Bible: Exod. 25-31
The Materials for the Sanctuary
The Ark of the Covenant
“They are to make an ark 22 of acacia wood – its length is to be three feet nine inches, its width two feet three inches, and its height two feet three inches. 23 25:11 You are to overlay 24 it with pure gold – both inside and outside you must overlay it, 25 and you are to make a surrounding border 26 of gold over it. 25:12 You are to cast four gold rings for it and put them on its four feet, with two rings on one side and two rings on the other side. 25:13 You are to make poles of acacia wood, overlay them with gold, 25:14 and put the poles into the rings at the sides of the ark in order to carry the ark with them. 25:15 The poles must remain in the rings of the ark; they must not be removed from it. 25:16 You are to put into the ark the testimony 27 that I will give to you.
25:17 “You are to make an atonement lid 28 of pure gold; 29 its length is to be three feet nine inches, and its width is to be two feet three inches. 25:18 You are to make two cherubim 30 of gold; you are to make them of hammered metal on the two ends of the atonement lid. 25:19 Make 31 one cherub on one end 32 and one cherub on the other end; from the atonement lid 33 you are to make the cherubim on the two ends. 25:20 The cherubim are to be spreading their wings upward, overshadowing 34 the atonement lid with their wings, and the cherubim are to face each other, 35 looking 36 toward the atonement lid. 25:21 You are to put the atonement lid on top of the ark, and in the ark you are to put the testimony I am giving you. 25:22 I will meet with you there, 37 and 38 from above the atonement lid, from between the two cherubim that are over the ark of the testimony, I will speak with you about all that I will command you for the Israelites.25:23
The Table for the Bread of the Presence
“You are to make a table of acacia wood; its length is to be three feet, its width one foot six inches, and its height two feet three inches. 25:24 You are to overlay it with 40 pure gold, and you are to make a surrounding border of gold for it. 25:25 You are to make a surrounding frame 41 for it about three inches broad, and you are to make a surrounding border of gold for its frame. 25:26 You are to make four rings of gold for it and attach 42 the rings at the four corners where its four legs are. 43 25:27 The rings are to be close to the frame to provide places 44 for the poles to carry the table. 25:28 You are to make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, so that the table may be carried with them. 45 25:29 You are to make its plates, 46 its ladles, 47 its pitchers, and its bowls, to be used in pouring out offerings; 48 you are to make them of pure gold. 25:30 You are to set the Bread of the Presence 49 on the table before me continually.25:31
“You are to make a lampstand 51 of pure gold. The lampstand is to be made of hammered metal; its base and its shaft, its cups, 52 its buds, and its blossoms are to be from the same piece. 53 25:32 Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lampstand, 54 three branches of the lampstand from one side of it and three branches of the lampstand from the other side of it. 55 25:33 Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on one branch, and three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on the next 56 branch, and the same 57 for the six branches extending from the lampstand. 25:34 On the lampstand there are to be four cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms, 25:35 with a bud under the first 58 two branches from it, and a bud under the next 59 two branches from it, and a bud under the third 60 two branches from it, according to the six branches that extend from the lampstand. 25:36 Their buds and their branches will be one piece, 61 all of it one hammered piece of pure gold.
