 338  to ravage 339  Jerusalem. As he was doing so, 340  the Lord watched 341  and relented from 342  his judgment. 343  He told the angel who was destroying, “That’s enough! 344  Stop now!” 345 

Now the Lord’s angel was standing near the threshing floor of Ornan 346  the Jebusite. 21:16 David looked up and saw the Lord’s messenger standing between the earth and sky with his sword drawn and in his hand, stretched out over Jerusalem. David and the leaders, covered with sackcloth, threw themselves down with their faces to the ground. 347  21:17 David said to God, “Was I not the one who decided to number the army? I am the one who sinned and committed this awful deed! 348  As for these sheep – what have they done? O Lord my God, attack me and my family, 349  but remove the plague from your people! 350 

21:18 So the Lord’s messenger told Gad to instruct David to go up and build 351  an altar for the Lord on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. 21:19 So David went up as Gad instructed him to do in the name of the Lord. 352  21:20 While Ornan was threshing wheat, he turned and saw the messenger, and he and his four sons hid themselves. 21:21 When David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David; he came out from the threshing floor and bowed to David with his face 353  to the ground. 21:22 David said to Ornan, “Sell me the threshing floor 354  so I can build 355  on it an altar for the LordI’ll pay top price 356 so that the plague may be removed 357  from the people.” 21:23 Ornan told David, “You can have it! 358  My master, the king, may do what he wants. 359  Look, I am giving you the oxen for burnt sacrifices, the threshing sledges for wood, and the wheat for an offering. I give it all to you.” 21:24 King David replied to Ornan, “No, I insist on buying it for top price. 360  I will not offer to the Lord what belongs to you or offer a burnt sacrifice 361  that cost me nothing. 362  21:25 So David bought the place from Ornan for 600 pieces of gold. 363  21:26 David built there an altar to the Lord and offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings. 364  He called out to the Lord, and the Lord 365  responded by sending fire from the sky and consuming the burnt sacrifice on the altar. 21:27 The Lord ordered the messenger 366  to put his sword back into its sheath.

21:28 At that time, when David saw that the Lord responded to him at the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he sacrificed there. 21:29 Now the Lord’s tabernacle (which Moses had made in the wilderness) and the altar for burnt sacrifices were at that time at the worship center 367  in Gibeon. 21:30 But David could not go before it to seek God’s will, for he was afraid of the sword of the Lord’s messenger. 22:1 David then said, “This is the place where the temple of the Lord God will be, along with the altar for burnt sacrifices for Israel.”

David Orders a Temple to Be Built

22:2 David ordered the resident foreigners in the land of Israel to be called together. He appointed some of them to be stonecutters to chisel stones for the building of God’s temple. 22:3 David supplied a large amount of iron for the nails of the doors of the gates and for braces, more bronze than could be weighed, 22:4 and more cedar logs than could be counted. (The Sidonians and Tyrians had brought a large amount of cedar logs to David.)

22:5 David said, “My son Solomon is just an inexperienced young man, 368  and the temple to be built for the Lord must be especially magnificent so it will become famous and be considered splendid by all the nations. 369  Therefore I will make preparations for its construction.” So David made extensive preparations before he died.

22:6 He summoned his son Solomon and charged him to build a temple for the Lord God of Israel. 22:7 David said to Solomon: “My son, I really wanted 370  to build a temple to honor 371  the Lord my God. 22:8 But the Lord said to me: 372  ‘You have spilled a great deal of blood and fought many battles. You must not build a temple to honor me, 373  for you have spilled a great deal of blood on the ground before me. 22:9 Look, you will have a son, who will be a peaceful man. 374  I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side. 375  Indeed, Solomon 376  will be his name; I will give Israel peace and quiet during his reign. 377  22:10 He will build a temple to honor me; 378  he will become my son, and I will become his father. I will grant to his dynasty permanent rule over Israel.’ 379 

