Bible: Luke 24:9-11; 33-35
Jacob Meets Esau
33:1 Jacob looked up 1 and saw that Esau was coming 2 along with four hundred men. So he divided the children among Leah, Rachel, and the two female servants. 33:2 He put the servants and their children in front, with Leah and her children behind them, and Rachel and Joseph behind them. 3 33:3 But Jacob 4 himself went on ahead of them, and he bowed toward the ground seven times as he approached 5 his brother. 33:4 But Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, hugged his neck, and kissed him. Then they both wept. 33:5 When Esau 6 looked up 7 and saw the women and the children, he asked, “Who are these people with you?” Jacob 8 replied, “The children whom God has graciously given 9 your servant.” 33:6 The female servants came forward with their children and bowed down. 10 33:7 Then Leah came forward with her children and they bowed down. Finally Joseph and Rachel came forward and bowed down.
33:8 Esau 11 then asked, “What did you intend 12 by sending all these herds to meet me?” 13 Jacob 14 replied, “To find favor in your sight, my lord.” 33:9 But Esau said, “I have plenty, my brother. Keep what belongs to you.” 33:10 “No, please take them,” Jacob said. 15 “If I have found favor in your sight, accept 16 my gift from my hand. Now that I have seen your face and you have accepted me, 17 it is as if I have seen the face of God. 18 33:11 Please take my present 19 that was brought to you, for God has been generous 20 to me and I have all I need.” 21 When Jacob urged him, he took it. 22
33:12 Then Esau 23 said, “Let’s be on our way! 24 I will go in front of you.” 33:13 But Jacob 25 said to him, “My lord knows that the children are young, 26 and that I have to look after the sheep and cattle that are nursing their young. 27 If they are driven too hard for even a single day, all the animals will die. 33:14 Let my lord go on ahead of his servant. I will travel more slowly, at the pace of the herds and the children, 28 until I come to my lord at Seir.”
33:16 So that same day Esau made his way back 32 to Seir. 33:17 But 33 Jacob traveled to Succoth 34 where he built himself a house and made shelters for his livestock. That is why the place was called 35 Succoth. 36
33:18 After he left Paddan Aram, Jacob came safely to the city of Shechem in the land of Canaan, and he camped near 37 the city. 33:19 Then he purchased the portion of the field where he had pitched his tent; he bought it 38 from the sons of Hamor, Shechem’s father, for a hundred pieces of money. 39 33:20 There he set up an altar and called it “The God of Israel is God.” 40
Dinah and the Shechemites
34:1 Now Dinah, Leah’s daughter whom she bore to Jacob, went to meet 41 the young women 42 of the land. 34:2 When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, who ruled that area, saw her, he grabbed her, forced himself on her, 43 and sexually assaulted her. 44 34:3 Then he became very attached 45 to Dinah, Jacob’s daughter. He fell in love with the young woman and spoke romantically to her. 46 34:4 Shechem said to his father Hamor, “Acquire this young girl as my wife.” 47 34:5 When 48 Jacob heard that Shechem 49 had violated his daughter Dinah, his sons were with the livestock in the field. So Jacob remained silent 50 until they came in.
34:6 Then Shechem’s father Hamor went to speak with Jacob about Dinah. 51 34:7 Now Jacob’s sons had come in from the field when they heard the news. 52 They 53 were offended 54 and very angry because Shechem 55 had disgraced Israel 56 by sexually assaulting 57 Jacob’s daughter, a crime that should not be committed. 58
34:8 But Hamor made this appeal to them: “My son Shechem is in love with your daughter. 59 Please give her to him as his wife. 34:9 Intermarry with us. 60 Let us marry your daughters, and take our daughters as wives for yourselves. 61 34:10 You may live 62 among us, and the land will be open to you. 63 Live in it, travel freely in it, 64 and acquire property in it.”
34:11 Then Shechem said to Dinah’s 65 father and brothers, “Let me find favor in your sight, and whatever you require of me 66 I’ll give. 67 34:12 You can make the bride price and the gift I must bring very expensive, 68 and I’ll give 69 whatever you ask 70 of me. Just give me the young woman as my wife!”
34:13 Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully when they spoke because Shechem 71 had violated their sister Dinah. 34:14 They said to them, “We cannot give 72 our sister to a man who is not circumcised, for it would be a disgrace 73 to us. 34:15 We will give you our consent on this one condition: You must become 74 like us by circumcising 75 all your males. 34:16 Then we will give 76 you our daughters to marry, 77 and we will take your daughters as wives for ourselves, and we will live among you and become one people. 34:17 But if you do not agree to our terms 78 by being circumcised, then we will take 79 our sister 80 and depart.”