25:37 “You are to make its seven lamps, 62 and then set 63 its lamps up on it, so that it will give light 64 to the area in front of it. 25:38 Its trimmers and its trays 65 are to be 66 of pure gold. 25:39 About seventy-five pounds 67 of pure gold is to be used for it 68 and for all these utensils. 25:40 Now be sure to make 69 them according to the pattern you were shown 70 on the mountain. 7126:1
“The tabernacle itself 73 you are to make with 74 ten curtains of fine twisted linen and blue and purple and scarlet; 75 you are to make them with 76 cherubim that are the work of an artistic designer. 26:2 The length of each 77 curtain is to be forty-two feet, and the width of each curtain is to be six feet 78 – the same size for each of the curtains. 26:3 Five curtains are to be joined, 79 one to another, 80 and the other 81 five curtains are to be joined, one to another. 26:4 You are to make loops of blue material along the edge of the end curtain in one set, and in the same way you are to make loops 82 in the outer edge of the end curtain in the second set. 26:5 You are to make fifty loops on the one curtain, and you are to make fifty loops on the end curtain which is on the second set, so that the loops are opposite one to another. 83 26:6 You are to make fifty gold clasps and join the curtains together with the clasps, so that the tabernacle is a unit. 84
26:7 “You are to make curtains of goats’ hair 85 for a tent over the tabernacle; 86 you are to make 87 eleven curtains. 26:8 The length of each 88 curtain is to be forty-five feet, and the width of each curtain is to be six feet – the same size for the eleven curtains. 26:9 You are to join five curtains by themselves and six curtains by themselves. You are to double over 89 the sixth curtain at the front of the tent. 26:10 You are to make fifty loops along the edge of the end curtain in one set and fifty loops along the edge of the curtain that joins the second set. 26:11 You are to make fifty bronze clasps and put the clasps into the loops and join the tent together so that it is a unit. 90 26:12 Now the part that remains of the curtains of the tent – the half curtain that remains will hang over at the back of the tabernacle. 91 26:13 The foot and a half 92 on the one side and the foot and a half on the other side of what remains in the length of the curtains of the tent will hang over the sides of the tabernacle, on one side and the other side, to cover it. 93
26:15 “You are to make the frames 96 for the tabernacle out of 97 acacia wood as uprights. 98 26:16 Each 99 frame is to be fifteen feet long, and each frame is to be two feet three inches wide, 26:17 with two projections 100 per frame parallel one to another. 101 You are to make all the frames of the tabernacle in this way. 26:18 So you are to make the frames for the tabernacle: twenty frames for the south side, 102 26:19 and you are to make forty silver bases to go under the twenty frames – two bases under the first frame for its two projections, and likewise 103 two bases under the next frame for its two projections; 26:20 and for the second side of the tabernacle, the north side, twenty frames, 26:21 and their forty silver bases, two bases under the first frame, and two bases under the next frame. 26:22 And for the back of the tabernacle on the west 104 you will make six frames. 26:23 You are to make two frames for the corners 105 of the tabernacle on the back. 26:24 At the two corners 106 they must be doubled at the lower end and finished together at the top in one ring. So it will be for both. 26:25 So there are to be eight frames and their silver bases, sixteen bases, two bases under the first frame, and two bases under the next frame.
26:26 “You are to make bars of acacia wood, five for the frames on one side of the tabernacle, 26:27 and five bars for the frames on the second side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames on the back of the tabernacle on the west. 26:28 The middle bar in the center of the frames will reach from end to end. 107 26:29 You are to overlay the frames with gold and make their rings of gold to provide places for the bars, and you are to overlay the bars with gold. 26:30 You are to set up the tabernacle according to the plan 108 that you were shown on the mountain.
26:31 “You are to make a special curtain 109 of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twisted linen; it is to be made 110 with cherubim, the work of an artistic designer. 26:32 You are to hang it 111 with gold hooks 112 on four posts of acacia wood overlaid with gold, set in 113 four silver bases. 26:33 You are to hang this curtain under the clasps and bring the ark of the testimony in there behind the curtain. 114 The curtain will make a division for you between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place. 115 26:34 You are to put the atonement lid on the ark of the testimony in the Most Holy Place. 26:35 You are to put the table outside the curtain and the lampstand on the south side of the tabernacle, opposite the table, and you are to place the table on the north side.