22:11Now, my son, may the Lord be with you! May you succeed and build a temple for the Lord your God, just as he announced you would. 380  22:12 Only may the Lord give you insight and understanding when he places you in charge of Israel, so you may obey 381  the law of the Lord your God. 22:13 Then you will succeed, if you carefully obey the rules and regulations which the Lord ordered Moses to give to Israel. 382  Be strong and brave! Don’t be afraid and don’t panic! 383  22:14 Now, look, I have made every effort to supply what is needed to build the Lord’s temple. 384  I have stored up 100,000 talents 385  of gold, 1,000,000 386  talents of silver, and so much bronze and iron it cannot be weighed, as well as wood and stones. Feel free to add more! 22:15 You also have available many workers, including stonecutters, masons, carpenters, 387  and an innumerable array of workers who are skilled 22:16 in using gold, silver, bronze, and iron. 388  Get up and begin the work! May the Lord be with you!

22:17 David ordered all the officials of Israel to support 389  his son Solomon. 22:18 He told them, 390  “The Lord your God is with you! 391  He has made you secure on every side, 392  for he handed over to me the inhabitants of the region 393  and the region 394  is subdued before the Lord and his people. 22:19 Now seek the Lord your God wholeheartedly and with your entire being! 395  Get up and build the sanctuary of the Lord God! Then you can bring 396  the ark of the Lord’s covenant and the holy items dedicated to God’s service 397  into the temple that is built to honor the Lord.” 398 

David Organizes the Levites

23:1 When David was old and approaching the end of his life, 399  he made his son Solomon king over Israel.

23:2 David 400  assembled all the leaders of Israel, along with the priests and the Levites. 23:3 The Levites who were thirty years old and up were counted; there were 38,000 men. 401  23:4 David said, 402  “Of these, 24,000 are to direct the work of the Lord’s temple; 6,000 are to be officials and judges; 23:5 4,000 are to be gatekeepers; and 4,000 are to praise the Lord with the instruments I supplied for worship.” 403  23:6 David divided them into groups corresponding to the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

23:7 The Gershonites included Ladan and Shimei.

23:8 The sons of Ladan:

Jehiel the oldest, Zetham, and Joel – three in all.

23:9 The sons of Shimei:

Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran – three in all.

These were the leaders of the family of Ladan.

23:10 The sons of Shimei:

Jahath, Zina, 404  Jeush, and Beriah. These were Shimei’s sons – four in all. 405  23:11 Jahath was the oldest and Zizah the second oldest. Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, so they were considered one family with one responsibility.

23:12 The sons of Kohath:

Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel – four in all.

23:13 The sons of Amram:

Aaron and Moses.

Aaron and his descendants were chosen on a permanent basis to consecrate the most holy items, to offer sacrifices before the Lord, to serve him, and to praise his name. 406  23:14 The descendants of Moses the man of God were considered Levites. 407 

23:15 The sons of Moses:

Gershom and Eliezer.

23:16 The son 408  of Gershom:

Shebuel 409  the oldest.

23:17 The son of Eliezer was 410  Rehabiah, the oldest. Eliezer had no other sons, but Rehabiah had many descendants.

23:18 The son 411  of Izhar:

Shelomith the oldest.

23:19 The sons of Hebron:

Jeriah the oldest, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.

23:20 The sons of Uzziel:

Micah the oldest, and Isshiah the second.

23:21 The sons of Merari:

Mahli and Mushi.

The sons of Mahli:

Eleazar and Kish.

23:22 Eleazar died without having sons; he had only daughters. The sons of Kish, their cousins, married them. 412 

23:23 The sons of Mushi:

Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth – three in all.

