Bible: Deut. 22
Laws Concerning Preservation of Life
22:1 When you see 1 your neighbor’s 2 ox or sheep going astray, do not ignore it; 3 you must return it without fail 4 to your neighbor. 22:2 If the owner 5 does not live 6 near you or you do not know who the owner is, 7 then you must corral the animal 8 at your house and let it stay with you until the owner looks for it; then you must return it to him. 22:3 You shall do the same to his donkey, his clothes, or anything else your neighbor 9 has lost and you have found; you must not refuse to get involved. 10 22:4 When you see 11 your neighbor’s donkey or ox fallen along the road, do not ignore it; 12 instead, you must be sure 13 to help him get the animal on its feet again. 14
22:6 If you happen to notice a bird’s nest along the road, whether in a tree or on the ground, and there are chicks or eggs with the mother bird sitting on them, 17 you must not take the mother from the young. 18 22:7 You must be sure 19 to let the mother go, but you may take the young for yourself. Do this so that it may go well with you and you may have a long life.
Illustrations of the Principle of Purity
22:9 You must not plant your vineyard with two kinds of seed; otherwise the entire yield, both of the seed you plant and the produce of the vineyard, will be defiled. 22 22:10 You must not plow with an ox and a donkey harnessed together. 22:11 You must not wear clothing made with wool and linen meshed together. 23 22:12 You shall make yourselves tassels 24 for the four corners of the clothing you wear.
Purity in the Marriage Relationship
22:13 Suppose a man marries a woman, has sexual relations with her, 25 and then rejects 26 her, 22:14 accusing her of impropriety 27 and defaming her reputation 28 by saying, “I married this woman but when I had sexual relations 29 with her I discovered she was not a virgin!” 22:15 Then the father and mother of the young woman must produce the evidence of virginity 30 for the elders of the city at the gate. 22:16 The young woman’s father must say to the elders, “I gave my daughter to this man and he has rejected 31 her. 22:17 Moreover, he has raised accusations of impropriety by saying, ‘I discovered your daughter was not a virgin,’ but this is the evidence of my daughter’s virginity!” The cloth must then be spread out 32 before the city’s elders. 22:18 The elders of that city must then seize the man and punish 33 him. 22:19 They will fine him one hundred shekels of silver and give them to the young woman’s father, for the man who made the accusation 34 ruined the reputation 35 of an Israelite virgin. She will then become his wife and he may never divorce her as long as he lives.
22:20 But if the accusation is true and the young woman was not a virgin, 22:21 the men of her city must bring the young woman to the door of her father’s house and stone her to death, for she has done a disgraceful thing 36 in Israel by behaving like a prostitute while living in her father’s house. In this way you will purge 37 evil from among you.
22:22 If a man is caught having sexual relations with 38 a married woman 39 both the man who had relations with the woman and the woman herself must die; in this way you will purge 40 evil from Israel.
22:23 If a virgin is engaged to a man and another man meets 41 her in the city and has sexual relations with 42 her, 22:24 you must bring the two of them to the gate of that city and stone them to death, the young woman because she did not cry out though in the city and the man because he violated 43 his neighbor’s fiancée; 44 in this way you will purge 45 evil from among you. 22:25 But if the man came across 46 the engaged woman in the field and overpowered her and raped 47 her, then only the rapist 48 must die. 22:26 You must not do anything to the young woman – she has done nothing deserving of death. This case is the same as when someone attacks another person 49 and murders him, 22:27 for the man 50 met her in the field and the engaged woman cried out, but there was no one to rescue her.
22:28 Suppose a man comes across a virgin who is not engaged and overpowers and rapes 51 her and they are discovered. 22:29 The man who has raped her must pay her father fifty shekels of silver and she must become his wife because he has violated her; he may never divorce her as long as he lives.