26:36 “You are to make a hanging 116 for the entrance of the tent of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer. 117 26:37 You are to make for the hanging five posts of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, and their hooks will be 118 gold, and you are to cast five bronze bases for them. 119
27:1 “You are to make the 120 altar of acacia wood, seven feet six inches long, 121 and seven feet six inches wide; the altar is to be square, 122 and its height is to be 123 four feet six inches. 27:2 You are to make its four horns 124 on its four corners; its horns will be part of it, 125 and you are to overlay it with bronze. 27:3 You are to make its pots for the ashes, 126 its shovels, its tossing bowls, 127 its meat hooks, and its fire pans – you are to make all 128 its utensils of bronze. 27:4 You are to make a grating 129 for it, a network of bronze, and you are to make on the network four bronze rings on its four corners. 27:5 You are to put it under the ledge of the altar below, so that the network will come 130 halfway up the altar. 131 27:6 You are to make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and you are to overlay them with bronze. 27:7 The poles are to be put 132 into the rings so that the poles will be on two sides of the altar when carrying it. 133 27:8 You are to make the altar hollow, out of boards. Just as it was shown you 134 on the mountain, so they must make it. 135
27:9 “You are to make the courtyard 136 of the tabernacle. For the south side 137 there are to be hangings 138 for the courtyard of fine twisted linen, one hundred fifty feet long for one side, 139 27:10 with 140 twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with the hooks of the posts and their bands of silver. 27:11 Likewise 141 for its length on the north side, there are to be 142 hangings for one hundred fifty feet, with twenty posts and their twenty bronze bases, with silver hooks and bands 143 on the posts. 27:12 The width of the court on the west side is to be seventy-five feet with hangings, with their ten posts and their ten bases. 27:13 The width of the court on the east side, toward the sunrise, is to be seventy-five feet. 27:14 The hangings on one side 144 of the gate are to be 145 twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases. 27:15 On the second side 146 there are to be 147 hangings twenty-two and a half feet long, with their three posts and their three bases. 27:16 For the gate of the courtyard there is to be a curtain of thirty feet, of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer, with four posts and their four bases. 27:17 All the posts around the courtyard are to have silver bands; 148 their hooks are to be 149 silver, and their bases bronze. 27:18 The length of the courtyard is to be one hundred fifty feet 150 and the width seventy-five feet, 151 and the height of the fine twisted linen hangings 152 is to be 153 seven and a half feet, with their bronze bases. 27:19 All 154 the utensils of the tabernacle used 155 in all its service, all its tent pegs, and all the tent pegs of the courtyard are to be made of bronze. 156
Offering the Oil
27:20 “You are to command the Israelites that they bring 157 to you pure oil of pressed olives for the light, so that the lamps 158 will burn 159 regularly. 160 27:21 In the tent of meeting 161 outside the curtain that is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons are to arrange it from evening 162 to morning before the
The Clothing of the Priests
28:1 164 “And you, bring near 165 to you your brother Aaron and his sons with him from among the Israelites, so that they may minister as my priests 166 – Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons. 28:2 You must make holy garments 167 for your brother Aaron, for glory and for beauty. 168 28:3 You 169 are to speak to all who are specially skilled, 170 whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, 171 so that they may make 172 Aaron’s garments to set him apart 173 to minister as my priest. 28:4 Now these are the garments that they are to make: a breastpiece, 174 an ephod, 175 a robe, a fitted 176 tunic, a turban, and a sash. They are to make holy garments for your brother Aaron and for his sons, that they may minister as my priests. 28:5 The artisans 177 are to use 178 the gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine linen.
28:6 “They are to make the ephod of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen, the work of an artistic designer. 28:7 It is to have two shoulder pieces attached to two of its corners, so it can be joined together. 179 28:8 The artistically woven waistband 180 of the ephod that is on it is to be like it, of one piece with the ephod, 181 of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen.
28:9 “You are to take two onyx stones and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel, 182 28:10 six 183 of their names on one stone, and the six remaining names on the second stone, according to the order of their birth. 184 28:11 You are to engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel with the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a seal; 185 you are to have them set 186 in gold filigree 187 settings. 28:12 You are to put the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod, stones of memorial for the sons of Israel, and Aaron will bear their names before the
28:15 “You are to make a breastpiece for use in making decisions, 189 the work of an artistic designer; you are to make it in the same fashion as the ephod; you are to make it of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen. 28:16 It is to be square 190 when 191 doubled, nine inches 192 long and nine inches wide. 28:17 You are to set in it a setting for stones, four rows of stones, a row with a ruby, a topaz, and a beryl – the first row; 28:18 and the second row, a turquoise, a sapphire, and an emerald; 28:19 and the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 28:20 and the fourth row, a chrysolite, an onyx, and a jasper. 193 They are to be enclosed in gold in their filigree settings. 28:21 The stones are to be for the names of the sons of Israel, twelve, according to the number of 194 their names. Each name according to the twelve tribes is to be like 195 the engravings of a seal.