23:24 These were the descendants of Levi according to their families, that is, the leaders of families as counted and individually listed who carried out assigned tasks in the Lord’s temple and were twenty years old and up. 413  23:25 For David said, “The Lord God of Israel has given his people rest and has permanently settled in Jerusalem. 414  23:26 So the Levites no longer need to carry the tabernacle or any of the items used in its service.” 23:27 According to David’s final instructions, the Levites twenty years old and up were counted. 415 

23:28 Their job was to help Aaron’s descendants in the service of the Lord’s temple. They were to take care of the courtyards, the rooms, ceremonial purification of all holy items, and other jobs related to the service of God’s temple. 416  23:29 They also took care of 417  the bread that is displayed, the flour for offerings, the unleavened wafers, the round cakes, the mixing, and all the measuring. 418  23:30 They also stood in a designated place 419  every morning and offered thanks and praise to the Lord. They also did this in the evening 23:31 and whenever burnt sacrifices were offered to the Lord on the Sabbath and at new moon festivals and assemblies. A designated number were to serve before the Lord regularly in accordance with regulations. 420  23:32 They were in charge of the meeting tent and the holy place, and helped their relatives, the descendants of Aaron, in the service of the Lord’s temple. 421 

David Organizes the Priests

24:1 The divisions of Aaron’s descendants were as follows:

The sons of Aaron:

Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

24:2 Nadab and Abihu died before their father did; they had no sons. Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests.

24:3 David, Zadok (a descendant of Eleazar), and Ahimelech (a descendant of Ithamar) divided them into groups to carry out their assigned responsibilities. 422  24:4 The descendants of Eleazar had more leaders than the descendants of Ithamar, so they divided them up accordingly; the descendants of Eleazar had sixteen leaders, while the descendants of Ithamar had eight. 423  24:5 They divided them by lots, for there were officials of the holy place and officials designated by God among the descendants of both Eleazar and Ithamar. 424  24:6 The scribe Shemaiah son of Nethanel, a Levite, wrote down their names before the king, the officials, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech son of Abiathar, and the leaders of the priestly and Levite families. One family was drawn by lot from Eleazar, and then the next from Ithamar. 425 

24:7 The first lot went to Jehoiarib,

the second to Jedaiah,

24:8 the third to Harim,

the fourth to Seorim,

24:9 the fifth to Malkijah,

the sixth to Mijamin,

24:10 the seventh to Hakkoz,

the eighth to Abijah,

24:11 the ninth to Jeshua,

the tenth to Shecaniah,

24:12 the eleventh to Eliashib,

the twelfth to Jakim,

24:13 the thirteenth to Huppah,

the fourteenth to Jeshebeab,

24:14 the fifteenth to Bilgah,

the sixteenth to Immer,

24:15 the seventeenth to Hezir,

the eighteenth to Happizzez,

24:16 the nineteenth to Pethahiah,

the twentieth to Jehezkel,

24:17 the twenty-first to Jakin,

the twenty-second to Gamul,

24:18 the twenty-third to Delaiah,

the twenty-fourth to Maaziah.

24:19 This was the order in which they carried out their assigned responsibilities when they entered the Lord’s temple, according to the regulations given them by their ancestor 426  Aaron, just as the Lord God of Israel had instructed him. 427 

Remaining Levites

24:20 The rest of the Levites included: 428 

Shubael 429  from the sons of Amram,

Jehdeiah from the sons of Shubael,

24:21 the firstborn Isshiah from Rehabiah and the sons of Rehabiah,

24:22 Shelomoth from the Izharites,

Jahath from the sons of Shelomoth.

24:23 The sons of Hebron: 430 

Jeriah, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth.

24:24 The son 431  of Uzziel:

Micah;

Shamir from the sons of Micah.

24:25 The brother of Micah:

Isshiah.

Zechariah from the sons of Isshiah.

24:26 The sons of Merari:

Mahli and Mushi.

The son of Jaaziah:

Beno. 432 

24:27 The sons of Merari, from Jaaziah:

Beno, 433  Shoham, Zaccur, and Ibri.

24:28 From Mahli:

Eleazar, who had no sons.

24:29 From Kish:

Jerahmeel. 434 

24:30 The sons of Mushi:

Mahli, Eder, and Jerimoth.