34:18 Their offer pleased Hamor and his son Shechem. 81 34:19 The young man did not delay in doing what they asked 82 because he wanted Jacob’s daughter Dinah 83 badly. (Now he was more important 84 than anyone in his father’s household.) 85 34:20 So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate 86 of their city and spoke to the men of their city, 34:21 “These men are at peace with us. So let them live in the land and travel freely in it, for the land is wide enough 87 for them. We will take their daughters for wives, and we will give them our daughters to marry. 88 34:22 Only on this one condition will these men consent to live with us and become one people: They demand 89 that every male among us be circumcised just as they are circumcised. 34:23 If we do so, 90 won’t their livestock, their property, and all their animals become ours? So let’s consent to their demand, so they will live among us.”
34:24 All the men who assembled at the city gate 91 agreed with 92 Hamor and his son Shechem. Every male who assembled at the city gate 93 was circumcised. 34:25 In three days, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword 94 and went to the unsuspecting city 95 and slaughtered every male. 34:26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the sword, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and left. 34:27 Jacob’s sons killed them 96 and looted the city because their sister had been violated. 97 34:28 They took their flocks, herds, and donkeys, as well as everything in the city and in the surrounding fields. 98 34:29 They captured as plunder 99 all their wealth, all their little ones, and their wives, including everything in the houses.
34:30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought ruin 100 on me by making me a foul odor 101 among the inhabitants of the land – among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I 102 am few in number; they will join forces against me and attack me, and both I and my family will be destroyed!” 34:31 But Simeon and Levi replied, 103 “Should he treat our sister like a common prostitute?”
The Return to Bethel
35:1 Then God said to Jacob, “Go up at once 104 to Bethel 105 and live there. Make an altar there to God, who appeared to you when you fled from your brother Esau.” 106 35:2 So Jacob told his household and all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have among you. 107 Purify yourselves and change your clothes. 108 35:3 Let us go up at once 109 to Bethel. Then I will make 110 an altar there to God, who responded to me in my time of distress 111 and has been with me wherever I went.” 112
35:4 So they gave Jacob all the foreign gods that were in their possession 113 and the rings that were in their ears. 114 Jacob buried them 115 under the oak 116 near Shechem 35:5 and they started on their journey. 117 The surrounding cities were afraid of God, 118 and they did not pursue the sons of Jacob.
35:6 Jacob and all those who were with him arrived at Luz (that is, Bethel) 119 in the land of Canaan. 120 35:7 He built an altar there and named the place El Bethel 121 because there God had revealed himself 122 to him when he was fleeing from his brother. 35:8 (Deborah, 123 Rebekah’s nurse, died and was buried under the oak below Bethel; thus it was named 124 Oak of Weeping.) 125
35:9 God appeared to Jacob again after he returned from Paddan Aram and blessed him. 35:10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob, but your name will no longer be called Jacob; Israel will be your name.” So God named him Israel. 126 35:11 Then God said to him, “I am the sovereign God. 127 Be fruitful and multiply! A nation – even a company of nations – will descend from you; kings will be among your descendants! 128 35:12 The land I gave 129 to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you. To your descendants 130 I will also give this land.” 35:13 Then God went up from the place 131 where he spoke with him. 35:14 So Jacob set up a sacred stone pillar in the place where God spoke with him. 132 He poured out a drink offering on it, and then he poured oil on it. 133 35:15 Jacob named the place 134 where God spoke with him Bethel. 135
35:16 They traveled on from Bethel, and when Ephrath was still some distance away, 136 Rachel went into labor 137 – and her labor was hard. 35:17 When her labor was at its hardest, 138 the midwife said to her, “Don’t be afraid, for you are having another son.” 139 35:18 With her dying breath, 140 she named him Ben-Oni. 141 But his father called him Benjamin instead. 142 35:19 So Rachel died and was buried on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem). 143 35:20 Jacob set up a marker 144 over her grave; it is 145 the Marker of Rachel’s Grave to this day.
35:21 Then Israel traveled on and pitched his tent beyond Migdal Eder. 146 35:22 While Israel was living in that land, Reuben had sexual relations with 147 Bilhah, his father’s concubine, and Israel heard about it.
Jacob had twelve sons:
35:23 The sons of Leah were Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn, as well as Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun.
35:24 The sons of Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin.
35:25 The sons of Bilhah, Rachel’s servant, were Dan and Naphtali.
35:26 The sons of Zilpah, Leah’s servant, were Gad and Asher.
These were the sons of Jacob who were born to him in Paddan Aram.
35:27 So Jacob came back to his father Isaac in Mamre, 148 to Kiriath Arba 149 (that is, Hebron), where Abraham and Isaac had stayed. 150 35:28 Isaac lived to be 180 years old. 151 35:29 Then Isaac breathed his last and joined his ancestors. 152 He died an old man who had lived a full life. 153 His sons Esau and Jacob buried him.