28:22 “You are to make for the breastpiece braided chains like cords of pure gold, 28:23 and you are to make for the breastpiece two gold rings and attach 196 the two rings to the upper 197 two ends of the breastpiece. 28:24 You are to attach the two gold chains to the two rings at the ends of the breastpiece; 28:25 the other 198 two ends of the two chains you will attach to the two settings and then attach them 199 to the shoulder pieces of the ephod at the front of it. 28:26 You are to make two rings of gold and put them on the other 200 two ends of the breastpiece, on its edge that is on the inner side of the ephod. 28:27 You are to make two more 201 gold rings and attach them to the bottom of the two shoulder pieces on the front of the ephod, close to the juncture above the waistband of the ephod. 28:28 They are to tie the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod by blue cord, so that it may be above the waistband of the ephod, and so that the breastpiece will not be loose from the ephod. 28:29 Aaron will bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of decision over his heart 202 when he goes into the holy place, for a memorial before the
28:30 “You are to put the Urim and the Thummim 203 into the breastpiece of decision; and they are to be over Aaron’s heart when he goes in before the
28:31 “You are to make the robe 205 of the ephod completely blue. 28:32 There is to be an opening 206 in its top 207 in the center of it, with an edge all around the opening, the work of a weaver, 208 like the opening of a collar, 209 so that it cannot be torn. 210 28:33 You are to make pomegranates 211 of blue, purple, and scarlet all around its hem 212 and bells of gold between them all around. 28:34 The pattern is to be 213 a gold bell and a pomegranate, a gold bell and a pomegranate, all around the hem of the robe. 28:35 The robe 214 is to be on Aaron as he ministers, 215 and his sound will be heard 216 when he enters the Holy Place before the
28:36 “You are to make a plate 217 of pure gold and engrave on it the way a seal is engraved: 218 “Holiness to the
28:40 “For Aaron’s sons you are to make tunics, sashes, and headbands 226 for glory and for beauty.
28:41 “You are to clothe them – your brother Aaron and his sons with him – and anoint them 227 and ordain them 228 and set them apart as holy, 229 so that they may minister as my priests. 28:42 Make for them linen undergarments to cover their naked bodies; 230 they must cover 231 from the waist to the thighs. 28:43 These must be on Aaron and his sons when they enter 232 to the tent of meeting, or when they approach 233 the altar to minister in the Holy Place, so that they bear no iniquity and die. 234 It is to be a perpetual ordinance for him and for his descendants 235 after him. 23629:1
The Consecration of Aaron and His Sons
“Now this is what 238 you are to do for them to consecrate them so that they may minister as my priests. Take a young 239 bull and two rams without blemish; 240 29:2 and 241 bread made without yeast, and perforated cakes without yeast mixed with oil, and wafers without yeast spread 242 with oil – you are to make them using 243 fine wheat flour. 29:3 You are to put them in one basket and present 244 them in the basket, along with 245 the bull and the two rams.
29:4 “You are to present 246 Aaron and his sons at the entrance of the tent of meeting. You are to wash 247 them with water 29:5 and take the garments and clothe Aaron with the tunic, 248 the robe of the ephod, the ephod, and the breastpiece; you are to fasten the ephod on him by using the skillfully woven waistband. 249 29:6 You are to put the turban on his head and put the holy diadem 250 on the turban. 29:7 You are to take the anointing oil and pour it on his head and anoint him. 251 29:8 You are to present his sons and clothe them with tunics 29:9 and wrap the sashes around Aaron and his sons 252 and put headbands on them, and so the ministry of priesthood will belong to them by a perpetual ordinance. Thus you are to consecrate 253 Aaron and his sons.
29:10 “You are to present the bull at the front of the tent of meeting, and Aaron and his sons are to put 254 their hands on the head 255 of the bull. 29:11 You are to kill the bull before the
29:15 “You are to take one ram, and Aaron and his sons are to lay their hands on the ram’s head, 29:16 and you are to kill the ram and take its blood and splash it all around on the altar. 29:17 Then you are to cut the ram into pieces and wash the entrails and its legs and put them on its pieces and on its head 29:18 and burn 263 the whole ram on the altar. It is a burnt offering 264 to the
29:19 “You are to take the second ram, and Aaron and his sons are to lay their hands on the ram’s head, 29:20 and you are to kill the ram and take some of its blood and put it on the tip of the right ear of Aaron, on the tip of the right ear of his sons, on the thumb of their right hand, and on the big toe of their right foot, 267 and then splash the blood all around on the altar. 29:21 You are to take some of the blood that is on the altar and some of the anointing oil and sprinkle it 268 on Aaron, on his garments, on his sons, and on his sons’ garments with him, so that he may be holy, 269 he and his garments along with his sons and his sons’ garments.