These were the Levites, listed by their families.

24:31 Just like their relatives, the descendants of Aaron, they also cast lots before King David, Zadok, Ahimelech, the leaders of families, the priests, and the Levites. The families of the oldest son cast lots along with the those of the youngest. 435 

David Organizes the Musicians

25:1 David and the army officers selected some of the sons of Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun to prophesy as they played stringed instruments and cymbals. 436  The following men were assigned this responsibility: 437 

25:2 From the sons of Asaph: Zaccur, Joseph, Nethaniah, and Asarelah. The sons of Asaph were supervised by Asaph, who prophesied under the king’s supervision. 438 

25:3 From the sons of Jeduthun: 439  Gedaliah, Zeri, 440  Jeshaiah, 441  Hashabiah, and Mattithiah – six in all, 442  under supervision of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied as he played a harp, giving thanks and praise to the Lord.

25:4 From the sons of Heman: 443  Bukkiah, Mattaniah, Uzziel, Shebuel, Jerimoth, Hananiah, Hanani, Eliathah, Giddalti, Romamti-Ezer, Joshbekashah, Mallothi, Hothir, and Mahazioth. 25:5 All these were the sons of Heman, the king’s prophet. God had promised him these sons in order to make him prestigious. 444  God gave Heman fourteen sons and three daughters.

25:6 All of these were under the supervision of their fathers; they were musicians in the Lord’s temple, playing cymbals and stringed instruments as they served in God’s temple. Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman were under the supervision of the king. 25:7 They and their relatives, all of them skilled and trained to make music to the Lord, numbered two hundred eighty-eight. 445 

25:8 They cast lots to determine their responsibilities – oldest as well as youngest, teacher as well as student. 446 

25:9 The first lot went to Asaph’s son Joseph and his relatives and sons – twelve in all, 447 

the second to Gedaliah and his relatives and sons – twelve in all,

25:10 the third to Zaccur and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:11 the fourth to Izri 448  and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:12 the fifth to Nethaniah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:13 the sixth to Bukkiah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:14 the seventh to Jesharelah 449  and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:15 the eighth to Jeshaiah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:16 the ninth to Mattaniah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:17 the tenth to Shimei and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:18 the eleventh to Azarel 450  and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:19 the twelfth to Hashabiah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:20 the thirteenth to Shubael and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:21 the fourteenth to Mattithiah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:22 the fifteenth to Jerimoth and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:23 the sixteenth to Hananiah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:24 the seventeenth to Joshbekashah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:25 the eighteenth to Hanani and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:26 the nineteenth to Mallothi and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:27 the twentieth to Eliathah and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:28 the twenty-first to Hothir and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:29 the twenty-second to Giddalti and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:30 the twenty-third to Mahazioth and his sons and relatives – twelve in all,

25:31 the twenty-fourth to Romamti-Ezer and his sons and relatives – twelve in all.

Divisions of Gatekeepers

26:1 The divisions of the gatekeepers:

From the Korahites: Meshelemiah, son of Kore, one of the sons of Asaph.

26:2 Meshelemiah’s sons:

The firstborn Zechariah, the second Jediael, the third Zebadiah, the fourth Jathniel, 26:3 the fifth Elam, the sixth Jehohanan, and the seventh Elihoenai.

26:4 Obed-Edom’s sons:

The firstborn Shemaiah, the second Jehozabad, the third Joah, the fourth Sakar, the fifth Nethanel, 26:5 the sixth Ammiel, the seventh Issachar, and the eighth Peullethai. (Indeed, God blessed Obed-Edom.)

26:6 His son Shemaiah also had sons, who were leaders of their families, for they were highly respected. 26:7 The sons of Shemaiah:

Othni, Rephael, Obed, and Elzabad. His relatives 451  Elihu and Semakiah were also respected.

