Bible: Matt. 21:23-22:46
The Authority of Jesus
21:23 Now after Jesus 1 entered the temple courts, 2 the chief priests and elders of the people came up to him as he was teaching and said, “By what authority 3 are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?” 21:24 Jesus 4 answered them, “I will also ask you one question. If you answer me then I will also tell you by what authority I do these things. 21:25 Where did John’s baptism come from? From heaven or from people?” 5 They discussed this among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ 21:26 But if we say, ‘From people,’ we fear the crowd, for they all consider John to be a prophet.” 21:27 So 6 they answered Jesus, 7 “We don’t know.” 8 Then he said to them, “Neither will I tell you 9 by what authority 10 I am doing these things.
The Parable of the Two Sons
21:28 “What 11 do you think? A man had two sons. He went to the first and said, ‘Son, go and work in the vineyard today.’ 21:29 The boy answered, 12 ‘I will not.’ But later he had a change of heart 13 and went. 21:30 The father 14 went to the other son and said the same thing. This boy answered, 15 ‘I will, sir,’ but did not go. 21:31 Which of the two did his father’s will?” They said, “The first.” 16 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, 17 tax collectors 18 and prostitutes will go ahead of you into the kingdom of God! 21:32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him. But the tax collectors and prostitutes did believe. Although 19 you saw this, you did not later change your minds 20 and believe him.
The Parable of the Tenants
21:33 “Listen to another parable: There was a landowner 21 who planted a vineyard. 22 He put a fence around it, dug a pit for its winepress, and built a watchtower. Then 23 he leased it to tenant farmers 24 and went on a journey. 21:34 When the harvest time was near, he sent his slaves 25 to the tenants to collect his portion of the crop. 26 21:35 But the tenants seized his slaves, beat one, 27 killed another, and stoned another. 21:36 Again he sent other slaves, more than the first, and they treated them the same way. 21:37 Finally he sent his son to them, 28 saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 21:38 But when the tenants saw the son, they said to themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him and get his inheritance!’ 21:39 So 29 they seized him, 30 threw him out of the vineyard, 31 and killed him. 21:40 Now when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?” 21:41 They said to him, “He will utterly destroy those evil men! Then he will lease the vineyard to other tenants who will give him his portion at the harvest.”
21:42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the scriptures:
‘The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. 32
This is from the Lord, and it is marvelous in our eyes’? 33
21:43 For this reason I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a people 34 who will produce its fruit. 21:44 The one who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, and the one on whom it falls will be crushed.” 35 21:45 When 36 the chief priests and the Pharisees 37 heard his parables, they realized that he was speaking about them. 21:46 They wanted to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowds, because the crowds 38 regarded him as a prophet.
The Parable of the Wedding Banquet
22:1 Jesus spoke 39 to them again in parables, saying: 22:2 “The kingdom of heaven can be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son. 22:3 He sent his slaves 40 to summon those who had been invited to the banquet, but they would not come. 22:4 Again he sent other slaves, saying, ‘Tell those who have been invited, “Look! The feast I have prepared for you is ready. 41 My oxen and fattened cattle have been slaughtered, and everything is ready. Come to the wedding banquet.”’ 22:5 But they were indifferent and went away, one to his farm, another to his business. 22:6 The 42 rest seized his slaves, insolently mistreated them, and killed them. 22:7 The 43 king was furious! He sent his soldiers, and they put those murderers to death 44 and set their city 45 on fire. 22:8 Then he said to his slaves, ‘The wedding is ready, but the ones who had been invited were not worthy. 22:9 So go into the main streets and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.’ 22:10 And those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all they found, both bad and good, and the wedding hall was filled with guests. 22:11 But when the king came in to see the wedding guests, he saw a man there who was not wearing wedding clothes. 22:12 And he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you get in here without wedding clothes?’ But he had nothing to say. 46 22:13 Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Tie him up hand and foot and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth!’ 22:14 For many are called, but few are chosen.”
Paying Taxes to Caesar
22:15 Then the Pharisees 47 went out and planned together to entrap him with his own words. 48 22:16 They sent to him their disciples along with the Herodians, 49 saying, “Teacher, we know that you are truthful, and teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. 50 You do not court anyone’s favor because you show no partiality. 51 22:17 Tell us then, what do you think? Is it right 52 to pay taxes 53 to Caesar 54 or not?”
22:18 But Jesus realized their evil intentions and said, “Hypocrites! Why are you testing me? 22:19 Show me the coin used for the tax.” So 55 they brought him a denarius. 56 22:20 Jesus 57 said to them, “Whose image 58 is this, and whose inscription?” 22:21 They replied, 59 “Caesar’s.” He said to them, 60 “Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.” 61 22:22 Now when they heard this they were stunned, 62 and they left him and went away.
Marriage and the Resurrection
22:23 The same day Sadducees 63 (who say there is no resurrection) 64 came to him and asked him, 65 22:24 “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies without having children, his brother must marry the widow and father children 66 for his brother.’ 67 22:25 Now there were seven brothers among us. The first one married and died, and since he had no children he left his wife to his brother. 22:26 The second did the same, and the third, down to the seventh. 22:27 Last 68 of all, the woman died. 22:28 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had married her.” 69 22:29 Jesus 70 answered them, “You are deceived, 71 because you don’t know the scriptures or the power of God. 22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels 72 in heaven. 22:31 Now as for the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, 73 22:32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 74 He is not the God of the dead but of the living!” 75 22:33 When the crowds heard this, they were amazed at his teaching.
The Greatest Commandment
22:34 Now when the Pharisees 76 heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, 77 they assembled together. 78 22:35 And one of them, an expert in religious law, 79 asked him a question to test 80 him: 22:36 “Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?” 81 22:37 Jesus 82 said to him, “‘Love 83 the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 84 22:38 This is the first and greatest 85 commandment. 22:39 The second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ 86 22:40 All the law and the prophets depend 87 on these two commandments.”
The Messiah: David’s Son and Lord
22:41 While 88 the Pharisees 89 were assembled, Jesus asked them a question: 90 22:42 “What do you think about the Christ? 91 Whose son is he?” They said, “The son of David.” 92 22:43 He said to them, “How then does David by the Spirit call him ‘Lord,’ saying,
22:44 ‘The Lord said to my lord, 93
“Sit at my right hand,
until I put your enemies under your feet”’? 94