29:22 “You are to take from the ram the fat, the fat tail, the fat that covers the entrails, the lobe 270 of the liver, the two kidneys and the fat that is on them, and the right thigh – for it is the ram for consecration 271 – 29:23 and one round flat cake of bread, one perforated cake of oiled bread, and one wafer from the basket of bread made without yeast that is before the
29:29 “The holy garments that belong to Aaron are to belong to his sons after him, so that they may be anointed 278 in them and consecrated 279 in them. 29:30 The priest who succeeds him 280 from his sons, when he first comes 281 to the tent of meeting to minister in the Holy Place, is to wear them for seven days. 282
29:31 “You are to take the ram of the consecration and cook 283 its meat in a holy place. 284 29:32 Aaron and his sons are to eat the meat of the ram and the bread that was in the basket at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 29:33 They are to eat those things by which atonement was made 285 to consecrate and to set them apart, but no one else 286 may eat them, for they are holy. 29:34 If any of the meat from the consecration offerings 287 or any of the bread is left over 288 until morning, then you are to burn up 289 what is left over. It must not be eaten, 290 because it is holy.
29:35 “Thus you are to do for Aaron and for his sons, according to all that I have commanded you; you are to consecrate them 291 for 292 seven days. 29:36 Every day you are to prepare a bull for a purification offering 293 for atonement. 294 You are to purge 295 the altar by making atonement 296 for it, and you are to anoint it to set it apart as holy. 29:37 For seven days 297 you are to make atonement for the altar and set it apart as holy. Then the altar will be most holy. 298 Anything that touches the altar will be holy. 299
29:38 “Now this is what you are to prepare 300 on the altar every day continually: two lambs a year old. 29:39 The first lamb you are to prepare in the morning, and the second lamb you are to prepare around sundown. 301 29:40 With the first lamb offer a tenth of an ephah 302 of fine flour mixed with a fourth of a hin 303 of oil from pressed olives, and a fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering. 29:41 The second lamb you are to offer around sundown; you are to prepare for it the same meal offering as for the morning and the same drink offering, for a soothing aroma, an offering made by fire to the
29:42 “This will be a regular 304 burnt offering throughout your generations at the entrance of the tent of meeting before the
29:44 “So I will set apart as holy 308 the tent of meeting and the altar, and I will set apart as holy Aaron and his sons, that they may minister as priests to me. 29:45 I will reside 309 among the Israelites, and I will be their God, 29:46 and they will know that I am the
The Altar of Incense
“You are to make an altar for burning incense; 311 you are to make it of 312 acacia wood. 313 30:2 Its length is to be a foot and a half 314 and its width a foot and a half; it will be square. Its height is to be three feet, 315 with its horns of one piece with it. 316 30:3 You are to overlay it with pure gold – its top, 317 its four walls, 318 and its horns – and make a surrounding border of gold for it. 319 30:4 You are to make two gold rings for it under its border, on its two flanks; you are to make them on its two sides. 320 The rings 321 will be places 322 for poles to carry it with. 30:5 You are to make the poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold.
30:6 “You are to put it in front of the curtain that is before the ark of the testimony (before the atonement lid that is over the testimony), where I will meet you. 30:7 Aaron is to burn sweet incense 323 on it morning by morning; when he attends 324 to the lamps he is to burn incense. 325 30:8 When Aaron sets up the lamps around sundown he is to burn incense on it; it is to be a regular incense offering before the
The Ransom Money
The Bronze Laver
Oil and Incense
30:26 “With it you are to anoint the tent of meeting, the ark of the testimony, 30:27 the table and all its utensils, the lampstand and its utensils, the altar of incense, 30:28 the altar for the burnt offering and all its utensils, and the laver and its base. 30:29 So you are to sanctify them, 373 and they will be most holy; 374 anything that touches them will be holy. 375
30:30 “You are to anoint Aaron and his sons and 376 sanctify them, so that they may minister as my priests. 30:31 And you are to tell the Israelites: ‘This is to be my sacred anointing oil throughout your generations. 30:32 It must not be applied 377 to people’s bodies, and you must not make any like it with the same recipe. It is holy, and it must be holy to you. 30:33 Whoever makes perfume like it and whoever puts any of it on someone not a priest 378 will be cut off 379 from his people.’”
31:18 He gave Moses two tablets of testimony when he had finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, tablets of stone written by the finger of God. 415