26:8 All these were the descendants of Obed-Edom. They and their sons and relatives were respected men, capable of doing their responsibilities. There were sixty-two of them related to Obed-Edom.

26:9 Meshelemiah had sons and relatives who were respected – eighteen in all.

26:10 Hosah, one of the descendants of Merari, had sons:

The firstborn Shimri (he was not actually the firstborn, but his father gave him that status), 26:11 the second Hilkiah, the third Tebaliah, and the fourth Zechariah. All of Hosah’s sons and relatives numbered thirteen.

26:12 These divisions of the gatekeepers, corresponding to their leaders, had assigned responsibilities, like their relatives, as they served in the Lord’s temple.

26:13 They cast lots, both young and old, according to their families, to determine which gate they would be responsible for. 452  26:14 The lot for the east gate went to Shelemiah. 453  They then cast lots for his son Zechariah, a wise adviser, and the lot for the north gate went to him. 26:15 Obed-Edom was assigned the south gate, and his sons were assigned the storehouses. 26:16 Shuppim and Hosah were assigned the west gate, along with the Shalleketh gate on the upper road. One guard was adjacent to another. 454  26:17 Each day there were six Levites posted on the east, four on the north, and four on the south. At the storehouses they were posted in pairs. 26:18 At the court on the west there were four posted on the road and two at the court. 26:19 These were the divisions of the gatekeepers who were descendants of Korah and Merari.

Supervisors of the Storehouses

26:20 Their fellow Levites were in charge of the storehouses 455  in God’s temple and the storehouses containing consecrated items. 26:21 The descendants of Ladan, 456  who were descended from Gershon through Ladan and were leaders of the families of Ladan the Gershonite, included Jehieli 457  26:22 and the sons of Jehieli, Zetham and his brother Joel. They were in charge of the storehouses in the Lord’s temple.

26:23 As for the Amramites, Izharites, Hebronites, and Uzzielites:

26:24 Shebuel 458  son of Gershom, the son of Moses, was the supervisor of the storehouses. 26:25 His relatives through Eliezer included: Rehabiah his son, Jeshaiah his son, Joram his son, Zikri his son, and Shelomith 459  his son. 26:26 Shelomith 460  and his relatives were in charge of all the storehouses containing the consecrated items dedicated by King David, the family leaders who led units of a thousand and a hundred, and the army officers. 26:27 They had dedicated some of the plunder taken in battles to be used for repairs on the Lord’s temple. 26:28 They were also in charge of everything dedicated by Samuel the prophet, 461  Saul son of Kish, Abner son of Ner, and Joab son of Zeruiah; Shelomith and his relatives were in charge of everything that had been dedicated.

26:29 As for the Izharites: Kenaniah and his sons were given responsibilities outside the temple 462  as officers and judges over Israel.

26:30 As for the Hebronites: Hashabiah and his relatives, 1,700 respected men, were assigned responsibilities in Israel west of the Jordan; they did the Lord’s work and the king’s service.

26:31 As for the Hebronites: Jeriah was the leader of the Hebronites according to the genealogical records. In the fortieth year of David’s reign, they examined the records and discovered 463  there were highly respected men in Jazer in Gilead. 26:32 Jeriah had 2,700 relatives who were respected family leaders. 464  King David placed them in charge of the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh; they took care of all matters pertaining to God and the king. 465 

Leaders of the Army

27:1 What follows is a list of Israelite family leaders and commanders of units of a thousand and a hundred, as well as their officers who served the king in various matters. Each division was assigned to serve for one month during the year; each consisted of 24,000 men. 466 

27:2 Jashobeam son of Zabdiel was in charge of the first division, which was assigned the first month. His division consisted of 24,000 men. 27:3 He was a descendant of Perez; he was in charge of all the army officers for the first month.

