Bible: Jer. 46-47; 49:7-22
Prophecies Against Foreign Nations 1
The Prophecy about Egypt’s Defeat at Carchemish
46:2 He spoke about Egypt and the army of Pharaoh Necho king of Egypt which was encamped along the Euphrates River at Carchemish. Now this was the army that King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon defeated in the fourth year that Jehoiakim son of Josiah was ruling 3 over Judah. 4
46:3 “Fall into ranks with your shields ready! 5
Prepare to march into battle!
46:4 Harness the horses to the chariots!
Mount your horses!
Put on your helmets and take your positions!
Sharpen you spears!
Put on your armor!
“The soldiers 8 are terrified.
They are retreating.
They have been defeated.
They are overcome with terror; 9
they desert quickly
without looking back.
46:6 But even the swiftest cannot get away.
Even the strongest cannot escape. 10
There in the north by the Euphrates River
they stumble and fall in defeat. 11
46:7 “Who is this that rises like the Nile,
like its streams 12 turbulent at flood stage?
46:8 Egypt rises like the Nile,
like its streams turbulent at flood stage.
Egypt says, ‘I will arise and cover the earth.
I will destroy cities and the people who inhabit them.’
46:9 Go ahead and 13 charge into battle, you horsemen!
Drive furiously, you charioteers!
Let the soldiers march out into battle,
those from Ethiopia and Libya who carry shields,
46:10 But that day belongs to the Lord God who rules over all. 16
It is the day when he will pay back his enemies. 17
His sword will devour them until its appetite is satisfied!
It will drink their blood until it is full! 18
For the Lord
in the land of the north by the Euphrates River.
46:11 Go up to Gilead and get medicinal ointment, 20
you dear poor people of Egypt. 21
But it will prove useless no matter how much medicine you use; 22
there will be no healing for you.
46:12 The nations will hear of your devastating defeat. 23
your cries of distress will echo throughout the earth.
In the panic of their flight one soldier will trip over another
and both of them will fall down defeated.” 24
The Lord Predicts that Nebuchadnezzar Will Attack and Plunder Egypt
46:14 “Make an announcement throughout Egypt.
Proclaim it in Migdol, Memphis, and Tahpanhes. 26
‘Take your positions and prepare to do battle.
For the enemy army is destroying all the nations around you.’ 27
They will not stand because I, the
46:16 I will make many stumble. 31
They will fall over one another in their hurry to flee. 32
They will say, ‘Get up!
Let’s go back to our own people.
Let’s go back to our homelands
because the enemy is coming to destroy us.’ 33
46:17 There at home they will say, ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is just a big noise! 34
He has let the most opportune moment pass by.’ 35
46:18 I the King, whose name is the
I swear as surely as I live that 37 a conqueror is coming.
He will be as imposing as Mount Tabor is among the mountains,
as Mount Carmel is against the backdrop of the sea. 38
46:19 Pack your bags for exile,
you inhabitants of poor dear Egypt. 39
For Memphis will be laid waste.
It will lie in ruins 40 and be uninhabited.
46:20 Egypt is like a beautiful young cow.
But northern armies will attack her like swarms of stinging flies. 41
46:21 Even her mercenaries 42
will prove to be like pampered, 43 well-fed calves.
For they too will turn and run away.
They will not stand their ground
when 44 the time for them to be destroyed comes,
the time for them to be punished.
46:22 Egypt will run away, hissing like a snake, 45
as the enemy comes marching up in force.
They will come against her with axes
as if they were woodsmen chopping down trees.
46:23 The population of Egypt is like a vast, impenetrable forest.
But I, the
For those who chop them down will be more numerous than locusts.
They will be too numerous to count. 47
46:24 Poor dear Egypt 48 will be put to shame.
She will be handed over to the people from the north.”
A Promise of Hope for Israel
“You descendants of Jacob, my servants, 54 do not be afraid;
do not be terrified, people of Israel.
For I will rescue you and your descendants
from the faraway lands where you are captives. 55
The descendants of Jacob will return to their land and enjoy peace.
They will be secure and no one will terrify them.
46:28 I, the
you descendants of Jacob, my servant,
for I am with you.
Though I completely destroy all the nations where I scatter you,
I will not completely destroy you.
I will indeed discipline you but only in due measure.
I will not allow you to go entirely unpunished.” 57
Judgment on the Philistine Cities
47:2 “Look! Enemies are gathering in the north like water rising in a river. 60
They will be like an overflowing stream.
They will overwhelm the whole country and everything in it like a flood.
They will overwhelm the cities and their inhabitants.
People will cry out in alarm.
Everyone living in the country will cry out in pain.
47:3 Fathers will hear the hoofbeats of the enemies’ horses,
the clatter of their chariots and the rumbling of their wheels.
They will not turn back to save their children
because they will be paralyzed with fear. 61
47:4 For the time has come
to destroy all the Philistines.
The time has come to destroy all the help
For I, the
that remnant that came from the island of Crete. 65
47:5 The people of Gaza will shave their heads in mourning.
The people of Ashkelon will be struck dumb.
How long will you gash yourselves to show your sorrow, 66
you who remain of Philistia’s power? 67
47:6 How long will you cry out, 68 ‘Oh, sword of the
how long will it be before you stop killing? 69
Go back into your sheath!
Stay there and rest!’ 70
47:7 But how can it rest 71
when I, the
I have ordered it to attack
the people of Ashkelon and the seacoast. 73
49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce,
and their fury, for it was cruel.
I will divide them in Jacob,
and scatter them in Israel! 1
49:8 Judah, 2 your brothers will praise you.
Your hand will be on the neck of your enemies,
your father’s sons will bow down before you.
49:9 You are a lion’s cub, Judah,
from the prey, my son, you have gone up.
He crouches and lies down like a lion;
like a lioness – who will rouse him?
49:10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, 3
until he comes to whom it belongs; 4
the nations will obey him. 5
49:11 Binding his foal to the vine,
and his colt to the choicest vine,
he will wash 6 his garments in wine,
his robes in the blood of grapes.
49:12 His eyes will be dark from wine,
and his teeth white from milk. 7
49:13 Zebulun will live 8 by the haven of the sea
and become a haven for ships;
his border will extend to Sidon. 9
49:14 Issachar is a strong-boned donkey
lying down between two saddlebags.
49:15 When he sees 10 a good resting place,
and the pleasant land,
he will bend his shoulder to the burden
and become a slave laborer. 11
as one of the tribes of Israel.
49:17 May Dan be a snake beside the road,
a viper by the path,
that bites the heels of the horse
so that its rider falls backward. 14
49:18 I wait for your deliverance, O
49:19 Gad will be raided by marauding bands,
but he will attack them at their heels. 16
and he will provide delicacies 19 to royalty.
49:21 Naphtali is a free running doe, 20
he speaks delightful words. 21
49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, 22
a fruitful bough near a spring
whose branches 23 climb over the wall.