Bible: 1 Chron. 18-21
David Conquers the Neighboring Nations
18:2 He defeated the Moabites; the Moabites became David’s subjects and brought tribute. 3
18:3 David defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah as far as Hamath, when he went to extend his authority 4 to the Euphrates River. 5 18:4 David seized from him 1,000 chariots, 7,000 charioteers, 6 and 20,000 infantrymen. David cut the hamstrings of all but a hundred of Hadadezer’s 7 chariot horses. 8 18:5 The Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, but David killed 22,000 of the Arameans. 18:6 David placed garrisons in the territory of the Arameans of Damascus; 9 the Arameans became David’s subjects and brought tribute. The
18:9 When King Tou 17 of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of King Hadadezer of Zobah, 18:10 he sent his son Hadoram 18 to King David to extend his best wishes 19 and to pronounce a blessing on him for his victory over Hadadezer, for Tou had been at war with Hadadezer. 20 He also sent various items made of gold, silver, and bronze. 21 18:11 King David dedicated these things to the
18:12 Abishai son of Zeruiah 25 killed 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 18:13 He placed garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became David’s subjects. The
18:14 David reigned over all Israel; he guaranteed justice for all his people. 28 18:15 Joab son of Zeruiah was commanding general of 29 the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was secretary; 18:16 Zadok son of Ahitub and Abimelech son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha 30 was scribe; 18:17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada supervised 31 the Kerethites and Pelethites; and David’s sons were the king’s leading officials. 32
David’s Campaign against the Ammonites
19:1 Later King Nahash of the Ammonites died and his son succeeded him. 19:2 David said, “I will express my loyalty 33 to Hanun son of Nahash, for his father was loyal 34 to me.” So David sent messengers to express his sympathy over his father’s death. 35 When David’s servants entered Ammonite territory to visit Hanun and express the king’s sympathy, 36 19:3 the Ammonite officials said to Hanun, “Do you really think David is trying to honor your father by sending these messengers to express his sympathy? 37 No, his servants have come to you so they can get information and spy out the land!” 38 19:4 So Hanun seized David’s servants and shaved their beards off. 39 He cut off the lower part of their robes so that their buttocks were exposed 40 and then sent them away. 19:5 Messengers 41 came and told David what had happened to the men, so he summoned them, for the men were thoroughly humiliated. The king said, “Stay in Jericho 42 until your beards grow again; then you may come back.”
19:6 When the Ammonites realized that David was disgusted with them, 43 Hanun and the Ammonites sent 1,000 talents 44 of silver to hire chariots and charioteers from Aram Naharaim, Aram Maacah, and Zobah. 45 19:7 They hired 32,000 chariots, along with the king of Maacah and his army, who came and camped in front of Medeba. The Ammonites also assembled from their cities and marched out to do battle.
19:8 When David heard the news, he sent Joab and the entire army to meet them. 46 19:9 The Ammonites marched out and were deployed for battle at the entrance to the city, while the kings who had come were by themselves in the field. 19:10 When Joab saw that the battle would be fought on two fronts, he chose some of Israel’s best men and deployed them against the Arameans. 47 19:11 He put his brother Abishai in charge of the rest of the army and they were deployed against the Ammonites. 19:12 Joab 48 said, “If the Arameans start to overpower me, 49 you come to my rescue. If the Ammonites start to overpower you, 50 I will come to your rescue. 19:13 Be strong! Let’s fight bravely for the sake of our people and the cities of our God! The
19:16 When the Arameans realized they had been defeated by Israel, they sent for reinforcements from beyond the Euphrates River, 55 led by Shophach the commanding general of Hadadezer’s army. 56 19:17 When David was informed, he gathered all Israel, crossed the Jordan River, 57 and marched against them. 58 David deployed his army against the Arameans for battle and they fought against him. 59 19:18 The Arameans fled before Israel. David killed 7,000 60 Aramean charioteers and 40,000 infantrymen; he also killed Shophach 61 the commanding general. 19:19 When Hadadezer’s subjects saw they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with David and became his subjects. The Arameans were no longer willing to help the Ammonites.
20:1 In the spring, at the time when kings normally conduct wars, 62 Joab led the army into battle and devastated the land of the Ammonites. He went and besieged Rabbah, while David stayed in Jerusalem. Joab defeated Rabbah and tore it down. 20:2 David took the crown from the head of their king 63 and wore it 64 (its weight was a talent 65 of gold and it was set with precious stones). He took a large amount of plunder from the city. 20:3 He removed the city’s residents and made them do hard labor with saws, iron picks, and axes. 66 This was his policy 67 with all the Ammonite cities. Then David and all the army returned to Jerusalem.
Battles with the Philistines
20:5 There was another battle with the Philistines in which Elhanan son of Jair the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, 72 whose spear had a shaft as big as the crossbeam of a weaver’s loom. 73
20:6 In a battle in Gath 74 there was a large man who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot – twenty-four in all! He too was a descendant of Rapha. 20:7 When he taunted Israel, Jonathan son of Shimea, 75 David’s brother, killed him.
The Lord Sends a Plague against Israel
21:1 An adversary 78 opposed 79 Israel, inciting David to count how many warriors Israel had. 80 21:2 David told Joab and the leaders of the army, 81 “Go, count the number of warriors 82 from Beer Sheba to Dan. Then bring back a report to me so I may know how many we have.” 83 21:3 Joab replied, “May the
21:4 But the king’s edict stood, despite Joab’s objections. 86 So Joab left and traveled throughout Israel before returning to Jerusalem. 87 21:5 Joab reported to David the number of warriors. 88 In all Israel there were 1,100,000 89 sword-wielding soldiers; Judah alone had 470,000 sword-wielding soldiers. 90 21:6 Now Joab 91 did not number Levi and Benjamin, for the king’s edict disgusted him. 21:7 God was also offended by it, 92 so he attacked Israel.
21:8 David said to God, “I have sinned greatly by doing this! Now, please remove the guilt of your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.” 21:9 The
21:15 God sent an angel 99 to ravage 100 Jerusalem. As he was doing so, 101 the
21:18 So the
21:28 At that time, when David saw that the