27:4 Dodai the Ahohite was in charge of the division assigned the second month; Mikloth was the next in rank. 467  His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:5 The third army commander, assigned the third month, was Benaiah son of Jehoiada the priest. He was the leader of his division, which consisted of 24,000 men. 27:6 Benaiah was the leader of the thirty warriors and his division; his son was Ammizabad. 468 

27:7 The fourth, assigned the fourth month, was Asahel, brother of Joab; his son Zebadiah succeeded him. 469  His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:8 The fifth, assigned the fifth month, was the commander Shamhuth the Izrahite. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:9 The sixth, assigned the sixth month, was Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoite. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:10 The seventh, assigned the seventh month, was Helez the Pelonite, an Ephraimite. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:11 The eighth, assigned the eighth month, was Sibbekai the Hushathite, a Zerahite. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:12 The ninth, assigned the ninth month, was Abiezer the Anathothite, a Benjaminite. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:13 The tenth, assigned the tenth month, was Maharai the Netophathite, a Zerahite. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:14 The eleventh, assigned the eleventh month, was Benaiah the Pirathonite, an Ephraimite. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:15 The twelfth, assigned the twelfth month, was Heldai the Netophathite, a descendant of Othniel. His division consisted of 24,000 men.

27:16 The officers of the Israelite tribes:

Eliezer son of Zikri was the leader of the Reubenites,

Shephatiah son of Maacah led the Simeonites,

27:17 Hashabiah son of Kemuel led the Levites,

Zadok led the descendants of Aaron,

27:18 Elihu, a brother of David, led Judah,

Omri son of Michael led Issachar,

27:19 Ishmaiah son of Obadiah led Zebulun,

Jerimoth son of Azriel led Naphtali,

27:20 Hoshea son of Azaziah led the Ephraimites,

Joel son of Pedaiah led the half-tribe of Manasseh,

27:21 Iddo son of Zechariah led the half-tribe of Manasseh in Gilead,

Jaasiel son of Abner led Benjamin,

27:22 Azarel son of Jeroham led Dan.

These were the commanders of the Israelite tribes.

27:23 David did not count the males twenty years old and under, for the Lord had promised to make Israel as numerous as the stars in the sky. 27:24 Joab son of Zeruiah started to count the men but did not finish. God was angry with Israel 470  because of this, so the number was not recorded in the scroll 471  called The Annals of King David.

Royal Officials

27:25 Azmaveth son of Adiel was in charge of the king’s storehouses;

Jonathan son of Uzziah was in charge of the storehouses in the field, in the cities, in the towns, and in the towers.

27:26 Ezri son of Kelub was in charge of the field workers who farmed the land. 472 

27:27 Shimei the Ramathite was in charge of the vineyards;

Zabdi the Shiphmite was in charge of the wine stored in the vineyards. 473 

27:28 Baal-Hanan the Gederite was in charge of the olive and sycamore trees in the lowlands; 474 

Joash was in charge of the storehouses of olive oil.

27:29 Shitrai the Sharonite was in charge of the cattle grazing in Sharon;

Shaphat son of Adlai was in charge of the cattle in the valleys.

27:30 Obil the Ishmaelite was in charge of the camels;

Jehdeiah the Meronothite was in charge of the donkeys.

27:31 Jaziz the Hagrite was in charge of the sheep.

All these were the officials in charge of King David’s property.

27:32 Jonathan, David’s uncle, was a wise adviser and scribe; 475 

Jehiel son of Hacmoni cared for 476  the king’s sons.

27:33 Ahithophel was the king’s adviser;

Hushai the Arkite was the king’s confidant. 477 

27:34 Ahithophel was succeeded by Jehoiada son of Benaiah and by Abiathar.

Joab was the commanding general of the king’s army.

David Commissions Solomon to Build the Temple

28:1 David assembled in Jerusalem 478  all the officials of Israel, including the commanders of the tribes, the commanders of the army divisions that served the king, the commanders of units of a thousand and a hundred, the officials who were in charge of all the property and livestock of the king and his sons, the eunuchs, and the warriors, including the most skilled of them.

28:2 King David rose to his feet and said: “Listen to me, my brothers and my people. I wanted to build a temple where the ark of the Lord’s covenant could be placed as a footstool for our God. 479  I have made the preparations for building it. 28:3 But God said to me, ‘You must not build a temple to honor me, 480  for you are a warrior and have spilled blood.’ 28:4 The Lord God of Israel chose me out of my father’s entire family to become king over Israel and have a permanent dynasty. 481  Indeed, 482  he chose Judah as leader, and my father’s family within Judah, and then he picked me out from among my father’s sons and made me king over all Israel. 483  28:5 From all the many sons the Lord has given me, he chose Solomon my son to rule on his behalf over Israel. 484  28:6 He said to me, ‘Solomon your son is the one who will build my temple and my courts, for I have chosen him to become my son and I will become his father. 28:7 I will establish his kingdom permanently, if he remains committed to obeying my commands and regulations, as you are doing this day.’ 485  28:8 So now, in the sight of all Israel, the Lord’s assembly, and in the hearing of our God, I say this: 486  Carefully observe 487  all the commands of the Lord your God, so that you may possess this good land and may leave it as a permanent inheritance for your children after you.

28:9And you, Solomon my son, obey 488  the God of your father and serve him with a submissive attitude and a willing spirit, 489  for the Lord examines all minds and understands every motive of one’s thoughts. If you seek him, he will let you find him, 490  but if you abandon him, he will reject you permanently. 28:10 Realize 491  now that the Lord has chosen you to build a temple as his sanctuary. Be strong and do it!

28:11 David gave to his son Solomon the blueprints for the temple porch, 492  its buildings, its treasuries, 493  its upper areas, its inner rooms, and the room 494  for atonement. 28:12 He gave him 495  the blueprints of all he envisioned 496  for the courts of the Lord’s temple, all the surrounding rooms, the storehouses of God’s temple, and the storehouses for the holy items.

28:13 He gave him the regulations 497  for the divisions of priests and Levites, for all the assigned responsibilities within the Lord’s temple, and for all the items used in the service of the Lord’s temple.

28:14 He gave him 498  the prescribed weight for all the gold items to be used in various types of service in the Lord’s temple, for all the silver items to be used in various types of service, 499  28:15 for the gold lampstands and their gold lamps, including the weight of each lampstand and its lamps, for the silver lampstands, including the weight of each lampstand and its lamps, according to the prescribed use of each lampstand, 28:16 for the gold used in the display tables, including the amount to be used in each table, for the silver to be used in the silver tables, 28:17 for the pure gold used for the meat forks, bowls, and jars, for the small gold bowls, including the weight for each bowl, for the small silver bowls, including the weight for each bowl, 28:18 and for the refined gold of the incense altar.

He gave him 500  the blueprint for the seat 501  of the gold cherubim that spread their wings 502  and provide shelter for the ark of the Lord’s covenant.

28:19 David said, 503  “All of this I put in writing as the Lord directed me and gave me insight regarding the details of the blueprints.” 504 

28:20 David said to his son Solomon: “Be strong and brave! Do it! Don’t be afraid and don’t panic! 505  For the Lord God, my God, is with you. He will not leave you or abandon you before all the work for the service of the Lord’s temple is finished. 28:21 Here are the divisions of the priests and Levites who will perform all the service of God’s temple. All the willing and skilled men are ready to assist you in all the work and perform their service. 506  The officials and all the people are ready to follow your instructions.” 507 

The People Contribute to the Project

29:1 King David said to the entire assembly: “My son Solomon, the one whom God has chosen, is just an inexperienced young man, 508  and the task is great, for this palace is not for man, but for the Lord God. 29:2 So I have made every effort 509  to provide what is needed for the temple of my God, including the gold, silver, bronze, iron, wood, 510  as well as a large amount of onyx, settings of antimony and other stones, all kinds of precious stones, and alabaster. 29:3 Now, to show my commitment to the temple of my God, I donate my personal treasure of gold and silver to the temple of my God, in addition to all that I have already supplied for this holy temple. 29:4 This includes 3,000 talents 511  of gold from Ophir and 7,000 talents of refined silver for overlaying the walls of the buildings, 29:5 for gold and silver items, and for all the work of the craftsmen. Who else wants to contribute to the Lord today?

29:6 The leaders of the families, the leaders of the Israelite tribes, the commanders of units of a thousand and a hundred, and the supervisors of the king’s work contributed willingly. 29:7 They donated for the service of God’s temple 5,000 talents 512  and ten thousand darics 513  of gold, 10,000 talents of silver, 18,000 talents of bronze, and 100,000 talents of iron. 29:8 All who possessed precious 514  stones donated them to the treasury of the Lord’s temple, which was under the supervision of Jehiel the Gershonite. 29:9 The people were delighted with their donations, for they contributed to the Lord with a willing attitude; 515  King David was also very happy. 516 

David Praises the Lord

29:10 David praised the Lord before the entire assembly: 517 

“O Lord God of our father Israel, you deserve praise forevermore! 29:11 O Lord, you are great, mighty, majestic, magnificent, glorious, and sovereign 518  over all the sky and earth! You have dominion and exalt yourself as the ruler 519  of all. 29:12 You are the source of wealth and honor; 520  you rule over all. You possess strength and might to magnify and give strength to all. 521  29:13 Now, our God, we give thanks to you and praise your majestic name!

29:14But who am I and who are my people, that we should be in a position to contribute this much? 522  Indeed, everything comes from you, and we have simply given back to you what is yours. 523  29:15 For we are resident foreigners and nomads in your presence, like all our ancestors; 524  our days are like a shadow on the earth, without security. 525  29:16 O Lord our God, all this wealth, which we have collected to build a temple for you to honor your holy name, comes from you; it all belongs to you. 29:17 I know, my God, that you examine thoughts 526  and are pleased with integrity. With pure motives 527  I contribute all this; and now I look with joy as your people who have gathered here contribute to you. 29:18 O Lord God of our ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, maintain the motives of your people and keep them devoted to you. 528  29:19 Make my son Solomon willing to obey your commands, rules, and regulations, and to complete building the palace for which I have made preparations.” 529 

29:20 David told the entire assembly: “Praise the Lord your God!” So the entire assembly praised the Lord God of their ancestors; they bowed down and stretched out flat on the ground before the Lord and the king.

David Designates Solomon King

29:21 The next day they made sacrifices and offered burnt sacrifices to the Lord (1,000 bulls, 1,000 rams, 1,000 lambs), along with their accompanying drink offerings and many other sacrifices for all Israel. 29:22 They held a feast 530  before the Lord that day and celebrated. 531 

Then they designated Solomon, David’s son, as king a second time; 532  before the Lord they anointed him as ruler and Zadok as priest. 29:23 Solomon sat on the Lord’s throne as king in place of his father David; he was successful and all Israel was loyal to him. 533  29:24 All the officers and warriors, as well as all of King David’s sons, pledged their allegiance to King Solomon. 534  29:25 The Lord greatly magnified Solomon before all Israel and bestowed on him greater majesty than any king of Israel before him. 535 

David’s Reign Comes to an End

29:26 David son of Jesse reigned over all Israel. 29:27 He reigned over Israel forty years; he reigned in Hebron seven years and in Jerusalem 536  thirty-three years. 29:28 He died at a good old age, having enjoyed long life, wealth, and honor. 537  His son Solomon succeeded him. 29:29 King David’s accomplishments, from start to finish, are recorded in the Annals of Samuel the prophet, the Annals of Nathan the prophet, and the Annals of Gad the prophet. 538  29:30 Recorded there are all the facts about his reign and accomplishments, and an account of the events that involved him, Israel, and all the neighboring kingdoms. 539 

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